May 13, 2012

Pluralism in Islam - Pluralisma di dalam Islam



There is no pluralism in religion as has been confirmed by Allah through the last sermon of Prophet Muhammad that Islam is the only religion accepted by God for mankind and jinn

Tiada pluralisma dalam Agama kerana telah disahkan oleh Allah melalui khutbah terakhir Nabi Muhammad saw bahawa hanya Islam agama yang diterima oleh Allah untuk Manusia dan Jin


THE FINAL SERMON OF 

PROPHET MUHAMMAD s.a.w

(click above to read the sermon)
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Part of the final Sermon
Bahagian dari Khutbah

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
 
حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَيْتَةُ وَالدَّمُ وَلَحْمُ الْخِنزِيرِ وَمَا أُهِلَّ لِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ بِهِ وَالْمُنْخَنِقَةُ وَالْمَوْقُوذَةُ وَالْمُتَرَدِّيَةُ وَالنَّطِيحَةُ وَمَا أَكَلَ السَّبُعُ إِلَّا مَا ذَكَّيْتُمْ وَمَا ذُبِحَ عَلَى النُّصُبِ وَأَن تَسْتَقْسِمُوا بِالْأَزْلَامِ ۚ ذَٰلِكُمْ فِسْقٌ ۗ الْيَوْمَ يَئِسَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِن دِينِكُمْ فَلَا تَخْشَوْهُمْ وَاخْشَوْنِ ۚ الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا ۚ فَمَنِ اضْطُرَّ فِي مَخْمَصَةٍ غَيْرَ مُتَجَانِفٍ لِّإِثْمٍ ۙ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

Suratul Maidah ayat 3

Prohibited to you are dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than Allah , and [those animals] killed by strangling or by a violent blow or by a head-long fall or by the goring of horns, and those from which a wild animal has eaten, except what you [are able to] slaughter [before its death], and those which are sacrificed on stone altars, and [prohibited is] that you seek decision through divining arrows. That is grave disobedience. This day those who disbelieve have despaired of [defeating] your religion; so fear them not, but fear Me. This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion. But whoever is forced by severe hunger with no inclination to sin - then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
-translation by sahih international

Forbidden to you (for food) are: Al-Maytatah (the dead animals - cattle-beast not slaughtered), blood, the flesh of swine, and the meat of that which has been slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allah, or has been slaughtered for idols, etc., or on which Allah's Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering, and that which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the goring of horns - and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal - unless you are able to slaughter it (before its death) - and that which is sacrificed (slaughtered) on An-Nusub (stone altars). (Forbidden) also is to use arrows seeking luck or decision, (all) that is Fisqun (disobedience of Allah and sin). This day, those who disbelieved have given up all hope of your religion, so fear them not, but fear Me. This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. But as for him who is forced by severe hunger, with no inclination to sin (such can eat these above-mentioned meats), then surely, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
-translation by muhsin khan

Diharamkan kepada kamu (memakan) bangkai (binatang yang tidak disembelih), dan darah (yang keluar mengalir), dan daging babi (termasuk semuanya), dan binatang-binatang yang disembelih kerana yang lain dari Allah, dan yang mati tercekik, dan yang mati dipukul, dan yang mati jatuh dari tempat yang tinggi, dan yang mati ditanduk, dan yang mati dimakan binatang buas, kecuali yang sempat kamu sembelih (sebelum habis nyawanya), dan yang disembelih atas nama berhala; dan (diharamkan juga) kamu merenung nasib dengan undi batang-batang anak panah. Yang demikian itu adalah perbuatan fasik. Pada hari ini, orang-orang kafir telah putus asa (daripada memesongkan kamu) dari ugama kamu (setelah mereka melihat perkembangan Islam dan umatnya). Sebab itu janganlah kamu takut dan gentar kepada mereka, sebaliknya hendaklah kamu takut dan gentar kepadaKu. Pada hari ini, Aku telah sempurnakan bagi kamu ugama kamu, dan Aku telah cukupkan nikmatKu kepada kamu, dan Aku telah redakan Islam itu menjadi ugama untuk kamu. Maka sesiapa yang terpaksa kerana kelaparan (memakan benda-benda yang diharamkan) sedang ia tidak cenderung hendak melakukan dosa (maka bolehlah ia memakannya), kerana sesungguhnya Allah maha Pengampun, lagi Maha Mengasihani.
-translation in Melayu

quran.com

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Beyond Tolerance
Islam and Pluralism 
by Mr Tariq Ramadan
Uploaded by on Sep 29, 2011
Rat muslimischer Studierender und Akademiker

