Jan 6, 2011

Brotherhood إخوة in Islam

Al Quran
Surah Al-Hujurat (The Rooms) - سورة الحجرات
Ayat 10

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ إِخْوَةٌ فَأَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَ أَخَوَيْكُمْ ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ

The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy.

Les croyants ne sont que des frères. établissez la concorde entre vos frères, et craignez Allah, afin qu'on vous fasse miséricorde.

Die Gläubigen sind Brüder. Versöhnt eure Brüder miteinander und fürchtet Gott, auf daß Er euch in Seine Barmherzigkeit aufnimmt!

In verità i credenti sono fratelli: ristabilite la concordia tra i vostri fratelli e temete Allah. Forse vi sarà usata misericordia.

信者たちは兄弟である。だからあなたがたは兄弟の間の融和を図り,アッラーを畏れなさい。必ずあなたがたは慈悲にあずかるのである。

믿는 자들은 한 혱제라 그 러므로 싸우는 너희 두 형제들 사 이를 화해시키며 하나님을 두려워 하라 그리하면 너희가 은혜를 받 으리라

Sebenarnya orang-orang yang beriman itu adalah bersaudara, maka damaikanlah di antara dua saudara kamu (yang bertelingkah) itu; dan bertaqwalah kepada Allah supaya kamu beroleh rahmat.

O, voi cei ce credeţi! Să nu-şi bată joc unii oameni de alţii care ar putea fi mai buni decât ei. Şi nici unele femei de altele care ar putea fi mai bune decât ele. Nu vă defăimaţi unii pe alţii. Nu vă răniţi unii pe alţii cu porecle. Ce urât este numele rău după credinţă! Cei care nu se căiesc, aceia sunt nedrepţi!

Воистину, верующие - братья. Посему примиряйте братьев и бойтесь Аллаха, - быть может вы будете помилованы.

De troende är bröder. Försona därför två bröder [som är oense] och frukta Gud - kanske skall ni erfara barmhärtighet.

مومن تو آپس میں بھائی بھائی ہیں۔ تو اپنے دو بھائیوں میں صلح کرادیا کرو۔ اور خدا سے ڈرتے رہو تاکہ تم پر رحمت کی جائے

Click the title of this posting for the following
***************************************
Brotherhood in Islam by Sheikh Abu Usamah at-Thahabi
Brotherhood in Islam By Z.B. Asghar
Rights of Brotherhood in Islam
**********************


Brotherhood in Islam
by Sheikh Abu Usamah at-Thahabi





Muslims are brother.
This shown clearly while we are praying

Brotherhood in Islam
By Z.B. Asghar

Adapted Slightly From The Light - Volume 1 Issue 1
Loughborough Islamic Centre & LSU Islamic Society


The importance of brotherhood in Islam can not be over stressed. There are many hadiths relating to the fact the Muslims are a single united body, each part responsible for the other. Accordingly if one of the parts is injured or hurt then the rest of the body immediately feels that pain and is certainly uncomfortable at the situation until it is rectified without delay. The brotherhood of Muslims is a very deep and wide concept that gaurantees the safety and well being of the Society at large. Islam being a complete way of life is primarily for the society, it promotes a healthy and a well disciplined life style in every sense of the word.

It is forbidden, for example, for two Muslims to start a whispering conversation in the presence of the third. This might offend the one left out and weaken the Brotherhood. It is not permissible for a Muslim to sever relations with his brother for more than three days.

"It is sufficient evil for a Muslim that he should look down upon his brother. The life, wealth, and honour of a Muslim are inviolable by another Muslim"
[Sahih Muslim].

Brotherhood is synonynous with Islam. It is a force for good, a purveyor of peace and justice for everyone. It provides stablility in a quarrelsome world. To the downtrodden and oppressed everywhere in the past, it provided freedom. When it was powerful, it even saved the Jews and Christians in Palestine and Spain from each other.

Muslims are not allowed to kill the women and children of their enemies even in war. How could we support the killing of our own women and children? A Muslim is not really a believer if he eats his full while ignoring the plight of a hungry neighbour. How could a believer then participate in economic sanctions designed to starve his own people to death?

When giving commands regarding the Islamic Brotherhood, the Quran uses a beautiful style with a profound message.

