Oct 20, 2012

Mukjizat معجزة Mu'jizat - Moon Split


Prophet Muhammad  Splitting The Moon 
presented by Sheikh Anwar Al Awlaki 
collection of 

NASA | LRO Reveals "Incredible Shrinking Moon"
Collection of  NASAexplorer

Newly discovered cliffs in the lunar crust indicate the moon shrank globally in the geologically recent past and might still be shrinking today, according to a team analyzing new images from NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft. The results provide important clues to the moon's recent geologic and tectonic evolution.

The moon formed in a chaotic environment of intense bombardment by asteroids and meteors. These collisions, along with the decay of radioactive elements, made the moon hot. The moon cooled off as it aged, and scientists have long thought the moon shrank over time as it cooled, especially in its early history. The new research reveals relatively recent tectonic activity connected to the long-lived cooling and associated contraction of the lunar interior.

"We estimate these cliffs, called lobate scarps, formed less than a billion years ago, and they could be as young as a hundred million years," said Dr. Thomas Watters of the Center for Earth and Planetary Studies at the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum, Washington. While ancient in human terms, it is less than 25 percent of the moon's current age of more than four billion years. "Based on the size of the scarps, we estimate the distance between the moon's center and its surface shrank by about 300 feet," said Watters, lead author of a paper on this research appearing in Science August 20. 
Photo & Narration
The mare basalts that fill the Taurus-Littrow valley were thrust up by contractional forces to form the Lee-Lincoln fault scarp, just west of the Apollo 17 landing site (arrow). It is the only extraterrestrial fault scarp to be explored by humans (astronauts Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt). The digital terrain model derived from Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) stereo images shows the fault extending upslope into North Massif were highlands material are also thrust up. The fault cuts upslope and abruptly changes orientation and cuts along slope, forming a narrow bench. LROC images show boulders shed from North Massif that have rolled downhill and collected on the bench. 
Credit: NASA/Goddard/Arizona State University/Smithsonian
Another fault cut across and deformed several small diameter (~40-m diameter) impact craters (arrows) on the flanks of Mandel’shtam crater (6.5°N, 161°E). The fault carried near-surface crustal materials up and over the craters, burying parts of their floors and rims. About half of the rim and floor of a 20 m-in-diameter crater shown in the box has been lost. Since small craters only have a limited lifetime before they are destroyed by newer impacts, their deformation by the fault shows the fault to be relatively young. 
Credit: NASA/Goddard/Arizona State University/Smithsonian 
Photo & Video Clip @ nasa.gov 

When The Moon Split
(click to enlarge)
page 112
 page 113

Moon Split or Fault Line?
by Khalid Shaukat of Moonsighting.com
Question: Is there any scientific proof that the moon had a huge earthquake the time of which is exactly at the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him), and the moon was split.
Answer: Qur'an does mention about Shaqqul-Qamar (Moon-split). Hadith, mentions that the Prophet (pbuh) showed the split to the people as a sign for the nearness of Qiyamah (Judgment Day). This still does not necessarily mean that the moon actually split; may be; or it was shown to be split without actually splitting. Allah can do all things. But if the split occurred, one should expect that there should be a long-lasting mark on the moon's surface as well as deep inside. NASA has shown this picture which some Muslims see as a proof of moon-split. This picture is not enough proof, especially when NASA pointed it out that this fault line is short and not through the whole spherical surface of the moon. 
Read more about it with references given below:
This picture is taken from nasa.gov
Another source for the above picture is: nasa.gov
According to NASA, the picture above shows a rille (a long narrow depression) or a brook (a small fresh water stream). This rille is not all along the moon’s sphere, so it cannot be a proof of Moon Split.
The images above show the "Straight Wall", a lunar fault line that has shifted to form a 60 mile long, 800 foot high cliff. The fault line is near the center of the moon's face. The first image shows it at first quarter, when sunlight is shining from the right, which is the higher side of the cliff, so the cliff casts a shadow which forms a straight black line. The second (2X close-up) image was taken at third quarter, so the sunlight is shining at the
face of the cliff. 
CCD images at prime focus (first image), and with a 2X barlow (second image).
The above pictures taken from jmmahony

The event of moon split is the one many of Prophet Muhammad mukjizat. The main mukjizat of Prophet Muhammad is the Quran itself

Mukjizat always translated as Miracle but it was not a perfect and true translation.

