Jan 1, 2011

Islam in Switzerland

Quran
سورة الفاتحة

Al-Fatiha (Die Eröffnende)
Deutsche Koran Übersetzung


KoranSuren


Surah Al Fatihah 


1:1
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Au nom d'Allah, le Tout Miséricordieux, le Très Miséricordieux.

Im Namen Gottes, des Gnädigen, des Barmherzigen.

In nome di Allah , il Compassionevole, il Misericordioso.

Dengan nama Allah, Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.
1:2
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
French
Louange à Allah, Seigneur de l'univers.
German
Lob sei Gott, dem Schöpfer der Welten,
Italian
La lode [appartiene] ad Allah, Signore dei mondi,
Malay
Segala puji tertentu bagi Allah, Tuhan yang memelihara dan mentadbirkan sekalian alam.
1:3
الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Le Tout Miséricordieux, le Très Miséricordieux,

dem Gnädigen, dem Barmherzigen,

il Compassionevole, il Misericordioso,

Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

1:4
مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ
Maître du Jour de la rétribution.

dem Alleinherrscher am Tag des Jüngsten Gerichts!

Re del Giorno del Giudizio.

Yang Menguasai pemerintahan hari Pembalasan (hari Akhirat).
1:5
إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ
C'est Toi [Seul] que nous adorons, et c'est Toi [Seul] dont nous implorons secours.

Dir allein dienen wir, und Dich allein bitten wir um Hilfe und Beistand.

Te noi adoriamo e a Te chiediamo aiuto.

Engkaulah sahaja (Ya Allah) Yang Kami sembah, dan kepada Engkaulah sahaja kami memohon pertolongan.
1:6
اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ
Guide-nous dans le droit chemin,

Führe uns den geraden Weg,

Guidaci sulla retta via,

Tunjukilah kami jalan yang lurus.
1:7
صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ
le chemin de ceux que Tu as comblés de faveurs, non pas de ceux qui ont encouru Ta colère, ni des égarés.

den Weg derer, denen Du die Gnade (des wahren Glaubens) erwiesen hast und nicht derer, die sich Deinen Zorn zugezogen haben und in die Irre gegangen sind!

la via di coloro che hai colmato di grazia, non di coloro che [sono incorsi] nella [Tua] ira, né degli sviati.

Iaitu jalan orang-orang yang Engkau telah kurniakan nikmat kepada mereka, bukan (jalan) orang-orang yang Engkau telah murkai, dan bukan pula (jalan) orang-orang yang sesat.

-amiin-

Islam in Switzerland

Switzerland, and Geneva in particular, is often associated with emirs and other sheiks who enjoy sumptuous palaces, stroll along the harbor in the shade of the fountain and buy out the luxury shops. True, these visitors from the Gulf do exist, and they are well-known and highly appreciated by our businesses, however the bulk of the Muslim population has little to do with them.

The second largest religion in Switzerland
In 1990, the Muslim population was 152,200, or 2.2% of the Switzerland’s resident population. A surprising development for those who know that in the early seventies, there were less than 20,000 Muslims living in Switzerland. Islam is now the second largest religion in Switzerland, after Christianity.

The Muslim community of Switzerland is comprised of several nationalities, within which there are different cultures, languages and ethno-cultural particularities. In 1990, the vast majority (4/5) of the Muslim community was represented by Turk nationals (65,000 people or 42.8%) and nationals of the former Yugoslavia (55,000 people or 30.4%). The Muslim community from North Africa (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia) represented 4% of the overall community, while the Lebanese community represented 3.3%.

The Muslim population is spread out evenly across Switzerland, and mainly in big urban centers (73% of all Muslims). The largest number is found in the cantons of Zurich, Aargau, St Gallen and Bern. It is interesting to note that 76% of the Muslims are settled in German-speaking Switzerland, and 14% in French-speaking Switzerland, which corresponds closely to the resident population distribution. The Turk community is more concentrated in German-speaking Switzerland, while the bulk of the North African community lives in French-speaking Switzerland. Nationals of the former Yugoslavia are spread here and there throughout the country.

It can be affirmed that the number of Muslims is surely underestimated, since, during the 1990 census, 3.1% of foreigners (an exceptionally high proportion) did not answer the question on religious affiliation. As for more recent figures, we have to resort to estimates of the non-governmental agencies, such as, for example, the Islamic associations or organizations in Switzerland. According to these sources, the number of Muslims in Switzerland is currently estimated between 200,000 and 250,000 people (from 2.8 to 3.5% of the resident population).

