Jun 11, 2011

Surah An Nur سورة النور with Tafsir by Sheikh Ninowy

القرآن الكريم  Al Quranul Karim


Surah An Nur
The Light 

 سورة النور


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
سُورَةٌ أَنزَلْنَاهَا وَفَرَضْنَاهَا وَأَنزَلْنَا فِيهَا آيَاتٍ بَيِّنَاتٍ لَّعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ
Muhsin Khan
(This is) a Surah (chapter of the Quran) which We have sent down and which We have enjoined, (ordained its legal laws) and in it We have revealed manifest Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations lawful and unlawful things, and set boundries of Islamic Religion), that you may remember.
Yusuf Ali
A sura which We have sent down and which We have ordained in it have We sent down Clear Signs, in order that ye may receive admonition.
German
Dies ist eine Sure, die Wir herabsandten, rechtskräftig machten und in der Wir eindeutige Zeichen offenbarten, auf daß ihr euch besinnt.
Malay
Ini ialah satu "surah" yang Kami turunkan, dan Kami wajibkan hukum-hukumnya, serta Kami turunkan padanya ayat-ayat keterangan yang nyata supaya kamu beringat (mengamalkannya).
Russian
Вот сура, которую Мы ниспослали и сделали законом. Мы ниспослали в ней ясные знамения, чтобы вы могли помянуть назидание.

الزَّانِيَةُ وَالزَّانِي فَاجْلِدُوا كُلَّ وَاحِدٍ مِّنْهُمَا مِائَةَ جَلْدَةٍ ۖ وَلَا تَأْخُذْكُم بِهِمَا رَأْفَةٌ فِي دِينِ اللَّهِ إِن كُنتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ ۖ وَلْيَشْهَدْ عَذَابَهُمَا طَائِفَةٌ مِّنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
Muhsin Khan
The woman and the man guilty of illegal sexual intercourse, flog each of them with a hundred stripes. Let not pity withhold you in their case, in a punishment prescribed by Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a party of the believers witness their punishment. (This punishment is for unmarried persons guilty of the above crime but if married persons commit it, the punishment is to stone them to death, according to Allah's Law).
Yusuf Ali
The woman and the man guilty of adultery or fornication,- flog each of them with a hundred stripes: Let not compassion move you in their case, in a matter prescribed by Allah, if ye believe in Allah and the Last Day: and let a party of the Believers witness their punishment.
German
Wenn eine Frau und ein Mann Unzucht begehen, versetzt jedem hundert Peitschenhiebe! Ihr sollt kein Mitleid mit ihnen haben, geht es doch um die Religion Gottes, wenn ihr an Gott und den Jüngsten Tag glaubt. Eine Gruppe von Gläubigen soll beim Strafvollzug zugegen sein.
Malay
Perempuan yang berzina dan lelaki yang berzina, hendaklah kamu sebat tiap-tiap seorang dari keduanya seratus kali sebat; dan janganlah kamu dipengaruhi oleh perasaan belas kasihan terhadap keduanya dalam menjalankan hukum ugama Allah, jika benar kamu beriman kepada Allah dan hari akhirat; dan hendaklah disaksikan hukuman seksa yang dikenakan kepada mereka itu oleh sekumpulan dari orang-orang yang beriman.
Russian
Прелюбодейку и прелюбодея - каждого из них высеките сто раз. Пусть не овладевает вами жалость к ним ради религии Аллаха, если вы веруете в Аллаха и в Последний день. А свидетелями их наказания пусть будет группа верующих.

الزَّانِي لَا يَنكِحُ إِلَّا زَانِيَةً أَوْ مُشْرِكَةً وَالزَّانِيَةُ لَا يَنكِحُهَا إِلَّا زَانٍ أَوْ مُشْرِكٌ ۚ وَحُرِّمَ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
Muhsin Khan
The adulterer marries not but an adulteress or a Mushrikah and the adulteress none marries her except an adulterer or a Muskrik [and that means that the man who agrees to marry (have a sexual relation with) a Mushrikah (female polytheist, pagan or idolatress) or a prostitute, then surely he is either an adulterer, or a Mushrik (polytheist, pagan or idolater, etc.) And the woman who agrees to marry (have a sexual relation with) a Mushrik (polytheist, pagan or idolater) or an adulterer, then she is either a prostitute or a Mushrikah (female polytheist, pagan, or idolatress, etc.)]. Such a thing is forbidden to the believers (of Islamic Monotheism).
Yusuf Ali
Let no man guilty of adultery or fornication marry and but a woman similarly guilty, or an Unbeliever: nor let any but such a man or an Unbeliever marry such a woman: to the Believers such a thing is forbidden.
German
Ein Mann, der die Unzucht gutheißt, wird nur eine heiraten wollen, die Unzucht gutheißt oder Gott Gefährten beigesellt. Eine Frau, die die Unzucht gutheißt, wird nur einen heiraten wollen, der die Unzucht gutheißt oder Gott Gefährten beigesellt. Unzucht ist den Gläubigen verboten.
Malay
Lelaki yang berzina (lazimnya) tidak ingin berkahwin melainkan dengan perempuan yang berzina atau perempuan musyrik; dan perempuan yang berzina itu pula (lazimnya) tidak ingin berkahwin dengannya melainkan oleh lelaki yang berzina atau lelaki musyrik. Dan perkahwinan yang demikian itu terlarang kepada orang-orang yang beriman.
Russian
Прелюбодей женится только на прелюбодейке или многобожнице, а на прелюбодейке женится только прелюбодей или многобожник. Верующим же это запрещено.

وَالَّذِينَ يَرْمُونَ الْمُحْصَنَاتِ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَأْتُوا بِأَرْبَعَةِ شُهَدَاءَ فَاجْلِدُوهُمْ ثَمَانِينَ جَلْدَةً وَلَا تَقْبَلُوا لَهُمْ شَهَادَةً أَبَدًا ۚ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ
Muhsin Khan
And those who accuse chaste women, and produce not four witnesses, flog them with eighty stripes, and reject their testimony forever, they indeed are the Fasiqun (liars, rebellious, disobedient to Allah).
Yusuf Ali
And those who launch a charge against chaste women, and produce not four witnesses (to support their allegations),- flog them with eighty stripes; and reject their evidence ever after: for such men are wicked transgressors;-
German
Denjenigen, die ehrbaren Frauen Untreue vorwerfen, dann aber nicht vier Zeugen beibringen können, sollt ihr achtzig Peitschenhiebe versetzen, und ihr sollt später nicht ihre Zeugenaussagen annehmen, denn sie sind wirklich Frevler.
Malay
Dan orang-orang yang melemparkan tuduhan (zina) kepada perempuan yang terpelihara kehormatannya, kemudian mereka tidak membawakan empat orang saksi, maka sebatlah mereka delapan puluh kali sebat; dan janganlah kamu menerima persaksian mereka itu selama-lamanya; kerana mereka adalah orang-orang yang fasik; -
Russian
Тех, которые обвинят целомудренных женщин и не приведут четырех свидетелей, высеките восемьдесят раз и никогда не принимайте их свидетельства, ибо они являются нечестивцами,

إِلَّا الَّذِينَ تَابُوا مِن بَعْدِ ذَٰلِكَ وَأَصْلَحُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
Except those who repent thereafter and do righteous deeds, (for such) verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Yusuf Ali
Unless they repent thereafter and mend (their conduct); for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
German
Ausgenommen die, die danach Reue empfinden, sich bessern und rechtschaffen werden. Gott ist voller Vergebung und Barmherzigkeit.
Malay
Kecuali orang-orang yang bertaubat sesudah itu (dari kesalahannya yang tersebut) serta memperbaiki amalannya, maka sesungguhnya Allah Maha Pengampun, lagi Maha Mengasihani.
Russian
кроме тех из них, которые после этого раскаялись и стали поступать праведно. Воистину, Аллах - Прощающий, Милосердный.

وَالَّذِينَ يَرْمُونَ أَزْوَاجَهُمْ وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُمْ شُهَدَاءُ إِلَّا أَنفُسُهُمْ فَشَهَادَةُ أَحَدِهِمْ أَرْبَعُ شَهَادَاتٍ بِاللَّهِ ۙ إِنَّهُ لَمِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ
Muhsin Khan
And for those who accuse their wives, but have no witnesses except themselves, let the testimony of one of them be four testimonies (i.e. testifies four times) by Allah that he is one of those who speak the truth.
Yusuf Ali
And for those who launch a charge against their spouses, and have (in support) no evidence but their own,- their solitary evidence (can be received) if they bear witness four times (with an oath) by Allah that they are solemnly telling the truth;
German
Wenn Ehemänner ihre Frauen der Untreue zeihen und außer sich selbst keine Zeugen haben, so muß ein solcher Ehemann viermal bei Gott schwören und Gott zum Zeugen nehmen, daß er die Wahrheit sagt.
Malay
Dan orang-orang yang menuduh isterinya berzina, sedang mereka tidak ada saksi-saksi (yang mengesahkan tuduhannya itu) hanya dirinya sendiri, maka persaksian (sah pada syarak) bagi seseorang yang menuduh itu hendaklah ia bersumpah dengan nama Allah, empat kali, bahawa sesungguhnya ia dari orang-orang yang benar; -
Russian
А свидетельством каждого из тех, которые обвиняют своих жен в прелюбодеянии, не имея свидетелей, кроме самих себя, должны быть четыре свидетельства Аллахом о том, что он говорит правду,

وَالْخَامِسَةُ أَنَّ لَعْنَتَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ إِن كَانَ مِنَ الْكَاذِبِينَ
Muhsin Khan
And the fifth (testimony) (should be) the invoking of the Curse of Allah on him if he be of those who tell a lie (against her).
Yusuf Ali
And the fifth (oath) (should be) that they solemnly invoke the curse of Allah on themselves if they tell a lie.
German
Er soll ein fünftes Mal bei Gott schwören und Gott zum Zeugen nehmen, daß Gottes Fluch über ihn kommen möge, wenn er lügt.
Malay
Dan sumpah yang kelima (hendaklah ia berkata): Bahawa laknat Allah akan menimpa dirinya jika ia dari orang-orang yang dusta.
Russian
и пятое о том, что проклятие Аллаха ляжет на него, если он лжет.

وَيَدْرَأُ عَنْهَا الْعَذَابَ أَن تَشْهَدَ أَرْبَعَ شَهَادَاتٍ بِاللَّهِ ۙ إِنَّهُ لَمِنَ الْكَاذِبِينَ
Muhsin Khan
But it shall avert the punishment (of stoning to death) from her, if she bears witness four times by Allah, that he (her husband) is telling a lie.
Yusuf Ali
But it would avert the punishment from the wife, if she bears witness four times (with an oath) By Allah, that (her husband) is telling a lie;
German
Von der Frau hält es die Strafe ab, wenn sie viermal Gott zum Zeugen nimmt und bei Gott schwört, daß der Mann lügt.
Malay
Dan bagi menghindarkan hukuman seksa dari isteri (yang kena tuduh) itu hendaklah ia bersumpah dengan nama Allah, empat kali, bahawa suaminya (yang menuduh) itu sesungguhnya adalah dari orang-orang yang berdusta; -
Russian
Наказание будет отвращено от нее, если она принесет четыре свидетельства Аллахом о том, что он лжет,

وَالْخَامِسَةَ أَنَّ غَضَبَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهَا إِن كَانَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ
Muhsin Khan
And the fifth (testimony) should be that the Wrath of Allah be upon her if he (her husband) speaks the truth.
Yusuf Ali
And the fifth (oath) should be that she solemnly invokes the wrath of Allah on herself if (her accuser) is telling the truth.
German
Sie soll Gott ein fünftes Mal zum Zeugen nehmen, Gottes Zorn möge über sie kommen, wenn er die Wahrheit sagt.
Malay
Dan sumpah yang kelima (hendaklah ia berkata); Bahawa kemurkaan Allah akan menimpa dirinya jika suaminya dari orang-orang yang benar.
Russian
и пятое о том, что гнев Аллаха падет на нее, если он говорит правду.

وَلَوْلَا فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَتُهُ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ تَوَّابٌ حَكِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
And had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy on you (He would have hastened the punishment upon you)! And that Allah is the One Who accepts repentance, the All-Wise.
Yusuf Ali
If it were not for Allah's grace and mercy on you, and that Allah is Oft-Returning, full of Wisdom,- (Ye would be ruined indeed).
German
Hätte Gott euch Seine Huld und Seine Barmherzigkeit nicht erwiesen, wäre Gott nicht unermeßlich gnädig und weise, hättet ihr es schwer.
Malay
Dan kalaulah tidak kerana adanya limpah kurnia Allah dan rahmatNya kepada kamu, dan juga (kalaulah tidak kerana) bahawa Allah Maha Penerima taubat, lagi Maha Bijaksana, (tentulah kamu akan) akan mengalami kesusahan yang sukar diatasi).
Russian
Если бы не милосердие и милость Аллаха к вам и если бы Аллах не был Принимающим покаяния и Мудрым, то лжецов постигло бы скорое наказание.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ جَاءُوا بِالْإِفْكِ عُصْبَةٌ مِّنكُمْ ۚ لَا تَحْسَبُوهُ شَرًّا لَّكُم ۖ بَلْ هُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ ۚ لِكُلِّ امْرِئٍ مِّنْهُم مَّا اكْتَسَبَ مِنَ الْإِثْمِ ۚ وَالَّذِي تَوَلَّىٰ كِبْرَهُ مِنْهُمْ لَهُ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
Verily! Those who brought forth the slander (against 'Aishah, the wife of the Prophet SAW) are a group among you. Consider it not a bad thing for you. Nay, it is good for you. Unto every man among them will be paid that which he had earned of the sin, and as for him among them who had the greater share therein, his will be a great torment.
Yusuf Ali
Those who brought forward the lie are a body among yourselves: think it not to be an evil to you; On the contrary it is good for you: to every man among them (will come the punishment) of the sin that he earned, and to him who took on himself the lead among them, will be a penalty grievous.
German
Diejenigen, die die Lüge (über 'A'ischa) erdichtet haben, sind eine Gruppe von euch. Haltet das nicht für etwas Übles, es ist für euch etwas Gutes. Jeder von ihnen wird dafür zur Rechenschaft gezogen werden und hat die Sünden zu verantworten, die er begangen hat. Wer die Führung der Gruppe übernommen hat, dem gebührt eine gewaltige Strafe.
Malay
Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang membawa berita yang amat dusta itu ialah segolongan dari kalangan kamu; janganlah kamu menyangka (berita yang dusta) itu buruk bagi kamu, bahkan ia baik bagi kamu. Tiap-tiap seorang di antara mereka akan beroleh hukuman sepadan dengan kesalahan yang dilakukannya itu, dan orang yang mengambil bahagian besar dalam menyiarkannya di antara mereka, akan beroleh seksa yang besar (di dunia dan di akhirat).
Russian
Те, которые возвели навет на мать правоверных Аишу, являются группой из вас самих. Не считайте это злом для вас. Напротив, это является добром для вас. Каждому мужу из них достанется заработанный им грех. А тому из них, кто взял на себя большую часть этого, уготованы великие мучения.

لَّوْلَا إِذْ سَمِعْتُمُوهُ ظَنَّ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتُ بِأَنفُسِهِمْ خَيْرًا وَقَالُوا هَٰذَا إِفْكٌ مُّبِينٌ
Muhsin Khan
Why then, did not the believers, men and women, when you heard it (the slander) think good of their own people and say: "This (charge) is an obvious lie?"
Yusuf Ali
Why did not the believers - men and women - when ye heard of the affair,- put the best construction on it in their own minds and say, "This (charge) is an obvious lie"?
German
Als ihr das hörtet, hätten die gläubigen Männer und Frauen bei sich eine gute Meinung haben und sagen müssen: "Das ist eindeutig eine Lüge."
Malay
Sepatutnya semasa kamu mendengar tuduhan itu, orang-orang yang beriman - lelaki dan perempuan, menaruh baik sangka kepada diri (orang-orang) mereka sendiri. dan berkata: "Ini ialah tuduhan dusta yang nyata".
Russian
Почему же, когда вы услышали это, верующие мужчины и женщины не подумали о самих себе хорошее и не сказали: "Это - очевидная клевета"?

