Surah Al-Ĥaj (The Pilgrimage) - سورة الحج
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
حُنَفَاءَ لِلَّهِ غَيْرَ مُشْرِكِينَ بِهِ ۚ وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَكَأَنَّمَا خَرَّ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فَتَخْطَفُهُ الطَّيْرُ أَوْ تَهْوِي بِهِ الرِّيحُ فِي مَكَانٍ سَحِيقٍ
Inclining [only] to Allah , not associating [anything] with Him. And he who associates with Allah - it is as though he had fallen from the sky and was snatched by the birds or the wind carried him down into a remote place.
(Amalkanlah perkara-perkara itu) dengan tulus ikhlas kepada Allah, serta tidak mempersekutukan sesuatu pun denganNya; dan sesiapa yang mempersekutukan sesuatu yang lain dengan Allah maka seolah-olah dia jatuh dari langit lalu disambar oleh burung, atau dihumbankan oleh angin ke tempat yang jauh (yang membinasakan).
Surah Al-'Isrā' (The Night Journey) - سورة الإسراء
Ayat 63 to 65
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
قَالَ اذْهَبْ فَمَن تَبِعَكَ مِنْهُمْ فَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ جَزَاؤُكُمْ جَزَاءً مَّوْفُورًا
[ Allah ] said, "Go, for whoever of them follows you, indeed Hell will be the recompense of you - an ample recompense.
Allah berfirman (kepada iblis): "Pergilah (lakukanlah apa yang engkau rancangkan)! Kemudian siapa yang menurutmu di antara mereka, maka sesungguhnya neraka Jahannamlah balasan kamu semua, sebagai balasan yang cukup.
وَاسْتَفْزِزْ مَنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ مِنْهُم بِصَوْتِكَ وَأَجْلِبْ عَلَيْهِم بِخَيْلِكَ وَرَجِلِكَ وَشَارِكْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْوَالِ وَالْأَوْلَادِ وَعِدْهُمْ ۚ وَمَا يَعِدُهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ إِلَّا غُرُورًا
And incite [to senselessness] whoever you can among them with your voice and assault them with your horses and foot soldiers and become a partner in their wealth and their children and promise them." But Satan does not promise them except delusion.
Dan desak serta pujuklah sesiapa yang engkau dapat memujuknya dengan suaramu; dan kerahlah penyokong-penyokongmu yang berkuda serta yang berjalan kaki untuk mengalahkan mereka; dan turut - campurlah dengan mereka dalam menguruskan harta-benda dan anak-anak (mereka); dan janjikanlah mereka (dengan janji-janjimu)". Padahal tidak ada yang dijanjikan oleh Syaitan itu melainkan tipu daya semata-mata.
إِنَّ عِبَادِي لَيْسَ لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَانٌ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِرَبِّكَ وَكِيلًا
Indeed, over My [believing] servants there is for you no authority. And sufficient is your Lord as Disposer of affairs.
Sesungguhnya hamba-hambaKu (yang beriman dengan ikhlas), tiadalah engkau (hai iblis) mempunyai sebarang kuasa terhadap mereka (untuk menyesatkannya); cukuplah Tuhanmu (wahai Muhammad) menjadi Pelindung (bagi mereka).
Sincerity إخلاص Ikhlas
The meaning of being sincere towards Allah
and how the Muslim can achieve that
Worship has three pillars, one of which is being sincere towards Allah. How can we be sincere towards Allah? I am very ambitious, and I want to acquire the greatest amount of shar’i knowledge, and I want to be a daa’iyah. Allah has blessed me with many talents which are needed for da’wah and spreading knowledge, and I want to be strong enough to pray qiyaam and fast. I have memorised the Book of Allah in full and now I am in the process of reinforcing my memorisation and learning how to recite it properly. I am learning shar’i knowledge and I have a number of projects and ideas for serving the Book of Allah and supporting the Deen, but my progress is slow for a number of reasons and because of many obstacles, especially from my family and the society around me -- how much I am suffering from them! Because of physical weakness and health problems, I am not able to expend a great deal of effort, and if I do, I will spend several days unable to move. I always write out schedules for all these tasks and I try to follow them, but I cannot do that because of changing circumstances. I live on my own and I cannot find a sister to share my goals or a leader to help me and follow up with me so that I can fulfil my ambitions. I have looked a great deal but I cannot find anyone and I do not know the reason why I am so slow; is it because sincerity towards Allah is something that I have not achieved yet or what? This makes me very sad and pains me a great deal, and holds me back from reaching my goals. If there is any advice, then do not withhold it from me, because I am in the greatest need.
Praise be to Allaah.
Sincerity towards Allah is the best type of sincerity. The Muslim is being sincere towards his Lord if he achieves sincerity in three aspects: faith and proper belief, acts of obedience, and morals and manners. Faith does not mean mere wishful thinking. The one who is sincere in his faith is the one who attains faith in the way his Lord wants from him, which includes sincerity in faith, sincerity in intention, and sincerity in fear of Allah, may He be exalted. Not every act of obedience is sincere unless it is done, both outwardly and inwardly, in a manner which Allah likes.
