Nov 1, 2011

Masjid مسجد Mosque - History and Function in Islam



The first Mosque built in Islam. 
Here it has been expandedgreatly since 
its simple beginnings at the time of Muhammad s.a.w

The mosque in Islamic religion

House of prayer in Islam. A mosque is symbolically very important to Muslims, and is a humble way for man to recreate pure divine presence on earth. But mosques are not built according to what is believed to be divine patterns, even if they are divinely guided, nor after very clear rules, except on some few points. It shall have a clear indication of the direction of Mecca, qibla (kible). The indication is in most mosques a mihrab, a niche in the wall. A mosque shall have a roofed area in front of the mihrab, and doors can be placed in the walls where the mihrab is not.
Masjid (Mescit) is a word meaning 'place for prostration', and were used by the early Muslims for houses of worship, even for other religions. Today the Arabic 'masjid', and the English 'mosque' are used exclusively for religious houses in Islam.

History and Development

The first mosque is the one in Mecca, meaning the area that surrounded the Ka'ba, the most holy shrine. But the model of early mosques, was the courtyard of Muhammed's house in Madina, which was constructed in 622 AD. This was organized with a qibla, first facing in the direction of Jerusalem. To the left of this qibla, houses for Muhammed's wives, were erected. There were three entrances to the courtyard. An area of the courtyard was roofed, and here prayer was performed. After 1,5 years the qibla was changed, so that it faced Mecca

Masjid Kayu (Wooden Mosque) Seberang Jerteh
Trengganu, Malaysia 


The role of the Mosque


The Quran urges the faithful to, think, ponder, reflect and acquire knowledge that would bring them closer to God and to His creation. 

The Quran uses repetition in order to imbed certain key concepts in the consciousness of its listeners. Allah (God) and Rab (the Sustainer) are repeated 2,800 and 950 times respectively in the sacred text; Ilm (knowledge) comes third with 750 mentions. 

The prophet Muhammad commanded knowledge upon all Muslims, and urged them to seek knowledge as far they could reach, and also to seek it at all times. 

Following these commands and traditions, Muslim rulers insisted that every Muslim child acquired learning, and they themselves gave considerable support to institutions, and learning in general. This contributed largely with the commands of Islam to make elementary education almost universal amongst Muslims. `It was this great liberality,' says Wilds `which they [the Muslims] displayed in educating their people in the schools which was one of the most potent factors in the brilliant and rapid growth of their civilisation. Education was so universally diffused that it was said to be difficult to find a Muslim who could not read or write.'

In Muslim Spain, according to Scott, there was not a village where `the blessings of education’ could not be enjoyed by the children of the most indigent peasant, and in Cordoba were eight hundred public schools frequented alike by Muslims, Christians, and Jews, and where instruction was imparted by lectures. The Spanish Muslim received knowledge at the same time and under the same conditions as the literary pilgrims from Asia Minor and Egypt, from Germany, France, and Britain. And in the great Muslim university of Cordoba, both Jews and Christians attained to acknowledged distinction as professors. So high was the place of learning that both teachers and pupils were greatly respected by the mass of the population; and the large libraries collected by the wealthy landed and merchants showed that learning—as in the Italian Renaissance (six hundred years later)—was one of the marks of a gentleman.


The Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Mosque 
captured from Shah Alam Lake

What is the role of Mosque?

By Muhammed Khako

ccun.org, April 2, 2008

American Muslims and their places of worship (Mosques) have been highly scrutinized since the 9-11 attacks and “War on Terror”.  The mosques are the most important centers in any Muslim community. From their pulpit (Minbar) are delivered the sermons (khutbah), arguably the most important weekly address regarding Islam, and around them the Muslims congregate and organize their affairs. The question many Muslims ask is what is the role of Mosque (Masjid)?
 
As the influence of Islam grows the role of the mosque in society should be understood by all non-Muslims. The Mosque is the most important institution in Islam after the home and work place. Muslim visits it at least once, if not three times a day (or five times in Muslim countries). There, a Muslim  rekindles his spirituality, strengthens his relationship with his Creator, meets his fellow Muslim brothers/sisters and renews his sense of belonging. The role of the mosque is not to amass people and make it crowded. It is meant to encourage people to interact with each other on a basis of love and cooperation and seeking God’s pleasure. The role of the mosque in traditional Muslim society is three-fold. The first and primary one relates to worship, second is a social activity and the third is political role, but not the sort of role that the Taliban gave it in Afghanistan or controlled by the governments or kings. The mosque should be an independent, democratic, religious and social institution and not a center for increasing religious intolerance and sectarianism. The biggest responsibilities of the administrators of Mosques in America today is to eradicate the misconceptions about Islam and to lead communities out of the depths of Islam phobia and ignorance.
 
The word mosque is derived from the Arabic word masjid, which literally means the place of prostration (sujud). This is the position in Islamic ritual prayers (Salaat), in which the forehead of the worshipper touches the ground in the supreme act of submission and surrender before God.  Muslims  often refer to the mosque by its Arabic  name, masjid. Today, most mosques have elaborate domes, minarets,  and prayer halls. And according to Islamic beliefs, the first mosque in the world was the Kaaba,  which was built  by Abraham and assisted by his son Ismail upon an order from God.  The oldest mosque built by Muslims is the Quba Mosque in Medina. The Mosque symbolizes Islamic monotheism and the unity of the Muslim Community (ummah). Mosque is where the call to prayer is made five times a day, the community comes together in the congregational prayer and all Muslims regardless of their race, color, social, and economic status stand shoulder to shoulder before their Lord in response to His call.


True Islam Brixton masjid Ibn Taymiyyah


 

Uploaded by on 25 Dec 2008
Brixton Mosque True Muslims who follow the Quran and Sunnah 
talk about Islam, Niqab, Hijab, terrorism. 
Masjid ibn Taymiyyah

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