لَّوْلَا جَاءُوا عَلَيْهِ بِأَرْبَعَةِ شُهَدَاءَ ۚ فَإِذْ لَمْ يَأْتُوا بِالشُّهَدَاءِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ عِندَ اللَّهِ هُمُ الْكَاذِبُونَ
Muhsin Khan
Why did they not produce four witnesses? Since they (the slanderers) have not produced witnesses! Then with Allah they are the liars.
Yusuf Ali
Why did they not bring four witnesses to prove it? When they have not brought the witnesses, such men, in the sight of Allah, (stand forth) themselves as liars!
German
Sie sollten vier Zeugen beibringen. Wenn sie das nicht tun, sind sie die Lügner.
Malay
Sepatutnya mereka (yang menuduh) membawa empat orang saksi membuktikan tuduhan itu. Oleh kerana mereka tidak mendatangkan empat orang saksi, maka mereka itu pada sisi hukum Allah, adalah orang-orang yang dusta.
Russian
Почему они не привели для подтверждения этого четырех свидетелей? Если они не привели свидетелей, то перед Аллахом они являются лжецами.

وَلَوْلَا فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَتُهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ لَمَسَّكُمْ فِي مَا أَفَضْتُمْ فِيهِ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
Had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy unto you in this world and in the Hereafter, a great torment would have touched you for that whereof you had spoken.
Yusuf Ali
Were it not for the grace and mercy of Allah on you, in this world and the Hereafter, a grievous penalty would have seized you in that ye rushed glibly into this affair.
German
Erwiese Gott euch nicht Seine Huld und Seine Barmherzigkeit im Diesseits und im Jenseits, hätte euch wegen des in die Länge gezogenen Geredes eine gewaltige Strafe ereilt.
Malay
Dan kalaulah tidak kerana adanya limpah kurnia Allah dan rahmatNya kepada kamu di dunia dan di akhirat, tentulah kamu dikenakan azab seksa yang besar disebabkan kamu turut campur dalam berita palsu itu; -
Russian
Если бы не милосердие и милость Аллаха к вам в этом мире и в Последней жизни, то за ваши пространные речи вас коснулись бы великие мучения.

إِذْ تَلَقَّوْنَهُ بِأَلْسِنَتِكُمْ وَتَقُولُونَ بِأَفْوَاهِكُم مَّا لَيْسَ لَكُم بِهِ عِلْمٌ وَتَحْسَبُونَهُ هَيِّنًا وَهُوَ عِندَ اللَّهِ عَظِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
When you were propagating it with your tongues, and uttering with your mouths that whereof you had no knowledge, you counted it a little thing, while with Allah it was very great.
Yusuf Ali
Behold, ye received it on your tongues, and said out of your mouths things of which ye had no knowledge; and ye thought it to be a light matter, while it was most serious in the sight of Allah.
German
Das Gerede habt ihr einfach mit der Zunge aufgegriffen und mit dem Mund etwas gesagt, worüber ihr kein Wissen habt. Ihr hieltet es für etwas Leichtzunehmendes, während es bei Gott etwas Schwerwiegendes war.
Malay
Iaitu semasa kamu bertanya atau menceritakan berita dusta itu dengan lidah kamu, dan memperkatakan dengan mulut kamu akan sesuatu yang kamu tidak mempunyai pengetahuan yang sah mengenainya; dan kamu pula menyangkanya perkara kecil, pada hal ia pada sisi hukum Allah adalah perkara yang besar dosanya.
Russian
Вы распространяете ложь своими языками и говорите своими устами то, о чем у вас нет никакого знания, и полагаете, что этот поступок незначителен, хотя перед Аллахом это - великий грех.

وَلَوْلَا إِذْ سَمِعْتُمُوهُ قُلْتُم مَّا يَكُونُ لَنَا أَن نَّتَكَلَّمَ بِهَٰذَا سُبْحَانَكَ هَٰذَا بُهْتَانٌ عَظِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
And why did you not, when you heard it, say? "It is not right for us to speak of this. Glory be to You (O Allah) this is a great lie."
Yusuf Ali
And why did ye not, when ye heard it, say? - "It is not right of us to speak of this: Glory to Allah! this is a most serious slander!"
German
Als ihr das hörtet, hättet ihr sagen sollen: "Wir dürfen so etwas nicht sagen. Erhaben bist du, Unser Herr! Das ist eine schwerwiegende Verleumdung."
Malay
Dan sepatutnya semasa kamu mendengarnya, kamu segera berkata: "Tidaklah layak bagi kami memperkatakan hal ini! Maha Suci Engkau (ya Allah dari mencemarkan nama baik ahli rumah Rasulullah)! Ini adalah satu dusta besar yang mengejutkan".
Russian
Почему, когда вы услышали это, вы не сказали: "Нам не подобает говорить такое. Пречист Ты! А это - великая клевета"?

يَعِظُكُمُ اللَّهُ أَن تَعُودُوا لِمِثْلِهِ أَبَدًا إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ
Muhsin Khan
Allah forbids you from it and warns you not to repeat the like of it forever, if you are believers.
Yusuf Ali
Allah doth admonish you, that ye may never repeat such (conduct), if ye are (true) Believers.
German
Gott ermahnt euch, nie wieder Ähnliches zu begehen, wenn ihr wahrhaftig Gläubige seid.
Malay
Allah memberi pengajaran kepada kamu, supaya kamu tidak mengulangi perbuatan yang sedemikian ini selama-lamanya, jika betul kamu orang-orang yang beriman.
Russian
Аллах наставляет вас никогда не повторять подобного, если вы являетесь верующими.

وَيُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمُ الْآيَاتِ ۚ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
And Allah makes the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) plain to you, and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
Yusuf Ali
And Allah makes the Signs plain to you: for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.
German
Gott stellt euch die Koran-Verse klar dar, sind Sein Wissen und Seine Weisheit doch unermeßlich.
Malay
Dan Allah menjelaskan kepada kamu ayat-ayat keterangan (hukum-hukumNya); kerana Allah Maha Mengetahui, lagi Maha Bijaksana.
Russian
Аллах разъясняет вам знамения. Аллах - Знающий, Мудрый.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُحِبُّونَ أَن تَشِيعَ الْفَاحِشَةُ فِي الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ ۚ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ وَأَنتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ
Muhsin Khan
Verily, those who like that (the crime of) illegal sexual intercourse should be propagated among those who believe, they will have a painful torment in this world and in the Hereafter. And Allah knows and you know not.
Yusuf Ali
Those who love (to see) scandal published broadcast among the Believers, will have a grievous Penalty in this life and in the Hereafter: Allah knows, and ye know not.
German
Diejenigen, die gern möchten, daß das abscheuliche Laster unter den Gläubigen verbreitet wird, ziehen sich eine qualvolle Strafe im Diesseits und im Jenseits zu. Gott weiß alles, und ihr wißt nicht, was Er weiß.
Malay
Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang suka terhebah tuduhan-tuduhan yang buruk dalam kalangan orang-orang yang beriman, mereka akan beroleh azab seksa yang tidak terperi sakitnya di dunia dan di akhirat; dan (ingatlah) Allah mengetahui (segala perkara) sedang kamu tidak mengetahui (yang demikian).
Russian
Воистину, тем, которые любят, чтобы о верующих распространялась мерзость, уготованы мучительные страдания в этом мире и в Последней жизни. Аллах знает, а вы не знаете.

وَلَوْلَا فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَتُهُ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ رَءُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
And had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy on you, (Allah would have hastened the punishment upon you). And that Allah is full of kindness, Most Merciful.
Yusuf Ali
Were it not for the grace and mercy of Allah on you, and that Allah is full of kindness and mercy, (ye would be ruined indeed).
German
Hätte Gott euch nicht Seine Huld und Seine Barmherzigkeit erwiesen, und wäre Er nicht voller Mitleid und Güte, hätte euch eine schwere Strafe ereilt.
Malay
Dan kalaulah tidak kerana adanya limpah kurnia Allah dan rahmatNya kepada kamu, dan juga (kalaulah tidak kerana) bahawa Allah Amat melimpah belas kasihanNya, (tentulah kamu akan ditimpa azab dengan serta-merta).
Russian
Если бы не милосердие и милость Аллаха к вам и если бы Аллах не был Сострадательным и Милосердным, то грешников постигло бы скорое наказание.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ ۚ وَمَن يَتَّبِعْ خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَإِنَّهُ يَأْمُرُ بِالْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنكَرِ ۚ وَلَوْلَا فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَتُهُ مَا زَكَىٰ مِنكُم مِّنْ أَحَدٍ أَبَدًا وَلَٰكِنَّ اللَّهَ يُزَكِّي مَن يَشَاءُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
O you who believe! Follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). And whosoever follows the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan), then, verily he commands Al-Fahsha' [i.e. to commit indecency (illegal sexual intercourse, etc.)], and Al-Munkar [disbelief and polytheism (i.e. to do evil and wicked deeds; to speak or to do what is forbidden in Islam, etc.)]. And had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy on you, not one of you would ever have been pure from sins. But Allah purifies (guides to Islam) whom He wills, and Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
Yusuf Ali
O ye who believe! follow not Satan's footsteps: if any will follow the footsteps of Satan, he will (but) command what is shameful and wrong: and were it not for the grace and mercy of Allah on you, not one of you would ever have been pure: but Allah doth purify whom He pleases: and Allah is One Who hears and knows (all things).
German
O ihr Gläubigen! Folgt nicht den Schritten Satans! Wer ihnen folgt, muß sich dessen bewußt sein, daß er das Abscheuliche und das Unwürdige befiehlt. Hätte euch Gott nicht Seine Huld und Seine Barmherzigkeit erwiesen, hätte Er nie einen von euch geläutert. Doch Gott läutert, wen Er will. Gott hört und weiß alles.
Malay
Wahai orang-orang yang beriman, janganlah kamu menurut jejak langkah Syaitan; dan sesiapa yang menurut jejak langkah Syaitan, maka sesungguhnya Syaitan itu sentiasa menyuruh (pengikut-pengikutnya) melakukan perkara yang keji dan perbuatan yang mungkar. Dan kalaulah tidak kerana limpah kurnia Allah dan rahmatNya kepada kamu, nescaya tidak ada seorang pun di antara kamu menjadi bersih dari dosanya selama-lamanya; akan tetapi Allah membersihkan sesiapa yang dikehendakiNya (menurut undang-undang peraturanNya); dan (ingatlah Allah Maha Mendengar) lagi Maha Mengetahui
Russian
О те, которые уверовали! Не следуйте по стопам сатаны. А если кто следует по стопам сатаны, то ведь он призывает к мерзости и предосудительному. И если бы не милосердие и милость Аллаха к вам, то никто из вас никогда не очистился бы. Однако Аллах очищает того, кого пожелает. Аллах - Слышащий, Знающий.

وَلَا يَأْتَلِ أُولُو الْفَضْلِ مِنكُمْ وَالسَّعَةِ أَن يُؤْتُوا أُولِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينَ وَالْمُهَاجِرِينَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ۖ وَلْيَعْفُوا وَلْيَصْفَحُوا ۗ أَلَا تُحِبُّونَ أَن يَغْفِرَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
And let not those among you who are blessed with graces and wealth swear not to give (any sort of help) to their kinsmen, Al-Masakin (the poor), and those who left their homes for Allah's Cause. Let them pardon and forgive. Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Yusuf Ali
Let not those among you who are endued with grace and amplitude of means resolve by oath against helping their kinsmen, those in want, and those who have left their homes in Allah's cause: let them forgive and overlook, do you not wish that Allah should forgive you? For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
German
Die Vermögenden und Begüterten unter euch sollen nicht schwören, den Verwandten, Bedürftigen und den auf dem Wege Gottes Ausgewanderten keine Spenden mehr zu gewähren. Sie sollen ihnen verzeihen. Wollt ihr nicht auch, daß Gott euch vergibt? Gott ist voller Vergebung und Erbarmen.
Malay
Dan janganlah orang-orang yang berharta serta lapang hidupnya dari kalangan kamu, bersumpah tidak mahu lagi memberi bantuan kepada kaum kerabat dan orang-orang miskin serta orang-orang yang berhijrah pada jalan Allah; dan (sebaliknya) hendaklah mereka memaafkan serta melupakan kesalahan orang-orang itu; tidakkah kamu suka supaya Allah mengampunkan dosa kamu? Dan (ingatlah) Allah Maha Pengampun lagi Maha Mengasihani.
Russian
Пусть обладающие достоинствами и достатком среди вас не клянутся, что не будут помогать родственникам, беднякам и переселенцам на пути Аллаха. Пусть они простят и будут снисходительны. Разве вы не желаете, чтобы Аллах простил вас? Аллах - Прощающий, Милосердный.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَرْمُونَ الْمُحْصَنَاتِ الْغَافِلَاتِ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ لُعِنُوا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
Verily, those who accuse chaste women, who never even think of anything touching their chastity and are good believers, are cursed in this life and in the Hereafter, and for them will be a great torment,
Yusuf Ali
Those who slander chaste women, indiscreet but believing, are cursed in this life and in the Hereafter: for them is a grievous Penalty,-
German
Diejenigen, die die gläubigen, ehrbaren, ahnungslosen Frauen der Untreue zeihen, werden im Diesseits und im Jenseits verflucht, und sie ziehen sich eine gewaltige Strafe zu
Malay
Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang menuduh perempuan-perempuan yang terpelihara kehormatannya, yang tidak terlintas memikirkan sebarang kejahatan, lagi yang beriman, akan dilaknat (oleh Allah) di dunia dan di akhirat dan, mereka pula akan beroleh azab seksa yang besar;
Russian
Воистину, те, которые обвиняют целомудренных верующих женщин, даже не помышляющих о грехе, будут прокляты в этом мире и в Последней жизни! Им уготованы великие мучения

يَوْمَ تَشْهَدُ عَلَيْهِمْ أَلْسِنَتُهُمْ وَأَيْدِيهِمْ وَأَرْجُلُهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ
Muhsin Khan
On the Day when their tongues, their hands, and their legs or feet will bear witness against them as to what they used to do.
Yusuf Ali
On the Day when their tongues, their hands, and their feet will bear witness against them as to their actions.
German
an jenem Tag, an dem ihre Zungen, Hände und Füße gegen sie über die Taten, die sie begangen haben, Zeugnis ablegen werden.
Malay
Pada hari lidah mereka dan tangan mereka serta kaki mereka menjadi saksi terhadap diri mereka sendiri, tentang segala yang mereka lakukan.
Russian
в тот день, когда их языки, руки и ноги будут свидетельствовать против них о том, что они совершили.

يَوْمَئِذٍ يُوَفِّيهِمُ اللَّهُ دِينَهُمُ الْحَقَّ وَيَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الْحَقُّ الْمُبِينُ
Muhsin Khan
On that Day Allah will pay them the recompense of their deeds in full, and they will know that Allah, He is the Manifest Truth.
Yusuf Ali
On that Day Allah will pay them back (all) their just dues, and they will realise that Allah is the (very) Truth, that makes all things manifest.
German
An diesem Tage wird Gott ihnen die ihnen gebührende ungeminderte Strafe zukommen lassen, und sie werden erkennen, daß Gott die einleuchtende Wahrheit ist.
Malay
Pada hari itu Allah akan menyempurnakan untuk mereka balasan (azab seksa) yang berhak mereka mendapatnya, dan mereka pula akan mengetahui bahawa Allah ialah Tuhan Yang Maha Adil, lagi nyata keadilanNya.
Russian
В тот день Аллах воздаст им в полной мере по их истинному счету, и они узнают, что Аллах есть Явная Истина.

