Jan 24, 2012

Aurat عورة Awrah and Hijab حجاب

 *********************

Aurat

sometimes spelt as Awrah and sometimes spelt as Awrat. 
The real spelling is as in the arabic which is

عورة


*********************


Suratul Ahzab (The Combined Forces)
سورة الأحزاب
ayat 59
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُل لِّأَزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يُدْنِينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِن جَلَابِيبِهِنَّ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ أَدْنَىٰ أَن يُعْرَفْنَ فَلَا يُؤْذَيْنَ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا


Sahih International
O Prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to bring down over themselves [part] of their outer garments. That is more suitable that they will be known and not be abused. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful.
Muhsin Khan
O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e.screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allah is Ever OftForgiving, Most Merciful.
Pickthall
O Prophet! Tell thy wives and thy daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks close round them (when they go abroad). That will be better, so that they may be recognised and not annoyed. Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
Yusuf Ali
O Prophet! Tell thy wives and daughters, and the believing women, that they should cast their outer garments over their persons (when abroad): that is most convenient, that they should be known (as such) and not molested. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Malay
Wahai Nabi, suruhlah isteri-isterimu dan anak-anak perempuanmu serta perempuan-perempuan yang beriman, supaya melabuhkan pakaiannya bagi menutup seluruh tubuhnya (semasa mereka keluar); cara yang demikian lebih sesuai untuk mereka dikenal (sebagai perempuan yang baik-baik) maka dengan itu mereka tidak diganggu. Dan (ingatlah) Allah adalah Maha Pengampun, lagi Maha Mengasihani. 

*********************


Aurat Wanita 
Ustaz Kazim Elias 

( presented in Melayu language)
Uploaded by on 16 Jun 2011


Camel Hump Hijabs
Sheikh Salim Al Amry

Uploaded by on 9 Feb 2011
Salam, Salim Al Amry Video is from Al-Mu'minaat project UK,london
*********************


The Rules of Modesty
According to Five Islamic Schools of Law
By: 'Allamah Muhammad Jawad Maghniyyah


This issue is one of those from which numerous bylaws are derived, such as those specifying the parts of one's body that must be covered ('awrah) and the parts of another person's body which it is haram to look at, those relating to the difference between maharim (relatives through lineage or marriage with whom marriage is prohibited) and non-maharim persons in this regard, the difference in this regard due to sameness or difference of sex, the difference between looking and touching and similar rules which are discussed below.

1. Looking at One's Own Body: The schools differ concerning covering of one's 'awrah (private parts) from one's own view and whether it is haram for one to uncover one's 'awrah in privacy.

The Hanafis and the Hanbalis observe: In the same way that it is not permissible for a person to expose his 'awrah in the presence of anyone for whom it is not permissible to look at it, it is not permissible for him to expose it when alone without necessity, as arises at the time or bathing or answering the call of nature.

The Malikis and Shafi'is say: It is not unlawful but reprehensible (makruh) to be bare without necessity.

The Imamis, state: It is neither haram nor makruh when no one else is
looking at.

continue @ IB Arkib

Woman’s ‘awrah in front of other women and mahrams


What is the definition of the ‘awrah between a woman and her brother? What is the ‘awrah between a girl and her mother or sister?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

The ‘awrah of a woman in front of her mahrams such as her father, brother and nephew is her entire body except that which usually appears such as the face, hair, neck, forearms and feet. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer palms of hands or one eye or dress like veil, gloves, headcover, apron), and to draw their veils all over Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, or their fathers, or their husband’s fathers, or their sons, or their husband’s sons, or their brothers or their brother’s sons, or their sister’s sons, or their (Muslim) women”

[al-Noor 24:31].

So Allaah has permitted a woman to show her adornment in front of her husband and mahrams. What is meant by adornment is the places where adornments are worn: the place for a ring is the hand, for a bracelet is the forearm, for an earring is the ear, for a necklace is the neck and chest, and for an anklet is the leg.

