Aug 6, 2010

Syiah / Shia fitnah فتنة on our beloved Prophet Muhammad s.a.w & family r.a - Fitnah presented by Yassir Al-Habib


The Rude, Satanic and ill-manned Theory 


 
The Theory
Prophet Muhammad s.a.w was poisoned by his two wives Ayesha and Hafsa, at the order of their fathers Abu Bakr and Omar r.a.



Shia also make a false claim that the poison incident was backed up with an authentic hadith
Syiah juga membuat tuntutan palsu bahawa kejadian racun telah disokong dengan hadith yang sahih
 
Death of the Prophet and the incidents after his demise

And Ayyashi has narrated through authentic chains of narrators from Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) that Ayesha and Hafasa had poisoned the Prophet with that poison, so it is possible that both poisons caused his death.[630]  - al-islam.org





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I have tried to search for other scholars' comments on this theory but can't find even one. My search ended with this one for the time being

The ruling on whoever curses the Prophet's wives by Sheikh Nawaf Al-Salim 



Sheikh Nawaf Al-Salim explains the ruling on whoever curses the Prophet's wives.


The ruling on whoever curses and hates the Companions. 

ShiismRevealed | April 25, 2010

Sheikh Nawaf Al-Salim explain what is the ruling on whoever curses and hates the Prophet's companions according to the religion of Islam

The Prophet is closer to the Believers than their own selves, 
and his wives are their mothers
(as regards respect and marriage)

Surat Al-'Aĥzāb (The Combined Forces) - سورة الأحزاب Ayat 6


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Muhsin Khan
The Prophet is closer to the believers than their ownselves, and his wives are their (believers') mothers (as regards respect and marriage). And blood relations among each other have closer personal ties in the Decree of Allah (regarding inheritance) than (the brotherhood of) the believers and the Muhajirun (emigrants from Makkah, etc.), except that you do kindness to those brothers (when the Prophet SAW joined them in brotherhood ties). This has been written in the (Allah's Book of Divine) Decrees (AlLauh AlMahfuz)."
 
Yusuf Ali
The Prophet is closer to the Believers than their own selves, and his wives are their mothers. Blood-relations among each other have closer personal ties, in the Decree of Allah. Than (the Brotherhood of) Believers and Muhajirs: nevertheless do ye what is just to your closest friends: such is the writing in the Decree (of Allah).
 
Malay
Nabi itu lebih menolong dan lebih menjaga kebaikan orang-orang yang beriman daripada diri mereka sendiri; dan isteri-isterinya adalah menjadi ibu mereka. Dan orang-orang yang mempunyai pertalian kerabat, setengahnya lebih berhak (mewarisi) akan setengahnya yang lain - menurut (hukum) Kitab Allah - daripada orang-orang yang beriman dan orang-orang Muhajirin (yang bukan kerabatnya), kecuali kalau kamu hendak berbuat baik kepada sahabat-sahabat karib kamu. Hukum yang demikian itu adalah tertulis dalam Kitab Allah.
 
Tafsir al-Jalalayn
The Prophet is closer to the believers than their [own] souls, in terms of what he calls them to and what their own souls have called them to contravene, and his wives are their mothers, insofar as they [the believers] are forbidden to marry them. And those related by blood, kinsmen, are more entitled, to inherit [from], one another in the Book of God than the [other] believers and the Emigrants, in other words, than inheriting on account of [their sharing] faith and the Emigration, which had been the case at the beginning of Islam but was then abrogated; barring any favour you may do your friends, by [making] a bequest, which is permissible. This, namely, the abrogation of inheritance on account of [shared] faith and Emigration by the inheritance on account of kinship, is written in the Book — in both instances al-kitāb, ‘the Book’, denotes the Preserved Tablet (al-lawh al-mahfūz).

 Briefly about our beloved
Ummul Mukminin
عائشة Aisah r.a

Lady Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) is what this humanity possesses of bright mind, sharp wit, and abundant knowledge. Additionally, for her effective role in serving the Islamic thought through relating Prophet Muhammad's (PBUH) Hadiths (narrations); interpreting a lot of the aspects of the Prophet's (PBUH) life and her juristic deductions.

She is also a woman who exceeded the boundaries of her role as a woman to become a teacher for a whole nation that is the Islamic nation.