الْخَبِيثَاتُ لِلْخَبِيثِينَ وَالْخَبِيثُونَ لِلْخَبِيثَاتِ ۖ وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ لِلطَّيِّبِينَ وَالطَّيِّبُونَ لِلطَّيِّبَاتِ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ مُبَرَّءُونَ مِمَّا يَقُولُونَ ۖ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ وَرِزْقٌ كَرِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
Bad statements are for bad people (or bad women for bad men) and bad people for bad statements (or bad men for bad women). Good statements are for good people (or good women for good men) and good people for good statements (or good men for good women), such (good people) are innocent of (each and every) bad statement which they say, for them is Forgiveness, and Rizqun Karim (generous provision i.e.Paradise).
Yusuf Ali
Women impure are for men impure, and men impure for women impure and women of purity are for men of purity, and men of purity are for women of purity: these are not affected by what people say: for them there is forgiveness, and a provision honourable.
German
Schlechte Frauen passen zu schlechten Männern, und schlechte Männer zu schlechten Frauen. Gute Frauen passen zu guten Männern, und gute Männer zu guten Frauen. Diese sind frei von allem, was die Verleumder über sie reden. Ihnen gebühren im Jenseits Vergebung und edle Gaben.
Malay
(Lazimnya) perempuan-perempuan yang jahat adalah untuk lelaki-lelaki yang jahat, dan lelaki-lelaki yang jahat untuk perempuan-perempuan yang jahat; dan (sebaliknya) perempuan-perempuan yang baik untuk lelaki-lelaki yang baik, dan lelaki-lelaki yang baik untuk perempuan-perempuan yang baik. Mereka (yang baik) itu adalah bersih dari (tuduhan buruk) yang dikatakan oleh orang-orang (yang jahat); mereka (yang baik) itu akan beroleh pengampunan (dari Allah) dan pengurniaan yang mulia.
Russian
Скверные женщины - для скверных мужчин, а скверные мужчины - для скверных женщин, и хорошие женщины - для хороших мужчин, а хорошие мужчины - для хороших женщин. Они непричастны к тому, что говорят они (клеветники). Им уготованы прощение и щедрый удел.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَدْخُلُوا بُيُوتًا غَيْرَ بُيُوتِكُمْ حَتَّىٰ تَسْتَأْنِسُوا وَتُسَلِّمُوا عَلَىٰ أَهْلِهَا ۚ ذَٰلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ
Muhsin Khan
O you who believe! Enter not houses other than your own, until you have asked permission and greeted those in them, that is better for you, in order that you may remember.
Yusuf Ali
O ye who believe! enter not houses other than your own, until ye have asked permission and saluted those in them: that is best for you, in order that ye may heed (what is seemly).
German
O ihr Gläubigen! Betretet nicht Häuser, die nicht die euren sind, bevor ihr um Erlaubnis gebeten und seine Bewohner begrüßt habt! Das ist für euch besser, und ihr sollt darüber nachdenken.
Malay
Wahai orang-orang yang beriman, janganlah kamu masuk ke dalam mana-mana rumah yang bukan rumah kamu, sehingga kamu lebih dahulu meminta izin serta memberi salam kepada penduduknya; yang demikian adalah lebih baik bagi kamu, supaya kamu beringat (mematuhi cara dan peraturan yang sopan itu).
Russian
О те, которые уверовали! Не входите в чужие дома, пока не спросите позволения и не поприветствуете миром их обитателей. Это лучше для вас. Быть может, вы помяните назидание.

فَإِن لَّمْ تَجِدُوا فِيهَا أَحَدًا فَلَا تَدْخُلُوهَا حَتَّىٰ يُؤْذَنَ لَكُمْ ۖ وَإِن قِيلَ لَكُمُ ارْجِعُوا فَارْجِعُوا ۖ هُوَ أَزْكَىٰ لَكُمْ ۚ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ عَلِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
And if you find no one therein, still, enter not until permission has been given. And if you are asked to go back, go back, for it is purer for you, and Allah is All-Knower of what you do.
Yusuf Ali
If ye find no one in the house, enter not until permission is given to you: if ye are asked to go back, go back: that makes for greater purity for yourselves: and Allah knows well all that ye do.
German
Wenn ihr dort niemanden findet, so tretet nicht ein, bis jemand euch die Erlaubnis gibt. Sollte euch gesagt werden: "Kehrt um!", so habt ihr umzukehren, denn das ist für euch besser. Gott weiß genau, was ihr tut.
Malay
Maka sekiranya kamu tidak mendapati sesiapa (yang berhak memberi izin) maka janganlah masuk ke dalam rumah itu sehingga kamu diberi izin; dan jika dikatakan kepada kamu "baliklah", maka hendaklah kamu berundur balik; cara yang demikian adalah lebih suci bagi kamu; dan (ingatlah) Allah Maha Mengetahui akan apa yang kamu lakukan.
Russian
Если же вы никого не найдете в них, то не входите, пока вам не позволят. Если же вам скажут: "Уйдите!" - то уходите. Так будет чище для вас. Воистину, Аллаху ведомо о том, что вы совершаете.

لَّيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَدْخُلُوا بُيُوتًا غَيْرَ مَسْكُونَةٍ فِيهَا مَتَاعٌ لَّكُمْ ۚ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تُبْدُونَ وَمَا تَكْتُمُونَ
Muhsin Khan
There is no sin on you that you enter (without taking permission) houses uninhabited (i.e. not possessed by anybody), (when) you have any interest in them. And Allah has knowledge of what you reveal and what you conceal.
Yusuf Ali
It is no fault on your part to enter houses not used for living in, which serve some (other) use for you: And Allah has knowledge of what ye reveal and what ye conceal.
German
Ihr dürft unbefangen Häuser betreten, die keine Wohnhäuser sind, in denen es etwas gibt, was ihr benötigt. Gott weiß, was ihr äußert und was ihr verborgen haltet.
Malay
Tidaklah menjadi salah kamu memasuki (dengan tidak meminta izin) mana-mana rumah yang tidak didiami orang, yang ada keperluan kamu padanya; dan (ingatlah) Allah mengetahui akan apa yang kamu zahirkan dan apa yang kamu sembunyikan.
Russian
На вас нет греха, если вы без разрешения войдете в нежилые (не принадлежащие конкретному лицу) дома, которыми вы можете пользоваться. Аллаху известно то, что вы обнаруживаете, и то, что вы скрываете.

قُل لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَغُضُّوا مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِمْ وَيَحْفَظُوا فُرُوجَهُمْ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ أَزْكَىٰ لَهُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا يَصْنَعُونَ
Muhsin Khan
Tell the believing men to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.). That is purer for them. Verily, Allah is All-Aware of what they do.
Yusuf Ali
Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: And Allah is well acquainted with all that they do.
German
Sage den gläubigen Männern, sie sollen den Blick niederschlagen und ihre Keuschheit wahren. Das ist lauterer für sie. Gottes Kenntnis umfaßt alles, was sie tun.
Malay
Katakanlah (wahai Muhammad) kepada orang-orang lelaki yang beriman supaya mereka menyekat pandangan mereka (daripada memandang yang haram), dan memelihara kehormatan mereka. Yang demikian itu lebih suci bagi mereka; sesungguhnya Allah Amat Mendalam PengetahuanNya tentang apa yang mereka kerjakan.
Russian
Скажи верующим мужчинам, чтобы они опускали свои взоры и оберегали свои половые органы. Так будет чище для них. Воистину, Аллаху ведомо о том, что они творят.

وَقُل لِّلْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحْفَظْنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا ۖ وَلْيَضْرِبْنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَىٰ جُيُوبِهِنَّ ۖ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا لِبُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَائِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَائِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي أَخَوَاتِهِنَّ أَوْ نِسَائِهِنَّ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُنَّ أَوِ التَّابِعِينَ غَيْرِ أُولِي الْإِرْبَةِ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ أَوِ الطِّفْلِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَظْهَرُوا عَلَىٰ عَوْرَاتِ النِّسَاءِ ۖ وَلَا يَضْرِبْنَ بِأَرْجُلِهِنَّ لِيُعْلَمَ مَا يُخْفِينَ مِن زِينَتِهِنَّ ۚ وَتُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ جَمِيعًا أَيُّهَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ
Muhsin Khan
And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like palms of hands or one eye or both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer dress like veil, gloves, head-cover, apron, etc.), and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms, etc.) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband's fathers, their sons, their husband's sons, their brothers or their brother's sons, or their sister's sons, or their (Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islam), or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigour, or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful.
Yusuf Ali
And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinarily) appear thereof; that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband's fathers, their sons, their husbands' sons, their brothers or their brothers' sons, or their sisters' sons, or their women, or the slaves whom their right hands possess, or male servants free of physical needs, or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex; and that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments. And O ye Believers! turn ye all together towards Allah, that ye may attain Bliss.
German
Und sage den gläubigen Frauen, sie sollen den Blick niederschlagen und ihre Keuschheit wahren und ihre Zierde nicht zeigen, außer dem, was davon sichtbar ist, und sie sollen ihre Tücher über ihren Kleiderausschnitt ziehen und ihre Zierde niemandem zeigen außer ihren Ehemännern, ihren Vätern, Schwiegervätern, ihren Söhnen, Stiefsöhnen, ihren Brüdern, den Söhnen ihrer Brüder und ihrer Schwestern, den Frauen, mit denen sie Umgang haben, den Leibeigenen, den mit ihnen lebenden Männern, die Frauen nicht mehr begehren, und den Kindern, die noch kein Verlangen nach Frauen haben. Sie sollen den Boden nicht mit den Füßen schlagen, um verdeckten Schmuck bemerkbar zu machen. Kehrt alle reumütig zu Gott zurück, ihr Gläubigen, damit ihr Erfolg erzielt!
Malay
Dan katakanlah kepada perempuan-perempuan yang beriman supaya menyekat pandangan mereka (daripada memandang yang haram), dan memelihara kehormatan mereka; dan janganlah mereka memperlihatkan perhiasan tubuh mereka kecuali yang zahir daripadanya; dan hendaklah mereka menutup belahan leher bajunya dengan tudung kepala mereka; dan janganlah mereka memperlihatkan perhiasan tubuh mereka melainkan kepada suami mereka, atau bapa mereka atau bapa mertua mereka atau anak-anak mereka, atau anak-anak tiri mereka, atau saudara-saudara mereka, atau anak bagi saudara-saudara mereka yang lelaki, atau anak bagi saudara-saudara mereka yang perempuan, atau perempuan-perempuan Islam, atau hamba-hamba mereka, atau orang gaji dari orang-orang lelaki yang telah tua dan tidak berkeinginan kepada perempuan, atau kanak-kanak yang belum mengerti lagi tentang aurat perempuan; dan janganlah mereka menghentakkan kaki untuk diketahui orang akan apa yang tersembunyi dari perhiasan mereka; dan bertaubatlah kamu sekalian kepada Allah, wahai orang-orang yang beriman, supaya kamu berjaya.
Russian
Скажи верующим женщинам, чтобы они опускали свои взоры и оберегали свои половые органы. Пусть они не выставляют напоказ своих прикрас, за исключением тех, которые видны, и пусть прикрывают своими покрывалами вырез на груди и не показывают своей красы никому, кроме своих мужей, или своих отцов, или своих свекров, или своих сыновей, или сыновей своих мужей, или своих братьев, или сыновей своих братьев, или сыновей своих сестер, или своих женщин, или невольников, которыми овладели их десницы, или слуг из числа мужчин, лишенных вожделения, или детей, которые не постигли наготы женщин; и пусть они не стучат своими ногами, давая знать об украшениях, которые они скрывают. О верующие! Обращайтесь к Аллаху с покаянием все вместе, - быть может, вы преуспеете.

وَأَنكِحُوا الْأَيَامَىٰ مِنكُمْ وَالصَّالِحِينَ مِنْ عِبَادِكُمْ وَإِمَائِكُمْ ۚ إِن يَكُونُوا فُقَرَاءَ يُغْنِهِمُ اللَّهُ مِن فَضْلِهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
And marry those among you who are single (i.e. a man who has no wife and the woman who has no husband) and (also marry) the Salihun (pious, fit and capable ones) of your (male) slaves and maid-servants (female slaves). If they be poor, Allah will enrich them out of His Bounty. And Allah is All-Sufficent for His creatures' needs, All-Knowing (about the state of the people).
Yusuf Ali
Marry those among you who are single, or the virtuous ones among yourselves, male or female: if they are in poverty, Allah will give them means out of His grace: for Allah encompasseth all, and he knoweth all things.
German
Verheiratet die ledigen Frauen und Männer, die unter euch sind, desgleichen die Rechtschaffenen unter euren Sklaven und Sklavinnen! Sollten sie arm sein, wird Gott sie aus Seiner Gabenfülle reich machen. Gott umfaßt alles, und Sein Wissen ist unermeßlich.
Malay
Dan kahwinkanlah orang-orang bujang (lelaki dan perempuan) dari kalangan kamu, dan orang-orang yang soleh dari hamba-hamba kamu, lelaki dan perempuan. Jika mereka miskin, Allah akan memberikan kekayaan kepada mereka dari limpah kurniaNya kerana Allah Maha Luas (rahmatNya dan limpah kurniaNya), lagi Maha Mengetahui.
Russian
Сочетайте браком тех из вас, кто холост, и праведников из числа ваших рабов и рабынь. Если они бедны, то Аллах обогатит их из Своей милости. Аллах - Объемлющий, Знающий.

وَلْيَسْتَعْفِفِ الَّذِينَ لَا يَجِدُونَ نِكَاحًا حَتَّىٰ يُغْنِيَهُمُ اللَّهُ مِن فَضْلِهِ ۗ وَالَّذِينَ يَبْتَغُونَ الْكِتَابَ مِمَّا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ فَكَاتِبُوهُمْ إِنْ عَلِمْتُمْ فِيهِمْ خَيْرًا ۖ وَآتُوهُم مِّن مَّالِ اللَّهِ الَّذِي آتَاكُمْ ۚ وَلَا تُكْرِهُوا فَتَيَاتِكُمْ عَلَى الْبِغَاءِ إِنْ أَرَدْنَ تَحَصُّنًا لِّتَبْتَغُوا عَرَضَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۚ وَمَن يُكْرِههُّنَّ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ مِن بَعْدِ إِكْرَاهِهِنَّ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
And let those who find not the financial means for marriage keep themselves chaste, until Allah enriches them of His Bounty. And such of your slaves as seek a writing (of emancipation), give them such writing, if you know that they are good and trustworthy. And give them something yourselves out of the wealth of Allah which He has bestowed upon you. And force not your maids to prostitution, if they desire chastity, in order that you may make a gain in the (perishable) goods of this worldly life. But if anyone compels them (to prostitution), then after such compulsion, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful (to those women, i.e. He will forgive them because they have been forced to do this evil action unwillingly).
Yusuf Ali
Let those who find not the wherewithal for marriage keep themselves chaste, until Allah gives them means out of His grace. And if any of your slaves ask for a deed in writing (to enable them to earn their freedom for a certain sum), give them such a deed if ye know any good in them: yea, give them something yourselves out of the means which Allah has given to you. But force not your maids to prostitution when they desire chastity, in order that ye may make a gain in the goods of this life. But if anyone compels them, yet, after such compulsion, is Allah, Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful (to them),
German
Diejenigen, die über keine Mittel für eine Ehe verfügen, sollen Keuschheit üben, bis Gott ihnen aus Seiner Gabenfülle Mittel gewährt! Denjenigen unter euren Sklaven, die um einen Freibrief bitten, sollt ihr diesen ausstellen, sofern ihr von ihrem guten Willen überzeugt seid! Schenkt ihnen von den Gütern, die Gott euch beschert hat! Ihr sollt eure Sklavinnen nicht zur Unzucht zwingen, wenn sie selbst ehrbar leben wollen, nur weil ihr nach den vergänglichen Gütern des irdischen Lebens trachtet! Wer sie aber gezwungen hat und das dann bereut, dem wird Gott voller Vergebung und Erbarmen verzeihen.
Malay
Dan orang-orang yang tidak mempunyai kemampuan berkahwin, hendaklah mereka menjaga kehormatannya sehingga Allah memberi kekayaan kepada mereka dari limpah kurniaNya; dan hamba-hamba kamu (lelaki dan perempuan) yang hendak membuat surat perjanjian untuk memerdekakan dirinya (dengan jumlah bayaran yang tertentu), hendaklah kamu melaksanakan perjanjian itu dengan mereka jika kamu mengetahui ada sifat-sifat yang baik pada diri mereka (yang melayakkannya berbuat demikian); dan berilah kepada mereka dari harta Allah yang telah dikurniakan kepada kamu. Dan janganlah kamu paksakan hamba-hamba perempuan kamu melacurkan diri manakala mereka mahu menjaga kehormatannya, kerana kamu berkehendakkan kesenangan hidup di dunia. Dan sesiapa yang memaksa mereka, maka sesungguhnya Allah - sesudah paksaan yang dilakukan kepada mereka - Maha Pengampun, lagi Maha Mengasihani.
Russian
Пусть соблюдают целомудрие те, которые не находят возможности вступить в брак, пока Аллах не обогатит их из Своей милости. Если невольники, которыми овладели ваши десницы, хотят получить письмо о сумме выкупа, то дайте им такое письмо, если вы нашли в них добрые качества, и одарите их из имущества Аллаха, которое Он даровал вам. Не принуждайте своих невольниц к блуду ради обретения тленных благ мирской жизни, если они желают блюсти целомудрие. Если же кто-либо принудит их к этому, то Аллах после принуждения их будет Прощающим, Милосердным.

