Mar 15, 2010

19 Surah Maryam سورة مريم

Surah Maryam - سورة مريم
98 Ayat/Sentences
Translation in 
English, German & Melayu
Recited by
Sheikh Mishary Rashid Alafasy
click the title of this posting to proceed 




Maryam a.s ( مريم ) also known as Mary in Christian. Maryam is the mother of Prophet Isa a.s (pbuh) or well known as Jesus in Christian.

Her name was chosen by Allah to be one of the name of surah (chapter) in Al-Quran.

Surah Maryam - سورة مريم
98 Ayat/Sentences

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم


19:1
كهيعص
Muhsin Khan
Kaf- Ha-Ya-'Ain-Sad. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Quran, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings].
German
Kâf, Hâ, Yâ, 'Ayn, Sâd.
Malay
Kaaf, Haa, Yaa, Ain, Saad


19:2
ذِكْرُ رَحْمَتِ رَبِّكَ عَبْدَهُ زَكَرِيَّا
Muhsin Khan
(This is) a mention of the mercy of your Lord to His slave Zakariya (Zachariah).
German
Hier ist ein Bericht über die Barmherzigkeit Gottes, die Er Seinem Diener Zacharias erwies.
Malay
(Ini ialah) perihal limpahan rahmat Tuhanmu (wahai Muhammad), kepada hambaNya Zakaria.


19:3
إِذْ نَادَىٰ رَبَّهُ نِدَاءً خَفِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
When he called out his Lord (Allah) a call in secret,
German
Einst rief dieser im Verborgenen seinen Herrn an.
Malay
(Ingatkanlah peristiwa) ketika Nabi Zakaria berdoa kepada tuhannya dengan doa permohonan secara perlahan.


19:4
قَالَ رَبِّ إِنِّي وَهَنَ الْعَظْمُ مِنِّي وَاشْتَعَلَ الرَّأْسُ شَيْبًا وَلَمْ أَكُن بِدُعَائِكَ رَبِّ شَقِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
Saying: "My Lord! Indeed my bones have grown feeble, and grey hair has spread on my head, And I have never been unblest in my invocation to You, O my Lord!
German
Er sagte: "Mein Herr! Ich bin alt geworden, meine Knochen sind schwach und meine Haare gänzlich grau. Ich habe es mit meinen Bittgebeten zu Dir nie schwer gehabt.
Malay
Ia merayu dengan berkata: Wahai Tuhanku! Sesungguhnya telah lemahlah tulang -tulangku, dan telah putih melepaklah uban kepalaku; dan aku - wahai Tuhanku - tidak pernah merasa hampa dengan doa permohonanku kepadaMu.


19:5
وَإِنِّي خِفْتُ الْمَوَالِيَ مِن وَرَائِي وَكَانَتِ امْرَأَتِي عَاقِرًا فَهَبْ لِي مِن لَّدُنكَ وَلِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
"And Verily! I fear my relatives after me, since my wife is barren. So give me from Yourself an heir,
German
Ich fürchte aber nun, meine Verwandten werden sich nach mir des Glaubens nicht genügend annehmen. Meine Frau ist unfruchtbar. Schenke Du mir von Dir einen Sohn,
Malay
Dan sesungguhnya aku merasa bimbang akan kecuaian kaum kerabatku menyempurnakan tugas-tugas ugama sepeninggalanku; dan isteriku pula adalah seorang yang mandul; oleh itu, kurniakanlah daku dari sisiMu seorang anak lelaki.


19:6
يَرِثُنِي وَيَرِثُ مِنْ آلِ يَعْقُوبَ ۖ وَاجْعَلْهُ رَبِّ رَضِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
"Who shall inherit me, and inherit (also) the posterity of Ya'qub (Jacob) (inheritance of the religious knowledge and Prophethood, not the wealth, etc.). And make him, my Lord, one with whom You are Well-pleased!".
German
der mich beerbt und von der Sippe Jakobs erbt und mache ihn wohlgefällig!"
Malay
Yang layak mewarisi daku, juga mewarisi keluarga Nabi Yaakub; dan jadikanlah dia - wahai Tuhanku seorang yang diredhai serta disukai".


19:7
يَا زَكَرِيَّا إِنَّا نُبَشِّرُكَ بِغُلَامٍ اسْمُهُ يَحْيَىٰ لَمْ نَجْعَل لَّهُ مِن قَبْلُ سَمِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
(Allah said) "O Zakariya (Zachariah)! Verily, We give you the glad tidings of a son, His name will be Yahya (John). We have given that name to none before (him)."
German
"O Zacharias! Wir verkünden dir die frohe Botschaft, daß du einen Sohn mit dem Namen Yahya (Johannes) bekommen wirst. Wir haben vorher niemandem diesen Namen gegeben."
Malay
(Nabi Zakaria diseru setelah dikabulkan doanya):"Wahai Zakaria! Sesungguhnya Kami memberikan khabar yang mengembirakanmu dengan mengurniakan seorang anak lelaki bernama Yahya, yang kami tidak pernah jadikan sebelum itu, seorangpun yang senama dengannya".

19:8
قَالَ رَبِّ أَنَّىٰ يَكُونُ لِي غُلَامٌ وَكَانَتِ امْرَأَتِي عَاقِرًا وَقَدْ بَلَغْتُ مِنَ الْكِبَرِ عِتِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
He said: "My Lord! How can I have a son, when my wife is barren, and I have reached the extreme old age."
German
Da sagte er: "Mein Herr! Wie könnte ich einen Sohn bekommen, da meine Frau unfruchtbar ist und ich schon hoch betagt bin?"
Malay
Nabi Zakaria bertanya: "Wahai Tuhanku! Bagaimanakah caranya aku akan beroleh seorang anak, sedang isteriku adalah seorang yang mandul dan aku sendiri pula telah sampai had umur yang setua-tuanya?"


19:9
قَالَ كَذَٰلِكَ قَالَ رَبُّكَ هُوَ عَلَيَّ هَيِّنٌ وَقَدْ خَلَقْتُكَ مِن قَبْلُ وَلَمْ تَكُ شَيْئًا
Muhsin Khan
He said: "So (it will be). Your Lord says; It is easy for Me. Certainly I have created you before, when you had been nothing!"
German
Da sprach er: "So ist es!" Dein Herr aber spricht: "Mir ist das ein leichtes, habe Ich dich doch einst erschaffen, als du ein Nichts warst."
Malay
Penyeru itu menjawab: Demikian keadaannya - janganlah dihairankan; Tuhanmu berfirman; "Hal itu mudah bagiKu kerana sesungguhnya Aku telah menciptakanmu dahulu, sedang engkau pada masa itu belum ada sebarang apapun."


19:10
قَالَ رَبِّ اجْعَل لِّي آيَةً ۚ قَالَ آيَتُكَ أَلَّا تُكَلِّمَ النَّاسَ ثَلَاثَ لَيَالٍ سَوِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
[Zakariya (Zachariah)] said: "My Lord! Appoint for me a sign." He said: "Your sign is that you shall not speak unto mankind for three nights, though having no bodily defect."
German
Er sagte: "Mein Herr! Gib mir ein Zeichen!" Da sprach Gott: "Dein Zeichen sei: du wirst drei volle Nächte nicht sprechen können."
Malay
Nabi Zakaria merayu lagi: "Wahai Tuhanku! Jadikanlah satu tanda bagiku (yang menunjukkan isteriku mengandung)", Allah Taala berfirman: " Tandamu itu ialah engkau tidak akan dapat berkata-kata dengan orang ramai selama tiga malam, sedang engkau dalam keadaan sihat".


19:11
فَخَرَجَ عَلَىٰ قَوْمِهِ مِنَ الْمِحْرَابِ فَأَوْحَىٰ إِلَيْهِمْ أَن سَبِّحُوا بُكْرَةً وَعَشِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
Then he came out to his people from Al-Mihrab (a praying place or a private room, etc.), he told them by signs to glorify Allah's Praises in the morning and in the afternoon.
German
Als er von seiner Gebetsstätte zu seinen Angehörigen hinaustrat, forderte er sie durch eine Geste auf: "Preiset Gott morgens und abends!"
Malay
Maka dia pun keluar mendapatkan kaumnya dari Mihrab (tempat sembahyangnya), lalu ia memberi isyarat kepada mereka: "Hendaklah kamu bertasbih (mengerjakan ibadat kepada Allah) pagi dan petang".


19:12
يَا يَحْيَىٰ خُذِ الْكِتَابَ بِقُوَّةٍ ۖ وَآتَيْنَاهُ الْحُكْمَ صَبِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
(It was said to his son): "O Yahya (John)! Hold fast the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah)]." And We gave him wisdom while yet a child.
German
"O Johannes! Eigne dir die Schrift fest an!" Wir gaben ihm schon als Jüngling Urteilsvermögen
Malay
"Wahai Yahya, terimalah Kitab itu (serta amalkanlah) dengan bersungguh-sungguh! Dan Kami berikan kepadanya Hikmat kebijaksanaan semasa ia masih kanak-kanak.


19:13
وَحَنَانًا مِّن لَّدُنَّا وَزَكَاةً ۖ وَكَانَ تَقِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And (made him) sympathetic to men as a mercy (or a grant) from Us, and pure from sins [i.e. Yahya (John)] and he was righteous,
German
und gewährten ihm von Uns Sanftmut und Lauterkeit; und er war fromm.
Malay
dan (Kami mengurniakannya) rahmat dari sisi Kami, serta kelebihan yang kembang manfaatnya; dan ia seorang yang bertaqwa.


