Dec 4, 2011

Khilafah خلافة The Islamic State Negara Islam Khilafat Caliphate Hilafet

Concept of Khilafat 
(The Islamic State ) 
Sheikh-ul-Islam Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri

Uploaded by on 13 Apr 2010


The Islamic State
Shaykh-ul-Islam Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri

The political dimension of Islam is embedded in the concept of khilafah that finds its literal meaning in niyabah (representation) and amanah (trusteeship). According to the Qur’an and Sunnah, khilafah is the basic nature of rule or the character of Islamic rule, not a specific form of government, which is quite different from the West where the two prevalent forms of government, the Unitary system and the Federal system, represent a certain type of set-up. Generally speaking the former concentrates authority in the centre, so the whole country is a single unit controlled by a centralized government whereas the latter breaks the country into various semi-autonomous provinces headed by a president.

Khilafah does not vest absolute authority in the ruler, whether it takes the form of a presidential government or a parliamentary government, rather his obedience is primarily to the Qur’an and Sunnah which override any form which government might take. Therefore, if true Islamic rule is enforced and all governmental policies, injunctions, judicial and executive functions are subservient to the laws legislated by the Qur’an and Sunnah, it can be considered to be khilafah regardless of the form of government being used.

There are three divisions in an Islamic state:

• Parliament whose role is to legislate
• Executive whose role is to administrate
• Judiciary whose role is to interpret

None of these three divisions can overrule any law legislated by the Qur’an, Sunnah, the Khulafa ar-Rashidun (rightly guided caliphs) or any of the other agreed-upon sources of Islamic Jurisprudence. This is the difference between Khilafah and Western democracy, in Western Democracy, the Western democratic parliament is supreme and there is no other authority or power beyond it. Under Khilafah, however, the authority vested in any parliament, government or state is qualified by – and conditional upon – the Qur’an and Sunnah. Thus, in an Islamic state, any law which is passed against the Shari‘ah will be challenged and nullified, and will have no legal effect.

The different forms present in Western governments are merely political and geographical mechanisms and Islam does not interfere in such minor mechanisms. For example, the present day Parliament in Britain constitutes a bicameral legislation as it is divided into two: the House of Commons and House of Lords. In America it is the Senate and Congress and in Pakistan it is the National Assembly and the Senate. Islam does not object to this idea.
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