A fragmented community...
Whereas twenty years ago there were only three mosques in Switzerland (two in Geneva and one in Zurich), there are now almost 90, generally referred to as "Islamic Cultural Centers", sometimes open for the five daily prayers, and certainly open for Friday prayer. The increase in the number of Muslims is a phenomenon split between several communities and several attitudes.

Turks, Bosnians and Albanians are each organized round a mother house in Zurich, with branches spread throughout Switzerland. A particularity amongst the Turks reproduces the political divisions of the country: a portion of the centers are controlled by the Dyanet, the Turkish Ministry of Religious Affairs, through a representative at the consulate in Zurich. On the other hand, twenty or so of the other centers are run by the Milli Görush, an off-shoot of Refah, the former Islamic opposition party.

In the face of these structured entities, the Arabist world is not only minority, but also organized in less of a hierarchy, more difficult to decipher: between the so-called "official" centers, partially financed by Saudi Arabia (such as the Fondation, in Geneva) or by the United Arab Emirates (such as the Stiftung islamische Gemeinschaft, in Zurich), and movements of the pietistic group Tabligh, which advocates a return to individual practice without major political demands, or of the Muslim Brothers, a highly political reforming movement, there are rivalries but also many interlinks, contacts, common personages. It is impossible to describe this world without caricaturing it.

...that is trying to develop structure
For several years now, under the leadership of the very diplomatic Ismail Amin, who is of Egyptian origin and a former university professor of Arab philology, the Federation of Islamic Organizations in Zurich is attempting to structure the Muslim community: it brings together all the communities in the city, including the Dyanet and the Milli Görush, including the Habache movement, including the centers that are connected with the Muslim Brothers or the Tabligh. Ismail Amin has also patiently developed contacts with the official Churches, Protestant and Catholic alike. The result is that the Muslims are given a better voice in the political issues that they hold dear.

All the same, there still exists a wide range of Muslim organizations in Switzerland, notably associations that run prayer locations, small local associations. We have endeavored to provide a list of organizations that is representative of this range, however, our list is by no means exhaustive.


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SWITZERLAND PRAYER TIMES
Masjids and Islamic Centers

Islamic Organizations and Services
Islamic Schools/Colleges
islamicfinder.org - Switzerland
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Allgemeine Informationen über die Muslime in der Schweiz
Muslime in der Schweiz

Datum: 08.02.2006 07:40 (last update: 08.02.2006 09:31)
Wer hätte das gedacht? Schon um die Jahrtausendwende sollen sich Muslime auf Schweizer Boden aufgehalten und ihre Spuren, z.B. in Ortsnamen, hinterlassen haben.

von Hamit Duran, Turgi AG, im Februar 2006

Teil 1: Grundlagen der islamischen Glaubenslehre

Das Wort «Islam» stammt von der arabischen Wurzel «s-l-m» und kann mit Begriffen wie «Hingabe, Ergebenheit, Unterwerfung» umschrieben werden. Das Wort «Salam», das von derselben Wurzel abgeleitet wird, bedeutet soviel wie «Frieden», daher der islamische Gruss «As-Salamu alaikum» - «Der Friede (Gottes) sei mit dir». Ebenfalls von derselben Wortwurzel stammt der Ausdruck «Muslim/Muslima» was jemanden bezeichnet, der sich dem Willen des einzigen Gottes unterworfen hat und deshalb in Frieden mit sich, der Schöpfung und dem Schöpfer lebt.

Die Grundlage des Islam bildet das sogenannte Glaubensbekenntnis (arab. «Schahada»), das man vor zwei muslimischen Zeugen ablegen muss, um offiziell in die weltweite islamische Glaubensgemeinschaft aufgenommen zu werden. Es lautet: «Es gibt keine Gottheit ausser Allah und Muhammad ist Sein Gesandter.» Im ersten Teil dieses Glaubensbekenntnisses wird die Einheit Gottes (arab. «Tauhîd») bezeugt. Nichts kann auf die Stufe Gottes gestellt werden. Er ist die absolute Realität, die alles Sichtbare und Unsichtbare, Lebendige und Leblose aus dem Nichts erschafft und erhält. Gott lässt sich nicht auf die menschliche Ebene begrenzen, Er steht über allen sinnlichen Wahrnehmungen und rationalen Konzepten. Trotzdem ist Er dem Menschen näher als seine eigene Halsschlagader (vgl. Qur’ân 50:16). Im Bewusstsein dieser Tatsache ist das Leben des Muslims deshalb auf das Erlangen des Wohlgefallen Gottes ausgerichtet.


