Oct 29, 2012

Nur Muhammad نور محمد

نور محمد
 Nur Muhammad

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 The First Thing That Allah Created Was My Nur

We do not have the entire Musnad of `Abd al-Razzaq in our hands.
The 11 volumes presently published are not the entire work.

Below is a repost of some old material on the question.

[The original question was:]

I'm looking for this hadith: " Awwalu ma khalaqallahu nuri" (The first thing that Allah created was my nur) Then author of Kashful Khifa quotes Al-Mawahib and says it's in Musannaf Abdur Razzaq but the muhaqqiq of Mawahib says it's not there and this hadith is mawdu`. He also says that sheikh Abdullah Ghumari wrote a risalah saying it's mawdu` and Allamah Suyuti in Al-Hawi lil Fatawi says it's not established.

LIGHT OF THE FULL MOON by GF Haddad

"Hadith of Jabir"

It is related that Jabir ibn `Abd Allah said to the Prophet : "O Messenger of Allah, may my father and mother be sacrificed for you, tell me of the first thing Allah created before all things." He said: "O Jabir, the first thing Allah created was the light of your Prophet from His light, and that light remained (lit. "turned") in the midst of His Power for as long as He wished, and there was not, at that time, a Tablet or a Pen or a Paradise or a Fire or an angel or a heaven or an earth. And when Allah wished to create creation, he divided that Light into four parts and from the first made the Pen, from the second the Tablet, from the third the Throne, [and from the fourth everything else]."

The judgments on this narration vary greatly among the scholars. Their words are listed below under the alphabetical listing of their names.
continue @ livingislam.org 

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Nur Muhammad نور محمد
presented in Melayu language
Dr Asri Zainul Abidin


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Hadith in Tirmidhi states that the prophets (upon whom be peace) were created from the Nur of Allah
© Nuh Ha Mim Keller 1995
Question 7

Haqiqat al-Muhammadiyya

Many Pakistanis and people of the Naqshbandi tariqa (and maybe of others) consider the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) to be Nur Allah, the ‘Light of Allah’, and find it offensive that we call the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) bashar, a ‘human being’, even though the Qur’an states him to be so. I have also been made aware of a hadith in Tirmidhi that states that the prophets (upon whom be peace) were created from the Nur of Allah and the first amongst them was the Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace). Do you have any knowledge about this matter ?

Answer

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) is the Light of Allah, something a believer can say because the Qur’an affirms it in the verse

"There has come to you a Light from Allah, and a Manifest Book" (Qur’an 5:15).

in which the word Light has been explained by a number of classic Qur’anic exegetes as follows:

(Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti:) "It is the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace)" (Tafsir al-Jalalayn, 139).

(Ibn Jarir al-Tabari:) "By Light He means Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace), through whom Allah has illuminated the truth, manifested Islam, and obliterated polytheism; since he is a light for whoever seeks illumination from him, which makes plain the truth" (Jami‘ al-bayan, 6.161).

(Fakhr al-Razi:) "There are various positions about it, the first being that the Light is Muhammad, and the Book is the Qur’an " (al-Tafsir al-kabir, 11:194).

(al-Baghawi:) "It means Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace), or, according to a weaker position, Islam" (Ma‘alam al-Tanzil, 2.228).

And Qurtubi (Ahkam al-Qur’an , 6.118) and Mawardi (al-Nukat wa al-‘uyun, 2.22) mention that interpreting Nur as "Muhammad" (Allah bless him and give him peace) was also the position by [the Imam of Arabic grammar Ibrahim ibn Muhammad] al-Zajjaj (d. 311/923).
continue @ masud.co.uk 

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Nur Muhammad نور محمد 
 presented in Melayu language
( kelantan dialect )

Maulana Asri Yusuf.

Part 2 Part 3 Part 4

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The Light of the Prophet
compiled by GF Haddad ©

From Shaykh M. Hisham Kabbani's book:
"The 555 beautiful names of the Prophet"

with concerning ahadith, prophetic sayings, traditions
72. al-Nur: The Light.

There are three verses in the Qur'an which mention the Prophet as a light.