May Allah be Pleased with her was one of the skilful people in Qur'an, Hadith and Islamic Jurisprudence, thus Urwah- bin al- Zubair said:'' I have never seen someone who knows more of the Qur'an and its commandments, nor al-Hallal (lawfulness), or Haram( sinful deeds), or poetry, or Arabs oratory or backgrounds than Aisha.''

In this researchable point I have raised three domains in which lady Aisha (may Allah be Pleased with her) has been distinguished in, and they are:

1-Her knowledge and teachings.

2-The oratorical interpreter lady.

3-The lady faqiha (Islamic jurist).


I have chosen these domains for their importance and obvious influence on the Islamic community and thought, Lady Aisha (may Allah be Pleased with her) with her knowledge and her knowingness contributed in amending the concepts, and the orientation to follow the Messenger of Allah's Sunnah (Prophet's tradition), that's why the intellectuals used to go to her to grasp from her abundant knowledge ,thereby she became an illuminative source (lamp) that sheds its light on the people of science and its students . That is lady Aisha bint- abi- Bakr- al- Siddiq- Abdullah –bin- Othman (May Allah be Pleased with them) Prophet Muhammad's wife and the most proficient Islamic jurist of the women of Islam and the most knowledgeable of Qur'an, the Hadith (the Prophet's tradition); and Jurisprudence.

She was born in Makkah in the eighth year before al- Hijra. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) married her the second year of A.H, she was the most relaying of his Hadiths amongst his women.

She was one of the Prophet's most beloved women, she talks about it and say:'' I was superior to the wives of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in ten with no pride, I was the dearest to his heart; my father was the dearest to him ;he married me a seven year old and consummated the marriage when I was nine years old ; the proof of my innocence has been revealed by Allah (meaning the slander incident ). Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) took permission from his other wives during his sickness saying:' I have no strength to come to you frequently ,so permit me to stay at some of you, so um- Salamah said:'' we knew who you want ,you want Aisha, you have our permission.'' ; his last meal in this world was my saliva/spittle ; so he cleaned his teeth with my (siwak) toothpick; he died between my lap and my bosom; and was buried in my house.'' May Allah be Pleased with her died in fifty-eighth A.H.

Her Knowledge and Teachings

Lady Aisha (may Allah be Pleased with her) is considered one of the senior intellectuals and jurisprudent (fiqhan) women of the world, she had known of all that relates to al-Din (religion), Quran, Hadith; interpretation; and jurisprudence. She (may Allah be Pleased with her) was a reference to the Prophet's (PBUH) Companions when they encountered a difficult matter they used to take her Islamic opinion and find solution from her for what had been problematic for them . Abu Musa al-Ashari said:'' never had we (the Companions of the Prophet) encountered any difficulty regarding Hadith and we asked Aisha about it, but got useful information from her.''

Lady Aisha's status among Muslims was the status of the teacher amongst his students, if she heard inaccurate narrations from the Muslim intellectuals and the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH), she would correct them for them and clarify what was unknown to them, so she was famous for that, and everyone who had a suspicion regarding a relation came to her asking.

Lady Aisha (may Allah be Pleased with her ) has been distinguished by her refine knowledge for enabling factors which made her reach this status , some of the most important factors are;

-Her sharp intelligence in addition to her formidable memory, that's because she narrated a lot of the Hadiths of the Prophet (PBUH).

-Her marriage to the Prophet (PBUH) in an early age and her upbringing in the Prophethood household, so she became " the student of Prophet-hood."

-The many times in which the Prophet (PBUH) received Divine revelation (Alwahy by Gabriel) while he was in her room and in that she had superiority over the other wives of the Prophet (PBUH).

- Her passion for knowledge and science, she would ask and inquire if she had no knowledge of something or if she encountered a difficulty in a case, that's why ibn-abi-Malikah said:'' she never heard something - which she had no recollection of - but revised till she memorize.''

As a result of her knowledge and jurisprudence, her blessed quarter became the scholars' destination till this quarter became the first school of Islam and the greatest influence in the history of Islam, furthermore, she used to install a veil as a separator (curtain) between her and her students, that's when Masrouk said:''I heard her clapping hands from behind the separating veil.''

Lady Aisha(may Allah be Pleased with her) followed refined techniques in her teachings following the Prophet's (PBUH) steps, the ones he used in teaching his Companions (al Sahabah) .