Abu Bakr al-Jassaas (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in his Tafseer: The apparent meaning indicates that it is permissible to show one’s adornment to one’s husband and to whose who are also mentioned in the verse, such as fathers etc. It is well known that what is meant is the places where adornments are worn, which are the face, hand and arm… this implies that it is permissible for those who are mentioned in the verse to look at these places, which are the places where hidden adornments are worn, as it says in the beginning of the verse that only outward adornments may be seen by strangers (non-mahrams), but the husband and mahrams are permitted to see hidden adornments. It was narrated from Ibn Mas’ood and al-Zubayr that this refers to earrings, necklaces, bracelets and anklets.

This applies both to the husband and to the others who are mentioned along with him. The general meaning implies that it is permissible for those who are mentioned to look at the places where these adornments are worn just as it is permissible for the husband. End quote.

Al-Baghawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The words of Allaah, may He be exalted, “and not to show off their adornment”, mean that they should not show their adornments to a non-mahram. What is meant here is the hidden adornments, as there are two kinds of adornment, hidden and apparent. Hidden adornments include anklets, henna on the foot, bracelets on the wrist, earrings and necklaces. It is not permissible for a woman to show these, or for a stranger (non-mahram) to look at them. And what is meant by adornment is the place where the adornment is worn. End quote.

It says in Kashshaaf al-Qinaa’ (5/11): A man may also look at the face, neck, hand, foot, head and calf of a woman who is his mahram. According to this report al-Qaadi said: It is permissible (to look at) that which ordinarily appears such as the head and hands up to the elbows. End quote.

These mahrams differ in the degree of closeness and risk of fitnah (temptation). Hence a woman may show to her father what she may not show to her husband’s son. Al-Qurtubi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Allaah mentioned husbands first, then He mentioned mahrams, and described them all as equal with regard to showing the adornment. But they may differ according to what is in their hearts. There is no doubt that for a woman to uncover in front of her father or brother is more safe than to uncover in front of her husband’s son. The extent of what she may show may differ, so she may show to her father that which it is not permissible for her to show to her husband’s son. End quote.

Secondly:

What is established among the fuqaha’ is that the ‘awrah of a woman with another woman is the area between the navel and the knee, whether the woman is her mother or sister or is not her mahram. It is not permissible for a woman to look at the area between the navel and the knee of another woman, except in cases of necessity such as medical treatment and the like.

This does not mean that a woman may sit among other women with all of her body uncovered except the area between the navel and the knee. No one does that except women who are promiscuous and negiligent, or immoral and evildoers. The words of the scholars, “The ‘awrah is the area between the navel and the knee” should not be misunderstood, because this does not mean that this is how women should always dress and show themselves among their sisters and friends. No wise person would accept that and it is not what the fitrah (sound human nature) calls for.

Rather the way a woman should dress among other women is in clothes that cover properly and express her modesty and dignity. She should not show anything except that which appears when she is working and serving others, such as the head, neck, forearms and feet, as we have mentioned when discussing mahrams above.

The Standing Committee for Issuing Fatwas has explained what a woman is not permitted to uncover in front of her mahrams and other women. We have quoted this in the answer to question no. 34745.

We ask Allaah to guide us and you.

And Allaah knows best.
I have the following question: Is it allowed for a small child to see its parents awrah? Is it for example allowed to shower together with its parents ?

Answer : Islam Q&A

Is it permissible for a Muslim man to wear his shirt tucked in his pants, showing the shape of his legs, buttocks, etc., especially in some countries where women are not ashamed to look at them? And when they perform prayer, shouldn't they be wearing a long shirt covering their private parts while they prostrate ?
Answer :  Islam Q&A

Understanding Hijab in Islam

Part 2 of 4                     Part 3 of 4                 Part 4 of 4

Please visit the Sacred Learning website (http://www.sacredlearning.org/) for more audio lectures on Islamic topics, Quran, Tafsir, Hadith, Spirituality and on the life of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

Answers to some common questions regarding the Hijab are provided by Sunnipath (http://www.sunnipath.com/):

Why do muslim women wear hijab? A detailed answer by Shaykh Nuh Ha Mim Keller, SunniPath Academy Teacher:
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?ID=4834&CATE=368

Concerning the standard explanation of the verse of hijab (above):
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=7&ID=5849&CATE=1431

