Nov 2, 2010

True Holy Warrior with malay translation


Don't let feeling make any judgment 
Don't let thinking make it own decision  
we have Quran & hadith
we have many great & well known scholars who have
deep understanding about Islam & the teaching.

A snip from a tv show, Sleeper Cell. The person tells the truth about some Islamic teaching, 
A hadith about "Smaller Jihad and Bigger jihad" and the bigger jihad is the fight within yourself. 

This hadith is said as not "sahih"

What is Jihad in Islam?
Its True Meaning and Purpose
When and Upon Whom?
Who must fight in Allah’s Cause?
Levels of Jihad
Defending One's Country: Jihad in Allah's Cause?

Have you heard ? by Zain Bhikha
Nasheed about muslim killed in kosovo, afghanistan, chechnya, iraq, bosnia

The below articles are adopted from Ask The Scholar,

What is Jihad in Islam?

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All thanks and praise are due to Allah and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
Dear questioner, we would like to express our deep appreciation to you for the great confidence you have in us and we hope these humble efforts of us meet your expectations.

First, we would like to start with stating that Islam does not call for violence; rather it abhors all forms of violence and terrorism, whether against Muslims or non-Muslims. Islam, moreover, calls for peace, cooperation, and maintaining justice, and provides for the happiness and welfare of humanity as a whole. This fact is declared in the Qur'an when Allah says: (Allah commands justice, the doing of good, and liberality to kith and kin, and He forbids all shameful deeds, and injustice and rebellion: He instructs you, that ye may receive admonition.) (An-Nahl 16: 90)

Islam makes it obligatory upon Muslims to stand by the oppressed regardless of their race, color, religion or affiliation and say NO to the oppressor and ask him to respond to the voice of reason and justice.

As regards the question you posed, we would like to cite for you the fatwa issued by the eminent Muslim scholar, Sheikh `Atiyyah Saqr, former Head of Al-Azhar Fatwa Committee, that reads:

Jihad is one of the words that have been misused due to misunderstanding its true meaning. The word “Jihad” is derived from the Arabic word “Jahd” which means fatigue or the word “Juhd” which means effort. A Mujahid is he who strives in the Cause of Allah and exerts efforts which makes him feel fatigued. The word “Jihad” means exerting effort to achieve a desired thing or prevent an undesired one. In other words, it is an effort that aims at bringing about benefit or preventing harm.

Jihad can be observed through any means and in any field whether material or moral. Among the types of Jihad are struggling against one’s desires, the accursed Satan, poverty, illiteracy, disease, and fighting all evil forces in the world.

There are many religious texts that refer to these types of Jihad. Among the forms of Jihad is defending life, property or honor. Those who die while engaging in Jihad are considered to be martyrs, as confirmed by Hadith. Jihad is also done to avert aggression on home countries and on all that is held sacred, or in order to face those who try to hinder the march of the call of truth.

In Islamic Shari`ah, Jihad in the Cause of Allah means fighting in order to make the Word of Allah most high, and the means for doing so is taking up arms in addition to preparation, financing and planning strategies. A large number of people are supposed to take part in Jihad including farmers, craftsmen, traders, doctors, engineers, workers, security men, preachers, writers and all those who directly or indirectly participate in the battle.

This type of Jihad was a major concern of Muslims in the beginning of the formation of the Islamic community, and a lot of verses of the Glorious Qur’an and the Hadith advocated and encouraged it. Almighty Allah says: (March forth, whether you are light (being healthy, young and wealthy) or heavy (being ill, old and poor) and strive with your wealth and your lives in the Cause of Allah.) (At-Tawbah 9: 41) Jihad is considered an individual duty (Fard `Ein), on all Muslims who are capable and fit to fight, in the event of being invaded by the enemy, and is considered a collective duty (Fard Kifayah) in the event of not being invaded. However, if the Imam (leader) calls to Jihad, people must respond to his call. This is evident from Allah’s Saying, (O you who believe! What is the matter with you, that when you are asked to march forth in the Cause of Allah (i.e. Jihad) you cling heavily on the earth?) (At-Tawbah 9: 38), and the Hadith narrated by Al-Bukhari and Muslim, "When you are called to Jihad, then go forth."