But when you enter the houses, greet one another with a greeting from Allâh (i.e. say: As-Salâmu 'Alaikum - peace be on you) blessed and good. Thus Allâh makes clear the Ayât (these Verses or your religious symbols and signs, etc.) to you that you may understand.
[Surah An Nur Ayah 61].

O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former; nor let (some) women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it, to insult one's brother after having Faith [i.e. to call your Muslim brother (a faithful believer) as: "O sinner", or "O wicked", etc.]. And whosoever does not repent, then such are indeed Zâlimûn (wrong-doers, etc.).
[Surah Al-Hujarat Ayah 11].

O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allâh is Most Merciful to you.
[Surah An-Nisaa Ayah 29].

The message is clear: Whatever is happening to others in the Brotherhood, is actually happening to yourself. Any aggression against any part of the Brotherhood is an aggression against all of it.

quraan.com

Rights of Brotherhood in Islam

Name of Questioner: Muzammil from United Kingdom
Title: Rights of Brotherhood in Islam

Question: As-Salamu `alaykum, dear scholars! When we say that Muslims are brothers in faith, what are rights that this principle entails, so that it will be clear to all? Jazakum Allah Khayran!

Date: 25/Jan/2004

Name of Counsellor: A Group of Islamic Researchers

Answer: Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Dear brother Muzammil, your question came on time, as many Muslims think that it suffices to consider each other as brothers without taking necessary steps to put that principle of brotherhood into practice. That is why we see nowadays Muslims showing indifference to calamities befalling their brethren across the globe, thinking that so far they are far away from the hot spots, from the scene of calamities, they have nothing to worry about. Thus, you see many of them, at the times that their brothers are being slaughtered at some other parts of the globe, they pass time at cafes, hotels, giving out celebrations, as if nothing happened. We Muslims need to feel for each other, not hypocritically, but heart and soul.

Elaborating more on this, we'd like to cite for you the following:


"Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said: 'You will not enter Paradise until you have faith, and you will not have faith until you love each other. Shall I direct you to something which if you fulfill you will love one another? Spread peace among yourselves.' (It was reported by Muslim)

1) In this hadith, our beloved Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) recommended that we should spread peace. This is fulfilled through many things: by saluting each other with the words 'As-Salam `alaykum' (peace be with you); by spreading a state of peace and not conflict, and by trying to spread peace in the society through reconciling our differences. This, in fact, is the slogan of Islam, namely spreading peace. For indeed 'Islam' means peace among other things, and this is the first right of brotherhood in Islam.

2) It's also part of rights of brotherhood for a Muslim to put on smiling face when he meets his brothers in faith. Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) said: 'Don't belittle any good deed even to meet your brothers with a smiling face.' He also said: 'Your smile in the face of your brothers is an act of charity.' That is why the Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) had a smiling face all the time.

A man came to Abu ad-Darda' and said: 'Guide me to do a good deed that would benefit other Muslims?' Abu Ad-Darda' replied: 'Command them to do good and forbid them from evil.' The man said: 'I cannot.' Then Abu Ad-Darda' said: 'Repel evil from them.' The man said: 'I cannot.' Then Abu Ad-Darda' said: 'Spend charity on them.' He again said: 'I cannot.' Then Abu Ad-Darda' said: 'Meet them with a smiling bright face.' The man however said: 'I still cannot.' Fed up with what he heard, Abu Ad-Darda' finally said: 'Then may Allah smite you with a thunder bolt from Heaven by which He would make the land and the people get rid of you.'

3) Brotherhood in Islam also means that one should love for one's brothers what one loves for himself. Confirming this the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: 'Each of you cannot be a believer until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.'

Not only this but the early Muslims used to prefer their brothers over their own selves. That is why the Qur'an praised them in the following verse: 'And they prefer (their brothers) over themselves even if they are hungry.' (Al-Hashr: 9)

4) Avoid harming other Muslims by words or actions:
As a matter of fact Islam forbids vain or evil talk, as clarified by the following Qur'anic verse: 'And when they hear vain talk, they turn away therefrom and say: To us our deeds, and to you yours; peace be to you: we seek not the ignorant.' (Al-Qasas: 55) Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) said: 'The Muslim is he from whom people are safe from his tongue and hand (actions).'