19:14
وَبَرًّا بِوَالِدَيْهِ وَلَمْ يَكُن جَبَّارًا عَصِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And dutiful towards his parents, and he was neither an arrogant nor disobedient (to Allah or to his parents).
German
Er war ehrerbietig zu seinen Eltern. Auch war er kein trotziger Gewalttäter.
Malay
Dan ia taat serta berbuat baik kepada ibu bapanya, dan ia pula tidak sombong angkuh atau derhaka.


19:15
وَسَلَامٌ عَلَيْهِ يَوْمَ وُلِدَ وَيَوْمَ يَمُوتُ وَيَوْمَ يُبْعَثُ حَيًّا
Muhsin Khan
So Peace on him the day he was born the day that he dies and the day that he will be raised up to life (again)!
German
Friede sei mit ihm am Tag seiner Geburt, seines Todes und wenn er wieder zum Leben erweckt wird!
Malay
Dan (Kami limpahkan) kepadanya selamat sejahtera pada hari ia diperanakkan, dan pada hari ia mati, serta pada hari ia dibangkitkan hidup semula (pada hari kiamat).


19:16
وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ مَرْيَمَ إِذِ انتَبَذَتْ مِنْ أَهْلِهَا مَكَانًا شَرْقِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And mention in the Book (the Quran, O Muhammad SAW , the story of) Maryam (Mary), when she withdrew in seclusion from her family to a place facing east.
German
Gedenke im Koran Marias, als sie sich von ihren Angehörigen entfernte und an einem Ort im Osten aufhielt.
Malay
Dan bacakanlah (wahai Muhammad) di dalam Kitab Al-Quran ini perihal Maryam, ketika dia memencilkan diri dari keluarganya di sebuah tempat sebelah timur.


19:17
فَاتَّخَذَتْ مِن دُونِهِمْ حِجَابًا فَأَرْسَلْنَا إِلَيْهَا رُوحَنَا فَتَمَثَّلَ لَهَا بَشَرًا سَوِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them; then We sent to her Our Ruh [angel Jibrael (Gabriel)], and he appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects.
German
Sie trennte sich von ihnen durch einen Vorhang, und Wir schickten ihr Unseren Geist (Gabriel), der sich ihr in der Gestalt eines wohlgeformten Menschen zeigte.
Malay
Kemudian Maryam membuat dinding untuk melindungi dirinya dari mereka maka Kami hantarkan kepadanya: Roh dari kami lalu ia menyamar diri kepadanya sebagai seorang lelaki yang sempurna bentuk kejadiannya.


19:18
قَالَتْ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِالرَّحْمَٰنِ مِنكَ إِن كُنتَ تَقِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
She said: "Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allah) from you, if you do fear Allah."
German
Sie sagte: "Ich bitte Gott, den Barmherzigen, um Beistand gegen dich. Du mögest gottesfürchtig sein."
Malay
Maryam berkata: Sesungguhnya aku berlindung kepada (Allah) Ar-Rahman daripada (gangguan) mu kalaulah engkau seorang yang bertaqwa.


19:19
قَالَ إِنَّمَا أَنَا رَسُولُ رَبِّكِ لِأَهَبَ لَكِ غُلَامًا زَكِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
(The angel) said: "I am only a Messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a righteous son."
German
"Ich bin doch ein Bote deines Herrn, damit ich dir einen reinen Sohn beschere."
Malay
Ia berkata: "Sesungguhnya aku pesuruh Tuhanmu, untuk menyebabkanmu dikurniakan seorang anak yang suci".


19:20
قَالَتْ أَنَّىٰ يَكُونُ لِي غُلَامٌ وَلَمْ يَمْسَسْنِي بَشَرٌ وَلَمْ أَكُ بَغِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
She said: "How can I have a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?"
German
Da sagte sie: "Wie könnte ich einen Sohn bekommen, wo mich kein Mann berührt hat und ich nicht unkeusch gewesen bin?"
Malay
Maryam bertanya (dengan cemas): Bagaimanakah aku akan beroleh seorang anak lelaki, padahal aku tidak pernah disentuh oleh seorang lelaki pun, dan aku pula bukan perempuan jahat?"


19:21
قَالَ كَذَٰلِكِ قَالَ رَبُّكِ هُوَ عَلَيَّ هَيِّنٌ ۖ وَلِنَجْعَلَهُ آيَةً لِّلنَّاسِ وَرَحْمَةً مِّنَّا ۚ وَكَانَ أَمْرًا مَّقْضِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
He said: "So (it will be), your Lord said: 'That is easy for Me (Allah): And (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us (Allah), and it is a matter (already) decreed, (by Allah).”
German
Er antwortete: "So ist es. Also sprach dein Herr: 'Das ist mir ein leichtes. Wir machen ihn zu einem Zeichen für die Menschen als eine Barmherzigkeit von Uns. ' Es ist eine beschlossene Sache."
Malay
Ia menjawab: "Demikianlah keadaannya tak usahlah dihairankan; Tuhanmu berfirman: Hal itu mudah bagiKu; dan Kami hendak menjadikan pemberian anak itu sebagai satu tanda (yang membuktikan kekuasaan Kami) untuk umat manusia dan sebagai satu rahmat dari Kami; dan hal itu adalah satu perkara yang telah ditetapkan berlakunya.


19:22
فَحَمَلَتْهُ فَانتَبَذَتْ بِهِ مَكَانًا قَصِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a far place (i.e. Bethlehem valley about 4-6 miles from Jerusalem).
German
So empfing sie ihren Sohn und begab sich mit ihm in ihrem Leibe an einen fernen Ort.
Malay
Maka Maryam hamilah mengandungnya, lalu ia memencilkan diri dengan kandungannya itu ke sebuah tempat yang jauh.


19:23
فَأَجَاءَهَا الْمَخَاضُ إِلَىٰ جِذْعِ النَّخْلَةِ قَالَتْ يَا لَيْتَنِي مِتُّ قَبْلَ هَٰذَا وَكُنتُ نَسْيًا مَّنسِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a date-palm. She said: "Would that I had died before this, and had been forgotten and out of sight!"
German
Als ihre Wehen einsetzten, während sie an einem Palmstamm lehnte, sprach sie: "Ich wünsche mir, ich wäre tot und völlig vergessen!"
Malay
(Ketika ia hendak bersalin) maka sakit beranak itu memaksanya (pergi bersandar) ke pangkal sebatang pohon tamar (kurma); ia berkata alangkah baiknya kalau aku mati sebelum ini dan menjadilah aku sesuatu yang dilupakan orang dan tidak dikenang-kenang!


19:24
فَنَادَاهَا مِن تَحْتِهَا أَلَّا تَحْزَنِي قَدْ جَعَلَ رَبُّكِ تَحْتَكِ سَرِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
Then [the babe 'Iesa (Jesus) or Jibrael (Gabriel)] cried unto her from below her, saying: "Grieve not! Your Lord has provided a water stream under you;
German
Da rief er ihr von unten zu: "Sei nicht traurig! Dein Herr hat dir unten einen kleinen Fluß bereitet.
Malay
Lalu ia diseru dari sebelah bawahnya:" Janganlah engkau berdukacita (wahai Maryam), sesungguhnya Tuhanmu telah menjadikan di bawahmu sebatang anak sungai.


19:25
وَهُزِّي إِلَيْكِ بِجِذْعِ النَّخْلَةِ تُسَاقِطْ عَلَيْكِ رُطَبًا جَنِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
"And shake the trunk of date-palm towards you, it will let fall fresh ripe-dates upon you."
German
Biege den Stamm der Palme zu dir hin, so werden weiche Datteln auf dich fallen!
Malay
Dan gegarlah ke arahmu batang pohon tamar itu, supaya gugur kepadamu buah tamar yang masak.


19:26
فَكُلِي وَاشْرَبِي وَقَرِّي عَيْنًا ۖ فَإِمَّا تَرَيِنَّ مِنَ الْبَشَرِ أَحَدًا فَقُولِي إِنِّي نَذَرْتُ لِلرَّحْمَٰنِ صَوْمًا فَلَنْ أُكَلِّمَ الْيَوْمَ إِنسِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
"So eat and drink and be glad, and if you see any human being, say: 'Verily! I have vowed a fast unto the Most Beneficent (Allah) so I shall not speak to any human being this day.”
German
Iß, trink und sei zufrieden! Wenn immer du einen Menschen siehst, deute ihm an: 'Ich habe dem Barmherzigen gelobt, mich des Sprechens zu enthalten, so werde ich heute zu keinem Menschen sprechen.' "
Malay
"Maka makanlah dan minumlah serta bertenanglah hati dari segala yang merunsingkan. Kemudian kalau engkau melihat seseorang manusia, maka katakanlah: Sesungguhnya aku bernazar diam membisu kerana (Allah) Ar-Rahman; (setelah aku menyatakan yang demikian) maka aku tidak akan berkata-kata kepada sesiapapun dari kalangan manusia pada hari ini".

فَأَتَتْ بِهِ قَوْمَهَا تَحْمِلُهُ ۖ قَالُوا يَا مَرْيَمُ لَقَدْ جِئْتِ شَيْئًا فَرِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
Then she brought him (the baby) to her people, carrying him. They said: "O Mary! Indeed you have brought a thing Fariya (an unheard mighty thing).
German
Da begab sie sich mit ihm zu ihren Angehörigen, die ihr sagten: "Maria, du hast etwas Abscheuliches getan!
Malay
Kemudian baliklah ia kepada kaumnya dengan mendokong anaknya mereka pun menempelaknya dengan berkata: Wahai Maryam! Sesungguhnya engkau telah melakukan suatu perkara yang besar salahnya!