A question arises: is taking up arms the only means to spread Islam? Fighting originally had two main objectives: the first one was to ward off an actual or an anticipated aggression, and the second one was to clear the hurdles in the path of Da`wah (call for Islam). The battles of Badr, Uhud, Al-Khandaq and others are examples of staving off actual aggression and some of them were fought in order to aid the oppressed. Almighty Allah says: (But if they seek your help in religion, it is your duty to help them…) (Al-Anfal 8: 72). The conquest of Makkah was undertaken for the purpose of staving off an expected aggression after the Quraish had violated its covenant with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in Al-Hudaybyah; this was also the case of the expedition of Tabuk and other expeditions. It also cleared the obstacles placed in the path of Islam by enabling the Muslims to leave Madinah and spread the call to Islam all over the world because Islam is a universal message. Since Jihad was legalized in Islam and the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said that he was sent by Allah to wage war against disbelief and that his sustenance was “tied” to his spear, as related by Ahmad on the authority of Ibn `Umar, then we have to understand that Islam advocated acquiring the highest degree of power, and the reason for this is that Islam, at that time, was a newly rising power and was expected to be “attacked” by the already existing powers to prevent it from competing with them over power – a conflict that is common to all ages.

Therefore, the new entity had to be defended in order to prove its strength and deliver its message. If Islam were a local temporary call, taking up arms would be just for the purpose of defense, but Islam is a universal call that had to reach the whole world. However, the only means at that time was traveling, which was, and still is fraught with dangers; so taking up arms was necessary to prevent the enemies from standing in the path of the Islamic call.

While arms were necessary to remove the hurdles in the past, their sole mission now is to defend Islam against those who want to harm it and harm those who embrace it. As for spreading Islam, there are several means that spare people the trouble of traveling, such as newspapers, books, the Internet and other means that have known no boarders, although they may be controlled to some extent. However, radio stations have become of such power and prevalence that they can reach people while being at home or even in bed, and they can neither be prevented by any authority, nor held back by any door or border.

The superficial understanding of the legality of fighting contained in the verses of the Glorious Qur’an and the Prophet’s hadiths may give the impression that Islam has been spread by force and that if it had not been for force, Islam would not have existed or become predominant in many countries or embraced by such a large number of people. But how could this be said about Islam which is the religion of mercy? Allah Almighty says: (But if the enemy inclines towards peace, do thou also incline towards peace and trust in Allah.) (Al-Anfal 8: 61) .The Prophet also says: "O people! Do not wish to face the enemy (in a battle) and ask Allah to save you (from calamities) but if you should face the enemy, then be patient and let it be known to you that Paradise is under the shades of swords.”

The call to Islam is not meant to be imposed on anyone, people are completely free to make their choice. In fact, creeds can never propagated by a dagger. Allah Almighty says to Noah: (Shall We compel you to accept it when you are averse to it?) (Hud 11: 28). Allah says to Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him): (Wilt thou compel mankind against their will to believe!) (Yunus 10: 99); many other verses convey the same meaning.

While there are texts that explicitly indicate the absolute order to fight, there are others that restrict it to whether it is for the purpose of staving off an aggression, preventing an expected aggression or making it a punishment for violating a covenant. Allah Almighty says: (Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits.) (Al-Baqarah 2: 190). And says: (But if they violate their oaths after their covenant and taunt you for your faith, fight thee the chiefs of unfaith.) (At-Tawbah 9:12). In fact, the previous verse specifies the meaning of the verses: (And fight the pagans all together as they fight you all together.) (At-Tawbah 9: 36), And: (And slay them wherever ye catch them.”

As for those who call for taking up arms to change the current state of the Islamic communities, we have previously said that any means of reform based on violence will not achieve its goals. In addition to this, exercising power requires extensive preparation and planning including a careful study of all existing circumstances before taking such a step, i.e. calling arms. However, this should not be understood as undermining the importance of Jihad in its general sense. Jihad will continue till the end of days in all its forms and through all its means. This is evident from the Hadith narrated by Abu Dawud: “Jihad will continue from the day I was sent by Allah till the last people of my nation fight against the Antichrist (Dajjal), it will neither be stopped by oppression nor abstention”. This Hadith denotes the continuance of Jihad in all fields including armed Jihad, is an integral element; this fact is evident from referring to fighting against the Antichrist.

Jihad: Its True Meaning and Purpose

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Dear questioner, thanks for your question, and we implore Allah to help us serve the cause of Islam and to render this work for His Sake.