وَلَقَدْ أَنزَلْنَا إِلَيْكُمْ آيَاتٍ مُّبَيِّنَاتٍ وَمَثَلًا مِّنَ الَّذِينَ خَلَوْا مِن قَبْلِكُمْ وَمَوْعِظَةً لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ
Muhsin Khan
And indeed We have sent down for you Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) that make things plain, and the example of those who passed away before you, and an admonition for those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious - see V.2:2).
Yusuf Ali
We have already sent down to you verses making things clear, an illustration from (the story of) people who passed away before you, and an admonition for those who fear (Allah).
German
Wir haben euch Verse herabgesandt, die die Gebote und Verbote klarstellen, Gleichnisse über die früheren Völker vor euch bringen und Ermahnung für die Frommen sind.
Malay
Dan sesungguhnya, Kami telah menurunkan kepada kamu, ayat-ayat keterangan yang menjelaskan (hukum-hukum suruh dan tegah), dan contoh tauladan (mengenai kisah-kisah dan berita) orang-orang yang telah lalu sebelum kamu, serta nasihat pengajaran bagi orang-orang yang (mahu) bertaqwa.
Russian
Мы уже ниспослали вам ясные знамения, и притчу о тех, которые миновали до вас, и назидание для богобоязненных.

اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ مَثَلُ نُورِهِ كَمِشْكَاةٍ فِيهَا مِصْبَاحٌ ۖ الْمِصْبَاحُ فِي زُجَاجَةٍ ۖ الزُّجَاجَةُ كَأَنَّهَا كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّيٌّ يُوقَدُ مِن شَجَرَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ زَيْتُونَةٍ لَّا شَرْقِيَّةٍ وَلَا غَرْبِيَّةٍ يَكَادُ زَيْتُهَا يُضِيءُ وَلَوْ لَمْ تَمْسَسْهُ نَارٌ ۚ نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ ۗ يَهْدِي اللَّهُ لِنُورِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَيَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الْأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The parable of His Light is as (if there were) a niche and within it a lamp, the lamp is in glass, the glass as it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east (i.e. neither it gets sun-rays only in the morning) nor of the west (i.e. nor it gets sun-rays only in the afternoon, but it is exposed to the sun all day long), whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it. Light upon Light! Allah guides to His Light whom He wills. And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything.
Yusuf Ali
Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The Parable of His Light is as if there were a Niche and within it a Lamp: the Lamp enclosed in Glass: the glass as it were a brilliant star: Lit from a blessed Tree, an Olive, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil is well-nigh luminous, though fire scarce touched it: Light upon Light! Allah doth guide whom He will to His Light: Allah doth set forth Parables for men: and Allah doth know all things.
German
Gott, Allah ist das Licht der Himmel und der Erde. Das Gleichnis Seines Lichts ist wie eine Nische, in der eine Lampe steht. Die Lampe ist in einem Glas. Das Glas ist wie ein funkelnder Stern. Die Lampe erhält ihren Brennstoff von einem gesegneten Baum, einem Olivenbaum, der weder zum Sonnenaufgang allein, noch zum Sonnenuntergang allein hin wächst. Sein Öl leuchtet beinahe, ohne daß Feuer es berührt. Licht über Licht! Gott leitet recht, wen Er will zu Seinem Licht. Gott führt Gleichnisse für die Menschen an. Gottes Wissen umfaßt alles.
Malay
Allah yang menerangi langit dan bumi. Bandingan nur hidayah petunjuk Allah (Kitab Suci Al-Quran) adalah sebagai sebuah "misykaat" yang berisi sebuah lampu; lampu itu dalam geluk kaca (qandil), geluk kaca itu pula (jernih terang) laksana bintang yang bersinar cemerlang; lampu itu dinyalakan dengan minyak dari pokok yang banyak manfaatnya, (iaitu) pokok zaitun yang bukan sahaja disinari matahari semasa naiknya dan bukan sahaja semasa turunnya (tetapi ia sentiasa terdedah kepada matahari); hampir-hampir minyaknya itu - dengan sendirinya - memancarkan cahaya bersinar (kerana jernihnya) walaupun ia tidak disentuh api; (sinaran nur hidayah yang demikian bandingannya adalah sinaran yang berganda-ganda): cahaya berlapis cahaya. Allah memimpin sesiapa yang dikehendakiNya (menurut undang-undang dan peraturanNya) kepada nur hidayahNya itu; dan Allah mengemukakan berbagai-bagai misal perbandingan untuk umat manusia; dan Allah Maha Mengetahui akan tiap-tiap sesuatu.
Russian
Аллах - Свет небес и земли. Его свет в душе верующего подобен нише, в которой находится светильник. Светильник заключен в стекло, а стекло подобно жемчужной звезде. Он возжигается от благословенного оливкого дерева, которое не тянется ни на восток, ни на запад. Его масло готово светиться даже без соприкосновения с огнем. Один свет поверх другого! Аллах направляет к Своему свету, кого пожелает. Аллах приводит людям притчи, и Аллах знает обо всякой вещи.

فِي بُيُوتٍ أَذِنَ اللَّهُ أَن تُرْفَعَ وَيُذْكَرَ فِيهَا اسْمُهُ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ فِيهَا بِالْغُدُوِّ وَالْآصَالِ
Muhsin Khan
In houses (mosques), which Allah has ordered to be raised (to be cleaned, and to be honoured), in them His Name is glorified in the mornings and in the afternoons or the evenings,
Yusuf Ali
(Lit is such a Light) in houses, which Allah hath permitted to be raised to honour; for the celebration, in them, of His name: In them is He glorified in the mornings and in the evenings, (again and again),-
German
In Häusern, die Gott zu errichten verfügt hat, damit Sein Name darin geehrt wird, lobpreisen Ihn morgens und abends
Malay
(Nur hidayah petunjuk Allah itu bersinar dengan nyatanya terutama sekali) di rumah-rumah ibadat yang diperintahkan oleh Allah supaya dimuliakan keadaannya dan disebut serta diperingat nama Allah padanya; di situ juga dikerjakan ibadat mensuci dan memuji Allah pada waktu pagi dan petang.
Russian
В домах, которые Аллах дозволил воздвигнуть, поминается Его имя. Его славят в них по утрам и перед закатом

رِجَالٌ لَّا تُلْهِيهِمْ تِجَارَةٌ وَلَا بَيْعٌ عَن ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَإِقَامِ الصَّلَاةِ وَإِيتَاءِ الزَّكَاةِ ۙ يَخَافُونَ يَوْمًا تَتَقَلَّبُ فِيهِ الْقُلُوبُ وَالْأَبْصَارُ
Muhsin Khan
Men whom neither trade nor sale diverts them from the Remembrance of Allah (with heart and tongue), nor from performing As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), nor from giving the Zakat. They fear a Day when hearts and eyes will be overturned (from the horror of the torment of the Day of Resurrection).
Yusuf Ali
By men whom neither traffic nor merchandise can divert from the Remembrance of Allah, nor from regular Prayer, nor from the practice of regular Charity: Their (only) fear is for the Day when hearts and eyes will be transformed (in a world wholly new),-
German
Männer, die weder durch Handel noch Geschäfte davon abgelenkt werden, Gottes zu gedenken, die Gebete zu verrichten, Zakat-Abgaben zu entrichten und den Tag zu fürchten, an dem die Herzen und die Blicke erzittern werden.
Malay
(Ibadat itu dikerjakan oleh) orang-orang yang kuat imannya yang tidak dilalaikan oleh perniagaan atau berjual-beli daripada menyebut serta mengingati Allah, dan mendirikan sembahyang serta memberi zakat; mereka takutkan hari (kiamat) yang padanya berbalik-balik hati dan pandangan.
Russian
мужи, которых ни торговля, ни продажа не отвлекают от поминания Аллаха, совершения намаза и выплаты закята. Они боятся дня, когда перевернутся сердца и взоры,

لِيَجْزِيَهُمُ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنَ مَا عَمِلُوا وَيَزِيدَهُم مِّن فَضْلِهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَرْزُقُ مَن يَشَاءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ
Muhsin Khan
That Allah may reward them according to the best of their deeds, and add even more for them out of His Grace. And Allah provides without measure to whom He wills.
Yusuf Ali
That Allah may reward them according to the best of their deeds, and add even more for them out of His Grace: for Allah doth provide for those whom He will, without measure.
German
So wird Gott ihnen die beste Belohnung für ihre Werke gewähren und ihnen noch mehr aus Seiner Gabenfülle bescheren. Gott schenkt, wem Er will, unzählbare Gaben.
Malay
(Mereka mengerjakan semuanya itu) supaya Allah membalas mereka dengan sebaik-baik balasan bagi apa yang mereka kerjakan, dan menambahi mereka lagi dari limpah kurniaNya; dan sememangnya Allah memberi rezeki kepada sesiapa yang dikehendakiNya dengan tidak terhitung.
Russian
чтобы Аллах воздал им за наилучшее из того, что они совершили (или лучшим, чем то, что они совершили; или наилучшим образом за то, что они совершили), и приумножил это по Своей милости. Аллах наделяет, кого пожелает, безо всякого счета.

وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَعْمَالُهُمْ كَسَرَابٍ بِقِيعَةٍ يَحْسَبُهُ الظَّمْآنُ مَاءً حَتَّىٰ إِذَا جَاءَهُ لَمْ يَجِدْهُ شَيْئًا وَوَجَدَ اللَّهَ عِندَهُ فَوَفَّاهُ حِسَابَهُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَرِيعُ الْحِسَابِ
Muhsin Khan
As for those who disbelieve, their deeds are like a mirage in a desert. The thirsty one thinks it to be water, until he comes up to it, he finds it to be nothing, but he finds Allah with him, Who will pay him his due (Hell). And Allah is Swift in taking account.
Yusuf Ali
But the Unbelievers,- their deeds are like a mirage in sandy deserts, which the man parched with thirst mistakes for water; until when he comes up to it, he finds it to be nothing: But he finds Allah (ever) with him, and Allah will pay him his account: and Allah is swift in taking account.
German
Die Werke der Ungläubigen sind wie Luftspiegelungen in einer Ebene, die der Durstige für Wasser hält, aber wenn er sich dorthin begibt, nichts findet. Der Ungläubige wird aber Gott finden, Der ihm seine genau berechnete Strafe zuteilen wird. Gott ist schnell im Abrechnen.
Malay
Dan orang-orang yang kafir pula, amal-amal mereka adalah umpama riak sinaran panas di tanah rata yang disangkanya air oleh orang yang dahaga, (lalu ia menuju ke arahnya) sehingga apabila ia datang ke tempat itu, tidak didapati sesuatu pun yang disangkanya itu; (demikianlah keadaan orang kafir, tidak mendapat faedah dari amalnya sebagaimana yang disangkanya) dan ia tetap mendapati hukum Allah di sisi amalnya, lalu Allah meyempurnakan hitungan amalnya (serta membalasnya); dan (ingatlah) Allah Amat segera hitungan hisabNya.
Russian
А деяния неверующих подобны мареву в пустыне, которое жаждущий принимает за воду. Когда он подходит к нему, то ничего не находит. Он находит вблизи себя Аллаха, который воздает ему сполна по его счету. Аллах скор в расчете.

أَوْ كَظُلُمَاتٍ فِي بَحْرٍ لُّجِّيٍّ يَغْشَاهُ مَوْجٌ مِّن فَوْقِهِ مَوْجٌ مِّن فَوْقِهِ سَحَابٌ ۚ ظُلُمَاتٌ بَعْضُهَا فَوْقَ بَعْضٍ إِذَا أَخْرَجَ يَدَهُ لَمْ يَكَدْ يَرَاهَا ۗ وَمَن لَّمْ يَجْعَلِ اللَّهُ لَهُ نُورًا فَمَا لَهُ مِن نُّورٍ
Muhsin Khan
Or [the state of a disbeliever] is like the darkness in a vast deep sea, overwhelmed with a great wave topped by a great wave, topped by dark clouds, darkness, one above another, if a man stretches out his hand, he can hardly see it! And he for whom Allah has not appointed light, for him there is no light.
Yusuf Ali
Or (the Unbelievers' state) is like the depths of darkness in a vast deep ocean, overwhelmed with billow topped by billow, topped by (dark) clouds: depths of darkness, one above another: if a man stretches out his hands, he can hardly see it! for any to whom Allah giveth not light, there is no light!
German
Oder sie sind wie die Finsternis in einem stürmischen Meer, die Wogen über Wogen bedecken und darüber Wolken, Finsternis über Finsternis. Wenn der Ungläubige dort die Hand ausstreckt, kann er sie kaum sehen. Wem Gott kein Licht gibt, der findet auch kein Licht.
Malay
Atau (orang-orang kafir itu keadaannya) adalah umpama keadaan (orang yang di dalam) gelap-gelita di lautan yang dalam, yang diliputi oleh ombak bertindih ombak; di sebelah atasnya pula awan tebal (demikianlah keadaannya) gelap-gelita berlapis-lapis - apabila orang itu mengeluarkan tangannya, ia tidak dapat melihatnya sama sekali. Dan (ingatlah) sesiapa yang tidak dijadikan Allah menurut undang-undang peraturanNya mendapat cahaya (hidayah petunjuk) maka ia tidak akan beroleh sebarang cahaya (yang akan memandunya ke jalan yang benar).
Russian
Или же они подобны мраку во глубине морской пучины. Его покрывает волна, над которой находится другая волна, над которой находится облако. Один мрак поверх другого! Если он вытянет свою руку, то не увидит ее. Кому Аллах не даровал света, тому не будет света.

أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ مَن فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَالطَّيْرُ صَافَّاتٍ ۖ كُلٌّ قَدْ عَلِمَ صَلَاتَهُ وَتَسْبِيحَهُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ بِمَا يَفْعَلُونَ
Muhsin Khan
See you not (O Muhammad SAW) that Allah, He it is Whom glorify whosoever is in the heavens and the earth, and the birds with wings out-spread (in their flight). Of each one He (Allah) knows indeed his Salat (prayer) and his glorification, [or everyone knows his Salat (prayer) and his glorification], and Allah is All-Aware of what they do.
Yusuf Ali
Seest thou not that it is Allah Whose praises all beings in the heavens and on earth do celebrate, and the birds (of the air) with wings outspread? Each one knows its own (mode of) prayer and praise. And Allah knows well all that they do.
German
Siehst du denn nicht, daß alle Wesen in den Himmeln und auf der Erde Gott lobpreisen, so die Vögel, die im Flug ihre Flügel ausbreiten? Jedes Wesen weiß, wie es sein Gebet und seine Lobpreisung verrichtet. Gott weiß genau, was sie tun.
Malay
Tidakkah engkau mengetahui bahawasanya Allah (Yang Maha Esa dan Maha Kuasa) sentiasa bertasbih kepadaNya sekalian makhluk yang ada di langit dan di bumi serta burung-burung yang terbang berbaris di angkasa? Masing-masing sedia mengetahui (menurut keadaan semulajadinya) akan cara mengerjakan ibadatnya kepada Allah dan memujiNya; dan Allah Maha Mengetahui akan apa yang mereka lakukan.
Russian
Разве ты не видел, что Аллаха славят те, кто на небесах и на земле, а также птицы с распростертыми крыльями? Каждый знает свою молитву и свое славословие. Аллах знает о том, что они совершают.

وَلِلَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ وَإِلَى اللَّهِ الْمَصِيرُ
Muhsin Khan
And to Allah belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, and to Allah is the return (of all).
Yusuf Ali
Yea, to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth; and to Allah is the final goal (of all).
German
Gott allein gehört die Herrschaft über die Himmel und die Erde. Zu Gott werden am Ende alle zurückgeführt werden.
Malay
Dan bagi Allah jualah kuasa pemerintahan langit dan bumi dan kepada Allah sahaja tempat kembali (sekalian makhluk).
Russian
Аллаху принадлежит власть над небесами и землей, и к Аллаху предстоит прибытие.

أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يُزْجِي سَحَابًا ثُمَّ يُؤَلِّفُ بَيْنَهُ ثُمَّ يَجْعَلُهُ رُكَامًا فَتَرَى الْوَدْقَ يَخْرُجُ مِنْ خِلَالِهِ وَيُنَزِّلُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مِن جِبَالٍ فِيهَا مِن بَرَدٍ فَيُصِيبُ بِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ وَيَصْرِفُهُ عَن مَّن يَشَاءُ ۖ يَكَادُ سَنَا بَرْقِهِ يَذْهَبُ بِالْأَبْصَارِ
Muhsin Khan
See you not that Allah drives the clouds gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a heap of layers, and you see the rain comes forth from between them. And He sends down from the sky hail (like) mountains, (or there are in the heaven mountains of hail from where He sends down hail), and strike therewith whom He will, and averts it from whom He wills. The vivid flash of its (clouds) lightning nearly blinds the sight. [Tafsir At-Tabari].
Yusuf Ali
Seest thou not that Allah makes the clouds move gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a heap? - then wilt thou see rain issue forth from their midst. And He sends down from the sky mountain masses (of clouds) wherein is hail: He strikes therewith whom He pleases and He turns it away from whom He pleases, the vivid flash of His lightning well-nigh blinds the sight.
German
Siehst du denn nicht, daß Gott die Wolken dahintreibt, dann zusammenfügt, dann zu einer Wolkendecke macht? Dann siehst du Platzregen daraus herabkommen. Gott läßt vom Himmel aus Wolkenbergen Hagel fallen auf wen Er will und wendet ihn ab, von wem Er will. Das Aufleuchten der Blitze zwischen den Wolken könnte einem fast das Augenlicht nehmen.
Malay
Tidakkah engkau melihat bahawasanya Allah mengarahkan awan bergerak perlahan-lahan, kemudian Dia mengumpulkan kelompok-kelompoknya, kemudian Dia menjadikannya tebal berlapis-lapis? Selepas itu engkau melihat hujan turun dari celah-celahnya. Dan Allah pula menurunkan hujan batu dari langit, dari gunung-ganang (awan) yang ada padanya; lalu Ia menimpakan hujan batu itu kepada sesiapa yang dikehendakiNya, dan menjauhkannya dari sesiapa yang dikehendakiNya. Sinaran kilat yang terpancar dari awan yang demikian keadaannya, hampir-hampir menyambar dan menghilangkan pandangan.
Russian
Разве ты не видишь, что Аллах гонит облака, потом соединяет их, потом превращает их в кучу облаков, и ты видишь, как из расщелин ее изливается ливень. Он низвергает град с гор, которые на небе. Он поражает им, кого пожелает, и отвращает его, от кого пожелает. Блеск их молний готов унести зрение.

يُقَلِّبُ اللَّهُ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَعِبْرَةً لِّأُولِي الْأَبْصَارِ
Muhsin Khan
Allah causes the night and the day to succeed each other (i.e. if the day is gone, the night comes, and if the night is gone, the day comes, and so on). Truly, in these things is indeed a lesson for those who have insight.
Yusuf Ali
It is Allah Who alternates the Night and the Day: verily in these things is an instructive example for those who have vision!
German
Gott läßt den Tag und die Nacht, was Anfang und Ende, Kürze und Länge betrifft, sich ändern. Darin ist eine Lehre für Menschen, die sehen und erkennen können.
Malay
Allah menukarkan malam dan siang silih berganti; sesungguhnya yang demikian mengandungi pelajaran yang mendatangkan iktibar bagi orang-orang yang celik mata hatinya berfikir.
Russian
Аллах чередует день и ночь. Воистину, в этом - назидание для обладающих зрением.

وَاللَّهُ خَلَقَ كُلَّ دَابَّةٍ مِّن مَّاءٍ ۖ فَمِنْهُم مَّن يَمْشِي عَلَىٰ بَطْنِهِ وَمِنْهُم مَّن يَمْشِي عَلَىٰ رِجْلَيْنِ وَمِنْهُم مَّن يَمْشِي عَلَىٰ أَرْبَعٍ ۚ يَخْلُقُ اللَّهُ مَا يَشَاءُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
Muhsin Khan
Allah has created every moving (living) creature from water. Of them there are some that creep on their bellies, some that walk on two legs, and some that walk on four. Allah creates what He wills. Verily! Allah is Able to do all things.
Yusuf Ali
And Allah has created every animal from water: of them there are some that creep on their bellies; some that walk on two legs; and some that walk on four. Allah creates what He wills for verily Allah has power over all things.
German
Gott hat alle Lebewesen aus Wasser erschaffen (und doch sind sie verschieden). Es gibt welche, die auf dem Bauch kriechen und andere, die sich auf zwei Beinen und welche, die sich auf vier Beinen fortbewegen. Gott erschafft, was Er will. Gott hat Macht über alles.
Malay
Dan Allah menciptakan tiap-tiap haiwan yang bergerak itu dari air; maka sebahagian di antara mereka menjalar atas perutnya, dan sebahagian di antaranya berjalan dengan dua kaki, dan sebahagian lagi berjalan dengan empat kaki. Allah menciptakan apa sahaja yang Ia kehendaki (selain dari yang tersebut), kerana sesungguhnya Allah Maha Kuasa atas tiap-tiap sesuatu.
Russian
Аллах сотворил все живые существа из воды. Среди них есть такие, которые ползают на брюхе, такие, которые ходят на двух ногах, и такие, которые ходят на четырех. Аллах творит то, что пожелает. Воистину, Аллах способен на всякую вещь.

لَّقَدْ أَنزَلْنَا آيَاتٍ مُّبَيِّنَاتٍ ۚ وَاللَّهُ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ
Muhsin Khan
We have indeed sent down (in this Quran) manifest Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, lawful and unlawful things, and the set boundries of Islamic religion, etc. that make things clear showing the Right Path of Allah). And Allah guides whom He wills to a Straight Path (i.e. to Allah's religion of Islamic Monotheism).
Yusuf Ali
We have indeed sent down signs that make things manifest: and Allah guides whom He wills to a way that is straight.
German
Wir haben eindeutige aufklärende Verse herabgesandt. Gott leitet wen Er will zum geraden Pfad.
Malay
Demi sesungguhnya, Kami telah menurunkan ayat-ayat yang menerangkan (hakikat kebenaran dengan berbagai dalil dan bukti); dan Allah memberi hidayah petunjuk kepada sesiapa yang dikehendakiNya ke jalan yang lurus.
Russian
Мы уже ниспослали ясные знамения, и Аллах наставляет на прямой путь, кого пожелает.

وَيَقُولُونَ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَبِالرَّسُولِ وَأَطَعْنَا ثُمَّ يَتَوَلَّىٰ فَرِيقٌ مِّنْهُم مِّن بَعْدِ ذَٰلِكَ ۚ وَمَا أُولَٰئِكَ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ
Muhsin Khan
They (hypocrites) say: "We have believed in Allah and in the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and we obey," then a party of them turn away thereafter, such are not believers.
Yusuf Ali
They say, "We believe in Allah and in the messenger, and we obey": but even after that, some of them turn away: they are not (really) Believers.
German
Sie sagen: "Wir glauben an Gott und an den Gesandten, und wir gehorchen." Dann aber wenden sich einige von ihnen ab. Das sind sicher keine Gläubigen.
Malay
Dan (di antara orang-orang yang tidak dikehendakiNya ke jalan yang lurus ialah) mereka yang berkata: "Kami beriman kepada Allah dan kepada RasulNya serta kami taat"; kemudian sepuak dari mereka berpaling (membelakangkan perintah Allah dan Rasul) sesudah pengakuan itu, dan (kerana berpalingnya) tidaklah mereka itu menjadi orang-orang yang sebenarnya beriman.
Russian
Они (лицемеры) говорят: "Мы уверовали в Аллаха и Посланника и повинуемся". Но после этого часть их отворачивается, и они не являются верующими.

وَإِذَا دُعُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ لِيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَهُمْ إِذَا فَرِيقٌ مِّنْهُم مُّعْرِضُونَ
Muhsin Khan
And when they are called to Allah (i.e. His Words, the Quran) and His Messenger (SAW), to judge between them, lo! a party of them refuse (to come) and turn away.
Yusuf Ali
When they are summoned to Allah and His messenger, in order that He may judge between them, behold some of them decline (to come).
German
Wenn sie zum Gesandten gerufen werden, damit er gemäß Gottes Offenbarung zwischen ihnen urteilt, wenden sich einige unter ihnen von ihm ab.
Malay
Dan (bukti berpalingnya mereka ialah) apabila mereka diajak kepada Kitab Allah dan Sunnah RasulNya supaya menjadi hakim memutuskan sesuatu di antara mereka, maka dengan serta-merta sepuak dari mereka berpaling ingkar (menolak ajakan itu jika keputusan tidak menguntungkan mereka).
Russian
Когда их зовут к Аллаху и Его Посланнику, чтобы он рассудил их, часть из них отворачивается.

وَإِن يَكُن لَّهُمُ الْحَقُّ يَأْتُوا إِلَيْهِ مُذْعِنِينَ
Muhsin Khan
But if the right is with them, they come to him willingly with submission.
Yusuf Ali
But if the right is on their side, they come to him with all submission.
German
Wenn sie aber erwarten, daß ihnen das Recht zuerkannt wird, kommen sie unterwürfig zum Gesandten.
Malay
Dan (sebaliknya) jika keputusan itu memberi hak kepada mereka, mereka segera datang kepadanya dengan tunduk taat (menerima hukumnya).
Russian
Будь они правы, они покорно явились бы к нему.

أَفِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ أَمِ ارْتَابُوا أَمْ يَخَافُونَ أَن يَحِيفَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَرَسُولُهُ ۚ بَلْ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ
Muhsin Khan
Is there a disease in their hearts? Or do they doubt or fear lest Allah and His Messenger (SAW) should wrong them in judgement. Nay, it is they themselves who are the Zalimun (polytheists, hypocrites and wrong-doers, etc.).
Yusuf Ali
Is it that there is a disease in their hearts? or do they doubt, or are they in fear, that Allah and His Messenger will deal unjustly with them? Nay, it is they themselves who do wrong.
German
Haben sie eine Krankheit im Herzen, oder hegen sie Zweifel, oder fürchten sie, daß Gott und Sein Gesandter ihnen unrecht tun? Sie sind es, die Unrecht tun.
Malay
(Mengapa mereka bersikap demikian), adakah kerana hati mereka mengandungi penyakit (kufur), atau kerana mereka ragu-ragu (terhadap kebenaran hukuman), ataupun kerana mereka takut bahawa Allah dan RasulNya akan berlaku zalim kepada mereka? (Allah dan RasulNya tidak sekali-kali akan berlaku zalim) bahkan merekalah sendiri orang-orang yang zalim (disebabkan keraguan dan kekufuran mereka).
Russian
Неужели их сердца поражены недугом? Или же они сомневаются? Или же они опасаются того, что Аллах и Его Посланник несправедливо осудят их? О нет! Они сами поступают несправедливо!

إِنَّمَا كَانَ قَوْلَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذَا دُعُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ لِيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَهُمْ أَن يَقُولُوا سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا ۚ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ
Muhsin Khan
The only saying of the faithful believers, when they are called to Allah (His Words, the Quran) and His Messenger (SAW), to judge between them, is that they say: "We hear and we obey." And such are the prosperous ones (who will live forever in Paradise).
Yusuf Ali
The answer of the Believers, when summoned to Allah and His Messenger, in order that He may judge between them, is no other than this: they say, "We hear and we obey": it is such as these that will attain felicity.
German
Hingegen sagen die Gläubigen, wenn sie zu Gott und Seinem Gesandten gerufen werden, damit der Gesandte zwischen ihnen urteilt: "Wir haben gehört, und wir gehorchen." Das sind die Erfolgreichen.
Malay
Sesungguhnya perkataan yang diucapkan oleh orang-orang yang beriman ketika mereka diajak ke pada Kitab Allah dan Sunnah RasulNya, supaya menjadi hakim memutuskan sesuatu di antara mereka, hanyalah mereka berkata: "Kami dengar dan kami taat": dan mereka itulah orang-orang yang beroleh kejayaan.
Russian
Когда верующих зовут к Аллаху и Его Посланнику, чтобы он рассудил их, они говорят: "Слушаем и повинуемся!" Именно они являются преуспевшими.

وَمَن يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَيَخْشَ اللَّهَ وَيَتَّقْهِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَائِزُونَ
Muhsin Khan
And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger (SAW), fears Allah, and keeps his duty (to Him), such are the successful ones.
Yusuf Ali
It is such as obey Allah and His Messenger, and fear Allah and do right, that will win (in the end),
German
Diejenigen, die Gott und dem Gesandten gehorchen, Gott fürchten und fromm dienen, das sind die Sieger.
Malay
Dan sesiapa yang taat kepada Allah dan RasulNya dan takut melanggar perintah Allah serta, menjaga dirinya jangan terdedah kepada azab Allah, maka merekalah orang-orang yang beroleh kemenangan.
Russian
Те, которые повинуются Аллаху и Его Посланнику, боятся Аллаха и исповедуют богобоязненность, обрели успех.

وَأَقْسَمُوا بِاللَّهِ جَهْدَ أَيْمَانِهِمْ لَئِنْ أَمَرْتَهُمْ لَيَخْرُجُنَّ ۖ قُل لَّا تُقْسِمُوا ۖ طَاعَةٌ مَّعْرُوفَةٌ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ
Muhsin Khan
They swear by Allah their strongest oaths, that if only you would order them, they would leave (their homes for fighting in Allah's Cause). Say: "Swear you not; (this) obedience (of yours) is known (to be false). Verily, Allah knows well what you do."
Yusuf Ali
They swear their strongest oaths by Allah that, if only thou wouldst command them, they would leave (their homes). Say: "Swear ye not; Obedience is (more) reasonable; verily, Allah is well acquainted with all that ye do."
German
Sie haben hoch und heilig geschworen, daß sie mit ins Feld ziehen würden, wenn du es ihnen befiehlst. Sprich: "Schwört nicht! Euer Gehorsam ist bekannt." Gottes Kenntnis umfaßt alles, was ihr tut.
Malay
Dan mereka (yang munafik) bersumpah dengan nama Allah, dengan sebebar-benar sumpahnya: bahawa jika engkau (wahai Muhammad) perintahkan mereka (keluar berjihad), tentulah mereka akan keluar. Katakanlah: " Janganlah kamu bersumpah, (taat kamu itu) taat yang terkenal (dustanya). Sesungguhnya Allah Amat Mendalam pengetahuanNya tentang apa yang kamu lakukan".
Russian
Они (лицемеры) приносят величайшие клятвы именем Аллаха о том, что если бы ты приказал им, то они непременно выступили бы в поход. Скажи: "Не клянитесь! Такая покорность хорошо известна. Воистину, Аллаху ведомо о том, что вы совершаете".