When must a Muslim girl wear the hijab?
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=10&ID=4823&CATE=128

Do old women have to wear hijab?
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=10&ID=1495&CATE=89

Proper way of wearing the Hijab:
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=10&ID=12525&CATE=88

Does someone who does not wear hijab go to hell?
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=10&ID=3107&CATE=128

Taking off the Hijab in Hostile America?
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=1&ID=90&CATE=90

Hijab and Unemployed: may I take it off then?
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=7&ID=11077&CATE=1435

Hijab according to Hanafi fiqh:
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=1&ID=1328&CATE=88

Convert's Hijab: The Question of Gradualism:
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=1&ID=1816&CATE=115

Hijab vs Niqab: Sustainable Islam:
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=10&ID=1329&CATE=88

I Want To Take Off My Hijab!:
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=1&ID=4862&CATE=128

How should one respond to an unsupportive family on wearing hijab?
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=12&ID=3756&CATE=212

Marrying: Is Hijab Deen?
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=12&ID=578&CATE=10

Marrying a girl who does not wear hijab:
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=1&ID=574&CATE=10

Is it permissible for a wife to take off her hijab if her husband disapproves of it?
http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=10&ID=2991&CATE=223

The above video clip uploaded to youtube by

Awrah of Women in the Presence of Other Women and Mahrams
 
Clarification on the ‘Awrah and the Covering of Women in the Presence of Other Women and Mahrams.
By Our Sh. Muhammad bin Salih Al-'Uthaimeen (rahimahullaah)
Prepared by Saleh As-Saleh

Transcribed by
Br. Abu Abdullaah al-Amreeki, Jazaahullaahu Khairan,
from live duroos in Paltalk's "Understanding Islam 1" room.
Text edited by sis Umm Ahmad al-Kanadiyyah, Jazaahaallaahu Khairan.

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

 Clarification on the ‘Awrah and the Covering

All Praise is due to Allaah, and may the salaah and salaam be on Prophet Muhammad, his household, the noble companions and those who follow them until the Day of Resurrection.

Our Shaykh, Muhammad ibn Saalih al-'Uthaimeen (rahimahullaah), was asked:

“There is a phenomenon with some women, wearing short and tight dresses which expose their features and dresses without sleeves exposing the chest and back, appearing almost naked. When we advise them, they say that they do not wear such clothes except in the presence of other women and that the ‘awrah1 of the woman in front of other women is from the navel to the knee. What is the ruling regarding this, and what is the ruling regarding wearing these types of clothes in front of mahrams2? May Allaah (subhannahu wa ta’ala)
reward you abundantly on behalf of the Muslims and Muslimat and magnify your reward.”

He (rahimahullaah) answered:

The answer for this is to say that it is authentically narrated [by Abu Huraira, radiallaahu 'anhu] that the Prophet ( : sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“Two are the types amongst the denizens of Hell whom I have never seen, the one possessing whips like the tail of an ox, and they flog people with them. (The second one) women kasiyatun 'aariyaat: who would be naked in spite of their being dressed, who are seduced (to wrong paths) and seduce others with their hair high like humps. These women would not get into Paradise, and they would not perceive its odor, although its fragrance can be perceived from such and such distance (from a great distance).” 
[Reported by Muslim, hadith no. 6840; see also hadith no. 5310]

The people of knowledge interpreted the phrase kasiyatun 'aariyaat (dressed but naked)” as those women who put on tight, short, or light clothes that do not shield what is underneath. 

 In addition, Shaykh al-Islam ibn Taymiyyah mentioned that the clothes of women in their homes at the time of the Prophet ( : sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) covered what is between the ankle and the palm; when they would leave for the market, it is known that the women of the companions used to wear overflowing dresses that were so long that the lower end of the dress would drag on the earth. The Prophet ( : sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) made it permissible for them to lower the end of their garment to extend to an arm’s span, without exceeding that. However, what became unclear to some women of the saying of the Prophet ( : sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam),

 “No man should look at the ‘awrah of another man, and no woman should look at the ‘awrah of another woman.” [Reported by Muslim, hadith no. 338]

 and of ‘awrah of the woman with respect to other women being from her navel to her knee led them to the [false] conclusion that this indicates that it is permissible to wear short clothes. However, the Prophet ( : sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) did not say, “The dress of a woman is between the navel and the knee, ” such that it would be taken as an an evidence. On the contrary, he said, “no woman should look at the ‘awrah of another woman.” Therefore, he forbade the one who looks because the one who wears overflowing clothes may accidentally uncover her private parts because of a need or for some other reason.