Actually, as it has been clarified again and again that while Jihad serves as a means of defense for Muslims against aggression, and acts as a deterrent factor against any anti-Islam scheme launched by enemies, it must never be construed as something synonymous with aggression.

Jihad is never a tool of waging war against the innocents; it's never a means of flexing muscles or bullying the weak and oppressed. Jihad in Islam is something unique, established to defend the divine message from being eliminated or hindered by its enemies.

Shedding more light on the true concept of Jihad, here is the statement made by Dr. Muzammil H. Siddiqi, president of the Fiqh Council ofNorth America, states:

Allah says, (And strive in His cause as ye ought to strive (with sincerity and under discipline). He has chosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you in religion; it is the religion of your father Abraham. It is He (Allah) Who has named you Muslims, both before and in this (Revelation); that the Messenger may be a witness for you, and you be witnesses for mankind! So establish regular Prayer, give regular Charity, and hold fast to Allah! He is your Protector, the best to protect and the Best to help!) (Al-Hajj 22: 78)

Jihad is one of the most misunderstood, and abused aspects of Islam. There are some Muslims who exploit and misuse this concept for their own political objectives. There are many non-Muslims who misunderstand it. There are some non-Muslims who misinterpret it to discredit Islam and Muslims.

What is Jihad?

The word Jihad does not mean “Holy War”. It means “struggle” or “striving”. The word for war in the Qur’an is “Harb” or “Qital”. Jihad means serious and sincere struggle on the personal as well as on the social level. It is a struggle to do good and to remove injustice, oppression and evil from the society. This struggle should be spiritual as well as social, economic and political. Jihad is to work hard to do right things. In the Qur’an this word is used in its different forms 33 times. It often comes with other Qur’anic concepts such as faith, repentance, righteous deeds and migration.

Jihad is to protect one’s faith and one’s human rights. Jihad is not a war always although it can take the form of war. Islam is the religion of peace, but it does not mean that Islam accepts oppression. Islam teaches that one should do one’s utmost to eliminate tension and conflict. Islam promotes non-violent means to bring change and reform. Actually, Islam urges that one should eliminate evil through peaceful means without the use of force as much as possible. In Islamic history from the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) until now, Muslims most of the time resisted oppression and struggled for liberation in non-violent and peaceful manners.

Islam teaches proper ethics in the situation of war also. The war is permissible in Islam, but only when other peaceful means such as dialogue, negotiations and treaties fail. It is a last resort and should be avoided as much as possible. Its purpose is not to convert people by force, or to colonize people or to acquire land or wealth or for self-glory. Its purpose is basically: defense of life, property, land, honor and freedom for oneself as well as defense of others from injustice and oppression.

The basic rules of war in Islam are:

1. Be strong so that your enemy fear you and should not attack you.
2. Do not begin the hostilities. Work for peace as much as possible.
3. Fight only those who fight, no collective punishment; non-combatants should not be harmed. Weapons of mass destruction should not be used.
4. Stop hostilities as soon as the other party is inclined to peace.
5. Observe the treaties and agreements as long as the enemy observes them.

Allah says very clearly: (Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not do aggression, for Allah loves not the aggressors.) (Al-Baqarah 2: 190)

(The prohibited month, for the prohibited month, and so for all things prohibited, there is the law of equality. If then any one transgresses the prohibition against you, transgress ye likewise against him. But fear Allah, and know that Allah is with those who restrain themselves.) (Al-Baqarah 2: 194)

Jihad is not terrorism:

It is to be emphasized that terrorism against the innocent civilians, whether through aggression or suicidal means, is under no circumstances permissible in Islam. Islam encourages the oppressed people to struggle for their liberation and it commands other Muslims to help those who are oppressed and suffering, but Islam does not allow, under any circumstance, terrorism against non-combatants and innocent people. Terrorism is not Jihad, it is Fasad (mischief). It is against the teachings of Islam. There are some people who use their twisted arguments to justify terrorism for their causes, but it has no justification: Allah says: (When it is said to them: 'Make not mischief on the earth,' they say: 'Why, we only want to correct things.' Indeed they are the mischief doers, but they realize (it) not.) (Al-Baqarah 2: 11-12)

Islam wants to establish a world order where all human beings - Muslims and non-Muslims - can live with justice in peace, harmony and good will. It gives its followers full guidelines to find peace in their personal and social lives, but it also tells them how to extend the good will on the basis of human relations towards others. Muslims worked under these principles for centuries. People of many faiths lived with them and among them. Islamic societies were known for their tolerance, generosity and humanity.

