Apr 2, 2012

Life of Hasan Al-Basri حسن البصري by Sheikh Muhammad Musa Al Sharif

Presented in Arabic languages with clear english subtitle

Speech on
Life of Al-Hasan Al-Basri 
  الحسن البصري
Sheikh Muhammad Musa ash-Shareef

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Dr. Muhammad Musa Shareef was born in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, and graduated from the Faculty of Sharee'ah - Imaam Muhammad ibn Sa'ud Islamic University - in 1408 / 1988. He obtained his M.A. and Ph.D. in the Qur'an and the Sunnah from Faculty of Usul ad-Deen (Theology) - Umm al-Quraa University. He is an assistant professor in the Department of Islamic Studies - King 'Abdul-'Aziz University.
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حسن البصري

Hasan Al-Basri (Arabic: الحسن البصري‎; full name: Al-Hasan ibn Abi-l-Hasan al-Basri), (642–728), was a well-known Sunni preacher, theologian, and scholar of Islam who was born in 642 from Persian parents. 

Brought up in the house of Umm Salama, Hasan met many companions of Muhammad s.a.w including, it is said, seventy of the warriors who fought in the Battle of Badr. Hasan grew up to become one of the most prominent figures of his generation, being famous for his piety and condemnation of worldliness. 

When he died on Friday 5th of Rajab 110 AH, at the age of 89, the entire population of Basra attended his funeral, so that the first time in history of Basra the Jami Masjid of the city remained empty at the hour of the Asr prayer. Hasan quickly became an exemplar for other saints in the area and his personality made a deep impression upon his contemporaries. wiki


Some of Al-Hasan's sayings

Al-Hasan Al-Basri was a wise, eloquent man whose words were just like pearls. For example, he said: "Son of Adam, you are no more than a few days. Whenever a day passes, a part of you has gone."

He also said: "Son of Adam, never please anybody if this entails the Wrath of Allaah. Never obey anybody if this entails disobedience to Allaah. Never thank anybody for something which Allaah granted you. Never blame anybody for something which Allaah did not grant you. Allaah created people and they steer the course pre-determined for them. Whoever thinks that extra care and interest will increase his provisions, let him try such extra care and interest in increasing his life span, changing his color, or increasing the size of his limbs and build!"

He also said: "Whoever gives money undeserved high esteem, Allaah will humiliate him."
The enemy of Islām, for Ḥasan, was not the infidel but the hypocrite (munāfiq), who took his religion lightly and “is here with us in the rooms and streets and markets.” In the important freedom-determinism debate, he took the position that man is totally responsible for his actions, and he systematically argued this position in an important letter written to the Umayyad caliph ʿAbd al-Malik. His letter, which is the earliest extant theological treatise in Islām, attacks the widely held view that God is the sole creator of man’s actions.

Hasan al-Basri (642 - 728 atau 737); bahasa Arab:حسن البسری ; Abu Sa'id al-Hasan ibn Abi-l-Hasan Yasar al-Basri) ialah ahli teologiArab terkenal dan Cendekiawan Muslim.

Hassan al-Basri dilahirkan di Madinah pada masa pemerintahan Khalifah Umar bin al-Khattab pada tahun 21 Hijrah (642 Masihi). Beliau pernah menyusu dengan Ummu Salamah, isteri Rasulullah S.A.W. Hassan al-Basri juga pernah berguru kepada beberapa orang sahabat Rasulullah S.A.W. sehingga beliau muncul sebagai Ulama terkemuka dalam peradapan Islam. Hassan al-Basri telah meninggal dunia di Basrah, Iraq, pada hari jumaat 5 Rejab 110 Hijrah (728 Masihi), pada umur 89 tahun. Beliau pernah hidup pada zaman pemerintahan Khalifah Abdul Malik b. Marwan.

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