Nov 6, 2011

Eid Prayer - Sembahyang Raya

1 - The Eid Salaah consists of two Raka'ahs. Umar (radhi allahu anhu) said: “The traveler’s prayer is two raka'ah; the Adha prayer is two Raka'ah; and the Jumuah prayer is two Rak'ah; this is their full length as came from the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam).”
[(saheeh) Musnad Ahmad, Nisa'ee, Baihaqee and others]

2 - The Eid Salaah is not preceded by the adhan (the call to announce the prayer time) or Iqamah (the call to start prayer). Jabir bin Samurah (radhi allahu anhu) said: “I prayed the Eid prayer with Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), on more than one occasion, without adhan or Iqamah.”
[Saheeh Muslim]

3 - No Sunnah prayer may precede or follow the Eid prayer, except if it is performed in a Masjid instead of a Musallah, in which case one must pray two raka'hs before sitting down. Ibn Abbas (radhi allahu anhu) reported: “The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) went out (of his house) on the day of Fitr, prayed two raka'hs and did not pray before or after it.”
[Zaad al-Maad (2/443)]


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Hukum Sembahyang Hari Raya
Sebab dinamakan `eid'
&
Tahun Disyariatkan


 

Uploaded by on 2 Sep 2010
Petikan kuliah Sunan Abi Daud: Bab Sembahyang Dua Hari Raya, Antara isinya:
-Sebab2 dinamakan `eid' (eidulfitri)
-Tahun mula disyariatkan pada tahun pertama Hijrah bagi sesetengah ulama` dan tahun ke2 Hijrah bagi jumhur ulama`
-Hukum Sembahyang Hari Raya, khilaf menurut ulama`:
1- Abu Hanifah mengatakannya wajib
2-Abu Sa`id al-Istakhri (salah seorang tokoh dlm mazhab Syafie) mengatakannya fardhu kifayah
3-Sunnat muakkad di sisi imam Syafie dan jumhur ulama'

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The Hukum is Sunat Muakkad by Imam Syafie and jumhur Ulama. among the reason when asked by prophet's companion is there next any other solat that wajib than the solat fardhu 5 times a day, Prophet said No - based on the speech above
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Eid Prayer & How To Perform it 

Every Muslim must pray ‘Eid prayer as the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam has prayed. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam has said: "Pray as you see me praying". [Sahih Al-Bukhari: vol. 1, p. 345, no. 604.].

Sunnah before or after the ‘Eid prayer:

It is not established that there is any sunnah prayer before or after the ‘Eid prayer. The Prophet never performed any such prayer, neither did his companions upon arrival at the musalla (prayer place).

It was the practice of the Muslims at the time Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam that they would not pray any sunnah or nafl prayers before or after the ‘Eid prayer. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam never prayed any sunnah or nafl before or after the ‘Eid prayer.

‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abbaas said: " the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam offered a two Rak‘aat prayer on the day of ‘Eidul Fitr and he did not pray before or after it." [Refer to Sahih Al-Bukhari: vol. 2, p. 43, no. 81].

The takbeer during salaatul ‘Eidayn:

The ‘Eid prayer consists of two rak'at during which it is sunnah to pronounce the takbeer seven times, after the opening takbir and before the Qur'anic recital in the first rak'ah. ‘Umar (may Allâh be pleased with him) said: "The prayer of ‘Eid and al-Adh-haa is two complete rak’ahs, not shortened. This is according to the words of your Prophet (!), and the liar is doomed." [Refer to Irwaaul Ghaleel by Al-Albaanee: vol. 3, pp.105-6, no. 638.]
Continue @ turntoislam.com


The Fiqh of Eid

From Heavenly Ornaments of Imam Ashraf al-Tahanawi
(Allah have mercy on him)

EID PRAYER

1. The first of Shawwaal is known as Eid ul-Fitr, and the tenth of Zil Hijjah is known as Eid ul-Ad'haa. Both these days are days of festivity and celebration in Islam. On both these days it is necessary (wajib) to offer two rakaats of prayer as a form of gratitude. The prerequisites and conditions that have been mentioned for the validity and compulsion for Friday, apply for the Eid prayer as well. With the exception that for the Friday prayer the khutbah is a prerequisite and fard, while for the Eid prayers it is not fard but sunnah. Furthermore, the Friday khutbah is delivered before the prayer while for the Eid prayers, the khutbah is delivered after the prayer. However, listening to the khutbah of Eid is necessary (wajib) just as it is necessary (wajib) for the khutbah of Friday, i.e. while the khutbah is being delivered, it is haraam to talk, walk about or offer prayer.

Thirteen things are sunnah on the day of Eid ul-Fitr:

(i) To adorn oneself according to the Shariah.
(ii) To have a bath.
(iii) To use miswaak.
(iv) To wear the best of clothing which one possesses.
(v) To apply perfume.
(vi) To wake up very early in the morning.
(vii) To go early to the Eid prayer place.
(viii) To eat something sweet, such as dates, before going to the Eid prayer place.
(ix) To give the sadaqatul fitr before going to the Eid prayer place.
(x) To offer the Eid prayer in the Eid prayer place. That is, one should not offer Eid prayer in the masjid without any valid reason.

(xi) To return from the Eid prayer place taking a route that is different from the one that he had taken when going towards the Eid prayer place.
(xii) To go to the Eid prayer place on foot.
(xiii) To read the following takbeer softly while walking towards the Eid prayer place:

2. The method of offering Eid ul-Fitr prayer is as follows: the following intention should be made: "I intend offering two rakaats necessary (wajib) of Eid ul-Fitr prayer with six necessary (wajib) takbeers." After making this intention, he should commence his prayer. He must recite the thanaa' and then say Allahu Akbar three times. Each time that he says Allahu Akbar, he should raise his hands to his ears just as he does for the takbeer-e-tahreemah. After making the takbeer, he should let his hands rest at his sides. In-between each takbeer, he should pause to such an extent that he can read Sub'haanallah three times. After the third takbeer, he should not rest his hands but tie them. He should then read the ta'awwudh and bismillah, Surah Faatihah and another Surah. Thereafter, he should make his ruku and sajdahs and stand up as he normally does. In the second rakaat, he should first recite Surah Faatihah and another Surah. Thereafter, he should make three takbeers but after the third takbeer he should not tie his hands but leave them at his sides. He should then make one more takbeer and go into ruku.

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The Fiqh Ruling On Eid Prayer
 حكم صلاة العيدين - المقطع الثاني

by Abo Taimiya
 

Uploaded by on 4 Dec 2009
The Fiqh Ruling On Eid Prayers

The above 
Speech
In Arabic

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