( Council of Muslim students and academics )
translation using stars21.com


About Mr Tariq Ramadan  طارق رمضان
tariqramadan.com

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Pluralisma 
oleh KH Athian Ali 
Forum Ulama Umat Indonesia (FUUI)


Gagasan pluralisme agama, yaitu paham yang menganggap semua agama itu sama karena berasal dari Allah, sebenarnya berasal dari faham rusak Ibnu Arabi yaitu Wihdatul Adyan (penyatuan semua agama) ...

Agama Kristen (Katolik dan Protestan) -serta ratusan bahkan ribuan sekte yang berasal darinya jelas bukan ajaran yang berasal dari Allah melalui Nabi Isa alaihissalam. Tetapi, ajaran agama yang antara lain dibawa oleh Paulus dengan cara merusak ajaran agama yang dibawa Nabi Isa alaihissalam. Begitu juga dengan agama Kong Hucu, Budha, Hindu, Shinto dan sebagainya, bukanlah ajaran agama yang berasal dari Allah.

Narratif di edit dari
Published on Apr 30, 2012
by

Bah 2

Forum Ulama Umat Indonesia (FUUI)

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 Islam And Other Religions 
by Sheikh Ahmed Deedat 


Islam And Other Religions - a lecture by Sheikh Ahmed Deedat.

Sheikh Deedat establishes that Islam is the final revelation in that it consolidates all the old revealed truths, with all new doctrines mankind will need till eternity.

Sheikh Ahmed Deedat:
In 1986, the King Faisal Foundation awarded the King Faisal International Prize for SERVICE TO ISLAM, to a South African who is more or better known than many dignitaries in their own countries. This was the first time that this prestigious award has been awarded to a South African. The recipient of this award was a man totally dedicated to his faith and its propagation and who was not afraid to challenge any one to a debate to settle once and for all the matter, who has the good news right? He was none other than Sheikh Ahmed Deedat, reverently known and called UNCLE by those who hold him in high esteem and admiration.
The award came after a lifetime of struggle to propagate Islam and to defend Islam against the onslaught of the missionaries. Finally, he was given recognition by the international Muslim community that he deserved and focused more sharply the attention of the Muslim world on the most important aspect of his work, the challenge to propagate Islam. This was his life long ambition to focus the Muslim world's attention and resources on the propagation of Islam, and at last he succeeded. What a moment of jubilation, achievement and personal gratification for Sheikh Deedat the award was, a turning point in his life.

Sheikh Deedat did not have much formal schooling, but he was self-taught through experience and a penchant for reading, debating, discussion, and a profound sense of commitment to a mission and goal. He was driven and goal oriented. He was focused and never let up until the job was done. He was sharp, perceptive, forthright, fiery, and daring in his challenge of those whom he debated, particularly against those who equal his missionary zeal and sense of audacity. Formal schooling did not destroy his creative prowess, his tenacity, ambition, drive, and sheer daring to swim upstream.

Sheikh Deedat was more a scholar of the Bible than the Qur'an, and was more familiar and adroit with its teachings. He had an insight and perspective of the Bible which made many Christians he came into contact with rethink and re-examine their faith, particularly those aspects of the Bible and the Qur'an that deal with the divine mission and life of Prophet Jesus.

On May 3, 1996, Sheikh Ahmed Deedat suffered a stroke which left him paralyzed from the neck down, and also meant that he could no longer speak or swallow. He was flown to a hospital in Riyadh, where he was taught to communicate through a series of eye-movements. He spent the last nine years of his life in a bed in his home in Verulam, South Africa, encouraging people to engage in da'wah. He continued to receive hundreds of letters of support from around the world. During these years, rumors spread throughout the Internet that he was already dead, and even some websites that contained his pamphlets mentioned as early as 2002 that he was dead.