One of these techniques is not hurrying in speech, instead talking slowly so the learner would comprehend. Urwa said that Lady Aisha said in denunciation :'' Abu- Huraira came once and sat beside my quarters relaying of the Prophet (PBUH) making me listen to it. At that time I was praying (glorifying Allah), consequently he left before I had finished my rosary. Had I caught up with him I would have replied, that the Prophet (PBUH) did not narrate al- Hadith the way you narrate it.''

Another teaching techniques she used as well, teaching in a practical way, in order to clarify the arbitrations of the practical legitimacies such as ablution (wudhou'). applying

She was never embarrassed in answering the person who came to her asking about the legal opinions issued by Islam (fatwa) in any of the issues concerning religion even if it was of one's most specific personal issues.

We noticed as well that Lady Aisha (may Allah be Pleased with her ) used to use the scientific technique joined with evidence from the Quran or al-Sunnah , that's obvious in Massrouks' narration when he said:'' Abu Bakr (May Allah Be pleased with him) was leaning at Aisha's. She said :O father of Aisha ,three whoever speaks of, slanders greatly to Allah. He said :what are they? She said: who alleged that the Prophet(PBUH) saw Allah has greatly slandered to Allah. Abu Bakr said: I was leaning then sat down and said: await me and do not haste me, did not Allah the Almighty say:(And indeed he (The Prophet) already saw him on the evident horizon .And indeed he did already see him (during) another descent). Al-takweer81:2), (an-Najm53:13)

Thus she said :I am the first of this nation to ask the Prophet(PBUH) of this and he said:( it is but the Angel Jibril( Gabriel), I have not seen his true image ,the one he was created by, except these two times, I saw him descend from the sky blocking by his mighty image what's between the sky and earth. So she said :haven’t you heard that Allah says :( Beholdings (i.e., eyesights) cannot perceive Him, and He perceives be holdings and He is The Ever-Kind, The Ever-Cognizant. (103, al-Anaam)

Haven’t you heard that Allah says :( And in no way is it feasible for a mortal that Allah should speak to Him, except by revelation or from beyond a curtain, or that He should send a Messenger; then He reveals whatever He decides, by His permission. Surely He is Ever-Exalted, Ever-Wise. (Al-Shura: 51:42)

She said: and whoever claims that the Prophet hid something from Allah's book (the Quran) did slander greatly on Allah and Allah says :( O you Messenger, proclaim whatever has been sent down to you from your Lord; and in case you do not perform (that), then in no way have you proclaimed His Message.(al-Maedah:5:67)

And she said whoever speaks of tomorrow (the unseen) has greatly slandered and Allah says : ( Say, "None knows the Unseen in the heavens and the earth except Allah. (An-Naml27:65)

Thus it becomes obvious to us that Lady Aisha (may Allah be Pleased with her) was a stronghold of the Islamic thought, in addition, a siraj (source) that illuminates on the students of science.

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) loved her and preferred her for her cleverness and her love for knowledge thereby; said:'' a lot of men have been perfect, and none of the women were perfect except Asia -pharaohs' wife- and Mariam bint- Umran, and the superiority of Aisha to other women is like the superiority of "tharid" (that is a meat and bread dish that was the best to eat at these times) to other meals.''

The Orator Interpreter Lady

Lady Aisha was a proficient scientist interpreter and orator, teaching the women believers, in addition, a lot of the Prophet's Companions asked her in issues of al-Din (religion). Allah has destined for her all the means that made her one of the pioneers of the interpretation (tafsir) realm.

If we go through her great role in interpretation we will find that being the daughter of Abu- Bakr- al -Siddiq is one of the reasons that enabled her to occupy this status in the realm of interpretation. As a child she heard the Quran from her father As Siddiq, moreover her cleverness and her formidable memory were additional reasons. We notice that from her saying:'' it was revealed to the Prophet (PBUH) in Makkah and I was running and playing: (No indeed, (but) the Hour is their appointment, and the Hour is more calamitous and more bitter.)(Al-Qamar54:46); never had Surat al Bakara and An-Nisaa' been revealed unless I was with him).