One of the defination found on the word Miracle
An event that appears inexplicable by the laws of nature and so is held to be supernatural in origin or an act of God: "Miracles are spontaneous, they cannot be summoned, but come of themselves" (Katherine Anne Porter).

Mukjizat actually an event that appears inexplicable by the laws of nature and so is held to be supernatural in origin and purposely as prophetic evidence to the apostle or prophet of Allah

Means Mukjizat only happen to a Prophet or Messenger of Allah and it impossible occur to ordinary people.

If anything extraordinary happen to us, it is only can be said as miracle, not mukjizat.because it nothing to do with prophetic evidence at all.

Some of the verses from Quran stated the word Moon or Bulan in Melayu language

Some of them ...
 ( the translation of the verses as below )
And He it is Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. They float, each in an orbit.

Dan Dia lah (Tuhan) yang telah menjadikan malam dan siang, serta matahari dan bulan; tiap-tiap satunya beredar terapung-apung di tempat edaran masing-masing (di angkasa lepas)

They ask thee, (O Muhammad), of new moons, say: They are fixed seasons for mankind and for the pilgrimage. It is not righteousness that ye go to houses by the backs thereof (as do the idolaters at certain seasons), but the righteous man is he who wardeth off (evil). So go to houses by the gates thereof, and observe your duty to Allah, that ye may be successful.

Mereka bertanya kepadamu (wahai Muhammad) mengenai (peredaran) anak-anak bulan. Katakanlah: "(peredaran) anak-anak bulan itu menandakan waktu-waktu (urusan dan amalan) manusia, khasnya ibadat Haji. Dan bukanlah perkara kebajikan: kamu memasuki rumah dari bahagian belakangnya (ketika kamu berihram) akan tetapi kebajikan itu ialah perbuatan orang yang bertaqwa; dan masuklah ke rumah (Kamu) itu melalui pintunya, serta bertaqwalah kamu kepada Allah supaya kamu berjaya." 

He is the Cleaver of the Daybreak, and He hath appointed the night for stillness, and the sun and the moon for reckoning. That is the measuring of the Mighty, the Wise.

Allah jualah Yang membelah cahaya subuh (yang menyingsingkan fajar), dan yang menjadikan malam untuk tinggal berehat, dan menjadikan matahari dan bulan untuk mengira waktu (menurut peredarannya). Yang demikian itu adalah kuasa penentuan Allah Yang Maha Kuasa, lagi Maha Mengetahui. 

Blessed be He Who hath placed in the heaven mansions of the stars, and hath placed therein a great lamp and a moon giving light!

Maha Berkat Tuhan yang telah menjadikan di langit, tempat-tempat peredaran bintang, dan menjadikan padanya matahari serta bulan yang menerangi.  

And if thou wert to ask them: Who created the heavens and the earth, and constrained the sun and the moon (to their appointed work)? they would say: Allah. How then are they turned away ?

Dan sesungguhnya jika engkau (wahai Muhammad) bertanya kepada mereka (yang musyrik) itu: "Siapakah yang menciptakan langit dan bumi, dan yang memudahkan matahari dan bulan (untuk faedah makhluk-makhlukNya) ?" Sudah tentu mereka akan menjawab: "Allah". Maka bagaimana mereka tergamak dipalingkan (oleh hawa nafsunya daripada mengakui keesaan Allah dan mematuhi perintahNya)?  

Thanks for coming

Thanks for coming
Terima kasih sudi hadir

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