Allah has described the sincere in one verse, in which He says (interpretation of the meaning):
“It is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience to Allaah) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in prayers); but Al-Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allaah, the Last Day, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives his wealth, in spite of love for it, to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to Al-Masaakeen (the poor), and to the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free, performs As-Salaah (Iqaamat-as-Salaah), and gives the Zakât, and who fulfil their covenant when they make it, and who are patient in extreme poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during the battles).” Then Allah says, after listing all these attributes: “Such are the people of the truth and they are Al‑Muttaqoon (the pious)”
Ibn Katheer (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
This verse includes a number of great meanings, important principles and sound beliefs.
Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 1/485.
Shaykh ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Sa’di (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “Such” means those who have the characteristics mentioned, such as good beliefs and actions which are the effect, evidence and light of faith; the morals and manners which lend dignity to man and are the essence of humanity. These are the ones who are “the people of the truth”, whose faith is sincere, because their actions confirm their faith. “And they are Al‑Muttaqoon (the pious)”, because they refrained from what is forbidden and did what is enjoined, because these things include all good attributes by implication, and because fulfilling one’s covenant is the essence of the entire religion, and because the acts of worship mentioned in this verse are the greatest acts of worship and the one who does them will undoubtedly do other acts of worship. They are the righteous, the sincere people of truth, the pious.
Tafseer al-Sa’di, p. 83
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
Among the things we learn from this verse is that what is mentioned is true sincerity towards Allah and towards His creation, because Allah says: “Such are the people of the truth”; they are sincere towards Allah, as on the basis of these good beliefs they establish faith and belief in Allah, the Last Day, the Angels, the Book and the Prophets, and they establish prayer, pay zakaah, and give what is dear to them to the charitable causes mentioned. As for their sincerity towards Allah's creation, that is included in the words of Allah: “who fulfil their covenant when they make it”, which is one of the signs of sincerity. Hence Allah says: “Such are the people of the truth”, as they are sincere in their beliefs, in their interactions with Allah and with other people.
Tafseer Soorat al-Baqarah, 2/293, 294
You should note that sincerity with Allah is not something that we can make a show of and convince ourselves of whilst abandoning righteous deeds. Rather sincerity towards Allah is in the intention and in the action when we do it and when the means of doing it become available. The one who is sincere towards his Lord will, by means of the sincerity of his intention, attain that (reward) which the one who does the action attains, if something keeps him from doing the action. It was narrated from Sahl ibn Hunayf (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever sincerely asks Allaah for martyrdom, Allaah will cause him to attain the status of the martyrs, even if he dies in his bed.” Narrated by Muslim, 1909.
Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
A person can have nothing more beneficial than sincerity towards his Lord in all his affairs, along with sincerity of resolve, so he should be sincere towards Him in his resolve and in his actions. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And when the matter (preparation for Jihaad) is resolved on, then if they had been true to Allaah, it would have been better for them” [Muhammad 47:21]. So his happiness lies in sincerity of resolve and sincerity of action. Sincerity of resolve means certain desire to do an action and not hesitating to do it. If his resolve is sincere, all that is left is sincerity of action, which is doing one’s best and striving one’s utmost when doing it , and not letting anything, outward or inward, hold him back from it. Resolve of purpose prevents him from becoming weak-willed and sincerity of action prevents him from becoming lazy or lethargic. If a person is sincere towards Allah in all his affairs, Allah will give him more than He gives to others, and this sincerity results from true love of Allah and true trust in Him. So the most sincere of people is the one who is loves Allah most and puts most trust in Him.
Al-Fawaa’id, p. 186, 187
A Muslim may be confused as where to begin, and how he should order his affairs by night and day. But this should not form an obstacle for the one who seeks to do good or seek knowledge or call people to Allah. The Muslim may rid himself of this confusion by organising his time. He can allocate the first part of his day for memorizing Qur'aan, and he can organise the rest of his days for seeking knowledge by means of tapes, reading books, and attending classes and study circles, and fulfilling whatever duties he or she may have as a husband or wife, whether he or she is working or not.
What we advise our sister to do is to start and not delay, and to be sincere in your intention so that Allah will make your affairs easy for you.
For more information please see the answer to question number 105308 .
We ask Allah to help you to obey Him and to guide you and give you strength.
And Allah knows best.
How to Attain Sincerity (Ikhlas)
As-Salaam `Alaykum. I have an intriguing question. I wonder: how could a Muslim attain sincerity concerning the actions he does both in private and public? How could I, as a Muslim, attain that?
Wa`alaykum As-Salaamu Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.
In The Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
Dear questioner, thank you very much for having confidence in us, and we hope our efforts, which are purely for Allah's Sake, meet your expectations. We implore Allah to grant you sincerity and to reward you generously.