يَا أُخْتَ هَارُونَ مَا كَانَ أَبُوكِ امْرَأَ سَوْءٍ وَمَا كَانَتْ أُمُّكِ بَغِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
"O sister (i.e. the like) of Harun (Aaron) [not the brother of Musa (Moses), but he was another pious man at the time of Maryam (Mary)]! Your father was not a man who used to commit adultery, nor your mother was an unchaste woman."
German
Du Schwester Aarons! Dein Vater war kein verdorbener Mann und deine Mutter nicht unkeusch."
Malay
" Wahai saudara perempuan Harun, bapamu bukanlah seorang yang buruk akhlaknya, dan ibumu pula bukanlah seorang perempuan jahat!"

فَأَشَارَتْ إِلَيْهِ ۖ قَالُوا كَيْفَ نُكَلِّمُ مَن كَانَ فِي الْمَهْدِ صَبِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
Then she pointed to him. They said: "How can we talk to one who is a child in the cradle?"
German
Sie deutete auf ihn. Da sagten sie: "Wie können wir mit einem Kind im Wiegenalter sprechen?"
Malay
Maka Maryam segera menunjuk kepada anaknya. Mereka berkata (dengan hairannya): "Bagaimana kami boleh berkata-kata dengan seorang yang masih kanak-kanak dalam buaian?"

قَالَ إِنِّي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ آتَانِيَ الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلَنِي نَبِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
"He ['Iesa (Jesus)] said: Verily! I am a slave of Allah, He has given me the Scripture and made me a Prophet;"
German
Da sprach er: "Ich bin ein Diener Gottes. Er wird mir das Buch (das Evangelium) geben und mich zum Propheten bestimmen.
Malay
Ia menjawab:" Sesungguhnya aku ini hamba Allah; Ia telah memberikan kepadaku Kitab (Injil), dan Ia telah menjadikan daku seorang Nabi.

وَجَعَلَنِي مُبَارَكًا أَيْنَ مَا كُنتُ وَأَوْصَانِي بِالصَّلَاةِ وَالزَّكَاةِ مَا دُمْتُ حَيًّا
Muhsin Khan
"And He has made me blessed wheresoever I be, and has enjoined on me Salat (prayer), and Zakat, as long as I live."
German
Er hat mich, wo immer ich bin, gesegnet und mir befohlen, zu beten und die Zakat-Abgaben zu entrichten, solange ich lebe.
Malay
Dan Ia menjadikan daku seorang yang berkat di mana sahaja aku berada, dan diperintahkan daku mengerjakan sembahyang dan memberi zakat selagi aku hidup.

وَبَرًّا بِوَالِدَتِي وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْنِي جَبَّارًا شَقِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
"And dutiful to my mother, and made me not arrogant, unblest.
German
Ich soll gut zu meiner Mutter sein, und Er machte mich nicht zu einem anmaßenden, bösen Gewalttäter.
Malay
" Serta (diperintahkan daku) taat dan berbuat baik kepada ibuku, dan Ia tidak menjadikan daku seorang yang sombong takbur atau derhaka.

وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَيَّ يَوْمَ وُلِدتُّ وَيَوْمَ أَمُوتُ وَيَوْمَ أُبْعَثُ حَيًّا
Muhsin Khan
"And Salam (peace) be upon me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I shall be raised alive!"
German
Friede sei mit mir am Tag meiner Geburt, am Tag meines Todes und am Tag meiner Wiedererweckung zum Leben!"
Malay
Dan segala keselamatan serta kesejahteraan dilimpahkan kepadaku pada hari aku diperanakkan dan pada hari aku mati, serta pada hari aku dibangkitkan hidup semula (pada hari kiamat)".

ذَٰلِكَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ ۚ قَوْلَ الْحَقِّ الَّذِي فِيهِ يَمْتَرُونَ
Muhsin Khan
Such is 'Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). (it is) a statement of truth, about which they doubt (or dispute).
German
Das ist 'Isa ibn Maryam - Jesus, Marias Sohn. Das ist die Wahrheit, an der sie zweifeln.
Malay
Yang demikian sifat-sifatnya itulah Isa Ibni Maryam. Keterangan yang tersebut ialah keterangan yang sebenar-benarnya, yang mereka ragu-ragu dan berselisihan padanya.

مَا كَانَ لِلَّهِ أَن يَتَّخِذَ مِن وَلَدٍ ۖ سُبْحَانَهُ ۚ إِذَا قَضَىٰ أَمْرًا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُ كُن فَيَكُونُ
Muhsin Khan
It befits not (the Majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son [this refers to the slander of Christians against Allah, by saying that 'Iesa (Jesus) is the son of Allah]. Glorified (and Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him). When He decrees a thing, He only says to it, "Be!" and it is.
German
Es ist ausgeschlossen, daß Gott einen Sohn hat. Erhaben ist Er. Wenn Er etwas verfügt, sagt Er nur: "Es sei!" und so ist es.
Malay
Tiadalah layak bagi Allah mempunyai anak. Maha Sucilah Ia. Apabila menetapkan jadinya sesuatu perkara, maka hanyalah Ia berfirman kepadanya: "Jadilah engkau", lalu menjadilah ia.

وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُوهُ ۚ هَٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُّسْتَقِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
['Iesa (Jesus) said]: "And verily Allah is my Lord and your Lord. So worship Him (Alone). That is the Straight Path. (Allah's Religion of Islamic Monotheism which He did ordain for all of His Prophets)." [Tafsir At-Tabari]
German
"Gott ist mein Herr und euer Herr, so dienet Ihm! Das ist der gerade Weg."
Malay
Dan sesungguhnya Allah ialah Tuhanku dan Tuhan kamu maka sembahlah kamu akan Dia inilah jalan yang betul - lurus ".

فَاخْتَلَفَ الْأَحْزَابُ مِن بَيْنِهِمْ ۖ فَوَيْلٌ لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِن مَّشْهَدِ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ
Muhsin Khan
Then the sects differed [i.e. the Christians about 'Iesa (Jesus) ], so woe unto the disbelievers [those who gave false witness by saying that 'Iesa (Jesus) is the son of Allah] from the meeting of a great Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection, when they will be thrown in the blazing Fire).
German
Die Sekten haben untereinander über ihn gestritten. Wehe den Ungläubigen! Sie werden einen gewaltigen Tag (den Jüngsten Tag) erleben.
Malay
Kemudian, golongan-golongan (dari kaumnya) itu berselisihan sesama sendiri. Maka kecelakaanlah bagi orang-orang kafir (yang berselisihan) itu, dari apa yang disaksikan pada hari yang besar huru-haranya.

أَسْمِعْ بِهِمْ وَأَبْصِرْ يَوْمَ يَأْتُونَنَا ۖ لَٰكِنِ الظَّالِمُونَ الْيَوْمَ فِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ
Muhsin Khan
How clearly will they (polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) see and hear, the Day when they will appear before Us! But the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) today are in plain error.
German
Wie deutlich werden sie hören und sehen an dem Tag, an dem sie zu Uns kommen werden. Die Ungerechten sind in eindeutigem Irrtum.
Malay
Sungguh jelas pendengaran dan penglihatan mereka yang kafir itu semasa mereka datang mengadap Kami pada hari akhirat. Tetapi orang-orang yang zalim (dengan perbuatan kufur dan maksiat) pada masa di dunia ini, berada dalam kesesatan yang nyata

وَأَنذِرْهُمْ يَوْمَ الْحَسْرَةِ إِذْ قُضِيَ الْأَمْرُ وَهُمْ فِي غَفْلَةٍ وَهُمْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ
Muhsin Khan
And warn them (O Muhammad SAW) of the Day of grief and regrets, when the case has been decided, while (now) they are in a state of carelessness, and they believe not.
German
Warne sie vor dem Tag der höchsten Wehklage, wenn die Entscheidung bereits gefallen ist! Sie waren im Diesseits unachtsam und ungläubig.
Malay
Dan berilah amaran (wahai Muhammad) kepada umat manusia seluruhnya tentang hari penyesalan iaitu hari diselesaikan perbicaraan perkara masing-masing pada masa mereka (yang ingkar) di dunia ini berada dalam kelalaian serta mereka pula tidak mahu beriman.

إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَرِثُ الْأَرْضَ وَمَنْ عَلَيْهَا وَإِلَيْنَا يُرْجَعُونَ
Muhsin Khan
Verily! We will inherit the earth and whatsoever is thereon. And to Us they all shall be returned,
German
Wir sind es, die die Erde mit allen und allem darauf erben, und zu Uns werden sie zurückgebracht werden.
Malay
Sesungguhnya Kamilah yang mewarisi bumi dan segala makhluk yang ada di atasnya; dan kepada Kamilah mereka akan dikembalikan.

وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ صِدِّيقًا نَّبِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And mention in the Book (the Quran) Ibrahim (Abraham). Verily! He was a man of truth, a Prophet.
German
Gedenke im Koran Abrahams. Er war ein Mann der Wahrheit und ein Prophet.
Malay
Dan bacakanlah (wahai Muhammad) di dalam Kitab (Al-Quran) ini perihal Nabi Ibrahim; sesungguhnya adalah ia seorang yang amat benar, lagi menjadi Nabi.