In our modern society where we are living in a global village, where non-Muslims are living with Muslims in the Muslim countries and Muslims are living with non-Muslims in countries where non-Muslims constitute a majority, it is our duty to bring better understanding among ourselves, work for peace and justice for all people and cooperate with each other in matters of goodness and virtue in order to stop all terrorism, aggression and violence against the innocent people. This is our Jihad today.

Jihad: When and Upon Whom?

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All thanks and praise are due to Allah and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Dear questioner, we would like to express our deep appreciation to you for the great confidence you have in us and we hope these humble efforts of us meet your expectations.

As regards the question you posed, the following is the fatwa issued by the late Sheikh Sayyed Sabiq, a prominent Muslim scholar. It reads:

“Jihad becomes an individual duty on all Muslims in certain cases:

1) When Muslims, who are legally responsible, attend the battlefield. At that time they are obliged to fight their enemy. Hence, Allah, the Almighty says: “O ye who believe! When ye meet an army, hold firm and think of Allah much, that ye may be successful." (Al-Anfal: 45)

2) If enemies attack the country where Muslims live, all of them, male and female, must confront them. No one has the right to abandon this duty as long as there is no other way to repulse the enemy. In this respect, Allah, Exalted be he, says: “O ye who believe! Fight those of the disbelievers who are near to you.” (At-Tawbah: 123)

3) If the Muslim ruler commands someone to fight, it will be incumbent upon him to obey the order, as Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “There is no migration after the conquest (of Makkah); but let there be a Jihad and good intention, and if you are called (by the Muslim ruler) to fight, then go forth immediately.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari)

And Allah, Exalted be He, says: “O ye who believe! What aileth you that hen it is said unto you: Go forth in the way of Allah, ye are bowed down to the ground with heaviness. Take ye pleasure in the life of the world rather than in the Hereafter? The comfort of the life of the world is but little in the Hereafter.‏" (At-Tawbah: 38)

Who must fight in Allah’s Cause?

Jihad, in general, is obligatory upon anyone who is Muslim, male, sane, has reached the age of puberty, and healthy, and leaves enough sustenance for his family during his absence in the battlefield. Thus, non-Muslims, women, the insane, and the sick are excused from participating in war, for they are lacking in the characteristics required in those who fight. That is to say, their participation may bring more harm than good. Therefore, Allah says: “Not unto the weak nor unto the sick nor unto those who can find naught to spend is any fault (to be imputed though they stay at home) if they are true to Allah and His Messenger.” (At-Tawbah: 91) “There is no blame for the blind, nor is there blame for the lame, nor is there blame for the sick (that they go not forth to war).” (Al-Fat-h: 17)

Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) is reported to have said: “Allah's Messenger summoned me on the eve of the battle of Uhud, while I was fourteen years of age at that time, and he did not allow me to take part in that battle.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim) Since Jihad is a kind of worship, it is not obligatory except on those who are mature.

Moreover, Ahmad and Al-Bukhari reported on the authority of `A’ishah who said: "O Allah's Messenger! Should women take part in Jihad in Allah's Cause?" He said: “They may take part in Jihad without fighting: they may go to (Makkah) to perform Hajj or `Umrah.” And in another version of this hadith, the Prophet says: "The best Jihad (for women) is Hajj Mabrur (accepted Hajj)."‏

Concerning this, Al-Wahidi and As-Siyuti also quoted Mujahid as saying: “Umm Salamah (may Allah be pleased with her) wondered: O Allah’s Messenger! Men take part in Jihad, while we do not! And, moreover, one woman’s portion of inheritance equals only half of that inherited by her brother! Hence, Allah, the Almighty, revealed: “And covet not the thing in which Allah hath made some of you excel others. Unto men a fortune from that which they have earned, and unto women a fortune from that which they have earned. (Envy not one another) but ask Allah of His Bounty. Lo! Allah is ever Knower of all things.” (An-Nisa’)

Al-Wahidi and As-Siyuti also narrated on the authority of `Ikrimah who said: “Women were so eager to fight so that they said, “We wish we had the right to fight so that we might be rewarded as men.” So, this Qur’anic verse was revealed by Allah. But this does not prevent them from taking part in Jihad in order to nurse the wounded and so on.”

