Oct 17, 2012

Knowing Allah معْرفَة الله Ma'rifatullah Mengenal Allah - Part 01

About the statement 

  من عرف نفسه فقد عرف ربه
He who knows himself, known his Lord
Barang siapa yang mengenal dirinya, maka dia akan mengenal Tuhannya

Verdict Regarding the above statement
Al-Nawawi said, "I is not established."

Ibn Taimiyyah said, "Maudu."

Al-Sam'ani said, "It is not known as marfu, but it is quoted as a statement of Yahya bin Mu'adh al-Razi."

Al-Suyuti endorsed al-Nawawi's words, and also said, "this hadith is not authentic."

Al-Fairozabadi saod, "It is not Prophetic statement, although most of the people think it is a hadith, but it is not authentic at all. In fact, it is only related in the Israelite traditions: O Man!! Know yourself: you will know your Lord."

Ibn al-Gharas said, after quoting al-Nawawi's verdict, "...but the books of the Sufis, such as Shykh Muhi al-Din Ibn 'Arabi and others, are filled with it, being quoted like a hadith."

Ibn Arabi also said, "This hadith, although it is not proved by way of narration, is proved to us by way of Kashf (unveiling, while in a trace)." [Kashf al-Khafa, no. 2532; Al-Da'ifah, no. 66].

Regarding this methodology, al-Albani says, "Authenticating ahadith by way of Kashf is a wicked innovation of the Sufis, and depending upon it leads to the authentication of false, baseless ahadith... This is because, even at the best of times, Kashf is like opinion, which may be right or wrong - and that is if no personal desires enter into it!

We ask Allah to save us from it, and from everything with which He is not pleased." [Al-Da'ifah, no. 58].
*Edited from thereligionislam

Soalan & Jawapan berkaitan Penyataan

Barang siapa yang mengenal dirinya, maka dia akan mengenal Tuhannya
Assalamu ‘Alaikum wa Rahmatullah wa Barakatuh.

Pak ustadz, saya mau tanya apakah perkataan: "kenalilah dirimu, baru kamu mengenal Tuhanmu" adalah hadits Nabi? Mohon untuk dijelaskan maknanya ?(dari 081649041xxx)

Jawaban:

Wa ‘Alaikum salam wa Rahmatullah wa Barakatuh. Bismillah wal Hamdulillah wash shalatu was Salamu ‘Ala Rasulillah wa ‘Ala Aalihi wa Ashhabihi wa man waalah, wa ba’d: Kalimat tersebut sering disampaikan oleh para muballigh, namun sayangnya –sebagaimana banyak pada ungkapan lainnya- mereka hanya mau mengutip dan menyampaikan, tanpa mau bersusah payah meneliti keabsahannya. Ungkapan itu berbunyi:

من عرف نفسه فقد عرف ربه

“Barang siapa yang mengenal dirinya, maka dia akan mengenal Tuhannya.”

Ungkapan ini terdapat dalam beberapa kitab, di antaranya Kimiya As Sa’adah karya Imam Al Ghazali (hal. 1. Mauqi’ Al Warraq). Namun, sayangnya beliau –Rahimahullah- telah menggunakan kalimat “Rasulullah bersabda” terhadap hadits ini.

Selain itu juga terdapat dalam Hilyatul Auliya’ karya Imam Abu Nu’aim. (4/350. Mauqi’ Al Warraq)

Dan ternyata itu adalah ucapan Imam Sahl bin Abdullah At Tastari, seorang ulama sufi yang dipuji oleh Imam Ibnu Taimiyah dan Imam Ibnul Qayyim Rahimahumallah. Juga terdapat dalam Al Futuhat Al Makkiyah karya Abu Thalib Al Makki. (5/462. Mauqi’ Al Warraq)

Para Imam Muhaqqiqin (peneliti) mengatakan bahwa ungkapan ini bukanlah ucapan Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam.

Imam As Sakhawi, mengutip dari Abu Al Muzhaffar As Sam’ani yang mengatakan bahwa dia tidak mengetahui adanya ucapan seperti ini yang marfu’ (sampai kepada Rasulullah), dan diceritakan bahwa ini adalah ucapan Yahya bin Muadz Ar Razi Radhiallahu ‘Anhu. Sedangkan Imam An Nawawi mengatakan bahwa ucapan ini tidaklah tsabit (kokoh) dari Rasulullah. (Imam As Sakhawi, Al Maqashid Al Hasanah, Hal. 220. Imam As Suyuthi, Ad Durar Muntatsirah, Hal. 18)

Sedangkan Imam Ash Shaghani dengan tegas memasukkannya dalam deretan hadits palsu. (Imam Ash Shaghani, Al Maudhu’at, hal 2).