Indeed, sincerity to Allah cannot be accomplished without knowledge. Knowledge is the first step for building character and personality. When a Muslim acquires knowledge he becomes capable to recognize how he should be devoted to Allah. Sincerity means having no other goal in one’s life other than pleasing Allah.
In his response to the question, Dr. Salah Sultan, President of Islamic American University (IAU) and professor of Islamic Jurisprudence, Cairo University, states the following:
“Sincerity is achieved when Muslim brothers or sisters have the intention to please Allah Almighty in all their endeavors whether in speech or action. The Muslim seeks generous rewards from Allah Almighty without considering any other motives. He or she does not try to gain worldly favors in terms of self promotion or personal interests. In this way, the Muslim will always serve the Islamic faith and thought, rather than being subservient to short term benefits.
Hence, sincerity is the first key that opens the heart to receive the Mercy of Allah Almighty. In fact the acceptance of one’s deeds depends on one’s purity of intention, which in turn depends on the level of sincerity in one’s heart. With sincerity, a person can attain the highest ranks in the Sight of Allah Almighty, make the most of his/her deeds, and even be rewarded for righteous deeds that he or she was not able to perform.
On the other hand, without sincerity (which results from not taking care of the heart) a person may end up in Hell-Fire regardless of how righteous one’s deeds appear to be. What is the evidence for this statement?
1-Al-Hakim reported in Al-Mustadrak that Anas ibn Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, quoted the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, as saying: “Whoever leaves this world with sincerity to Allah Almighty, the One and Only, and performs the prayers and pays the Zakah will die in the pleasure of Allah.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
Imam Muslim narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: “Three categories of people will be the first to be thrown into Hell-Fire: a scholar who taught people merely to be praised as a scholar; a generous person who gave charity just to be called generous; and a person who participates in Jihad to be recognized as brave.”
In order to avoid losing the rewards of our deeds, we should pay attention to our hearts in three stages:
Firstly, before starting to do anything, ask yourself: am I doing this to please Allah Almighty and to seek His Forgiveness and reward, or am I doing it to impress people and seek their praise? If you have any doubt about the sincerity of that task, then you should renew your intention and free it from anything that would interfere with sincerity.
On the other hand, if it is sincere, you will feel ease and comfort deep in your heart, and therefore you should go ahead with that task with full confidence.
Secondly, while still engaged in a given task, a person may encounter interference from his vain desires or Satan. One may like to be seen while engaged in that task. There is nothing wrong with people seeing you while doing a task for the sake of Allah Almighty. But if love of publicity and praise dominates one’s actions, then there is cause for concern because this may lead to the rejection of that deed by Allah Almighty. A good indication of sincerity is the similarity of a person’s behavior in the presence of people and in their absence.
Thirdly, after completing an assignment or a job, do not continue to boast about your role in it. This feeling becomes particularly obvious if somebody wrongs you or someone is chosen for a position you were seeking, and you resort to hurting that person by defaming him. This course of action destroys your good deeds and will turn out to be detrimental to you.
Here are some criteria that indicate to us whether we are on the right track to sincerity and the pleasure of Allah Almighty.
Signs of Sincerity
- To have good intentions before starting a task.
- Habits are changed by acts of worship
- To perfect one’s duty in private and in public.
- To dislike being praised by others, with the Du`aa: “O Allah, forgive me for what they do not know about me, and make me better than what they think of me.”
- To welcome advice from friends.
- To not seek leadership and not nominate yourself for positions of authority.
- To be constantly mindful of one’s shortcomings, and to advise or wish others well.
- To feel that your contribution is minimal compared to others.
- To love performing the Fajr, Ishaa’, and night prayers.
- To prefer giving charity in secret.
These are some of the signs of sincerity (ikhlas). We therefore have to exert ourselves to achieve sincerity because it is a great loss to work hard and end up losing everything.
As for those with sincere hearts, they will attain the highest levels of Paradise. Allah describes them: “Say: ‘Verily, I am commanded to serve God with sincere devotion; and I am commanded to be the first of those who bow to God in Islam.” (Az-Zumar: 11-12).
Being the first of Muslims means realizing happiness in this world and the highest levels of Paradise in the Hereafter. Therefore make a solemn promise to Allah to make your soul display sincerity, such that it becomes a natural part of your existence. In this way, we will possess the key to the heart, which subsequently makes our acts of worship a very pleasant experience. Only those who are endowed with this quality can feel its effect on the person.
Finally, I implore Allah Almighty to make us among the sincere, who are mindful of Allah without others knowing about it. The people with this characteristic perform their duties without others knowing who they are.
On the other hand, when they are absent, people don’t know much about them since they do not care about publicity. They are the keys to guidance whom Allah uses to guide those who have gone astray.
We seek refuge with Allah to save us from the vain desires of the soul and the temptations of Satan.”
The above quotation is excerpted with slight modifications from www.americanmuslim.org
May Allah guide you to the straight path, and guide you to that which pleases Him, Amen.
In Search Of Sincerity إخلاص Ikhlas