One day, `A'ishah, the Prophet's wife, heard some Jews in Madinah offending the Prophet by greeting him with the wish that poison would strike him. Getting angry at their offence she retorted: 'And upon you be poison and curse O you children of apes and swine.' Hearing this, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) pacified her saying: 'You should have said only, same be upon you also, for the Muslim is not an offender, nor a curser nor a mischief monger nor one who uses dirty language.'

5) Humbleness and modesty: A Muslim should exercise humbleness and modesty in his dealing with other Muslims, nay even with all other people. That is why one precious piece of advice a pious father called [Luqman] gave to his son as the Qur'an reports is that: 'Never turn your cheek to other people in arrogance.' (Luqman: 18)

In practice, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to be humble with all other people. It is reported that once a Bedouin met him; when he saw him he trembled in fear. Seeing this the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: 'Calm down. I am only the son of a woman who used to eat dry meat in Makkah (meaning a poor woman).'

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to tell his Companions: 'Don't exaggerate in praising me, as Christians exceeded the limits in praising the Messiah, son of Mary, for I am the slave and Messenger of Allah.' He also used to declare: 'Whoever humbles himself to Allah, Allah will raise him (in respect) and He will not enter Paradise who has in his heart an atom's weight of arrogance.'

6)Turning deaf ears to other people's slandering of your brothers or sisters: This means the elimination of backbiting and slandering in the Muslim society. That is why the Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) once passed by two graves. He stood in front of them and said: 'They (the dead ones) are punished due to minor sins.' One of them used to spread calumny and slander among people. Thus Muslims are reminded that: 'He who slanders others in front of you will eventually slander you.'

7) Doing good to people all as best as you can. In this context Allah says in the Qur'an: 'And cooperate with one another in all that is good and pious and don't cooperate in sin and aggression.' (Al-Ma'idah: 2) Allah's Messenger was asked: 'Who is the dearest person to Allah?' He said: 'Those who are most useful to (other) people.' That is why in another hadith the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: 'And Allah will surely help the person as long as he helps his brother.'

8) Treating them nicely and with best manners: In this connection Allah says about Prophet Muhammad: 'And you are indeed of supreme conduct.' (Al-Qalam: 4) The Messenger of Allah, therefore says: 'The most perfect believers are those who are best in conduct and who are nicest to their household.'

9) Rights of brotherhood also implies that one should not forsake his brothers over three days: Allah says in the Qur'an:'Believers are indeed brothers so reconcile your brothers.'(Al-Hujurat: 10) The Messenger of Allah also said: 'Let not any one of you desert his brother more than three days. They meet and each of them turns away from the other; but the best of the two is the one who starts with the salutation of peace.' In another hadith, the Prophet said: 'Don't exchange hatred, envy or forsaking, for every Muslim is a brother to other Muslims. Thus he should not wrong him, nor surrender him, whoever walks to fulfill the needs of other Muslims, Allah will attend to his needs.'

10) Not to enter upon a Muslim's house without his permission: Allah says in the Qur'an: 'O ye who believe! Enter not houses other than your own without first announcing your presence and invoking peace upon the folk thereof. That is better for you, that you may be heedful.' (An-Nur: 27)

11) Acknowledging the rights of scholars by showing due respect to them.

12) Fulfilling one's promise to his Muslim brothers.

13) Settling the rights of other Muslims and returning to them whatever has been taken from them without right.

14) Granting to other Muslims the status they deserve, and acknowledging their prestige.

15) Reconciling the differences among Muslims and restoring harmony.

16) Hiding their shame and concealing their weaknesses.

17) Preserving their wealth and honor.

18) Saying 'may Allah bless you!' to any one who sneezes.

19) Avoiding mingling with the evil mongers.

20) Visiting the sick Muslims: This is based on a Qudsi hadith indicating that Allah would say to His slaves on the Day of Judgment: 'My slave I was sick and yet you did not visit me?' The slave would exclaim: 'How can I visit You when You are the Lord of the worlds?' Allah would answer: 'Did you not know that My slave so-and-so fell ill; don't You know that had you visited him you would find Me with him?'

21) Attending the funeral prayer and to follow a funeral to the grave.

22) Visiting graves of Muslims and invoking Allah's mercy upon them.

These are the main rights of brotherhood in Islam.

Excerpted, with modifications, from www.al-muslim.org

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