Begitu pula Imam Ibnu Taimiyah menegaskan kepalsuan hadits ini. (Imam Al ‘Ajluni, Kasyf Al Khafa’, 2/262/2532. Mauqi’ Ya’sub)

Teruskan membaca @ suaramedia.com

Catatan:

Ungkapan ini walau tidak benar disandarkan sebagai ucapan Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam, namun memang memiliki nilai kebaikan. Maka, lebih bagus dikategorikan ini merupakan ucapan hikmah saja. Sebab mengenal diri sendiri, lalu mentafakkurinya diakui bisa menjadi sarana untuk semakin berma’rifah kepadaNya. Sebab diri manusia termasuk salah satu tanda-tanda kekuasaanNya, yang mesti ditafakkuri, sebagaimana ciptaan Allah Ta’ala lainnya.

Allah Ta’ala berfirman:“Sesungguhnya dalam penciptaan langit dan bumi, dan silih bergantinya malam dan siang terdapat tanda-tanda bagi orang-orang yang berakal, (yaitu) orang-orang yang mengingat Allah sambil berdiri atau duduk atau dalam keadan berbaring dan mereka memikirkan tentang penciptaan langit dan bumi (seraya berkata): "Ya Tuhan Kami, Tiadalah Engkau menciptakan ini dengan sia-sia, Maha suci Engkau, Maka peliharalah Kami dari siksa neraka.” (QS. Ali ‘Imran (3): 190-191) Oleh karena itu, Imam Sufyan bin ‘Uyainah Radhiallahu ‘Anhu mengatakan:

ليس يضر المدح من عرف نفسه
“Tidak ada masalah pujian terhadap orang yang mengenal dirinya.” (Al Maqashid Al Hasanah, Hal. 220)

Mengenal diri sendiri akan membawa sikap positif bagi manusia. Dia akan dapat menempatkan dirinya dalam bersikap dan bertutur kata di tengah-tengah manusia. 
Sekian. (fn/Isl) suaramedia.com
Wallahu A’lam
Disalin dari @ suaramedia.com

Regarding "Whoever knows himself, he knows his Lord

Subsequent scholars reiterated the gist of the above in their explanation of this saying, some excepting the positive attribution to the Prophet, upon him blessings and peace, others, such as the Sufis (e.g. Ibn `Ata' Allah quoting Abu al-`Abbas al-Mursi, Abu Talib al- Makki, and `Izz al-Din al-Maqdisi) focusing on content with the satisfaction that the saying undoubtedly came from the mishkat of Prophetic wisdom. 
Wallahu a`lam wa-ahkam.
May read from beginning @ Living Islam.Org

Concerning the saying: "He who knows himself,
knows his Lord," is this a hadith of the Prophet?

Question:
Is (He who knows himself, knows his Lord)
a hadith of the Prophet?


Answer:
Imam Sakhawi said in al-Maqasid al-Hasana:

"The hadith?: 'Whoever knows themselves knows their Lord.'

Abu al-Mudhaffar ibn al-Sam`ani said....,"It is not established as a Prophetic hadith. Rather, it is related from Yahya ibn al-Mu`adh al-Razi - that is, from his words."

This is also what Imam Nawawi said, affirming that, "It is not established." [Sakhawi, al-Maqasid al-Hasana 1.220]

Imam Saghani considered it a fabricated (mawdu`) hadith. [Saghani, al-Mawdu`at, 1.2] Other major works on fabricated hadiths state likewise.

Thus, this would not be permissible to ascribe to the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him. However, the words themselves are sound in meaning, and the great masters of the spiritual path quoted them extensively.

The meaning is also established by clear texts of the Qur'an and Sunna, such as the words of the Messenger of Allah peace and blessings be upon him, "Be mindful of Allah, and you'll find Him before you." [Tirmidhi, and others] [1]

And Allah alone gives success.

Faraz Rabbani • quoted from: qa.sunnipath.com

notes - hadith 1:

"Be mindful of Allah, and Allah will be mindful of you. Be mindful of Allah, and you'll find Him before you. And if you ask, ask Allah. If you rely, rely on Allah."
Related by Tirmidhi, who deemed it sound and rigorously authentic (hasan sahih)

my source: livingislam.org


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