قُلْ أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ ۖ فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَإِنَّمَا عَلَيْهِ مَا حُمِّلَ وَعَلَيْكُم مَّا حُمِّلْتُمْ ۖ وَإِن تُطِيعُوهُ تَهْتَدُوا ۚ وَمَا عَلَى الرَّسُولِ إِلَّا الْبَلَاغُ الْمُبِينُ
Muhsin Khan
Say: "Obey Allah and obey the Messenger, but if you turn away, he (Messenger Muhammad SAW) is only responsible for the duty placed on him (i.e. to convey Allah's Message) and you for that placed on you. If you obey him, you shall be on the right guidance. The Messenger's duty is only to convey (the message) in a clear way (i.e. to preach in a plain way)."
Yusuf Ali
Say: "Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger: but if ye turn away, he is only responsible for the duty placed on him and ye for that placed on you. If ye obey him, ye shall be on right guidance. The Messenger's duty is only to preach the clear (Message).
German
Sprich: "Gehorcht Gott und gehorcht dem Gesandten!" Wenn sie sich abwenden, so verantwortet er, was ihm und ihr das, was euch aufgetragen wurde. Gehorcht ihr ihm, werdet ihr rechtgeleitet. Dem Gesandten obliegt nur die klare Verkündigung.
Malay
Katakanlah lagi (kepada mereka): " Taatlah kamu kepada Allah dan taatlah kepada Rasul Allah. Kemudian jika kamu berpaling ingkar maka ketahuilah bahawa sesungguhnya Rasul Allah hanya bertanggungjawab akan apa yang ditugaskan kepadanya, dan kamu pula bertanggungjawab akan apa yang ditugaskan kepada kamu. Dan jika kamu taat kepadanya nescaya kamu beroleh hidayah petunjuk; dan (sebenarnya) Rasul Allah hanyalah bertanggungjawab menyampaikan perintah-perintah Allah dengan penjelasan yang terang nyata".
Russian
Скажи: "Повинуйтесь Аллаху и повинуйтесь Посланнику". Если вы отвернетесь, то ведь он отвечает за то, что возложено на него, а вы отвечаете за то, что возложено на вас. Но если вы подчинитесь ему, то последуете прямым путем. На Посланника возложена только ясная передача откровения.

وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنكُمْ وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ وَلَيُمَكِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمُ الَّذِي ارْتَضَىٰ لَهُمْ وَلَيُبَدِّلَنَّهُم مِّن بَعْدِ خَوْفِهِمْ أَمْنًا ۚ يَعْبُدُونَنِي لَا يُشْرِكُونَ بِي شَيْئًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ
Muhsin Khan
Allah has promised those among you who believe, and do righteous good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession to (the present rulers) in the earth, as He granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the authority to practise their religion, that which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islam). And He will surely give them in exchange a safe security after their fear (provided) they (believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in worship) with Me. But whoever disbelieved after this, they are the Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah).
Yusuf Ali
Allah has promised, to those among you who believe and work righteous deeds, that He will, of a surety, grant them in the land, inheritance (of power), as He granted it to those before them; that He will establish in authority their religion - the one which He has chosen for them; and that He will change (their state), after the fear in which they (lived), to one of security and peace: 'They will worship Me (alone) and not associate aught with Me. 'If any do reject Faith after this, they are rebellious and wicked.
German
Gott hat den Gläubigen unter euch, die gute Werke verrichten, versprochen, sie als Nachfolger auf Erden einzusetzen, wie Er die Gläubigen vor ihnen als Nachfolger eingesetzt hatte und ihrer Religion, die Er für sie erwählt hat, Macht und Ansehen zu verleihen und ihnen, nachdem sie in Furcht gelebt hatten, Sicherheit zu gewähren. "Sie sollen Mir allein dienen und Mir nichts beigesellen." Diejenigen, die dann doch ungläubig werden, sind trotzige Frevler.
Malay
Allah menjanjikan orang-orang yang beriman dan beramal soleh dari kalangan kamu (wahai umat Muhammad) bahawa Ia akan menjadikan mereka khalifah-khalifah yang memegang kuasa pemerintahan di bumi, sebagaimana Ia telah menjadikan orang-orang yang sebelum mereka: khalifah-khalifah yang berkuasa; dan Ia akan menguatkan dan mengembangkan ugama mereka (ugama Islam) yang telah diredhaiNya untuk mereka; dan Ia juga akan menggantikan bagi mereka keamanan setelah mereka mengalami ketakutan (dari ancaman musuh). Mereka terus beribadat kepadaKu dengan tidak mempersekutukan sesuatu yang lain denganKu. Dan (ingatlah) sesiapa yang kufur ingkar sesudah itu, maka mereka itulah orang-orang yang derhaka.
Russian
Аллах обещал тем из вас, которые уверовали и совершали праведные деяния, что Он непременно сделает их наместниками на земле, подобно тому, как Он сделал наместниками тех, кто был до них. Он непременно одарит их возможностью исповедовать их религию, которую Он одобрил для них, и сменит их страх на безопасность. Они поклоняются Мне и не приобщают сотоварищей ко Мне. Те же, которые после этого откажутся уверовать, являются нечестивцами.

وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ
Muhsin Khan
And perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat and obey the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) that you may receive mercy (from Allah).
Yusuf Ali
So establish regular Prayer and give regular Charity; and obey the Messenger; that ye may receive mercy.
German
Ihr sollt die Gebete verrichten, die Zakat-Abgaben entrichten, dem Gesandten gehorchen, auf daß ihr in Barmherzigkeit aufgenommen werden möget.
Malay
Dan dirikanlah kamu akan sembahyang serta berilah zakat; dan taatlah kamu kepada Rasul Allah; supaya kamu beroleh rahmat.
Russian
Совершайте намаз, выплачивайте закят и повинуйтесь Посланнику, - быть может, вы будете помилованы.

لَا تَحْسَبَنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مُعْجِزِينَ فِي الْأَرْضِ ۚ وَمَأْوَاهُمُ النَّارُ ۖ وَلَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ
Muhsin Khan
Consider not that the disbelievers can escape in the land. Their abode shall be the Fire, and worst indeed is that destination.
Yusuf Ali
Never think thou that the Unbelievers are going to frustrate (Allah's Plan) on earth: their abode is the Fire,- and it is indeed an evil refuge!
German
Denke nicht, daß die Ungläubigen unüberwindbar sind auf Erden. Ihre endgültige Wohnstätte wird die Hölle sein. Welch schlimmes Ende!
Malay
Janganlah engkau menyangka orang-orang kafir itu akan dapat melemahkan kekuasaan Allah (daripada menimpakan azab kepada mereka) di dunia, sedang tempat kembali mereka ialah neraka; dan sesungguhnya neraka itu adalah seburuk-buruk tempat kembali.
Russian
Не думай, что неверующие могут спастись на земле. Их пристанищем будет Огонь. Как же скверно это место прибытия!

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لِيَسْتَأْذِنكُمُ الَّذِينَ مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ لَمْ يَبْلُغُوا الْحُلُمَ مِنكُمْ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ۚ مِّن قَبْلِ صَلَاةِ الْفَجْرِ وَحِينَ تَضَعُونَ ثِيَابَكُم مِّنَ الظَّهِيرَةِ وَمِن بَعْدِ صَلَاةِ الْعِشَاءِ ۚ ثَلَاثُ عَوْرَاتٍ لَّكُمْ ۚ لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَلَا عَلَيْهِمْ جُنَاحٌ بَعْدَهُنَّ ۚ طَوَّافُونَ عَلَيْكُم بَعْضُكُمْ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمُ الْآيَاتِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
O you who believe! Let your legal slaves and slave-girls, and those among you who have not come to the age of puberty ask your permission (before they come to your presence) on three occasions; before Fajr (morning) prayer, and while you put off your clothes for the noonday (rest), and after the 'Isha' (late-night) prayer. (These) three times are of privacy for you, other than these times there is no sin on you or on them to move about, attending (helping) you each other. Thus Allah makes clear the Ayat (the Verses of this Quran, showing proofs for the legal aspects of permission for visits, etc.) to you. And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
Yusuf Ali
O ye who believe! let those whom your right hands possess, and the (children) among you who have not come of age ask your permission (before they come to your presence), on three occasions: before morning prayer; the while ye doff your clothes for the noonday heat; and after the late-night prayer: these are your three times of undress: outside those times it is not wrong for you or for them to move about attending to each other: Thus does Allah make clear the Signs to you: for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.
German
O ihr Gläubigen, eure Leibeigenen und eure Kinder, die in der Pubertät sind, sollen, wenn sie zu euch eintreten wollen, euch zu drei Zeitpunkten um Erlaubnis bitten: vor dem Frühmorgengebet, um die Mittagszeit, wenn ihr eure Kleider ablegt, und nach dem Abendgebet. Das sind drei Zeitpunkte, zu denen eure Blöße sichtbar werden könnte. Abgesehen davon ist es weder für euch noch für sie ein Vergehen, ohne Erlaubnis ein- und auszugehen, wenn ihr zwanglos miteinander umgeht. So erläutert euch Gott die Verse. Gottes Wissen und Weisheit sind unermeßlich.
Malay
Wahai orang-orang yang beriman, hendaklah hamba-hamba kamu dan orang-orang yang belum baligh dari kalangan kamu, meminta izin kepada kamu (sebelum masuk ke tempat kamu), dalam tiga masa; (iaitu) sebelum sembahyang subuh, dan ketika kamu membuka pakaian kerana kepanasan tengah hari, dan sesudah sembahyang Isyak; itulah tiga masa bagi kamu (yang biasanya terdedah aurat kamu padanya). Kamu dan mereka tidaklah bersalah kemudian daripada tiga masa yang tersebut, (kerana mereka) orang-orang yang selalu keluar masuk kepada kamu, dan kamu masing-masing sentiasa berhubung rapat antara satu dengan yang lain. Demikianlah Allah menerangkan kepada kamu ayat-ayatNya (yang menjelaskan hukum-hukumNya); dan (ingatlah) Allah Maha Mengetahui, lagi Maha Bijaksana.
Russian
О те, которые уверовали! Пусть невольники, которыми овладели ваши десницы, и те, кто не достиг половой зрелости, спрашивают у вас разрешения войти в покои в трех случаях: до рассветного намаза, когда вы снимаете одежду в полдень и после вечернего намаза. Вот три времени наготы для вас. Ни на вас, ни на них нет греха за вход без разрешения, помимо этих случаев, ведь вы посещаете друг друга. Так Аллах разъясняет вам знамения. Аллах - Знающий, Мудрый.

وَإِذَا بَلَغَ الْأَطْفَالُ مِنكُمُ الْحُلُمَ فَلْيَسْتَأْذِنُوا كَمَا اسْتَأْذَنَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ آيَاتِهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
And when the children among you come to puberty, then let them (also) ask for permission, as those senior to them (in age). Thus Allah makes clear His Ayat (Commandments and legal obligations) for you. And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
Yusuf Ali
But when the children among you come of age, let them (also) ask for permission, as do those senior to them (in age): Thus does Allah make clear His Signs to you: for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.
German
Wenn eure Kinder die Pubertät erreichen, müssen sie zu jeder Zeit um Erlaubnis bitten, wie die anderen vor ihnen um Erlaubnis zu bitten hatten. So erläutert euch Gott Seine Verse. Gottes Wissen und Weisheit sind unermeßlich.
Malay
Dan apabila kanak-kanak dari kalangan kamu telah baligh, maka hendaklah mereka meminta izin sama seperti cara orang-orang (yang telah cukup umur) yang tersebut dahulu, meminta izin. Demikianlah Allah menerangkan kepada kamu ayat-ayatNya (yang menjelaskan hukum-hukumNya) dan (ingatlah) Allah Maha Mengetahui, lagi Maha Bijaksana.
Russian
Когда дети из вашего числа достигнут половой зрелости, то пусть они спрашивают разрешения, как спрашивают разрешения те, кто страше них. Так Аллах разъясняет вам Свои знамения. Аллах - Знающий, Мудрый.

وَالْقَوَاعِدُ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ اللَّاتِي لَا يَرْجُونَ نِكَاحًا فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِنَّ جُنَاحٌ أَن يَضَعْنَ ثِيَابَهُنَّ غَيْرَ مُتَبَرِّجَاتٍ بِزِينَةٍ ۖ وَأَن يَسْتَعْفِفْنَ خَيْرٌ لَّهُنَّ ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
And as for women past child-bearing who do not expect wed-lock, it is no sin on them if they discard their (outer) clothing in such a way as not to show their adornment. But to refrain (i.e. not to discard their outer clothing) is better for them. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
Yusuf Ali
Such elderly women as are past the prospect of marriage,- there is no blame on them if they lay aside their (outer) garments, provided they make not a wanton display of their beauty: but it is best for them to be modest: and Allah is One Who sees and knows all things.
German
Für die betagten Frauen, die nicht mehr zu heiraten hoffen, ist es kein Verstoß gegen die guten Sitten, wenn sie ihre Kleider teilweise ablegen, ohne sich durch Schmuck herauszuputzen. Wenn sie sich jedoch dessen enthalten, ist es für sie besser. Gott hört und weiß alles.
Malay
Dan mana-mana perempuan tua yang telah putus kedatangan haid, yang tidak mempunyai harapan berkahwin lagi maka tidak ada salahnya mereka menanggalkan pakaian luarnya, dengan tidak bertujuan mendedahkan perhiasan mereka; dalam pada itu perbuatan mereka menjaga kehormatannya (dengan tidak menanggalkan pakaian luarnya itu adalah) lebih baik bagi mereka; dan (ingatlah) Allah Maha Mendengar, lagi Maha Mengetahui.
Russian
Нет греха на престарелых женщинах, которые не надеются на замужество, если они снимут верхнюю одежду, не показывая своей красы. Но воздерживаться от этого лучше для них. Аллах - Слышащий, Знающий.