Muslim work hard for Islam 

BERN, Switzerland — Around 700 Swiss Muslims peacefully protested against their country’s minaret ban on Saturday, with speakers denouncing what they called a hate campaign against Islam.

The protest in the capital, Bern, was not supported by the country’s main Muslim organizations.

It came two weeks after Swiss voters decided to ban the construction of minarets, drawing wide criticism from Muslim and other European nations.

Nicolas Blancho, who organized Saturday’s protest, said he did not believe that the country’s voters hate Islam but that they had been scared by propaganda from right-wing parties.

The main guest speaker, a controversial Muslim preacher, was absent because Swiss authorities refused him entry, saying he poses a public security risk.

Pierre Vogel, a German former professional boxer who converted to Islam, is known for his conservative positions. Vogel was turned back as he tried to cross into Switzerland by car from Germany late Friday, said frontier corps spokesman Markus Zumbach.

Confederate census of 2001

According to the Confederate census of 2001, a total number of 310,807 Muslims were living in Switzerland which made up 4.26% of the total population.[1] In 2009 there were an estimated 400,000 Muslims in Switzerland, accounting to around 5% of the total population

Mahmood Mosque in Zürich
Mahmud-Moschee, Forchstrasse, Zürich, Schweiz
Mahmud-Moschee

Demographics
The largest concentration of Muslim population is in the German speaking Swiss plateau. The cantons with more than 5% Muslim population are

* 6.72% Basel-Stadt
* 6.50% Glarus
* 6.13% St. Gallen
* 5.94% Thurgau
* 5.80% Schaffhausen
* 5.49% Aargau
* 5.39% Solothurn
* 5.33% Zürich

Geneva is the only non-German-speaking canton where the Muslim population is slightly above the average. Another remarkable demographic feature in comparison to other European countries is the relatively equal distribution throughout the country (compare Islam in the United Kingdom). No administrative unit has more than 8.55% of Muslim population, and no town or village more than 16.8%. The lowest percentage of Muslims in a canton is 1.82% (the Italian-speaking Ticino).

Most Muslims in Switzerland are from former Yugoslavia (56.4%; especially Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, the Republic of Macedonia and the Sandžak region) and Turkey (20.2%).[citation needed] 10,000 of the 400,000 Muslims could be converts. A lot of them did it to break up with parents often because of a difficult childhood but the majority did it out of love for their spouse.

History
In the 10th century, Arabs and Berbers from their Mediterranean Fraxinet base settled in the Valais for a few decades. They occupied the Great St. Bernard Pass and even managed to reach as far as St. Gallen to the north and Raetia in the east.

Islam was virtually absent from Switzerland until the 20th century. It appeared with the beginning of significant immigration to Europe, after World War II. A first mosque was built in Zürich in 1963 by the Ahmadiyya community. Muslim presence during the 1960s and 1970s was mostly due to the presence of international diplomats and rich Saudi tourists in Geneva.

By 1980, there were 56,600 Muslims in Switzerland (0.9% of total population). This ratio quintupled over the following thirty years, notably due to the immigration from Former Yugoslavia during the 1990s Yugoslav War.

Mosques

Mosque of the Turkish cultural association in Wangen bei Olten.

There are two Swiss mosques which predate 1980 and the rapid increase of immigration of Muslims from the Balkans and Turkey over the following decades. These are the Ahmadiyya mosque in Zurich, built in 1963 and also boasting the first minaret built in Switzerland, and a Saudi-financed mosque in Geneva, built in 1978. Today, there are numerous further mosques and prayer rooms across the country, predominantly in the urban parts of the Swiss plateau.
further reading

was für ein Muslim bist du ?

Cows Grazing In The Swiss Alps 

Without a doubt, Switzerland is home to some of the world's most beautiful scenery, and the Swiss Alps are among the world's most popular vacation destinations. Skiing, sightseeing, it's all here!