One of the many important reasons is that she used to witness the descending of the Revelation (al-Wahy) on the Messenger of Allah ,and she used to ask the Prophet (PBUH) about the meanings of the verses of the Quran once she hears them, hence fore, she combined the honor of receiving the Quran from the Prophet (PBUH) as soon as it is revealed and getting its meanings from the Prophet (PBUH) as well. She has accumulated besides all that all what the interpreter must have, like being perfect in the Arabic language, her eloquence and the Excellency of her exposition.

Lady Aisha (may Allah be Pleased with her) was careful in interpreting the holy Quran following the principles and creeds of Religion, and that is obvious in what Urwah said asking Lady Aisha regarding Allah's saying:''

(They were reprieved) until, when the Messengers gave up hope and thought that they were denied (by their people), then came to them Our Help, and whomsoever We willed were delivered.
(Yusuf12:110)

Urwah was confused in understanding the word " denied" and whether they were denied by people or by Allah. Aisha said: "Allah forbids, the Messengers did not think that of their Lord (Allah)". Urwah said: so what does this verse mean? She said: the followers of the Messengers believed in their Lord (Allah), and believed them, but when the victory was delayed, the Messengers were finally in despair from their people and thought that their followers had counted them liars. Finally Allah's victory came to them at that point.''

Moreover, in another situation it is revealed to us that lady Aisha used to be eager to show how the verses of the Quran are related through explaining and interpreting the Quran using Quran. And by that Lady Aisha has paved the way for all who came after her the most idealistic ways in understanding the Quran.

As for being one of the greatest who memorized and narrated al-Sunnah "the Prophet's sayings" between the Companions, she has occupied the fifth place in memorizing and interpreting the Prophet's Hadiths, she came after abi- Huraira ,ibn- Omar, Anas- bin- Malek, and ibn- Abbas (may Allah be Pleased with them). Nevertheless, she was distinguished in that because most of the sayings which she narrated, she heard directly from the Prophet(PBUH)himself. In addition, a lot of the Hadiths which she narrated had included actual Sunan that's because the blessed quarters became the first school of Hadith where the scholars goes to in order to visit the Prophet and receive al Sunnah from the lady who was the closest person to the Prophet, she never held back her knowledge from any of them, that's why the number of the narrators who narrated on her behalf were huge.

She used to believe that it is imperative to keep the words of the Hadiths as they are. We have noticed that from the narration of Urwa bin az-Zubair when Aisha said to him:'' O nephew it came to my knowledge that Abdullah- bin- Amr is passing by on his way to the Pilgrimage (al hajj). Meet him and ask him to tell you some of the Prophet's sayings, for he took from him great knowledge. Urwa said:" I have met him and asked him about things he heard from the Prophet. When I reported one of the Hadiths I've heard from him to Aisha, she was astonished and said: "did he tell you that he heard the Prophet saying this?" ".

Later, Aisha asked Urwah again to ask bin Amr about the Hadith he had mentioned to him, when bin Amr reached Madienah.

Urwah said:" I met him therefore and asked him to retell the Hadith. He mentioned it to me the same way he mentioned it the first time. When I told Aisha that, she said :"I don’t think but he uttered the truth, I can see that he didn't add to it nor did he decrease.'' "

This is why some narrators of the Hadith came to her and made her listen to some of the Hadiths so they would verify its authenticity. In addition, if they disagreed on a certain matter they would refer to her. From all of this it becomes obvious to us the role of lady Aisha, and her preference in transmitting the Prophethood Sunnah and spreading it between people ,additionally, only if Allah did not make her fit for that, a great part of the actual Sunnah would have been lost in the Prophet's household.

The Jurist Lady

Lady Aisha (may Allah be Pleased with her) was one of the senior knowledgeable, jurisprudent women in the world. One of the senior intellectual jurist companions of the Prophet (PBUH).