 Similarly, when the Prophet ( : sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “No man should look at the ‘awrah of another man,” did the companions then wear izar (waist garments) from the navel to the knee or pants from the navel to the knee? Is it now sound for a woman to go out and meet other women having on nothing except that which shields the area from the navel to the knee? No one says this; this is not the case, except with the women of the kufar. So those women who understood otherwise from this hadith are incorrect. The hadith’s meaning is obvious and apparent. The Prophet ( ) did not say, "“The dress of a woman is between the navel and the knee." So women should fear Allaah (subhannahu wa ta’ala) and assume shyness and bashfulness, which is from the characteristics of the woman; this is from iman (faith) as the Prophet ( : sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said,

 “Modesty is a branch of faith” [Reported by Muslim, hadith no. 56]

 Likewise, we know the parable:

 “More bashful than a woman kept in her private quarter.”

 Not even the women of the pre-Islamic era [Jahilliyah] used to shield only that which was between the navel and the knee; this was not even the case with men in that time. Do these women want the Muslim woman to be in a worse situation than the women of Jahilliyah?

 In summary, the dress is something and looking at the ‘awrah is something else. The legal dress of the woman in front of other women should cover that which is between the ankle and the palm. However, if the woman needs to tuck up her dress for work or something else, then she may tuck it all the way to the knee. Similarly, if she needs to roll up her sleeves all the way to the shoulder, then she may do so as needed only. However, to make this her normal dress then it is not allowed, and the hadith does not indicate this under any circumstances. That is why the address was to the one looking, not the one being looked at, and the Prophet ( : sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) mentioned absolutely nothing about the dress. He did not say, "“The dress of a woman is between the navel and the knee," such that this would constitute a pretext for the misunderstanding by those women.

With respect to looking by mahrams, then the ruling is the same as looking of a woman at a woman, meaning it is permissible for the woman to uncover in front of her mahrams that which she uncovers in front of other women, namely the head, neck, feet, hands, arms, shins, and so forth. But she must not make her dress short.

This is the answer of our Shaykh (rahimahullaah) concerning this question, which is often raised by many sisters. I ask Allaah (subhannahu wa ta’ala) to make it a benefit for all of us. All Praise is due to Allaah, and may the salaah and salaam be on Prophet Muhammad, his household, the noble companions and those who follow them until the Day of Resurrection.

 Saleh As-Saleh
27-7-1427 AH.
21st August 2006.
--------------------------------------------------
 1'Awrah: The private parts that must be covered.
2Mahaarim pl. of mahram a husband and a woman's male siblings who are not lawful for her to marry.

Source: pdf downloaded @ islamswomen.com

Lagi berkaitan Aurat  
More on Aurat

Aurat Wanita
Ustaz Azhar Idrus

Berdosakah Perempuan Tidak Pakai Stokin
Ustaz Azhar Idrus

Wearing Niqab for a women is obligatory in Islam ?
Dr. Sheikh Muhammad Salah

A message to Sisters
awrah, voice, behavior, conduct
 
Sheikh Khalid Yasin

 *********************

Women's Aurat
What has Happened ?
 By
Ust Hj Zaharuddin Hj Abd Rahman

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُل لِّأَزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاء الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يُدْنِينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِن جَلَابِيبِهِنَّ ذَلِكَ أَدْنَى أَن يُعْرَفْنَ فَلَا يُؤْذَيْنَ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا
"O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies. That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be molested. "(Al-Ahzab: 59)

Click the link below to read the Article
presented in English

 WOMEN'S INACCURACY REGARDING AURAT

 **********************
Next to Surf
 Is a woman’s voice aurat عورة ?

Thanks for coming

Thanks for coming
Terima kasih sudi hadir

Tajuk - Title