This photo features some cows chowing down in a pasture field that just happens to be nestled among those gorgeous mountains. Their red and white coloring contrasts perfectly with the lush green of the fields & forests and the deep blue of the Alpine sky, making for quite an intriguing picture.

Switzerland is famous the world over for her amazing ski resorts, but now we know that she also boasts some pretty fine grass

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Some of many sentences or ayat in Quran
mention
about the reason behind creation of mountain

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Quran
Surah Al-Ĥijr (The Rocky Tract) - سورة الحجر
ayat/sentence 19

وَالْأَرْضَ مَدَدْنَاهَا وَأَلْقَيْنَا فِيهَا رَوَاسِيَ وَأَنبَتْنَا فِيهَا مِن كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مَّوْزُونٍ

A moins que l'un d'eux parvienne subrepticement à écouter, une flamme brillante alors le poursuit.

Die Erde haben Wir ausgedehnt, darauf Berge verankert und alle Arten von Pflanzen nach genauem Maß wachsen lassen.

E la terra, l'abbiamo distesa e vi abbiamo infisso le montagne e ogni cosa abbiamo fatto crescere con dovuta misura.

Dan bumi ini Kami bentangkan, dan Kami letakkan padanya gunung-ganang yang kukuh terdiri, serta Kami tumbuhkan padanya tiap-tiap sesuatu yang tertentu timbangannya.

And the earth We spread out, and placed therein firm mountains, and caused to grow therein all kinds of things in due proportion.

Surat An-Naĥl (The Bee) - سورة النحل
ayat 15

وَأَلْقَىٰ فِي الْأَرْضِ رَوَاسِيَ أَن تَمِيدَ بِكُمْ وَأَنْهَارًا وَسُبُلًا لَّعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ

Et Il a implanté des montagnes immobiles dans la terre afin qu'elle ne branle pas en vous emportant avec elle de même que des rivières et des sentiers, pour que vous vous guidiez,

Er hat feste Berge auf der Erde hochragen lassen, damit sie nicht ins Wanken gerät, und desgleichen Flüsse und Wege geschaffen, damit ihr zum Ziel findet,

Ha infisso sulla terra le montagne, affinché non oscilli sotto di voi e [ha disposto] fiumi e sentieri affinché non vi smarriate.

Dan Ia mengadakan di bumi gunung-ganang yang menetapnya supaya ia tidak menghayun-hayunkan kamu; dan Ia mengadakan sungai-sungai serta jalan-jalan lalu lalang, supaya kamu dapat sampai ke matlamat yang kamu tuju.

And He has affixed into the earth mountains standing firm, lest it should shake with you, and rivers and roads, that you may guide yourselves.

ayat 68

وَأَوْحَىٰ رَبُّكَ إِلَى النَّحْلِ أَنِ اتَّخِذِي مِنَ الْجِبَالِ بُيُوتًا وَمِنَ الشَّجَرِ وَمِمَّا يَعْرِشُونَ

[Et voilà] ce que ton Seigneur révéla aux abeilles : "Prenez des demeures dans les montagnes, les arbres, et les treillages que [les hommes] font.

Und dein Herr gab den Bienen ein: "Baut euch Behausungen in den Bergen, in den Bäumen und in den von den Menschen errichteten Bienenstöcken!"

Ed il tuo Signore ispirò alle api: «Dimorate nelle montagne, negli alberi e negli edifici degli uomini.

Dan Tuhanmu memberi ilham kepada lebah: "Hendaklah engkau membuat sarangmu di gunung-ganang dan di pokok-pokok kayu, dan juga di bangunan-bangunan yang didirikan oleh manusia.

And your Lord inspired the bee, saying: "Take you habitations in the mountains and in the trees and in what they erect.

ayat 81

وَاللَّهُ جَعَلَ لَكُم مِّمَّا خَلَقَ ظِلَالًا وَجَعَلَ لَكُم مِّنَ الْجِبَالِ أَكْنَانًا وَجَعَلَ لَكُمْ سَرَابِيلَ تَقِيكُمُ الْحَرَّ وَسَرَابِيلَ تَقِيكُم بَأْسَكُمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يُتِمُّ نِعْمَتَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُسْلِمُونَ

Et de ce qu'Il a créé, Allah vous a procuré des ombres. Et Il vous a procuré des abris dans les montagnes. Et Il vous a procuré des vêtements qui vous protègent de la chaleur, ainsi que des vêtements [cuirasses, armures] qui vous protègent de votre propre violence. C'est ainsi qu'Allah parachève sur vous Son bienfait, peut-être que vous vous soumettez.