On August 8, 2005, Ahmed Deedat finally succumbed to his prolonged illness and died at his home in Trevennen Road, Verulam in the province of KwaZulu Natal.

The above narration & video clip uploaded by  on Oct 20, 2007

Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6 Part 7 

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Islam & Pluralism A Contemporary Approach 
By Shah Abdul Halim
Thursday, 08 May 2003 00:00

To every knowledgeable person it is clear that Muslim countries put together are no match to US--not to speak of the West as a whole. Muslim countries are backward in the field of education. Technologically Muslim countries are far behind the West. The Muslim countries jointly or singly cannot challenge the US let alone the West. Why then the West is suspicious of the Muslim Ummah (nation)? This question needs to be addressed afresh from an academic point of view to erase misgiving of the West towards the Muslim world for nobody can hope for a peaceful future in the world unless the mistrust between the Muslims and Judeo-Christian West is removed.
One must not overlook the fact that Western o rientalist scholars frequently quote from the text, from the revealed verses of the Quran and the Traditions of the Prophet, peace be upon him (pbuh)--sometimes out of context to justify their contention. It cannot however be denied that our earlier scholars sometimes did interpret texts in a way that as if it was the only valid explanation and that the prevailing situation of their time was the last situation. As newer conditions surfaced afterwards, a need for a new interpretation--the of revealed text of the Quran and sayings and practices of the noble Prophet (pbuh) and what he had endorsed by remaining silent when certain things happened before him and he did not oppose them—was demanded. Orienatlist scholars chose some medieval opinions and propagated them as sealed components of Islam. The goal was to show that Islam is rather intolerant. And now orientalist scholars and Western media are making concentrated propaganda to prove that Muslims do not believe in pluralism and there is no question of living with them peacefully and no hope of coexistence with them.

The core of Islam is that its followers, the Muslims, submit if new truth is established through ijtihad (research and investigation). The Muslims therefore always change their position if more appropriate and correct conclusions are arrived after careful and meticulous use of reasoning. Islam therefore is a dynamic religion which is able to match with the ever changing milieu. The West however intentionally repeats some of the old ijtihad made by some of scholars and intellectuals of the earlier generation of Muslims. One example is that it repeats the thousand years old ijtihad which had divided the world into dar al Islam (the abode of peace) and dar al harb (the abode of war). The contemporary Muslim scholars and jurists have however divided the world into two realms: dar al ijabah (the land of acceptance, land whose people have accepted Islam and Islamic values are practiced) and dar al dawah (the land of invitation, land to which dawah has been presented and its people are invited to Islamic values and practices) (1). Dr. Alwani, president of the Fiqh Council of North America (FCNA) and also a member of Jeddah based International Academy of Fiqh, pointed out in an interview with the ‘Islamic Horizons' that an “example of misguided rulings is the fatwa that countries like the United States are dar al kufr and dar al harb, where Muslims have the right to circumvent their laws and regulations” (2).Dr. Alwani pointed out: “We are living in North America as a small minority among non-Muslims in a pluralistic, multicultural and multi-ethnic society. Muslims have the facility of opting to live their lives as Muslims according to the Islamic Shariah and Fiqh. We need a lot of understanding from our Fuquha and Ulema in the North American environment, and if they issue Fatwa without studying this environment, they will be doing a great disservice to the North American Muslim community. Indeed their rulings, or rather their misinterpretations, will have a serious effect on the future of Islam in this continent” (3).