Moreover, as we have mentioned before that the companions of the Prophet used to take her legal opinions based on Islam (yastaftonaha) and she would give it to them (fataftihem). It was mentioned by Al-Qasem –bin –Muhammad that lady Aisha has been working in giving her fatwa( legal opinion based on Islam) since the succession of Abu Bakr in handling the Muslims issues till she died. Furthermore, she did not stop at what she has learnt from the Prophet but rather deducted juristically in extracting laws for the incidents which did not have a verdict in the Quran or al-Sunnah. If she was asked of a verdict of a certain issue she would look it up in the Quran and Hadith, if she didn’t find any she would deduct juristically to extract the verdict, till it was said that a quarter of the Islamic laws and verdicts are transmitted by her. As an example, her confirming the unlawfulness of what is called "pleasure marriage" taking evidence from Allah's saying:( And they are the ones who preserve their private parts, Except with their spouses or what their right hands possess; then surely they are not blameworthy (Literally: other than being blameworthy). Yet, whoever inequitably seeks (anything) beyond that, then those are the ones who are the aggressors-(al-Maarij70:29,30,31)

Lady Aisha has some specific Islamic jurisprudence opinions in which she contradicted the opinions of the companions, some of these opinions are:

1- The legality of praying supererogatory (voluntary) prayers -nawafel-after the afternoon (al- Asr) prayer, saying that Prophet Muhammad never left the two supererogatory prayers after al- Asr prayer.'' and despite the fact that it is known that praying supererogatory prayers after al- Asr is not preferable, some of the scholars (Islamic jurists) said that praying extra prayers after al- Asr prayer is of the Prophet's privacies.

2- She has also seen that the number of Ramadan's voluntary prayers are eleven (raka'at) with al-Witr (the odd prayer) taking evidence from the Prophets prayer, and that’s when Abu- Sallamah bin Abdur-Rahman asked her :'' How was Prophet Muhammad's(PBUH) prayer during Ramadan(the fasting month)? She said :the prophet did not exceed in Ramadan nor at any other time than eleven units of prayer, praying four raka'at ,don’t ask of their goodness and length ,then prays another four, don’t ask of their goodness and length, then prays three. I said :O Messenger of Allah :do you sleep before praying al-Witr (the odd)? So He said:(O Aisha my eyes sleep but my heart never sleeps).''

In spite of that the companions used to pray 20 (Rak'at) and this is not against what the Prophet did.

Thus, Lady Aisha has accumulated the Excellency of her exposition in addition to her minds' temperance, till Al-Ata' said about her: "Aisha was the most jurist of people in addition, her opinion of the common was better than all the people.''

The Conclusion

Lady Aisha (may Allah be Pleased with her) died at the age of sixty- six , after leaving the deepest impact on the Islamic jurisprudence ,social and political life of Muslims .Additionally, she kept for them some few thousands of Prophet Muhammad's (PBUH) authentic Hadiths.

May Allah be pleased with her had outlived Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to correct people's opinion of the Arabic woman, thus she had accumulated (may Allah be Pleased with her) between all the aspects of the Islamic sciences, for she is the Lady intellectual, interpreter, narrater, jurist. Moreover, as we have mentioned earlier she is the one whom Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said about:'' the superiority of Aisha to other women is like the superiority of tharid (meat and bread dish) to other meals.'' as if she was superior to women.

Urwah said of her:'' I haven’t seen a more knowledgeable person in jurisprudence, or medicine, or poetry than Aisha.'' Abu-Omar bin-Abdulbar said of her the same.




Hafsah r.a حفصة

Lady Hafsah Daughter of Omar may Allah be pleased with them
She is Hafsah Bint -Omar the Emir of believer (Omar Ibnul-Khattab) may Allah be pleased with them, she was born before five years of the mission of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). She was an honest wife to Khanis Bin-Huthafa Al-Sahmi (one of the Prophet’s (PBUH) companion) who emigrated twice, one to Abyssinia with other emigrants in order to protect his religion, then to Madinah in order to support his Prophet (PBUH). He also witnessed the battle of Badr first then the battle of Uhud, in which he wounded then died. Hafsah Bint-Omar became a widow when she was only twenty years old.

The Prophet's (PBUH) marriage to Hafsah:

Omar Ibnul-Khattab felt so sad for his young daughter, and he could not bare to see his daughter’s gloomy face after becoming a loneness widow, while she had lived a very happy matrimonial life. Thus, he thought to find a husband to her after she finishes her iddah (The period prescribed by Islamic law for a woman during which she may not remarry after being widowed or divorced).

Many days passed and no one proposed to her, and Omar did not know that the Prophet (PBUH) intended to marry her and his companions Abu-Bakr and Othman knew about that. When many days passed and his young sad widow daughter was suffering, he proposed her to Abu-Bakr who did not answer him, then he proposed her to Othman who said: I see not to marry today. Omar became so sad and complained to the Prophet (PBUH) who said: Hafsah would marry someone better than Othman, and Othman would marry someone better than Hafsah..?!