As for the last part of your question, it is not necessary to take parents’ permission for the obligatory Jihad. On the other hand, it is a must to take the permission of one's Muslim parents, or at least one of them, for the voluntary Jihad. Ibn Mas`ud reported: “I asked the Prophet of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) which deed is the best in the Sight of Allah?” He said: “Prayer at its appointed time.” I then asked, “What next?” He replied, “Showing kindness to one’s parents.” I asked further, “What next?” He replied, “Jihad in the Cause of Allah.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Ibn `Umar reported, “A man came to the Prophet of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) and said, “Allow me to fight.” The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) asked him: “Are your parents alive?” “Yes,” replied the man. “Then go back and exert your utmost in their service,” said the Prophet. (Reported by Al-Bukhari, Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i, and At-Tirmidhi)

In the book Shir`atul-Isalm (the Shari`ah of Islam) it is stated: “No one should go for (voluntary) Jihad except those who have no responsibilities towards their parents or their children, as in this case they are asked to perform a kind of Jihad that is far more better.”

Levels of Jihad

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Brother in Islam, it gives us a great pleasure to receive your question. Islam, the true religion of Allah, encourages Muslims to seek knowledge from the cradle to the grave. May Allah bless your efforts in pursuit of knowledge!

In response to your question, the eminent Muslim scholar, Sheikh Muhammad `Ali Al-Hanooti, member of the North American Fiqh Council, states:

“Jihad in the Qur'an is a term that signifies striving and endeavoring. The root of that word in Arabic is Jahd, which means spending energy and potential for a certain cause. It covers up practically four areas in the Islamic cause:

1) Teaching people the message of Islam: Any plans or steps of making Da`wah is a kind of Jihad. Allah, Most High, says: "O Prophet! Strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites! Be harsh with them. Their ultimate abode is hell, a hapless journey's end." (At-Tawbah: 73)

We know that addressing the hypocrites in this verse never means combating, but means Da`wah because a hypocrite is still a Muslim and a Muslim cannot combat another Muslim.

2) Disciplining one's soul: Any disciplinary work for improving one's faith and behavior is Jihad. Refraining from wrongdoing and following stannic ways is Jihad.

3) Spending money in the cause of Islam: Jihad with money is mentioned in many verses of the Glorious Qur’an. Sometimes, it comes before Jihad with the soul. This type of Jihad is strategic in any plan for working in the cause of Islam.

4) Combating the enemy: The Qur'an uses another term for combating. In Arabic, the term is Qital. So Qital in the Qur'an (combating) is the fourth implementation of Jihad.

This conception of Jihad is based on Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah’s Zad al-Ma`ad [Provision of the Hereafter].”

Defending One's Country: Jihad in Allah's Cause?

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Dear questioner, we would like to thank you for the great confidence you place in us, and we implore Allah Almighty to help us serve His cause and render our work for His Sake.

In his response to the question you raised the late Sheikh Ahmad Ash-Sharabasi, a professor at Al-Azhar University, states the following:

"Jihad in the Cause of Allah is among the ways through which we can achieve victory, restore dignity, power, and freedom of the Muslim nation. Struggling to defend one’s country against enemies, and protecting the holy places as well as honor, is regarded as Jihad in Allah's Cause. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) is reported to have said: “By the One in Whose Hands the soul of Muhammad is, never a man fights them (i.e. the enemy of Islam) today while remaining steadfast in the battlefield and devoting his action solely for Allah’s Sake, and then is killed while fighting, except that Allah will admit him to Paradise.”

He (peace and blessings be upon him) is also reported to have said: "Whoever is killed in defense for his property is a martyr; whoever is killed in defense for his honor is a martyr; whoever is killed in defense for his people (i.e. his country) is a martyr; whoever is killed in defense for his religion is a martyr.”

According to the forgoing evidences, one who struggles for the defense of his nation is regarded as making Jihad in the Cause of Allah."

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Another posting on Jihad

This video is about Sayyid Imam (aka Dr. Fadl)
the founder of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad
speaking out against al-Qa'ida's intent to kill innocent Muslims

Is there a justification on delaying jihad in Allah's Cause
Jihad is not based on an individual group or organization
Allah will account every individual for his own deeds
on the day of judgment

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