Zu den von Gott geschaffenen Dingen gehört der Schatten. Er bereitete euch in den Bergen Höhlen zum Unterschlüpfen, gab euch Gewänder, die euch vor der Hitze und Panzer, die euch im Gefecht vor Schlägen schützen. So vollendet Er Seine Gaben für euch, auf daß ihr euch Ihm ergebt.

Con quel che ha creato, Allah vi ha dato l'ombra e ha fatto per voi rifugi nelle montagne. Vi ha concesso vesti che vi proteggono dal calore e altre che vi proteggono dalla vostra stessa violenza. Ha in tal modo completato la Sua benevolenza su di voi, affinché siate sottomessi.

Dan Allah menjadikan bagi kamu sebahagian dari yang diciptakanNya: benda-benda untuk berteduh, dan Ia menjadikan bagi kamu sebahagian dari gunung-ganang tempat-tempat berlindung; dan Ia juga menjadikan bagi kamu pakaian-pakaian yang memelihara kamu dari panas dan sejuk, juga pakaian-pakaian yang memelihara kamu semasa berjuang. Demikianlah, Ia menyempurnakan nikmatNya kepada kamu, supaya kamu berserah diri kepadaNya dan mematuhi perintahNya.

And Allah has made for you out of that which He has created shades, and has made for you places of refuge in the mountains, and has made for you garments to protect you from the heat (and cold), and coats of mail to protect you from your (mutual) violence. Thus does He perfect His Grace unto you, that you may submit yourselves to His Will (in Islam).

Surat Al-'Isrā' (The Night Journey) - سورة الإسراء
ayat 37

وَلَا تَمْشِ فِي الْأَرْضِ مَرَحًا ۖ إِنَّكَ لَن تَخْرِقَ الْأَرْضَ وَلَن تَبْلُغَ الْجِبَالَ طُولًا

Et ne foule pas la terre avec orgueil : tu ne sauras jamais fendre la terre et tu ne pourras jamais atteindre la hauteur des montagnes !

Gehe nicht überheblich und selbstgefällig auf der Erde umher! Du kannst die Erde nicht durchbohren und nicht die Höhe der Berge erreichen.

Non incedere sulla terra con alterigia, ché non potrai fenderla e giammai potrai essere alto come le montagne!

Dan janganlah engkau berjalan di bumi dengan berlagak sombong, kerana sesungguhnya engkau tidak akan dapat menembusi bumi, dan engkau tidak akan dapat menyamai setinggi gunung-ganang.

And walk not on the earth with conceit and arrogance. Verily, you can neither rend nor penetrate the earth, nor can you attain a stature like the mountains in height.

Surat Al-Kahf (The Cave) - سورة الكهف
ayat 47

وَيَوْمَ نُسَيِّرُ الْجِبَالَ وَتَرَى الْأَرْضَ بَارِزَةً وَحَشَرْنَاهُمْ فَلَمْ نُغَادِرْ مِنْهُمْ أَحَدًا

Le jour où Nous ferons marcher les montagnes et où tu verras la terre nivelée (comme une plaine) et Nous les rassemblerons sans en omettre un seul.

Gedenkt des Tages, an dem Wir die Berge vergehen lassen, so daß die Erde kahl und platt wirkt. Und Wir werden sie alle versammeln, so daß keiner fehlt.

Nel Giorno in cui faremo muovere le montagne vedrai la terra spianata e tutti li riuniremo senza eccezione.

Dan (ingatkanlah) hari Kami bongkar dan terbangkan gunung-ganang dan engkau akan melihat (seluruh) muka bumi terdedah nyata; dan Kami himpunkan mereka (di padang Mahsyar) sehingga Kami tidak akan tinggalkan seorangpun dari mereka.

And (remember) the Day We shall cause the mountains to pass away (like clouds of dust), and you will see the earth as a levelled plain, and we shall gather them all together so as to leave not one of them behind.

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Sheikh Khalid Yasin Speak about Veil Hijab bedeckung deutscher untertitel

AfghanHearts


Thanks for coming

Thanks for coming
Terima kasih sudi hadir

Tajuk - Title