لَّيْسَ عَلَى الْأَعْمَىٰ حَرَجٌ وَلَا عَلَى الْأَعْرَجِ حَرَجٌ وَلَا عَلَى الْمَرِيضِ حَرَجٌ وَلَا عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَن تَأْكُلُوا مِن بُيُوتِكُمْ أَوْ بُيُوتِ آبَائِكُمْ أَوْ بُيُوتِ أُمَّهَاتِكُمْ أَوْ بُيُوتِ إِخْوَانِكُمْ أَوْ بُيُوتِ أَخَوَاتِكُمْ أَوْ بُيُوتِ أَعْمَامِكُمْ أَوْ بُيُوتِ عَمَّاتِكُمْ أَوْ بُيُوتِ أَخْوَالِكُمْ أَوْ بُيُوتِ خَالَاتِكُمْ أَوْ مَا مَلَكْتُم مَّفَاتِحَهُ أَوْ صَدِيقِكُمْ ۚ لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَأْكُلُوا جَمِيعًا أَوْ أَشْتَاتًا ۚ فَإِذَا دَخَلْتُم بُيُوتًا فَسَلِّمُوا عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِكُمْ تَحِيَّةً مِّنْ عِندِ اللَّهِ مُبَارَكَةً طَيِّبَةً ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمُ الْآيَاتِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ
Muhsin Khan
There is no restriction on the blind, nor any restriction on the lame, nor any restriction on the sick, nor on yourselves, if you eat from your houses, or the houses of your fathers, or the houses of your mothers, or the houses of your brothers, or the houses of your sisters, or the houses of your father's brothers, or the houses of your father's sisters, or the houses of your mother's brothers, or the houses of your mother's sisters, or (from that) whereof you hold keys, or (from the house) of a friend. No sin on you whether you eat together or apart. But when you enter the houses, greet one another with a greeting from Allah (i.e. say: As-Salamu 'Alaikum - peace be on you) blessed and good. Thus Allah makes clear the Ayat (these Verses or your religious symbols and signs, etc.) to you that you may understand.
Yusuf Ali
It is no fault in the blind nor in one born lame, nor in one afflicted with illness, nor in yourselves, that ye should eat in your own houses, or those of your fathers, or your mothers, or your brothers, or your sisters, or your father's brothers or your father's sisters, or your mohter's brothers, or your mother's sisters, or in houses of which the keys are in your possession, or in the house of a sincere friend of yours: there is no blame on you, whether ye eat in company or separately. But if ye enter houses, salute each other - a greeting of blessing and purity as from Allah. Thus does Allah make clear the signs to you: that ye may understand.
German
Für den Blinden, den Behinderten, den Kranken und für euch selbst ist es kein Verstoß gegen die guten Sitten, wenn ihr einzeln oder gemeinsam in den Häusern eurer Kinder, die wie eure Häuser sind, eßt oder in den Häusern eurer Väter, eurer Mütter, eurer Brüder, eurer Schwestern, eurer Onkel väterlicherseits, eurer Tanten väterlicherseits, eurer Onkel mütterlicherseits und eurer Tanten mütterlicherseits, sowie in den Häusern, deren Schlüssel ihr habt und die ihr verwaltet oder in den Häusern eurer aufrichtigen Freunde. Wenn ihr in Häuser eintretet, so richtet an ihre Bewohner, die euch wiederzugrüßen haben, einen segensreichen, freundlichen Gruß. So erläutert euch Gott die Verse, auf daß ihr euch des Verstandes bedienen möget.
Malay
Tidak ada salahnya bagi orang buta, dan tidak ada salahnya bagi orang tempang, dan tidak ada salahnya bagi orang sakit (jika masing-masing tidak menjalankan sesuatu perintah disebabkan keuzurannya menghendaki ia berlaku demikian), dan juga tidak ada salah bagi kamu (termasuk orang-orang yang tersebut turut sama) makan di rumah kamu sendiri, atau di rumah bapa kamu, atau di rumah ibu kamu, atau di rumah saudara kamu yang lelaki, atau di rumah saudara kamu yang perempuan, atau di rumah bapa saudara kamu (sebelah bapa), atau di rumah emak saudara kamu (sebelah bapa), atau di rumah bapa saudara kamu (sebelah ibu), atau di rumah emak saudara kamu (sebelah ibu), atau di rumah yang kamu kuasai kuncinya, atau di rumah sahabat kamu; tidak juga menjadi salah bagi kamu, makan bersama-sama atau berasing-asing. Maka apabila kamu masuk ke mana-mana rumah, hendaklah kamu memberi salam kepada (sesiapa yang seperti) kamu dengan memohon kepada Allah cara hidup yang berkat lagi baik. Demikianlah Allah menerangkan ayat-ayat (yang menjelaskan hukum-hukumNya), supaya kamu memahaminya.
Russian
Не будет грехом для слепого, не будет грехом для хромого, не будет грехом для больного и для вас самих, если вы будете есть в ваших домах, или в домах ваших отцов, или в домах ваших матерей, или в домах ваших братьев, или в домах ваших сестер, или в домах ваших дядей по отцу, или в домах ваших теток по отцу, или в домах ваших дядей по матери, или в домах ваших теток по матери, или в тех домах, ключи которых в вашем распоряжении, или в доме вашего друга. Не будет грехом для вас, если вы будет есть вместе или в отдельности. Когда вы входите в дома, то приветствуйте себя (друг друга) приветствием от Аллаха, благословенным, благим. Так Аллах разъясняет вас знамения, - быть может, вы уразумеете.

إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَإِذَا كَانُوا مَعَهُ عَلَىٰ أَمْرٍ جَامِعٍ لَّمْ يَذْهَبُوا حَتَّىٰ يَسْتَأْذِنُوهُ ۚ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَأْذِنُونَكَ أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ ۚ فَإِذَا اسْتَأْذَنُوكَ لِبَعْضِ شَأْنِهِمْ فَأْذَن لِّمَن شِئْتَ مِنْهُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمُ اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
The true believers are only those, who believe in (the Oneness of) Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and when they are with him on some common matter, they go not away until they have asked his permission. Verily! Those who ask your permission, those are they who (really) believe in Allah and His Messenger. So if they ask your permission for some affairs of theirs, give permission to whom you will of them, and ask Allah for their forgiveness. Truly, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Yusuf Ali
Only those are believers, who believe in Allah and His Messenger: when they are with him on a matter requiring collective action, they do not depart until they have asked for his leave; those who ask for thy leave are those who believe in Allah and His Messenger; so when they ask for thy leave, for some business of theirs, give leave to those of them whom thou wilt, and ask Allah for their forgiveness: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
German
Wahrhaft Gläubige sind die, die an Gott und Seinen Gesandten glauben und, wenn sie sich mit ihm einem gemeinsamen Vorhaben widmen, nicht weggehen von ihm, es sei denn, sie bitten ihn um Erlaubnis. Diejenigen, die dich um Erlaubnis bitten, sind die rechtschaffenen Gläubigen, die wahrhaftig an Gott und den Gesandten glauben. Wenn sie dich wegen ihrer eigenen Anliegen um Erlaubnis bitten, erteile sie ihnen, wenn du willst, und bitte Gott für sie um Vergebung! Gott ist reich an Vergebung und Erbarmen.
Malay
Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang sebenar-benarnya beriman ialah mereka yang beriman kepada Allah dan RasulNya, dan apabila mereka turut bersama-sama dengan Rasulullah dalam sesuatu perkara yang memerlukan perhimpunan ramai, tidaklah mereka meninggalkan majlis perhimpunan itu sebelum mereka meminta izin kepadanya. Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang meminta izin kepadamu (wahai Muhammad) itulah orang-orang yang beriman kepada Allah dan RasulNya. Maka apabila meminta izin kepadamu untuk pergi menjalankan sesuatu urusan mereka, maka izinkanlah bagi sesiapa yang engkau kehendaki di antara mereka, dan mintalah ampun kepada Allah untuk mereka; sesungguhnya Allah Maha Pengampun, lagi Maha Mengasihani.
Russian
Верующими являются только те, которые уверовали в Аллаха и Его Посланника. Когда они находятся рядом с ним по общему делу, то не уходят, пока не попросят у него разрешения. Воистину, те, которые просят у тебя разрешения, действительно являются верующими в Аллаха и Его Посланника. Если они попросят у тебя разрешения по поводу некоторых из своих дел, то разрешай тому из них, кому пожелаешь, и проси Аллаха простить их. Воистину, Аллах - Прощающий, Милосердный.

لَّا تَجْعَلُوا دُعَاءَ الرَّسُولِ بَيْنَكُمْ كَدُعَاءِ بَعْضِكُم بَعْضًا ۚ قَدْ يَعْلَمُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ يَتَسَلَّلُونَ مِنكُمْ لِوَاذًا ۚ فَلْيَحْذَرِ الَّذِينَ يُخَالِفُونَ عَنْ أَمْرِهِ أَن تُصِيبَهُمْ فِتْنَةٌ أَوْ يُصِيبَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
Make not the calling of the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) among you as your calling of one another. Allah knows those of you who slip away under shelter (of some excuse without taking the permission to leave, from the Messenger SAW). And let those who oppose the Messenger's (Muhammad SAW) commandment (i.e. his Sunnah legal ways, orders, acts of worship, statements, etc.) (among the sects) beware, lest some Fitnah (disbelief, trials, afflictions, earthquakes, killing, overpowered by a tyrant, etc.) befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them.
Yusuf Ali
Deem not the summons of the Messenger among yourselves like the summons of one of you to another: Allah doth know those of you who slip away under shelter of some excuse: then let those beware who withstand the Messenger's order, lest some trial befall them, or a grievous penalty be inflicted on them.
German
Setzt die Einladung des Gesandten nicht euren Einladungen gleich! Gott kennt genau die, die sich heimlich davonstehlen, indem sie sich verstecken. Die, die sich Gottes Geboten widersetzen, haben sich in acht zu nehmen, daß sie nicht eine schwere Prüfung oder eine qualvolle Strafe trifft.
Malay
Janganlah kamu jadikan seruan atau panggilan Rasulullah di antara kamu seperti seruan atau panggilan sesama kamu; sesungguhnya Allah mengetahui orang-orang di antara kamu yang menarik diri ke luar (dari majlis Nabi) secara berselindung dan bersembunyi. Oleh itu, hendaklah mereka yang mengingkari perintahnya, beringat serta berjaga-jaga jangan mereka ditimpa bala bencana, atau ditimpa azab seksa yang tidak terperi sakitnya.
Russian
Не равняйте обращение к Посланнику среди вас с тем, как вы обращаетесь друг к другу. Аллах знает тех из вас, которые уходят украдкой под прикрытием. Пусть же остерегаются те, которые противятся его воле, как бы их не постигло искушение или не постигли их мучительные страдания.

أَلَا إِنَّ لِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ قَدْ يَعْلَمُ مَا أَنتُمْ عَلَيْهِ وَيَوْمَ يُرْجَعُونَ إِلَيْهِ فَيُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا عَمِلُوا ۗ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan
Certainly, to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. Surely, He knows your condition and (He knows) the Day when they will be brought back to Him, then He will inform them of what they did. And Allah is All-Knower of everything.
Yusuf Ali
Be quite sure that to Allah doth belong whatever is in the heavens and on earth. Well doth He know what ye are intent upon: and one day they will be brought back to Him, and He will tell them the truth of what they did: for Allah doth know all things.
German
Gottes ist alles, was es in den Himmeln und auf der Erde gibt. Er weiß genau, was ihr im Schilde führt. Am Jüngsten Tag werden sie zu Ihm zurückgeführt werden, und Er wird ihnen über alles, was sie getan haben, berichten und sie dafür belangen. Gottes Wissen umfaßt alles.
Malay
Ketahuilah! Sesungguhnya Allah jualah yang menguasai segala yang ada di langit dan di bumi. Sesungguhnya Ia mengetahui keadaan yang kamu berada padanya (wahai umat manusia); dan pada hari umat manusia itu kembali kepadaNya, maka Ia akan menerangkan kepada mereka segala yang mereka kerjakan, kerana sesungguhnya Allah Maha Mengetahui akan tiap tiap sesuatu.
Russian
Воистину, Аллаху принадлежит то, что на небесах и на земле. Он знает ваше положение и тот день, когда они будут возвращены к Нему. Он поведает им о том, что они совершили. Аллаху известно обо всякой вещи. 

Tafsir of Surah An-Nur 

by Sheikh Ninowy




 
An inspiring Lecture by 
Allama Shaykh Dr. Muhammad bin Yahya Al Husayni Al Ninowy (Hafithahu Allah)


Profile Of The Surah

Juz : 18 Surah No. :24 Surah:AN-NUR No. of Verses: 64

Name
This Surah takes its name, An Nur, from verse 35.

Period of Revelation
The consensus of opinion is that it was sent down after the Campaign against Bani al-Mustaliq and this is confirmed by vv. 11-20 that deal with the incident of the "Slander", which occurred during that Campaign. But there is a difference of opinion as to whether this Campaign took place in 5 A. H. before the Battle of the Trench or in 6 A. H. after it. It is important to decide this issue in order to determine whether this Surah was sent down earlier or Surah Al- Ahzab(XXXIII), which is the only other Surah containing the Commandments about the observance of purdah by women. Surah Al-Ahzab was admittedly sent down on the occasion of the Battle of the Trench. Now if this Battle occurred earlier, it would mean that the initial instructions in connection with the Commandments of purdah were sent down in Surah Al-Ahzab? and they were complemented later by the Commandments revealed in this Surah. On the other hand, if the Campaign against Bani al-Mustaliq occurred earlier, the chronological order of the Commandments would be reversed, and it would become difficult to understand the legal wisdom and implications of the Commandments of purdah.

According to Ibn Sa'd, the Campaign against Bani al Mustaliq took place in Shaban 5 A. H. and the Battle of the Trench in Zil- Qa'dah the same year. This opinion is based on some traditions from Hadarat Ayesha about the events connected with the "Slander" in which she refers to a dispute between Hadrat Sa'd bin 'Ubadah and Sa'd bin Mu'az. Hadrat Sa'd bin Mu'az, according to authentic traditions, died during the Campaign against Bani Quraizah, which took place immediately after the Battle of the Trench. It is, therefore, evident that he could not be present in 6 A. H. to take part in a dispute about the "Slander".

On the other hand, Muhammad bin Ishaq says that the Battle of the Trench took place in Shawwal 5 A. H. and the Campaign against Bani al-Mustaliq in Sha'ban 6 A. H. This opinion is supported by many authentic traditions from Hadrat Ayesha and others. According to these traditions, (1) the Commandments about purdah had been sent down in Surah Al-Ahzab before the incident of the "Slander", (2) the Holy Prophet had married Hadrat Zainab in Zil-Qa'dah 5 A. H. after the Battle of the Trench, (3) Hamnah, sister of Hadrat Zainab, had taken a leading part in spreading the "Slander", just because Hadrat Ayesha was a rival of her sister. All this evidence supports the view of Muhammad bin Ishaq.

Now let us consider the two opinions a little more closely. The only argument in favor of the first opinion is the mention of the presence of Hadrat Sa'd bin Mu'az in a dispute connected with the incident of the "Slander". But this argument is weakened by some other traditions from Hadrat Ayesha, in which she mentions Hadrat Usaid bin Hudair instead of Hadrat Sa'd bin Mu'az in this dispute. It may, therefore, be assumed that there has been some confusion regarding the two names in reporting the traditions. Moreover, if we accept the first opinion, just because of the mention of the name of Hadrat Sa'd bin Mu'az in some traditions, we encounter other difficulties that cannot be resolved in any way. For, in that case, we shall have to admit that the revelation of the Commandments of purdah and the Holy Prophet's marriage with Hadrat Zainab had taken place even earlier than the Battle of the Trench. But we learn from the Qur'an and many authentic traditions that both these events happened after that Battle and the Campaign against Bani Quraizah. That is why Ibn Hazm, Ibn Qayyim and some other eminent scholars have held the opinion of Muhammad bin Ishaq as correct, and we also hold it to be so. Thus, we conclude that Surah Al Ahzab was sent down earlier than Surah An-Nur, which was revealed in the latter half of 6 A. H. several months after Surah Al Ahzab.

Historical Background
Now let us review the circumstances existing at the time of the revelation of this surah. It should be kept in mind that the incident of the "Slander", which was the occasion of its revelation, was closely connected with the conflict between Islam and the disbelievers.

After the victory at Badr, the Islamic movement began to gain strength day by day; so much so that by the time of the Battle of the Trench, it had become so strong that the united forces of the enemy numbering about ten thousand failed to crush it and had to raise the siege of Al Madinah after one month. It meant this, and both the parties understood it well, that the war of aggression which the Disbelievers had been waging for several years, had come to an end. The Holy Prophet himself declared: "After this year, the Quraish will not be able to attack you; now you will take the offensive."

When the disbelievers realized that they could not defeat Islam on the battlefield, they chose the moral front to carry on the conflict. It cannot be said with certainty whether this Change of tactics was the outcome of deliberate consultations, or it was the inevitable result of the humiliating retreat in the Battle of the Trench, for which all the available forces of the enemy had been concentrated:They knew it well that the rise of Islam was nor due to the numerical strength of the Muslims nor to their superior arms and ammunition nor to their greater material resources; nay, the Muslims were fighting against fearful odds on all these fronts. They owed their success to their moral superiority. Their enemies realized that the pure and noble qualities of the Holy Prophet and his followers were capturing the hearts of the people, and were also binding them together into a highly disciplined community. As a result of this, they were defeating the mushriks and the Jews both on the peace and on the war front, be cause the latter lacked discipline and character.

