Jun 17, 2011

Sifat 20 - صفة الله - Atttibutes of Allah - Sifat Allah ( Tauhid )


Scholars say that it is obligatory on every mukallaf know one by one the twenty attributes of Allah. Commonly known as the 20 Attributes of Allah. The explanation of this attributes are as follows:

Ulama berkata bahawa ia adalah wajib ke atas setiap mukallaf mengetahui satu per satu dua puluh sifat-sifat Allah. Penjelasan tentang sifat-sifat ini adalah seperti berikut:

01- Wujud ﻭﺟﻮﺩ
- Ada
- There is Allah ( refer to the existence )
- It is obligatory to believe that Allah exists and that there is no doubt in Allah Existence. Allah exists without a place. Time does not lapse on Allah.

02- Qidam ﻗﺪﻡ
- Sedia ada
- Already there ( refer to the existence )
- Allah is Eternal; there is no beginning to Allah Existence. Allah has existed since before the creation.

03- Baqa ﺑﻘﺎﺀ
- Kekal / Abadi - Wujud selama-lamanya, tiada pengakhiran bagi kewujudan Allah
- Eternal Allah Ta'ala. Exist forever, there is no ending to the existence of Allah Ta'ala
- Allah is Everlasting; Allah existence does not come to an end. Allah does not perish.

04- Mukhalafatuhu lilhawadith ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺘﻪ ﻟﻠﺤﻮﺍﺩﺙ
- Menyalahi atau berlainan bagi Allah dengan suatu yang baru ( Allah tidak sama dengan makhluk)

- Allah does not resemble any creatures ( Difference with the new * ) 
  * Other than Allah called " new " (creatures) and Allah is not the same as new. 
- Non-resemblance to the creations

05- Qiamuhu binafsih ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻪ تعال ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻪ
- Berdiri-Nya dengan sendiri
- His stand on its own
- Non-neediness of others. Allah does not need any of His creations and they are all in need of Him


06- Wahdaniah ﻭﺣﺪﺍﻧﻴﺔ
- Esa
- Oneness
- Allah is One without any partners. Allah is One in His Self, His Attributes, and His Actions
07- Qudrat ﻗﺪﺭﺓ
- Berkuasa
- Omnipotence
- Allah has Power over everything

08- Iradat ﺇﺭﺍﺩﺓ
- Berkehendak menentukan
- Desire to determine
- Everything that occurs in this world is by the Will of Allah

09- Ilmu ﻋﻠﻢ
- Mengetahui
- Knowing
- Allah knows about all things before they occur. Allah knows what happened, what is currently happening  and what is going to happen in the future
10- Hayat ﺣﻴﺎﺓ
- Hidup
- Alive
- Allah is alive without a soul, skin, or heart. His Life is not similar to ours. He is alive and does not die.
11- Sama' ﺳﻤﻊ
- Mendengar
- Hearing
- Allah hears all what is hearable, without an ear or any other organ
12- Basar ﺑﺼﺮ
- Melihat
- Seeing
- Allah sees everything he want to see, without a pupil or any other organ
13- Kalam ﻛﻼﻢ
- Berkata-kata
- Speaking / Talking
- Allah's Speech is without a tongue or lip. His Speech is not in a language, Arabic or anything else. His Speech does not resemble the speech of the humans
14- Kaunuhu qaadiran ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﺩﺭﺍ
    - Keadaan-Nya yang berkuasa / His state of the power

15- Kaunuhu muriidan ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺮﻳﺪﺍ
    - Keadaan-Nya yang berkehendak menentukan / His state of desiring to determine

16- Kaunuhu 'aliman ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﻋﺎﻟﻤﺎ
    - Keadaan-Nya yang mengetahui / His state of knowing

17- Kaunuhu hayyan ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﺣﻴﺎ
    - Keadaan-Nya yang hidup / His state of alive

18- Kaunuhu sami'an ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﺳﻤﻴﻌﺎ
    - Keadaan-Nya yang mendengar / His state of hearing

19- Kaunuhu basiiran ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﺼﻴﺭﺍ
    - Keadaan-Nya yang melihat / His state of seeing

20- Kaunuhu mutakalliman ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺘﻜﻠﻤﺎ
    - Keadaan-Nya yang berkata-kata/ His state of Speaking

note: some of the narration were taken or edited from


For details let's read from Risalah Tauhid.

To start just click here.
As info, Risalah Tauhid was written in English

note:
I am still trying to search for the real translation of the above sifat 20 in English 
Reader have to and must refer to teacher or Ustaz for the real learning
This posting only for the purpose of highlighting of the Sifat 20 of Allah
As we all understood, Allah have many more beautiful sifat or features or attributes. The Sifat 20 only basic features of Allah that we must to know.