But Omar had no idea of what the Prophet (PBUH) was saying, because of his great grief. After that the Prophet (PBUH) proposed to her and Omar accepted, with the great honor of being related to the Prophet (PBUH) by marriage, and felt being nearer to the Prophet and having the same position as Abu Bakr when the Prophet married his daughter Aisha.

Then Othman get married the Prophet’s (PBUH) daughter Umm-Kulthum after the death of her sister Ruqaia (his ex-wife). After the Prophet (PBUH) married Hafsah, Omar met Abu-Bakr who apologized to him and said: do not be angry with me, I did not want to reveal the Prophet’s (PBUH) secret of marrying Hafsah, while if he did not do that, I would do.

Thus, Omar and his daughter became very happy, and blessed be the Prophet (PBUH) who granted Omar with this great honor of being related to him by marriage, and who eased Hafsah’s suffering of widowhood and separation. The Prophet (PBUH) married Hafsah in the third year of emigration, with a dowry of 400 Dirhams, and she was twenty years old only.

Hafsah in the House of Prophecy:

Hafsah Bint -Omar Ibnul-Khattab may Allah be pleased with them obtained the great honor as well as Aisha Bint-Abu Bakr, with the high rank between the other (Believers’ Mothers) may Allah be pleased with them..!!

Hafsah was the Prophet’s (PBUH) third wife after Sawdah and Aisha.

However, Sawda welcomed her, while Aisha was confused of what to do with this young wife, the daughter of Alfaruq (Omar) who had glorified Islam and terrified the unbelievers..!!

Aisha kept silent with this unexpected marriage, although she could not bear the idea of another wife (Sawda), but now there is Hafsah a third wife which means to share with them the one third?!
Aisha decreased her jealousy of Hafsah after the Prophet's marriage to other wives: (Zainab, Umm Salamah, 2ed Zainab, Juwayriah and Safiyah), so she could not but to love her, and Hafsah became glad for that.

Hafsah’s Characteristics:

Hafsah the believers’ mother, who fasts frequently, and prays a lot at nights, as Gabriel peace upon him witnessed, and told the Prophet: "she is your wife – O Messenger of Allah – in Paradise!!". She grasped Allah’s sermons carefully, followed the Holy Quran - that she recited, contemplated and understood - in all her behaviors. Her great concern of the Holy Quran attracted her father’s attention, therefore he entrusted the version of the Holy Quran - which was written in Abu-Bakr’s succession after the Prophet’s death identical to the last version revealed by Gabriel to him twice in Ramadan- to his daughter Hafsah "the Mother of all believers’ ".

Keeping the Version of the Holy Quran with Hafsah:
"The Precious Charge"

Kharijah Bin-Zaid Bin-Thabit reported from his father:“Abu-Bakr had orderd me to collect the whole Quranic verses and write them down, so I did that by writing them down on leafs and papyrus. After Abu-Bakr had passed away, Omar wrote that in one leaf kept by him. When Omar passed away too, this leaf had kept by Hafsah, the Prophet’s (PBUH) wife. Then, Othman asked Hafsah to give him this leaf, and promised to return it back, and she accepted. So, he compared between this leaf and what he had of the copy of the Holy Quran and returned it back to her delightedly. So he ordered people to write whole Holy Quran down in one book.

This was the second collection of the Holy Quran by Othman after the first one done by Abu-Bakr under Omar’s consultation. Because of the increased number of killing that happened to the men who memorized the Quran while they were fighting (Musailama Al kathab). Nearly seventy men of those memorizers were killed in Al-Yamamah Battle.

The Features of this Act of Collecting the Holy Quran:

First: Everyone who had memorized any verse from the Prophet (PBUH), came and reported it to Zaid Bin-Thabet.

Second: Anyone who had written down any verse in the Prophet's (PBUH) presence brought it to Zaid.

Third: Zaid did not accept to write any verse unless it was written down in front of the Prophet (PBUH).

Forth: Writing down the verses of the Quran were applied after making a comparison between what had been memorized and what was written; they did not depend only on one of them.

Fifth: Zaid did not accept any verse reported by anyone until two men witnessed that he had listened and memorized from the Prophet (PBUH) directly. Thus, this is a team recording, and the team must consist of three or more.