إِذْ قَالَ لِأَبِيهِ يَا أَبَتِ لِمَ تَعْبُدُ مَا لَا يَسْمَعُ وَلَا يُبْصِرُ وَلَا يُغْنِي عَنكَ شَيْئًا
Muhsin Khan
When he said to his father: "O my father! Why do you worship that which hears not, sees not and cannot avail you in anything?
German
Einst sagte er seinem Vater: "Vater! Warum betest du etwas an, was nicht hören, nicht sehen und dir nichts nützen kann?
Malay
Ketika ia berkata kepada bapanya:" Wahai ayahku, mengapa ayah menyembah benda yang tidak mendengar dan tidak melihat serta tidak dapat menolongmu sedikitpun?

يَا أَبَتِ إِنِّي قَدْ جَاءَنِي مِنَ الْعِلْمِ مَا لَمْ يَأْتِكَ فَاتَّبِعْنِي أَهْدِكَ صِرَاطًا سَوِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
"O my father! Verily! There has come to me of knowledge that which came not unto you. So follow me. I will guide you to a Straight Path.
German
Vater! Mir ist Wissen gewährt worden, das dir nicht zuteil wurde. Folge mir, ich leite dich den geraden Weg!
Malay
" Wahai ayahku, sesungguhnya telah datang kepadaku dari ilmu pengetahuan yang tidak pernah datang kepadamu oleh itu ikutlah daku; aku akan memimpinmu ke jalan yang betul.

يَا أَبَتِ لَا تَعْبُدِ الشَّيْطَانَ ۖ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ كَانَ لِلرَّحْمَٰنِ عَصِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
"O my father! Worship not Shaitan (Satan). Verily! Shaitan (Satan) has been a rebel against the Most Beneficent (Allah).
German
Vater! Bete den Satan nicht an! Satan war es, der sich dem Barmherzigen widersetzte.
Malay
" Wahai ayahku, janganlah ayah menyembah Syaitan, sesungguhnya Syaitan itu adalah menderhaka kepada Allah yang melimpah-limpah rahmatNya.

يَا أَبَتِ إِنِّي أَخَافُ أَن يَمَسَّكَ عَذَابٌ مِّنَ الرَّحْمَٰنِ فَتَكُونَ لِلشَّيْطَانِ وَلِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
"O my father! Verily! I fear lest a torment from the Most Beneficent (Allah) overtake you, so that you become a companion of Shaitan (Satan) (in the Hell-fire)." [Tafsir Al-Qurtubi]
German
Vater! Ich fürchte, daß dich vom Barmherzigen eine peinvolle Strafe erfassen wird und daß du in der Hölle ein Genosse des Satans wirst."
Malay
" Wahai ayahku, sesungguhnya aku bimbang bahawa ayah akan kena azab dari (Allah) Ar-Rahman disebabkan ayah menyembah yang lainnya; maka dengan sebab itu akan menjadilah ayah rakan bagi Syaitan di dalam neraka".

قَالَ أَرَاغِبٌ أَنتَ عَنْ آلِهَتِي يَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ ۖ لَئِن لَّمْ تَنتَهِ لَأَرْجُمَنَّكَ ۖ وَاهْجُرْنِي مَلِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
He (the father) said: "Do you reject my gods, O Ibrahim (Abraham)? If you stop not (this), I will indeed stone you. So get away from me safely before I punish you."
German
Er sprach: "Abraham! Wendest du dich wirklich von meinen Göttern ab? Wenn du nicht damit aufhörst, werde ich dich steinigen. Halte dich lange fern von mir!"
Malay
(Bapanya) menjawab: "Patutkah engkau bencikan tuhan-tuhanku, wahai Ibrahim? Demi sesungguhnya jika engkau tidak berhenti daripada menyeru dan menasihati daku sudah tentu aku akan meluntarmu dengan batu; dan (ingatlah lebih baik) engkau tinggalkan daku sepanjang masa".

قَالَ سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكَ ۖ سَأَسْتَغْفِرُ لَكَ رَبِّي ۖ إِنَّهُ كَانَ بِي حَفِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
Ibrahim (Abraham) said: "Peace be on you! I will ask Forgiveness of my Lord for you. Verily! He is unto me, Ever Most Gracious.
German
Er sprach: "Friede sei mit dir! Ich werde meinen Herrn um Vergebung für dich bitten; er war mir gegenüber immer entgegenkommend.
Malay
Nabi Ibrahim berkata: " Selamat tinggalah ayah; aku akan memohon kepada Tuhanku mengampuni dosamu; sesungguhnya Ia sentiasa melimpahkan kemurahan ihsanNya kepadaku.

وَأَعْتَزِلُكُمْ وَمَا تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَأَدْعُو رَبِّي عَسَىٰ أَلَّا أَكُونَ بِدُعَاءِ رَبِّي شَقِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
"And I shall turn away from you and from those whom you invoke besides Allah. And I shall call on my Lord; and I hope that I shall not be unblest in my invocation to my Lord."
German
Ich werde mich von euch abwenden und von allem, was ihr anstatt Gottes anbetet. Ich bete nur meinen Herrn allein an und werde durch das Gebet zu meinem Herrn bestimmt nicht enttäuscht werden."
Malay
Dan aku akan membawa diri meninggalkan kamu semua serta apa yang kamu sembah yang lain dari Allah; dan aku akan beribadat kepada Tuhanku dengan ikhlas; mudah-mudahan aku dengan ibadatku kepada Tuhanku itu tidak menjadi hampa (dan derhaka seperti kamu)".

فَلَمَّا اعْتَزَلَهُمْ وَمَا يَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَهَبْنَا لَهُ إِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ ۖ وَكُلًّا جَعَلْنَا نَبِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
So when he had turned away from them and from those whom they worshipped besides Allah, We gave him Ishaque (Isaac) and Ya'qub (Jacob), and each one of them We made a Prophet.
German
Als er sich von ihnen und ihren Götzen abgewandt hatte, schenkten Wir ihm Isaak und von Isaak Jakob. Beide machten Wir zu Propheten.
Malay
Maka apabila ia berhijrah meninggalkan mereka dan apa yang mereka sembah yang lain dari Allah kami kurniakan kepadanya: Ishak (anaknya), dan Yaakub (cucunya); dan kedua-duanya Kami jadikan berpangkat Nabi.

وَوَهَبْنَا لَهُم مِّن رَّحْمَتِنَا وَجَعَلْنَا لَهُمْ لِسَانَ صِدْقٍ عَلِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And We gave them of Our Mercy (a good provision in plenty), and We granted them honour on the tongues (of all the nations, i.e everybody remembers them with a good praise).
German
Wir gewährten ihnen von Unserer Barmherzigkeit noch mehr und verliehen ihnen einen guten Ruf und hohes Ansehen.
Malay
Dan Kami kurniakan kepada mereka dari rahmat Kami, dan Kami jadikan bagi mereka sebutan dan pujian yang tinggi dalam kalangan umat manusia.

وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ مُوسَىٰ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ مُخْلَصًا وَكَانَ رَسُولًا نَّبِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And mention in the Book (this Quran) Musa (Moses). Verily! He was chosen and he was a Messenger (and) a Prophet.
German
Gedenke Moses im Koran! Er war Gott völlig hingegeben und war Gesandter und Prophet.
Malay
Dan bacakanlah (wahai Muhammad) di dalam Kitab (Al-Quran) ini perihal Nabi Musa; sesungguhnya ia adalah orang pilihan, dan adalah ia seorang Rasul, lagi Nabi.

وَنَادَيْنَاهُ مِن جَانِبِ الطُّورِ الْأَيْمَنِ وَقَرَّبْنَاهُ نَجِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And We called him from the right side of the Mount, and made him draw near to Us for a talk with him [Musa (Moses)].
German
Wir riefen ihn von der rechten Seite des Berges Tûr und ließen ihn sich Uns zu vertraulichem Gespräch nähern.
Malay
Dan Kami telah menyerunya dari arah sebelah kanan Gunung Tursina, dan Kami dampingkan dia dengan diberi penghormatan berkata dengan Kami.

وَوَهَبْنَا لَهُ مِن رَّحْمَتِنَا أَخَاهُ هَارُونَ نَبِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And We bestowed on him his brother Harun (Aaron), (also) a Prophet, out of Our Mercy.
German
Wir haben ihm von Unserer Barmherzigkeit gegeben und seinen Bruder Aaron zum Propheten erwählt.
Malay
Dan Kami kurniakan kepadanya dari rahmat Kami, saudaranya: Harun, yang juga berpangkat Nabi.

وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ صَادِقَ الْوَعْدِ وَكَانَ رَسُولًا نَّبِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And mention in the Book (the Quran) Isma'il (Ishmael). Verily! He was true to what he promised, and he was a Messenger, (and) a Prophet.
German
Gedenke Ismaels im Koran! Er hielt sein Versprechen voll ein und war Gesandter und Prophet.
Malay
Dan bacakanlah (wahai Muhammad) di dalam Kitab (Al-Quran) ini perihal Nabi Ismail; sesungguhnya ia adalah benar menepati janji dan adalah ia seorang Rasul, lagi berpangkat Nabi.

وَكَانَ يَأْمُرُ أَهْلَهُ بِالصَّلَاةِ وَالزَّكَاةِ وَكَانَ عِندَ رَبِّهِ مَرْضِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And he used to enjoin on his family and his people As-Salat (the prayers) and the Zakat, and his Lord was pleased with him.
German
Er pflegte seinen Angehörigen zu befehlen, das Gebet zu verrichten und die Zakat-Abgaben zu entrichten, und er erfreute sich des Wohlgefallens seines Herrn.
Malay
Dan adalah ia menyuruh keluarganya mengerjakan sembahyang dan memberi zakat, dan ia pula adalah seorang yang diredhai di sisi Tuhannya!

وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ إِدْرِيسَ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ صِدِّيقًا نَّبِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And mention in the Book (the Quran) Idris (Enoch).Verily! He was a man of truth, (and) a Prophet.
German
Gedenke Idrîs' im Koran! Er war ein Mann der Wahrheit, ein Prophet.
Malay
Dan bacakanlah (wahai Muhammad) di dalam Kitab (Al-Quran) ini perihal Nabi Idris; sesungguhnya adalah ia amat benar (tutur katanya dan imannya), serta ia seorang Nabi.

وَرَفَعْنَاهُ مَكَانًا عَلِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And We raised him to a high station.
German
Wir erhoben ihn zu einem hohen Rang.
Malay
Dan Kami telah mengangkatnya ke tempat yang tinggi darjatnya.

أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ النَّبِيِّينَ مِن ذُرِّيَّةِ آدَمَ وَمِمَّنْ حَمَلْنَا مَعَ نُوحٍ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْرَائِيلَ وَمِمَّنْ هَدَيْنَا وَاجْتَبَيْنَا ۚ إِذَا تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُ الرَّحْمَٰنِ خَرُّوا سُجَّدًا وَبُكِيًّا ۩
Muhsin Khan
Those were they unto whom Allah bestowed His Grace from among the Prophets, of the offspring of Adam, and of those whom We carried (in the ship) with Nuh (Noah), and of the offspring of Ibrahim (Abraham) and Israel and from among those whom We guided and chose. When the Verses of the Most Beneficent (Allah) were recited unto them, they fell down prostrating and weeping.
German
Diese gehören zu den begnadeten unter den Propheten aus der Nachkommenschaft Adams und aus der Nachkommenschaft der Gläubigen, die Wir mit Noah in der Arche dahintrugen, aus der Nachkommenschaft Abrahams und Israels, und derer, die Wir rechtleiteten und für das Prophetentum auserwählten. Wenn ihnen die Verse des Barmherzigen vorgetragen wurden, warfen sie sich vor Gott nieder und weinten.
Malay
Mereka itulah sebahagian dari Nabi-nabi yang telah dikurniakan Allah nikmat yang melimpah-limpah kepada mereka dari keturunan Nabi Adam, dan dari keturunan orang-orang yang Kami bawa (dalam bahtera) bersama-sama Nabi Nuh, dan dari keturunan Nabi Ibrahim, dan (dari keturunan) Israil- dan mereka itu adalah dari orang-orang yang Kami beri hidayah petunjuk dan Kami pilih. Apabila dibacakan kepada mereka ayat-ayat (Allah) Ar-Rahman, mereka segera sujud serta menangis.

فَخَلَفَ مِن بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ أَضَاعُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَاتَّبَعُوا الشَّهَوَاتِ ۖ فَسَوْفَ يَلْقَوْنَ غَيًّا
Muhsin Khan
Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have given up As-Salat (the prayers) [i.e. made their Salat (prayers) to be lost, either by not offering them or by not offering them perfectly or by not offering them in their proper fixed times, etc.] and have followed lusts. So they will be thrown in Hell.
German
Es kamen nach diesen Generationen Menschen, die das Gebet fallen ließen und ihren Gelüsten folgten. Sie werden die schlimmen Folgen erleben.
Malay
Kemudian mereka digantikan oleh keturunan-keturunan yang mencuaikan sembahyang serta menurut hawa nafsu (dengan melakukan maksiat); maka mereka akan menghadapi azab (dalam neraka),

إِلَّا مَن تَابَ وَآمَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَأُولَٰئِكَ يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ وَلَا يُظْلَمُونَ شَيْئًا
Muhsin Khan
Except those who repent and believe (in the Oneness of Allah and His Messenger Muhammad SAW), and work righteousness. Such will enter Paradise and they will not be wronged in aught.
German
Ausgenommen die Reumütigen, die glauben und gute Werke verrichten. Sie werden ins Paradies gehen und werden nicht im geringsten Ungerechtigkeit erleiden.
Malay
Kecuali orang-orang yang bertaubat dan beriman serta beramal soleh, maka mereka itu akan masuk Syurga, dan mereka pula tidak dikurangkan pahala sedikitpun, -

جَنَّاتِ عَدْنٍ الَّتِي وَعَدَ الرَّحْمَٰنُ عِبَادَهُ بِالْغَيْبِ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ وَعْدُهُ مَأْتِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
(They will enter) 'Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting Gardens), which the Most Beneficent (Allah) has promised to His slaves in the unseen: Verily! His Promise must come to pass.
German
Sie werden mit den Gärten von Eden belohnt, die der Barmherzige Seinen aufrichtigen Dienern versprochen hat, an die sie glauben, ohne sie gesehen zu haben. Gottes Verheißung geht gewiß in Erfüllung.
Malay
(Iaitu) Syurga " Adn " yang telah dijanjikan oleh (Allah) Ar-Rahman kepada hamba-hambaNya disebabkan kepercayaan mereka akan perkara-perkara yang ghaib; sesungguhnya Tuhan itu, janjiNya tetap berlaku.

لَّا يَسْمَعُونَ فِيهَا لَغْوًا إِلَّا سَلَامًا ۖ وَلَهُمْ رِزْقُهُمْ فِيهَا بُكْرَةً وَعَشِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
They shall not hear therein (in Paradise) any Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk), but only Salam (salutations of peace). And they will have therein their sustenance, morning and afternoon. [See (V.40:55)].
German
Darin werden sie kein törichtes Gerede hören, sondern nur versöhnendes. Sie werden dort morgens und abends ihre Versorgung empfangen.
Malay
Mereka tidak akan mendengar di dalamnya perkataan yang sia-sia tetapi mereka sentiasa mendengar perkataan yang baik-baik; dan makan minum untuk mereka disediakan di dalamnya, pagi dan petang (sepanjang masa).

تِلْكَ الْجَنَّةُ الَّتِي نُورِثُ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا مَن كَانَ تَقِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
Such is the Paradise which We shall give as an inheritance to those of Our slaves who have been Al-Muttaqun (pious and righteous persons - See V.2:2).
German
Das ist das Paradies, das Wir demjenigen Unserer Diener geben, der im Leben fromm war.
Malay
Itulah taman Syurga yang Kami akan berikan sebagai warisan pusaka kepada orang-orang. yang bertaqwa dari hamba-hamba Kami.

وَمَا نَتَنَزَّلُ إِلَّا بِأَمْرِ رَبِّكَ ۖ لَهُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِينَا وَمَا خَلْفَنَا وَمَا بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ ۚ وَمَا كَانَ رَبُّكَ نَسِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And we (angels) descend not except by the Command of your Lord (O Muhammad SAW). To Him belongs what is before us and what is behind us, and what is between those two, and your Lord is never forgetful,
German
Dort werden sie (die Engel) sagen: "Wir kommen nur mit Gottes Verfügung hernieder. Er allein weiß um unsere Zukunft und unsere Vergangenheit und was dazwischen liegt. Gott vergißt nichts."
Malay
Dan (berkatalah malaikat): "Kami tidak turun dari semasa ke semasa melainkan dengan perintah Tuhanmu (wahai Muhammad); Dia lah jua yang menguasai serta mentadbirkan apa yang di hadapan kita dan apa yang di belakang kita serta apa yang di antara itu; dan tiadalah Tuhanmu itu lupa, -

رَّبُّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا فَاعْبُدْهُ وَاصْطَبِرْ لِعِبَادَتِهِ ۚ هَلْ تَعْلَمُ لَهُ سَمِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, so worship Him (Alone) and be constant and patient in His worship. Do you know of any who is similar to Him? (of course none is similar or coequal or comparable to Him, and He has none as partner with Him). [There is nothing like unto Him and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer].
German
Gott ist der Herr der Himmel und der Erde und all dessen, was dazwischen liegt. Diene Ihm allein und bete Ihn geduldig und beharrlich an! Kennst du etwa einen anderen, der Ihm gleicht und einen Seiner Namen trägt?
Malay
"Tuhan yang mencipta dan mentadbirkan langit dan bumi serta segala yang ada di antara keduanya; oleh itu, sembahlah engkau akan Dia dan bersabarlah dengan tekun tetap dalam beribadat kepadaNya; adakah engkau mengetahui sesiapapun yang senama dan sebanding denganNya?"

وَيَقُولُ الْإِنسَانُ أَإِذَا مَا مِتُّ لَسَوْفَ أُخْرَجُ حَيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And man (the disbeliever) says: "When I am dead, shall I then be raised up alive?"
German
Der Mensch sagt: Wie könnte ich wieder ins Leben gerufen werden, wenn ich gestorben bin?"
Malay
Dan manusia (yang kafir) berkata: "Apa! Apabila aku mati, adakah aku akan dibangkitkan hidup semula?"

أَوَلَا يَذْكُرُ الْإِنسَانُ أَنَّا خَلَقْنَاهُ مِن قَبْلُ وَلَمْ يَكُ شَيْئًا
Muhsin Khan
Does not man remember that We created him before, while he was nothing?
German
Bedenkt der Mensch etwa nicht, daß Wir ihn erschaffen haben, als er nichts war?
Malay
Patutkah manusia itu berkata demikian dan tidak memikirkan bahawa Kami telah menciptakan dia dahulu sedang ia pada masa itu belum ada sebarang apapun?