Sifat 20


Sifat WajibTulisan ArabMaksudSifatSifat MustahilTulisan ArabMaksud
Wujud




ﻭﺟﻮﺩ
AdaNafsiahAdam




ﻋﺪﻡ
Tiada
Qidam




ﻗﺪﻡ
Sedia AdaSalbiahHaduth




ﺣﺪﻭﺙ
Baharu
Baqa




ﺑﻘﺎﺀ
KekalSalbiahFana




ﻓﻨﺎﺀ
Akan binasa
Mukhalafatuhu lilhawadith




ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺘﻪ ﻟﻠﺤﻮﺍﺩﺙ
Menyalahi atau berlainan bagi-Nya dengan suatu yang baruSalbiahMumathalatuhu lilhawadith




ﻣﻤﺎﺛﻠﺘﻪ ﻟﻠﺤﻮﺍﺩﺙ
Menyamai atau bersamaan bagi-Nya dengan suatu yang baru
Qiamuhu binafsih




ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻪ
Berdiri-Nya dengan sendiriSalbiahQiamuhu bighairih




ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﻐﻴﺮﻩ
Berdiri-Nya dengan yang lain
Wahdaniat




ﻭﺣﺪﺍﻧﻴﺔ
TunggalSalbiahTa'addud




ﺗﻌﺪﺩ
Berbilang-bilang
Qudrat




ﻗﺪﺭﺓ
BerkuasaMa'aniAjzun




ﻋﺟﺰ
Lemah
Iradat




ﺇﺭﺍﺩﺓ
Berkehendak menentukanMa'aniKarahah




ﻛﺮﺍﻫﻪ
Benci iaitu tidak menentukan
Ilmu




ﻋﻠﻢ
MengetahuiMa'aniJahlun




ﺟﻬﻞ
Bodoh
Hayat




ﺣﻴﺎﺓ
HidupMa'aniAl-Maut




ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺕ
Mati
Sama'




ﺳﻤﻊ
MendengarMa'aniAs-Summu




ﺍﻟﺻﻢ
Pekak
Basar




ﺑﺼﺮ
MelihatMa'aniAl-Umyu




ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻲ
Buta
Kalam




ﻛﻼ ﻡ
Berkata-kataMa'aniAl-Bukmu




ﺍﻟﺑﻜﻢ
Bisu
Kaunuhu qaadiran




ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﺩﺭﺍ
Keadaan-Nya yang berkuasaMa'nawiyahKaunuhu ajizan




ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﻋﺎﺟﺰﺍ
Keadaan-Nya yang lemah
Kaunuhu muriidan




ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺮﻳﺪﺍ
Keadaan-Nya yang berkehendak menentukanMa'nawiyahKaunuhu kaarihan




ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ
Keadaan-Nya yang benci iaitu tidak menentukan
Kaunuhu 'aliman




ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﻋﺎﻟﻤﺎ
Keadaan-Nya yang mengetahuiMa'nawiyahKaunuhu jahilan




ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﺟﺎﻫﻼ
Keadaan-Nya yang bodoh
Kaunuhu hayyan




ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﺣﻴﺎ
Keadaan-Nya yang hidupMa'nawiyahKaunuhu mayitan




ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻴﺘﺎ
Keadaan-Nya yang mati
Kaunuhu sami'an




ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﺳﻤﻴﻌﺎ
Keadaan-Nya yang mendengarMa'nawiyahKaunuhu asamma




ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﺃﺻﻢ
Keadaan-Nya yang pekak
Kaunuhu basiiran




ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﺼﻴﺭﺍ
Keadaan-Nya yang melihatMa'nawiyahKaunuhu a'maa




ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﺃﻋﻤﻰ
Keadaan-Nya yang buta
Kaunuhu mutakalliman




ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺘﻜﻠﻤﺎ
Keadaan-Nya yang berkata-kataMa'nawiyahKaunuhu abkam




ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﺃﺑﻜﻢ
Keadaan-Nya yang kelu


Al-Azim.Com

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Buah Sifat 20 Dalam Hidup 
oleh Dr. Musthafa Umar, Lc. MA 
presented in Melayu language


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if translation is needed, copy & paste the phrase
by clicking the link
malay translate

My main  update on Sifat 20

Introduction to Islamic Creed - Pengenalan kepada Pegangan Islam 

Table of Contents
I. ‘Abdul-Wahid ibn ‘Ashir 12
II. The Unsophisticated (Ummi) 14
III. Islam’s Three Pivotal Topics 16
IV. The Judgment Passed by the Intellect 21
V. Necessary, Possible, and Impossible 23
VI. The First Duty Upon the Legally Responsible 28
VII. Introduction to Divinity and Prophecy 30
VIII. Allah’s Necessary Attributes 31
IX. Allah’s Impossible Attributes 35
X. Allah’s Possible Attributes 37
XI. Rational Proofs of Allah’s Attributes 40
XII. Seeing, Hearing, and Speech 53
XIII. Attributes Necessary for the Messengers 56
XIV. Attributes Impossible for the Messengers 59
XV. Attributes Possible for the Messengers 61
XVI. The Hallmark of True Faith 66
XVII. Islam, Iman, and Ihsan 68
XVIII. Intro to Legal Theory and Five Judgments 72
XIX. Text of Murshid Al-Mu’een 83
XX. About the Author 88
XXI. Index 90 

 

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