Sixth: This collection and adjustment of the Holy Quran-as a first version- is done according to the last review between Gabriel and the Prophet (PBUH) before his death.

This great mission was done by Zaid with the participation of Omar Ibnul-Khattab. Uroah Bin-Alzubaier reported that Abu-Bakr said to Omar and Zaid: “sit at the door of the mosque and write down any Quranic verse reported by anyone having two witnesses”!!. In (Jamal Alquraa) Alhafeth Alsakhawi said: “the purpose of having two witnesses is either to witness that this written Quranic verse had been written in front of the Prophet (PBUH), or that this Quranic verse is one of the various readings of the Holy Quran as it was revealed (in order to be in conformity with the various Arabic dialects).

When the Prophet’s companions agreed with the Emir of the Believer Othman Bin-Affan to write one unified version of the Holy Quran and making copies of it, Othman asked for the original leaf of the Holy Quran from Hafsah.

This is the precious charge, which Omar Ibnul-Khattab entrusted with his daughter Hafsah the Mother of all believers, and which was kept by her faithfuly and which she took care of carefully. So, the companions, their followers, and the followers of the followers until nowadays and until the doomsday, will acknowledge her great deed whenever telling the story of collecting the Holy Quran in the days of Abu-Bakr and Othman. Hafsah continued her good deeds of praying and fasting after the death of Othman and Ali until she passed away in the onset of Muawia’s era. The people of Madinah farewelled her to her final resting place in Albaqie' with the other Mothers of all may Allah be pleased with them all.

Rasoulallah.net 

Ruling on one who slanders ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her)
Could you please answer my question about Shee‘ah (Shi‘a) Islam? Is it permissible for one to think badly of the Prophet’s wife ‘Aa’ishah, when anything said about ‘Aa’ishah is from authentic hadeeeths, such as Saheeh al-Bukhaari and Saheeh Muslim?

Praise be to Allaah.

‘Aa’ishah and the other Mothers of the Believers are included among the Companions of the Prophet (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him), so every text that forbids slandering the Companions refers to ‘Aa’ishah too.

Abu Sa‘eed al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) said: "The Messenger of Allah (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him) said: ‘Do not slander my Companions, for if one of you were to spend an amount of gold equivalent to the size of Mount Uhud, you would not even come halfway up to their level." 
(Reported by al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, no. 3379).

Moreover, the scholars of Sunni Islam are all agreed that whoever condemns ‘Aa’ishah for that of which Allaah has stated she is innocent is a kaafir, because he has rejected Allaah’s statement of her innocence in Surah An-Noor.

Imaam Ibn Hazm quoted a report with an isnad going back to Hishaam ibn ‘Ammaar, who said: "I heard Maalik ibn Anas say: ‘Whoever curses Abu Bakr should be whipped, and whoever curses ‘Aa’ishah should be killed.’ He was asked, ‘Why do you say that concerning (the one who curses) ‘Aa’ishah?’ He said, ‘Because Allaah says concerning ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her (interpretation of the meaning): "Allaah forbids you from it [slander] and warns you not to repeat the like of it forever, if you are believers." [al-Noor 24:17]’"

Maalik said: "Whoever accuses her goes against the Qur’aan, and whoever goes against the Qur’aan should be killed."

Ibn Hazm said: "This comment of Maalik’s is correct, and it is complete apostasy to reject Allaah’s words that clearly state her innocence."

Abu Bakr ibn al-‘Arabi said: "Because the people who slandered ‘Aa’ishah accused a pure and innocent person of immorality, then Allah exonerated her. So everyone who accuses her of that of which Allah has stated she is innocent is rejecting what Allah says, and everyone who rejects what Allah says is a kaafir. This is the opinion of Maalik, and the matter is very clear to those who have insight."

Al-Qaadi Abu Ya‘laa said: "Whoever slanders ‘Aa’ishah by accusing her of that of which Allah stated her innocence is a kaafir, without doubt. More than one imam stated this ijmaa‘ (consensus) and gave this ruling."

Ibn Abi Moosaa said: "Whoever accuses ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, of that of which Allaah stated she was innocent has left the religion (is no longer a Muslim) and has no right to marry a Muslim woman."