فَوَرَبِّكَ لَنَحْشُرَنَّهُمْ وَالشَّيَاطِينَ ثُمَّ لَنُحْضِرَنَّهُمْ حَوْلَ جَهَنَّمَ جِثِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
So by your Lord, surely, We shall gather them together, and (also) the Shayatin (devils) (with them), then We shall bring them round Hell on their knees.
German
Bei deinem Herrn! Wir werden sie und die Satane gewiß versammeln und kniend um die Hölle führen.
Malay
Oleh itu, demi Tuhanmu (wahai Muhammad)! Sesungguhnya Kami akan himpunkan mereka yang kafir itu beserta syaitan-syaitan di Padang Mahsyar, kemudian Kami akan bawa mereka duduk berlutut di keliling neraka Jahannam.

ثُمَّ لَنَنزِعَنَّ مِن كُلِّ شِيعَةٍ أَيُّهُمْ أَشَدُّ عَلَى الرَّحْمَٰنِ عِتِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
Then indeed We shall drag out from every sect all those who were worst in obstinate rebellion against the Most Beneficent (Allah).
German
Wir werden aus jeder Sekte die herausholen und zuerst in die Hölle bringen, die am trotzigsten gegen den Barmherzigen waren.
Malay
Sesudah itu, sesungguhnya kami akan cabut dari tiap-tiap golongan, mana-mana orang yang sangat derhaka kepada (Allah) Ar-Rahman, di antara mereka.

ثُمَّ لَنَحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِالَّذِينَ هُمْ أَوْلَىٰ بِهَا صِلِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
Then, verily, We know best those who are most worthy of being burnt therein.
German
Wir wissen genau, wer die Feuerstrafe als Erster verdient.
Malay
Kemudian, sesungguhnya Kami lebih mengetahui akan orang-orang yang lebih patut diseksa dan dibakar dangan api neraka itu.

وَإِن مِّنكُمْ إِلَّا وَارِدُهَا ۚ كَانَ عَلَىٰ رَبِّكَ حَتْمًا مَّقْضِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
There is not one of you but will pass over it (Hell); this is with your Lord; a Decree which must be accomplished.
German
Keinen Menschen gibt es, der nicht dahin kommt. (Die Gläubigen, damit sie sehen und die Ungläubigen, damit sie hineingeführt werden). Das ist die Entscheidung deines Herrn, die unbedingt in Erfüllung gehen wird.
Malay
Dan tiada seorangpun di antara kamu melainkan akan sampai kepadanya; (yang demikian) adalah satu perkara yang mesti (berlaku) yang telah ditetapkan oleh Tuhanmu.

ثُمَّ نُنَجِّي الَّذِينَ اتَّقَوا وَّنَذَرُ الظَّالِمِينَ فِيهَا جِثِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
Then We shall save those who use to fear Allah and were dutiful to Him. And We shall leave the Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers, etc.) therein (humbled) to their knees (in Hell).
German
Wir werden dann die Gläubigen erretten und die Ungläubigen auf den Knien in der Hölle sitzen lassen.
Malay
Kemudian Kami akan selamatkan orang-orang yang bertaqwa, dan kami akan biarkan orang-orang yang zalim (dengan kekufurannya dan maksiatnya) tinggal berlutut di dalam neraka itu.

وَإِذَا تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُنَا بَيِّنَاتٍ قَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَيُّ الْفَرِيقَيْنِ خَيْرٌ مَّقَامًا وَأَحْسَنُ نَدِيًّا
Muhsin Khan
And when Our Clear Verses are recited to them, those who disbelieve (the rich and strong among the pagans of Quraish who live a life of luxury) say to those who believe (the weak, poor companions of Prophet Muhammad SAW who have a hard life): "Which of the two groups (i.e. believers and disbelievers) is best in (point of) position and as regards station (place of council for consultation)."
German
Wenn ihnen Unsere eindeutigen Verse vorgetragen werden, sagen die Ungläubigen zu den Gläubigen: "Wer von uns nimmt die besten Wohnungen und die besten Rangstufen im Diesseits und im Jenseits ein?"
Malay
Dan apabila dibacakan kepada mereka ayat-ayat Kami yang jelas nyata, berkatalah orang-orang yang kafir kepada orang-orang yang beriman: "Puak yang manakah (dari kami dan kamu) yang lebih baik tempat tinggalnya dan lebih elok majlis perhimpunannya?

وَكَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا قَبْلَهُم مِّن قَرْنٍ هُمْ أَحْسَنُ أَثَاثًا وَرِئْيًا
Muhsin Khan
And how many a generation (past nations) have We destroyed before them, who were better in wealth, goods and outward appearance?
German
Wieviele Geschlechter vor ihnen haben Wir schon vernichtend bestraft, die besser ausgestattet und ansehnlicher waren!
Malay
Dan berapa banyak kaum-kaum (yang ingkar) sebelum mereka, kami telah binasakan, sedang mereka lebih elok alat-alat kesenangannya dan lebih elok keadaannya pada pandangan mata.

قُلْ مَن كَانَ فِي الضَّلَالَةِ فَلْيَمْدُدْ لَهُ الرَّحْمَٰنُ مَدًّا ۚ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا رَأَوْا مَا يُوعَدُونَ إِمَّا الْعَذَابَ وَإِمَّا السَّاعَةَ فَسَيَعْلَمُونَ مَنْ هُوَ شَرٌّ مَّكَانًا وَأَضْعَفُ جُندًا
Muhsin Khan
Say (O Muhammad SAW) whoever is in error, the Most Beneficent (Allah) will extend (the rope) to him, until, when they see that which they were promised, either the torment or the Hour, they will come to know who is worst in position, and who is weaker in forces. [This is the answer for the Verse No.19:73]
German
Sage: "Wer willentlich im Irrtum verharrt, den läßt der Barmherzige lange gewähren. Wenn sie das Verheißene sehen, sei es die peinvolle Strafe im Diesseits oder die des Jüngsten Tages, werden sie erkennen, wer in der schlimmeren Lage ist und die schwächere Heerschar hat.
Malay
Katakanlah (wahai Muhammad): "Sesiapa yang berada di dalam kesesatan, maka biarlah (Allah) Ar-Rahman melanjutkan baginya satu tempoh yang tertentu, hingga apabila mereka melihat apa yang dijanjikan kepada mereka, - sama ada azab sengsara dunia ataupun azab kiamat, maka (pada saat itu) mereka akan mengetahui siapakah orangnya yang lebih buruk kedudukannya dan lebih lemah penyokong-penyokongnya."

وَيَزِيدُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْا هُدًى ۗ وَالْبَاقِيَاتُ الصَّالِحَاتُ خَيْرٌ عِندَ رَبِّكَ ثَوَابًا وَخَيْرٌ مَّرَدًّا
Muhsin Khan
And Allah increases in guidance those who walk aright [true believers in the Oneness of Allah who fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden), and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)]. And the righteous good deeds that last, are better with your Lord, for reward and better for resort.
German
Gott gewährt den Rechtgeleiteten noch mehr Rechtleitung. Die bleibenden guten Werke sind es, die von Gott auf das Beste belohnt und höher eingestuft werden.
Malay
Dan Allah akan menambahi hidayah petunjuk bagi orang-orang yang menurut jalan petunjuk; dan amal-amal yang baik yang tetap kekal faedah-faedahnya itu, lebih baik balasan pahalanya di sisi Tuhanmu dan lebih baik kesudahannya.

أَفَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي كَفَرَ بِآيَاتِنَا وَقَالَ لَأُوتَيَنَّ مَالًا وَوَلَدًا
Muhsin Khan
Have you seen him who disbelieved in Our Ayat (this Quran and Muhammad SAW) and (yet) says: "I shall certainly be given wealth and children [if I will be alive (again)],"
German
Hast du den gesehen, der Unsere Zeichen verleugnete und sagte: "Ich werde gewiß im Jenseits Vermögen und Kinder haben."
Malay
Maka tidakkah engkau merasa hairan memikirkan (wahai Muhammad), akan orang yang kufur ingkar kepada ayat-ayat keterangan Kami serta ia berkata: "Demi sesungguhnya aku akan diberikan harta kekayaan dan anak-pinak pada hari akhirat?"

أَطَّلَعَ الْغَيْبَ أَمِ اتَّخَذَ عِندَ الرَّحْمَٰنِ عَهْدًا
Muhsin Khan
Has he known the unseen or has he taken a covenant from the Most Beneficent (Allah)?
German
Weiß er denn um das Verborgene, oder hat er mit Gott einen Pakt geschlossen?
Malay
Adakah ia telah mengetahui akan perkara yang ghaib, atau adakah ia telah membuat perjanjian dengan (Allah) Ar-Rahman mengenainya?

كَلَّا ۚ سَنَكْتُبُ مَا يَقُولُ وَنَمُدُّ لَهُ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ مَدًّا
Muhsin Khan
Nay! We shall record what he says, and We shall increase his torment (in the Hell);
German
O nein! Wir schreiben genau alles auf, was er sagt, und werden seine Strafe entsprechend erhöhen.
Malay
Tidak sekali-kali! Kami akan menulis apa yang dikatakannya, dan Kami akan tambahi baginya dari azab seksa, berganda-ganda.