Dr. Alwani also identified that “in the past, scholars were unanimous in their view that the entire earth was the land of Allah and did not divide it into such spheres. Instead, some scholars like Imam al Razi considered the earth to consist of dar al ijaba, which replaces the term dar al Islam, and dar ad dawah, which replaces the term dar al harb. Dar ad dawah means a land for dialogue and inter-faith communication, a land where people are not classified, but all human being are considered one family. This family has two parts. One is identified as ummat al ijaba, instead of ummat al Muslim, and other as ummat ad dawah, instead of kuffar or harbiyun. This part of our heritage and legacy represents Islam more correctly than the other part, because the whole earth has been created by Allah as humanity's home. The Prophet (saws) told us that the entire earth is a masjid and pure. The only difference is that in dar al ijaba, the message of Islam has been established, and in dar ad dawah the message has to be spread. We all know what the nuances of performing dawah are, and certainly that misguided dar al harb / dar al kufr ruling is not among the instruments of dawah” (4). “The famous 5th Hijra century Imam al Mawardy, in fact said that even if we have one Muslim family living in a non-Muslim state, their home will be the home of Islam. The reality is that wherever Muslims find the freedom to practice Islam, that place will be dar al Islam for them, and there is no need for them to migrate to some other dar al Islam for this purpose” .

Lebanese jurist and professor at T.C Williams School of Law, University of Richmond, USA Dr. Azizah al Hibri while addressing a selected gathering in Dhaka preferred to divide the world in to land and people where dawah , the message of Islam has been presented on the one and where dawah, the call and guidance of Islam has not been presented or yet to be present on the other rather than dar al Islam (the abode of peace) and dar al harb (the abode of war). Yet other scholars grouped lands and people dar al sulh (the abode of peaceful coexistence or on contractual peace). There can be further classification of states in the light of the spirit of the Quran and the Sunnah, the Traditions of the Prophet (pbuh).

The West also repeats the old ijtihad of the Muslim scholars that non-Muslims living in Muslim countries have to pay jiziah tax even though contemporary jurists have ruled that paying of jiziah is not compulsory and binding. In fact the second rightly guided caliph Omar bin Khattab reviewed the jiziah policy (tax imposed on the non-Muslims) and abrogated the jiziah imposed on old people, children, orphans and unsupported women (5). Omar even ordered to pay monthly allowance to a Jew when he saw him begging door to door. As long as non-Muslims pay some taxes as a mark of their obedience to the Muslim state, there is no need for a special tax only to be paid by the non-Muslims. The renowned Islamic jurist Dr. Yusuf Al Qaradawi is his book ‘Fiqh-uz-Zakat' (the Jurisprudence of Alms) mentioned that Caliph Omar bin Khattab dropped jiziah on the Christian of Banu Taglib tribe on their request and imposed another tax. Dr. Qaradawi opined that it is not necessary that non-Muslims pay jiziah. It is enough if the non-Muslims pay a tax equal to zakat (6). Eminent Arab economist Dr. Monzer Kahf currently working with Islamic Development Bank (IDB) opined that jiziah can be charged only from the subjects of the conquered lands (7). Moulana Maududi also holds the same view. Moulana argued that Pakistan not being a conquered land the question of imposing jiziah on the non Muslims citizens of Pakistan does not arise (8).The day of colonization is over. Modern states have been established by the joint struggle of both Muslims and non-Muslims. The imposition of jiziah has therefore become irrelevant and impractical. In fact Islam makes no difference between Muslims and non-Muslims as far as the basic necessities are concerned (Al Quran Chapter 2: verse 126).

(1) Fakhr al Din Al Razi quoted by Dr. Taha Jabir al Alwani in 'Globalization: Centralization not Globalism', The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, IIIT.US. Vol. 15. No. 3. Fall 1998, p. vii
(2) 'Muslims in the West need contemporary fatwa'. Available in www.witness-pioneer.org
(3) Ibid.
(4) Ibid.
(5) Dr. Hassan Al Alkim in 'Islam & Democracy: Mutually Reinforcing OR Incompatible'. Article contributed in Dr. Azzam Tamimi ed. 'Power-Sharing Islam'. Liberty for Muslim World Publications: UK. 1993, p. 87.
(6) Dr. Yusuf Al Qaradawi, 'Fiqh-uz-Zakat'. Bengali Edition. 1982, Vol. I, pp 144-152.
(7) Quoted in 'Zakat and the Tax System'by Shah Abdul Hannan, Unpublished work.
(8) 'Rasail Wa Masail'(letters and Issues). Bengali Edition. 1999. Vol. IV, p 158.

The above article copied & pasted from
onislam.net









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