Ibn Qudaamah said: "It is a part of the Sunnah to say ‘May Allah be pleased with her’ after mentioning the wives of the Prophet (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him), Mothers of the Believers who are pure and innocent of any evil. The best of them are Khadeejah bint Khuwaylid and ‘Aa’ishah al-Siddeeqah bint al-Siddeeq, whose innocence was stated by Allah; (they are) the wives of the Prophet (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him) in this world and the next. Whoever accuses her of that of which Allah has stated her innocence has rejected the words of Allaah All-Mighty."

Imam al-Nawawi, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: "‘Aa’ishah’s innocence of that of which she was accused is stated definitively in the Qur’aan. If anyone doubts that (may Allah protect us from such a thing), he becomes a kaafir and an apostate, by the consensus of the Muslims."

Ibn al-Qayyim, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: "The ummah is agreed that whoever slanders her is a kaafir."

Al-Haafiz ibn Katheer said, in his Tafseer: " The scholars, may Allah have mercy on them, all agreed that whoever accuses or slanders her after the revelation of this aayah is a kaafir, because he has rejected the Qur’aan."

Badr al-Deen al-Zirkashi said: "Whoever slanders her is a kaafir, because the Qur’aan clearly states her innocence."

The scholars based their ruling on the one who slanders ‘Aa’ishah on the following evidence:

(1) The evidence that is derived from the verses in Soorat al-Noor that clearly state her innocence. So whoever accuses her after Allah has declared her innocent is rejecting the words of Allah, which is kufr beyond any shadow of a doubt.

(2) Slandering the family of the Prophet SAWS (peace be upon him) hurts and offends the Prophet himself, and there is no doubt that whatever hurts and offends the Prophet SAWS (peace be upon him) is kufr, by consensus (ijmaa‘). Evidence that the slander of his wife hurt and offended the Prophet (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him) is seen in the hadeeth of the slander (al-ifk) reported by al-Bukhaari and Muslim, in which ‘Aa’ishah says: ". . . The Messenger of Allaah (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him) stood up on that day and asked who would go and deal with ‘Abdullaah ibn Ubayy. He was on the minbar, and said: ‘O Muslims, who will deal with a man who I have heard is speaking in an offensive manner about my family? By Allaah, I know nothing but good about my family.’ . . ." What the Prophet (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him) meant was: who will be kind to me, and excuse me if I go and deal with him myself, and I give him what he deserves because I have heard that he is speaking in an offensive manner about my family. This proves that the Prophet (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him) was so deeply offended and hurt that he asked people whether they could deal with this person fairly.

Imaam al-Qurtubi said, in his Tafseer of the aayah "Allaah forbids you from it [slander] and warns you not to repeat the like of it forever, if you are believers." [al-Noor 24:17]":
"This is concerning ‘Aa’ishah . . . because of the hurt and offence that the Messenger of Allah (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him) felt with regard to his honour and his family. This is kufr on the part of the one who does it."

(3) Slandering ‘Aa’ishah implies insulting the Prophet (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him), because Allah, may He be glorified, says (interpretation of the meaning):
"Bad statements are for bad people (or bad women for bad men) and bad people for bad statements (or bad men for bad women). . . " [al-Noor 24:26]
Al-Haafiz ibn Katheer, may Allah have mercy on him, said: "I.e., Allah would not have made ‘Aa’ishah the wife of the Messenger of Allah (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him) if she had not been good, because he is better than any good person. If she had been bad, she would not have been fit to marry him from a shar‘i point of view, and Allah would never even have decreed it.."

Finally, let us remember that the most beloved of all people to him (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him) was ‘Aa’ishah al-Siddeeqah bint al-Siddeeq, as is proven in the report of ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas, who said: "The Messenger of Allaah (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him) put me in charge of an army during the ghazwah (campaign) of al-Salaasil. I came to him and asked him, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, who among the people is most beloved to you?’ He said, ‘Aa’ishah.’ I asked, ‘Who among men?’ He said, ‘Her father.’ I asked, ‘Then who?’ He said, ‘‘Umar,’ then he mentioned a number of others."

So whoever feels hatred towards the beloved of the Messenger of Allaah (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him) will deserved to be despised by him on the Day of Resurrection. And Allaah knows best

We Can Not Label All Shia as Kuffar by Sheikh Ahmad Dabbagh


Full clips at Purification of Heart - Al-Tazkiyah Tul Nafs

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