وَنَرِثُهُ مَا يَقُولُ وَيَأْتِينَا فَرْدًا
Muhsin Khan
And We shall inherit from him (at his death) all that he talks of (i.e. wealth and children which We have bestowed upon him in this world), and he shall come to Us alone.
German
Wir werden ihm alles abnehmen, wovon er spricht, und er wird am Jüngsten Tag allein vor Uns erscheinen.
Malay
Dan Kami akan warisi (harta benda dan anak-pinak) yang dikatakannya itu, dan ia akan datang kepada kami dengan seorang diri.

وَاتَّخَذُوا مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ آلِهَةً لِّيَكُونُوا لَهُمْ عِزًّا
Muhsin Khan
And they have taken (for worship) aliha (gods) besides Allah, that they might give them honour, power and glory (and also protect them from Allah's Punishment etc.).
German
Die Ungläubigen nehmen sich außer Gott andere Götter, in der Hoffnung, sie im Jenseits als Fürsprecher zu haben.
Malay
Dan mereka yang kafir menyembah benda-benda yang lain dari Allah sebagai tuhan-tuhan, supaya benda-benda yang mereka sembah itu menjadi penolong-penolong yang memberi kemuliaan dan pengaruh kepada mereka.

كَلَّا ۚ سَيَكْفُرُونَ بِعِبَادَتِهِمْ وَيَكُونُونَ عَلَيْهِمْ ضِدًّا
Muhsin Khan
Nay, but they (the so-called gods) will deny their worship of them, and become opponents to them (on the Day of Resurrection).
German
O nein! Diese Götter werden verleugnen, daß sie angebetet wurden und werden gegen sie auftreten.
Malay
Tidak sekali-kali! Bahkan benda-benda yang mereka pertuhankan itu mengingkari perbuatan mereka menyembahnya, dan akan menjadi musuh yang membawa kehinaan kepada mereka.

أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّا أَرْسَلْنَا الشَّيَاطِينَ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ تَؤُزُّهُمْ أَزًّا
Muhsin Khan
See you not that We have sent the Shayatin (devils) against the disbelievers to push them to do evil.
German
Hast du nicht gesehen, daß Wir die Satane auf die Ungläubigen losschickten, damit sie sie verführen und sich ihrer bemächtigen?
Malay
Tidakkah engkau mengetahui (Wahai Muhammad) bahawa Kami telah menghantarkan Syaitan-syaitan kepada orang-orang kafir, untuk menggalakkan mereka mengerjakan perbuatan kufur dan maksiat dengan bersungguh-sungguh?

فَلَا تَعْجَلْ عَلَيْهِمْ ۖ إِنَّمَا نَعُدُّ لَهُمْ عَدًّا
Muhsin Khan
So make no haste against them; We only count out to them a (limited) number (of the days of the life of this world and delay their term so that they may increase in evil and sins).
German
Sei nicht übereilt (und wünsche ihnen keine vorschnelle Strafe)! Wir (warten und) zählen ihre (sich mehrenden schlimmen) Taten (an den wenigen Tagen, die sie auf der Erde verbringen).
Malay
Oleh itu, janganlah engkau segera marah terhadap mereka yang ingkar itu, kerana sesungguhnya kami hanya menghitung hari yang sedikit sahaja bilangannya untuk mereka.

يَوْمَ نَحْشُرُ الْمُتَّقِينَ إِلَى الرَّحْمَٰنِ وَفْدًا
Muhsin Khan
The Day We shall gather the Muttaqun (pious - see V.2:2) unto the Most Beneficent (Allah), like a delegate (presented before a king for honour).
German
Am Jüngsten Tag werden Wir die Frommen vor dem Barmherzigen in Scharen versammeln.
Malay
(Ingatlah) hari Kami himpunkan orang-orang yang bertaqwa untuk mengadap (Allah) Ar-Rahman, dengan berpasuk-pasukan.

وَنَسُوقُ الْمُجْرِمِينَ إِلَىٰ جَهَنَّمَ وِرْدًا
Muhsin Khan
And We shall drive the Mujrimun (polytheists, sinners, criminals, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, etc.) to Hell, in a thirsty state (like a thirsty herd driven down to water),
German
Und Wir treiben die Frevler zur Hölle hin, wie die durstigen Tiere zur Tränke.
Malay
Dan Kami akan menghalau orang-orang yang bersalah ke neraka Jahannam, dalam keadaan dahaga.

لَّا يَمْلِكُونَ الشَّفَاعَةَ إِلَّا مَنِ اتَّخَذَ عِندَ الرَّحْمَٰنِ عَهْدًا
Muhsin Khan
None shall have the power of intercession, but such a one as has received permission (or promise) from the Most Beneficent (Allah).
German
Sie werden kein Anrecht auf Fürbitte haben. Das hat nur der, dem der Barmherzige es versprach.
Malay
Mereka tidak berhak mendapat dan memberi syafaat, kecuali orang yang telah mengikat perjanjian (dengan iman dan amal yang soleh) di sisi Allah yang melimpah-limpah rahmatNya!.

وَقَالُوا اتَّخَذَ الرَّحْمَٰنُ وَلَدًا
Muhsin Khan
And they say: "The Most Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a son (or offspring or children) [as the Jews say: 'Uzair (Ezra) is the son of Allah, and the Christians say that He has begotten a son ['Iesa (Christ) ], and the pagan Arabs say that He has begotten daughters (angels, etc.)]."
German
Sie sagen: "Der Barmherzige hat einen Sohn."
Malay
Dan mereka yang kafir berkata: "(Allah) Ar-Rahman, mempunyai anak."

لَّقَدْ جِئْتُمْ شَيْئًا إِدًّا
Muhsin Khan
Indeed you have brought forth (said) a terrible evil thing.
German
Ihr habt euch wahrhaftig etwas Abscheuliches erlaubt.
Malay
Demi sesungguhnya, kamu telah melakukan satu perkara yang besar salahnya!

تَكَادُ السَّمَاوَاتُ يَتَفَطَّرْنَ مِنْهُ وَتَنشَقُّ الْأَرْضُ وَتَخِرُّ الْجِبَالُ هَدًّا
Muhsin Khan
Whereby the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains fall in ruins,
German
Fast würden die Himmel darüber zerspringen, die Erde sich spalten und die Berge niederstürzen,
Malay
Langit nyaris-nyaris pecah disebabkan (anggapan mereka) yang demikian, dan bumi pula nyaris-nyaris terbelah, serta gunung-ganang pun nyaris-nyaris runtuh ranap, -

أَن دَعَوْا لِلرَّحْمَٰنِ وَلَدًا
Muhsin Khan
That they ascribe a son (or offspring or children) to the Most Beneficent (Allah).
German
weil sie dem Barmherzigen einen Sohn zugeschrieben haben.
Malay
Kerana mereka mendakwa mengatakan: (Allah) Ar-Rahman mempunyai anak.

وَمَا يَنبَغِي لِلرَّحْمَٰنِ أَن يَتَّخِذَ وَلَدًا
Muhsin Khan
But it is not suitable for (the Majesty of) the Most Beneficent (Allah) that He should beget a son (or offspring or children).
German
Es ist aber ausgeschlossen, daß der Barmherzige einen Sohn hat.
Malay
Padahal tiadalah layak bagi (Allah) Ar-Rahman, bahawa Ia mempunyai anak.

إِن كُلُّ مَن فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ إِلَّا آتِي الرَّحْمَٰنِ عَبْدًا
Muhsin Khan
There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Beneficent (Allah) as a slave.
German
Alles, was es in den Himmeln und auf der Erde gibt, kommt dienstbeflissen am Jüngsten Tag zu Gott.
Malay
Tidak ada sesiapapun di langit dan di bumi melainkan ia akan datang kepada (Allah) Ar-Rahman, sebagai hamba.

لَّقَدْ أَحْصَاهُمْ وَعَدَّهُمْ عَدًّا
Muhsin Khan
Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full counting.
German
Er hat sie genau erfaßt und gezählt.
Malay
Demi sesungguhnya! Allah telah mengira mereka (dengan pengetahuanNya) serta menghitung mereka satu persatu.

وَكُلُّهُمْ آتِيهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَرْدًا
Muhsin Khan
And everyone of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection (without any helper, or protector or defender).
German
Alle werden am Jüngsten Tag einzeln zu Ihm kommen.
Malay
Dan mereka masing-masing akan datang mengadapNya pada hari kiamat dengan seorang diri.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَيَجْعَلُ لَهُمُ الرَّحْمَٰنُ وُدًّا
Muhsin Khan
Verily, those who believe [in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger (Muhammad SAW)] and work deeds of righteousness, the Most Beneficent (Allah) will bestow love for them (in the hearts of the believers).
German
Den Gläubigen, die gute Werke verrichten, bringt Gott Liebe entgegen.
Malay
. Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang beriman dan beramal soleh, Allah yang melimpah-limpah rahmatnya akan menanamkan bagi mereka dalam hati orang ramai perasaan kasih sayang.

فَإِنَّمَا يَسَّرْنَاهُ بِلِسَانِكَ لِتُبَشِّرَ بِهِ الْمُتَّقِينَ وَتُنذِرَ بِهِ قَوْمًا لُّدًّا
Muhsin Khan
So We have made this (the Quran) easy in your own tongue (O Muhammad SAW), only that you may give glad tidings to the Muttaqun (pious and righteous persons - See V.2:2), and warn with it the Ludda (most quarrelsome) people.
German
Wir haben den Koran in deiner Sprache leicht verständlich gemacht, damit du durch ihn den Frommen frohe Botschaft bringst und die Ungläubigen, die Gott anfeinden, warnst.
Malay
Maka sesungguhnya Kami memudahkan turunnya Al-Quran ini dengan bahasamu (wahai Muhammad), ialah supaya engkau memberi khabar gembira dengannya kepada orang-orang yang bertaqwa, dan supaya engkau memberi amaran dengannya kepada kaum yang degil dalam kekufurannya.

وَكَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا قَبْلَهُم مِّن قَرْنٍ هَلْ تُحِسُّ مِنْهُم مِّنْ أَحَدٍ أَوْ تَسْمَعُ لَهُمْ رِكْزًا
Muhsin Khan
And how many a generation before them have We destroyed! Can you (O Muhammad SAW) find a single one of them or hear even a whisper of them?
German
Wir haben bereits vor ihnen viele ungläubige Geschlechter vernichtet. Findest du noch jemand von ihnen, oder hörst du noch einen Laut von ihnen?
Malay
Dan amatlah banyaknya kaum-kaum kafir yang Kami telah binasakan sebelum mereka; engkau tidak menyedari ataupun mendengar suara yang sayup bagi seseorangpun dari orang-orang yang telah dibinasakan itu. 

Profile Of The Surah

Juz : 16 Surah No. :19 Surah:MARYAM No. of Verses: 98

Name
It takes its name from v. 16.

Period of Revelation
It was revealed before the Migration to Habash. We learn from authentic Traditions that Hadrat Ja'afar recited vv. 1-40 of this Surah in the court of Negus when he called the migrants to his court.

Historical Background
We have already briefly referred to the conditions of that period in the introduction to Surah Al-Kahf. Here we shall give rather fuller details of the same conditions, which will be helpful in grasping the meaning of this Surah and the other Surahs of the period. When the chiefs of the Quraish felt that they had failed to suppress the Islamic movement by ridicule, sarcasm, and by holding out promises and threats and by making false accusations, they resorted to persecution, beating and economic pressure. They would catch hold of the new Muslims of their clans and persecute them, starve them and would even inflict physical torture on them in order to coerce them to give up Islam. The most pitiful victims of their persecution were the poor people and the slaves and the proteges of the Quraish. They were beaten black and blue, were imprisoned and kept thirsty and hungry and were dragged on the burning sands of Makkah. The people would get work from the professional labourers but would not pay them their wages. As an instance we give below the story of Hadrat Khabbab bin Arat, which is given in Bukhari and Muslim:

"I used to work as a blacksmith in Makkah. Once I did some work for As bin Wa'il. When I went to ask for my wages, he said, 'I will not pay your wages unless you disown Muhammad'."

In the same connection Hadrat Khabbab says, "One day the Holy Prophet was sitting in the shadow of the Ka'abah. I went to him and said, '0 Messenger of Allah, now persecution has gone to its extreme; why do you not pray to Allah (for relief)?' At this the Holy Prophet was greatly moved. He said, 'The believers before you were persecuted much more than you. Their bones were scraped with combs of iron and their heads were cut with saws, but still they did not give up their Faith. I assure you that Allah will fulfill this Mission, and there will come a period of such peace that one would travel from Sanna to Hadramaut, and he will have no fear from anyone, save Allah. But you people have already become impatient'." (Bukhari)

When the conditions became unbearable, the Holy Prophet, in the month of Rajab of the fifth year of Prophethood, gave advice to his Companions to this effect: "You may well migrate to Habash, for there is a king, who does not allow any kind of injustice to anyone, and there is good in his land. You should remain there till the time that Allah provides a remedy for your affliction".

Accordingly, at first, eleven men and four women left for Habash. The Quraish pursued them up to the coast but fortunately they got a timely boat for Habash at the sea-port of Shu'aibah, and they escaped attest. Then after a few months, other people migrated to Habash and their number rose to eighty-three men and eleven women of the Quraish and seven non-Quraish. After this, only forty persons were left with the Holy Prophet at Makkah.

There was a great hue and cry in Makkah after this Migration, for every family of the Quraish was adversely affected by this. There was hardly a family of the Quraish which did not lose a son, a son-in-law, a daughter, a brother or a sister. For instance, there were among the Migrants the near relatives of Abu Jahl, Abu Sufyan and other chief of the Quraish who were notorious for their persecution of the Muslims. As a result of this, some of them became even more bitter in their enmity of Islam, while there were others who were so moved by this that they embraced Islam. For instance, this Migration left a deep mark on Hadrat Umar. One of his relatives, Laila, daughter of Hathmah, says, "I was packing my luggage for Migration, while my husband, Amr bin Rabiy'ah, had gone out. In the meantime Umar came there and began to watch me, while I was engaged in preparation for the journey. Then he said, 'Are you also going to migrate?' I answered, 'Yes by God, you people have persecuted us much. But the wide earth of Allah is open for us. Now we are going to a place where Allah will grant us peace'. At this, I noticed such signs of emotion on the face of Umar as I had never seen before. He simply said, 'May God be with you' and went away."

After the migration, the Quraish held consultations, and decided to send Abdullah bin Abi Rabiy'ah, half brother of Abu Jahl, and Amr bin As to Habash with precious gifts so as to persuade Negus to send the migrants back to Makkah. Hadrat Umm Salmah (a wife of the Holy Prophet), who was among the migrants, has related this part of the story in detail. She says, "When these two clever statesmen of the Quraish reached Habash, they distributed the gifts among the courtiers of the King and persuaded them to recommend strongly to him to send the migrants back. Then they saw Negus himself and, presenting rich gifts to him, said, "Some headstrong brats of our city have come to your land and our chiefs have sent us to you with the request that you may kindly send them back. These brats have forsaken our faith and have not embraced your faith either, but have invented a new faith". As soon as they had finished their speech, all the courtiers recommended their case, saying, "We should send such people back to their city for their people know them better. It is not proper for us to keep them here". At this the King was annoyed and said, "I am not going to give them back without proper enquiry. As these people have put their trust in my country rather than in any other country and have come here to take shelter, I will not betray them. At first I will send for them and investigate into the allegations these people have made against them. Then I will make my final decision". Accordingly, the King sent for the Companions of the Holy Prophet and asked them to come to his court.

When the migrants received the message of the King, they assembled and held consultations as to what they should say to the King. At last they came to this unanimous decision: "We will present before the King the teachings of the Holy Prophet without adding anything to or withholding anything from them and leave it to him whether he lets us remain here or turns us out of his country". When they came to the court, the King put this problem abruptly before them:"I understand that you have given up the faith of your own people and have neither embraced my faith nor any other existing faith. I would like to know what your new faith is." At this, Jafar bin Abi Talib, on behalf of the migrants, made an extempore speech to this effect: "O King! We were sunk deep in ignorance and had become very corrupt; then Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) came to us as a Messenger of God, and did his best to reform us. But the Quraish began to persecute his followers, so we have come to your country in the hope that here we will be free from persecution". After his speech, the King said, "Please recite a piece of the Revelation which has been sent down by God to your Prophet". In response, Hadrat Jafar recited that portion of Surah Maryam which relates the story of Prophets John and Jesus (Allah's peace be upon them). The King listened to it and wept, so much so that his beard became wet with tears. When Hadrat Jafar finished the recital, he said:"Most surely this Revelation and the Message of Jesus have come from the same source. By God I will not give you up into the hands of these people".

Next day `Amr bin `As went to Negus and said, "Please send for them again and ask them concerning the creed they hold about Jesus, the son of Mary, for they say a horrible thing about him". The King again sent for the migrants, who had already learnt about the scheme of Amr. They again sat together and held consultations in regard to the answer they should give to the King, if he asked about the belief they held about Prophet Jesus. Though this was a very critical situation and all of them were uneasy about it, they decided that they would say the same thing that Allah and His Messenger had taught them. Accordingly, when they went to the court, the King put them the question that had been suggested by Amr bin As. So Jafar bin Abi Talib stood up and answered without the least hesitation: "He was a Servant of Allah and His Messenger. He was a Spirit and a Word of Allah which had been sent to virgin Mary." At this the King picked up a straw from the ground and said, 'Bye God, Jesus was not worth this straw more than what you have said about him." After this the King returned the gifts sent by the Quraish, saying, "I do not take any bribe". Then he said to the migrants, "You are allowed to stay here in perfect peace."

Theme and Subject
Keeping in view this historical background, it becomes quite obvious that this Surah was sent down to serve the migrants as a "provision" for their journey to Habash, as if to say, "Though you are leaving your country as persecuted emigrants to a Christian country, you should not in the least hide anything from the teachings you have received. There- fore you should plainly say to the Christians that Prophet Jesus was not the son of God."

After relating the story of Prophets John and Jesus in vv. 1-40, the story of Prophet Abraham has been related (vv. 41-50) also for the benefit of the Migrants for he also had been forced like them to leave his country by the persecution of his father, his family and his country men. On the one hand, this meant to console the Emigrants that they were following the footsteps of Prophet Abraham and would attain the same good end as that Prophet did. On the other hand, it meant to warn the disbeliever, of Makkah that they should note it well that they were in the position of the cruel people who had persecuted their forefather and leader, Abraham, while the Muslim Emigrants were in the position of Prophet Abraham himself.

Then the mention of the other Prophets has been made in vv. 51-65 with a view to impress that Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) had brought the same way of Life that had been brought by the former Prophets but their followers had become corrupt and adopted wrong ways.

In the concluding passage (vv. 66-98), a strong criticism has been made of the evil ways of the disbelievers of Makkah, while the Believers have been given the good news that they would come out successful and become the beloved of the people, in spite of the worst efforts of the enemies of the Truth.

Thanks for coming

Thanks for coming
Terima kasih sudi hadir

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