Under the above mentioned circumstances, the wicked designs of the disbelievers led them to start a campaign of vilification against the Holy Prophet and the Muslims in order to destroy the bulwark of morale that was helping them to defeat their enemies. Therefore the strategy was to attain the assistance of the hypocrites to spread slanders against the Holy Prophet and his followers so that the mushriks and the Jews could exploit these to sow the seeds of discord among the Muslims and undermine their discipline.

The first opportunity for the use of the new strategy was afforded in Zil-Qa'dah 5 A. H. when the Holy Prophet married Hadrat Zainab (daughter of Jahsh), who was the divorced wife of his adopted son, Zaid bin Harithah. The Holy Prophet had arranged this marriage in order to put an end to the custom of ignorance, which gave the same status to the adopted son that was the right only of the son from one's own loins. The hypocrites, however, considered it a golden opportunity to vilify the Holy Prophet from inside the community, and the Jews and the mushriks exploited it from outside to ruin his high reputation by this malicious slander. For this purpose fantastic stories were concocted and spread to this effect: "One day Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) happened to see the wife of his adopted son and fell in love with her; he maneuvered her divorce and married her." Though this was an absurd fiction it was spread with such skill, cunning and artfulness that it succeeded in its purpose; so much so that some Muslim tradtionalist and commentators also have cited some parts of it in their writings, and the orientalists have exploited these fully to vilify the Holy Prophet. As a matter of fact, Hadrat Zainab was never a stranger to the Holy Prophet that he should see her by chance and fall in love with her at first sight. For she was his first cousin, being the daughter of his real paternal aunt, Umaimah, daughter of Abdul Muttalib. He had known her from her childhood to her youth. A year before this incident, he himself had persuaded her against her will to marry Hadarat Zaid in order to demonstrate practically that the Quraish and the liberated slaves were equal as human being. As she never reconciled herself to her marriage with a liberated slave, they could not pull on together for long, which inevitably led to her divorce. The above mentioned facts were well known to all, yet the slanderers succeeded in their false propaganda with the result that even today there are people who exploit these things to defame Islam.

The second slander was made on the honor of Hadrat Ayesha, a wife of the Holy Prophet, in connection with an incident which occurred while he was returning from the Campaign against Bani al-Mustaliq. As this attack was even severer than the first one and was the main background of this Surah, we shall deal with it in greater detail.

Let us say a few words about Abdullah bin Ubayy, who played the part of a villain in this attack. He belonged to the clan of Khazraj and was one of the most important chiefs of Al-Madinah. The people had even intended to make him their king a little before the Holy Prophet's migration there, but the scheme had to be dropped because of the changed circumstances. Though he had embraced Islam, he remained at heart a hypocrite and his hypocrisy was so manifest that he was called the "Chief of the Hypocrites". He never lost any opportunity to slander Islam in order to take his revenge.

Now the main theme. When in Sha'ban 6 A. H. the Holy Prophet learned that the people of Bani al-Mustaliq were making preparations for a war against the Muslims and were trying to muster other clans also for this purpose, he fore- stalled and took the enemy by surprise. After capturing the people of the clan and their belongings, the Holy Prophet made a halt near Muraisi, a spring in their territory. One day a dispute concerning taking water from the spring started between a servant of Hadrat Umar and an ally of the clan of Khazraj, and developed into a quarrel between the Muhajirs(immigrants) and the Ansar(Muslims of Madinah), but was soon settled. This, however, did not suit the strategy of Abdullah bin Ubayy, who also had joined the expedition with a large number of hypocrites. So he began to incite the Ansar, saying, "You yourselves brought these people of the quraish from Makkah and made them partners in your wealth and property. And now they have become your rivals and want domination over you. If even now you withdraw your support from them, they shall be forced to leave your city." Then he swore and declared, "As soon as we reach back Al-Madinah, the respectable people will turn out the degraded people from the city."

When the Holy Prophet came to know of this, he ordered the people to set off immediately and march back to Al-Madinah. The forced march continued up to noon the next day without a halt on the way so that the people became exhausted and had no time for idle talk.

Though this wise judgment and quick action by the Holy Prophet averted the undesirable consequences of the mischief, Abdullah bin Ubayy got another opportunity for doing a far more serious and greater mischief, i. e. by engineering a "Slander" against Hadrat Ayesha, for that was a mischief which might well have involved the young Muslim Community in a civil war, if the Holy Prophet and his sincere and devoted followers had not shown wisdom, forbearance and marvelous discipline in dealing with it. In order to understand the events that led to the incident of the "Slander", we cite the story in Hadrat 'Ayesha's own words. She says :

"Whenever the Holy Prophet went out on a journey, he decided by lots as to which of his wives should accompany him. Accordingly, it was decided that I should accompany him during the expedition to Bani al Mustaliq. On the return journey, the Holy Prophet halted for the night at a place which was the last stage on the way back to Al- Madinah. It was still night, when they began to make preparations for the march. So I went outside the camp to ease myself. When I returned and came near my halting place, I noticed that my necklace had fallen down somewhere. I went back in search for it but in the meantime the caravan moved off and I was left behind all alone. The four carriers of the litter had placed it on my camel without noticing that it was empty. This happened because of my light weight due to lack of food in those days. I wrapped myself in my sheet and lay down in the hope that when it would be found that I had been left behind, a search party would come back to pick me up. In the meantime I fell asleep. In the morning, when Safwan bin Mu'attal Sulami passed that way, he saw me and recognized me for he had seen me several times before the Commandment about purdah had been sent down. No sooner did he see me than he stopped his camel and cried out spontaneously : "How sad! The wife of the Holy Prophet has been left here!" At this I woke up all of a sudden and covered my face with my sheet. Without uttering another word, he made his camel kneel by me and stood aside, while I climbed on to the camel back. He led the camel by the nose-string and we overtook the caravan at about noon, when it had just halted and nobody had yet noticed that I had been left behind. I learnt afterwards that this incident had been used to slander me and Abdullah bin Ubayy was foremost among the slanderers.(According to other traditions, when Hadrat Ayesha reached the camp on the camel, led by Safwan, and it was known that she had been left behind, Abdullah bin Ubayy cried out, 'By God, she could not have remained chaste. Look, there comes the wife of your Prophet openly on the camel led by the person with whom she passed the night.')

"When I reached Al-Madinah, I fell ill and stayed in bed for more than a month. Though I was quite unaware of it, the news of the "Slander" was spreading like a scandal in the city, and had also reached the Holy Prophet. Anyhow, I noticed that he did not seem as concerned about my illness he used to be. He would come but without addressing me directly, would inquire from others how I was and leave the house. Therefore it troubled my mind that something had gone wrong somewhere. So I took leave of him and went to my mother's house for better nursing.

"While I was there, one night I went out of the city to ease myself in the company of Mistah's mother, who was a first cousin of my mother. As she was walking along she stumbled over something and cried out spontaneously, 'May Mistah perish!' To this I retorted, 'What a good mother you are that you curse your own son -- the son who took part in the Battle of Badr.' She replied, 'My dear daughter, are you not aware of his scandal mongering?' Then she told me everything about the campalgn of the "Slander".(Besides the hypocrites, some true Muslims also had been involved in this campaign, and among them who took leading part in it, were Mistah, Hassan bin Thabit, the famous poet of Islam, and Hamnah, daughter of Jahsh and sister of Hadrat Zainab). Hearing this horrible story, my blood curdled, and I immediately returned home, and passed the rest of the night in crying over it.

"During my absence the Holy Prophet took counsel with Ali and Usamah bin Zaid about this matter. Usamah said good words about me to this effect:'O Messenger of Allah, we have found nothing but good in your wife. All that is being spread about her is a lie and calumny.' As regards Ali, he said, 'O Messenger of Allah, there is no dearth of women; you may, if you like, marry an other wife. If, how- ever, you would like to investigate into the matter, you may send for her maid servant and enquire into it through her.' Accordingly, the maid servant was sent for and questioned. She replied, 'I declare on an oath by Allah, Who has sent you with the Truth, that I have never seen any evil thing in her, except that she falls asleep when I tell her to look after the kneaded dough in my absence and a goat comes and eats it.'

"On that same day the Holy Prophet addressed the people from the pulpit, saying:'O Muslims, who from among you will defend my honor against the attacker of the person who has transgressed all bounds in doing harm to me by slandering my wife. By God, I have made a thorough enquiry and found nothing wrong with her nor with the man, whose name has been linked with the "Slander". At this Usaid bin Hudair (or Sa'd bin Mauz) according to other traditions) stood up and said, 'O Messenger of Allah, if that person belongs to our clan, we will kill him by ourselves, but if he belongs to the Khazraj clan, we will kill him if you order us to do so.' Hearing this Sa'd bin 'Ubadah,2 chief of the Khazraj clan, stood up and said, 'You lie you can never kill him. You are saying this just because the person belongs to our clan of Khazraj. Had he belonged to your clan, you would never have said so.' Hadrat Usaid retorted, 'You are a hypocrite: that is why you are defending a hypocrite.' At this, there was a general turmoil in the mosque, which would have developed into a riot, even though the Holy Prophet was present there the whole time. But he cooled down their anger and came down from the pulpit."

The remaining details of the incident will be cited along with our commentary on the Text, which honorably absolved Hadrat Aishah from the blame. But here we would only want to point out the enormity of the mischief that was engineered by Abdullah bin Ubayy: (1) It implied an attack on the honour of the Holy Prophet and Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddiq.(2) He meant to undermine the high moral superiority which was the greatest asset of the Islamic Movement (3) He intended to ignite civil war between the Muhajirs and the Ansar, and between Aus and Khazraj, the two clans of the Ansar.

Theme and Topics
This Surah and vv. 28-73 of Surah Al-Ahzab(of which this is the sequel) were sent down to strengthen the moral front, which at that time was the main target of the attack, vv. 28-73 of Al-Ahzab were sent down concerning the Holy Prophet's marriage with Hadrat Zainab, and on the occasion of the second attack (the "Slander" about Hadrat Aishah), Surah An-Nur was sent down to repair the cracks that had appeared in the unity of the Muslim Community. If we keep this in view during the study of the two Surahs, we shall understand the wisdom that underlies the Commandments about purdah. Allah sent the following instructions to strengthen and safeguard the moral front, and to counteract the storm of propaganda that was raised on the occasion of the marriage of Hazrat Zainab:

The wives of the Holy Prophet were enjoined to remain within their private quarters, to avoid display of adornments and to be cautious in their talk with other persons (vv. 32, 33).

The other Muslims were forbidden to enter the private rooms of the Holy Prophet and instructed to ask whatever they wanted from behind the curtain.(v. 53).

A line of demarcation was drawn between the mahram and the non-mahram relatives. Only the former were allowed to enter the private rooms of those wives of the Holy Prophet with whom they were so closely related as to prohibit marriage with them.(v. 55).

The Muslims were told that the wives of the Prophet were prohibited for them just like their own real mothers; therefore every Muslim should regard them with the purest of intentions.(vv. 53, 54).

The Muslims were warned that they would invite the curse and scourge of Allah if they offended the Holy Prophet. Likewise it was a heinous sin to attack the honor of or slander any Muslim man or woman.(vv. 57, 58).

All the Muslim women were enjoined to cover their faces with their sheets if and when they had to go out of their houses.(v. 59).

On the occasion of the second attack, this Surah was sent down to keep pure and strengthen the moral fiber of the Muslim society, which had been shaken by the enormity of the slander. We give below a summary of the Commandments and instructions in their chronological order so that one may understand how the Qur'an makes use of the psychological occasion to reform the Community by the adoption of legal, moral and social measures.

Fornication which had already been declared to be a social crime (IV: 15,16) was now made a criminal offense and was to be punished with a hundred lashes.

It was enjoined to boycott the adulterous men and women and the Muslims were forbidden to have any marriage relations with them.

The one, who accused the other of adultery but failed to produce four witnesses, was to be punished with eighty lashes.

The Law of Li'an was prescribed to decide the charge of adultery against his own fife by a husband.

The Muslims were enjoined to learn a lesson from the incident of the "Slander" about Hadrat Aishah, as if to say, "You should be very cautious in regard to charges of adultery against the people of good reputation, and should not spread these; nay, you should refute and suppress them immediately." In this connection, a general principle was enunciated that the proper spouse for a pure man is a pure woman, for he cannot pull on with a wicked woman for long, and the same is the case with a pure woman, as if to say, "When you knew that the Holy Prophet was a pure man, nay, the purest of all human beings, how could you believe that he had experienced happiness with a wicked woman and exalted her as the most beloved of his wives? For it was obvious that an adulterous woman could not have been able to deceive, with her affected behavior, a pure man like the Holy Prophet. You ought also to have considered the fact that the accuser was a mean person while the accused was a pure woman. This should have been enough to convince you that the accusation was not worth your consideration; nay, it was not even conceivable.

Those who spread news and evil rumours and propagate wickedness in the Muslim Community, deserve punishment and not encouragement.

A general principle was laid down that relations in the Muslim Community should be based on good faith and not on suspicion: everyone should be treated as innocent unless he is proved to be guilty and vice versa.

The people were forbidden to enter the houses of others unceremoniously and were instructed to take permission for this.

Both men and women were instructed to lower their gaze and forbidden to cast glances or make eyes at each other.

Women were enjoined to cover their heads and breasts even inside their houses.

Women were forbidden to appear with make-up before other men except their servants or such relatives with whom their marriage is prohibited.

They were enjoined to hide their make-ups when they went out of their houses, and even forbidden to put on jingling ornaments, while they moved out of their houses.

Marriage was encouraged and enjoined even for slaves and slave girls, for unmarried people help spread indecency.

The institution of slavery was discouraged and the owners and other people were enjoined to give financial help to the slaves to earn their freedom under the law of Mukatabat.

Prostitution by slave girls was forbidden in the first instance, for prostitution in Arabia was confined to this class alone. This in fact implied the legal prohibition of prostitution.

Sanctity of privacy in home life was enjoined even for servants and under age children including one's own. They were enjoined not to enter the private rooms of any man or woman without permission; especially in the morning, at noon and at night.

Old women were given the concession that they could set aside their head covers within their houses but should refrain from display of adornments. Even they were told that it was better for them to keep themselves covered with head wrappers.

The blind, lame, crippled and sick persons were allowed to take any article of food from the houses of other people without permission, for it was not to be treated like theft and cheating, which are cognizable offenses.

On the other hand, the Muslims were encouraged to develop mutual relationships by taking their meals together, and the nearest relatives and intimate friends were allowed to take their meals in each other's house without any formal invitation. This was to produce mutual affection and sincere relationships between them to counteract any future mischief. Side by side with these instructions, clear signs of the Believers and the hypocrites were stated to enable every Muslim to discriminate between the two. At the same time the Community was bound together by adopting disciplinary measures in order to make it stronger and firmer than it was at the time so as to discourage the enemies from creating mischief in it.

Above all, the most conspicuous thing about this discourse is that it is free from the bitterness which inevitably follows such shameful and absurd attacks. Instead of showing any wrath at this provocation, the discourse prescribes some laws and regulations and enjoins reformative commandments and issues wise instructions that were required at the time for the education and training of the Community. Incidentally, this teaches us how to deal with such provocative mischiefs coolly, wisely and generously. At the same time, it is a clear proof that this is not the word of Prophet Muhammad (Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) but of a Being Who is observing all human conditions and affairs from the highest level, and guiding mankind without any personal prejudices, feelings and leanings. Had this been the word of the Holy Prophet; there would have been at least some tinge of natural bitterness in spite of his great generosity and forbearance, for it is but human that a noble man naturally become enraged when his own honor is attacked in this mean manner.

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