Allah said: "From Allah has come to you a Light and a Book manifest." (5:15)

Qadi `Iyad said: "He [the Prophet] was named a Light because of the clarity of his case and the fact that his Prophecy was made manifest, and also because of the illumination of the hearts of the believers and the knowers of Allah with what he brought."

Suyuti in Tafsir al-Jalalayn, Fayruzabadi in the Tafsir Ibn `Abbas entitled Tanwir al-miqbas (p. 72), Shaykh al-Islam, Imam Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, the Mujaddid of the sixth century, in his Tafsir al-kabir (11:189), Qadi Baydawi in his Tafsir entitled Anwar al-tanzil, al-Baghawi in his Tafsir entitled Ma`alim al- tanzil (2:23), Imam al-Shirbini in his Tafsir entitled al-Siraj al- munir (p. 360), the author of Tafsir Abi Sa`ud (4:36), and Thana'ullah Pani Patti in his Tafsir al-mazhari, (3:67) said: "What is meant by a Light is: Muhammad, Blessings and peace upon him."
continue @ .livingislam.org

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 Narrated Imran bin Husain: I went to the Prophet and tied my she-camel at the gate. The people of Bani Tamim came to the Prophet who said "O Bani Tamim! Accept the good tidings." They said twice, 'You have given us the good tidings, now give us something" Then some Yemenites came to him and he said, "Accept the good tidings, O people of Yemem, for Bani Tamim refused them." They said, "We accept it, O Allah's Apostle! We have come to ask you about this matter (i.e. the start of creations)." He said, "First of all, there was nothing but Allah, and (then He created His Throne). His throne was over the water, and He wrote everything in the Book (in the Heaven) and created the Heavens and the Earth." Then a man shouted, "O Ibn Husain! Your she-camel has gone away!" So, I went away and could not see the she-camel because of the mirage. By Allah, I wished I had left that she-camel (but not that gathering). Narrated 'Umar: One day the Prophet stood up amongst us for a long period and informed us about the beginning of creation (and talked about everything in detail) till he mentioned how the people of Paradise will enter their places and the people of Hell will enter their places. Some remembered what he had said, and some forgot it. 


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The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) 
is Noor-ul-Bashar (both Noor and Human)

The Ahlus Sunnah wa'l Jamaah believe that it is indeed permissible to call the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) as 'Nur of Allah'. The Qur'an has itself applied this description to the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) at many places and so have overwhelming ahadith.

However, it is often at this point that those who oppose this view believe from some erroneous conviction that we deem the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) as a non-human. This is indeed a strange and gross accusation. For those who claim that he was not a human, have clearly ventured out of the bounds of Islam, and have entered into kufr. The belief of Ahlus Sunnah wa'l Jamaah is that our Noble Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is both Nur and Human. 
continue @ ahlus-sunna.com
 
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 Nur Muhammad نور محمد 
 presented in Melayu language
( trengganu dialect ) 
 
Ustaz Azhar Idrus

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Hadith Jabir about an-Noor is weak

Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim

Praise and thanks are due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. We ask Allah to raise the rank of our master Muhammad and to protect his nation from whatever he feared for it. It is sahih that Jabir asked the Prophet Mata kunta nabiyyan ? which means When were you a Prophet? and the Prophet replied Wa Adamu bayna ruhi wa jasad, which means  When the soul of Adam did not enter his body yet. This is narrated by Al-Bayhaqiyy and others. It means that the Prophet was known among the angels to be the last of the prophets even before the soul of Adam enters his body. This meaning is clarified by other narrations of this same hadith.

There is a fabricated hadith which means The first creation is your Prophet, O Jabir. Allah created your Prophet from His Light before creating the other things. This is fabricated. Some people claim that ^Abdur-Razzaq narrated this in his book Al-Musanna but this is not true. More than one scholar of hadith said that this hadith is not sahih. Among them is Al-Hafizh As-Suyutiyy and Al-Hafizh Al-Ghummariyy.
continue @alsunna.org
 
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The Light of Muhammad
the first creation 
(presented in English)

Sheikh Hisham Kabbani

The Nature of Ruh روح








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Nur Muhammad (s), Habashi Beliefs
 Posted on February 2, 2012 by Shaykh Gibril Fouad Haddad

Question:

Asalamualaykum,
I would like to ask a question regarding a few issues that I discussed with a friend of mine who studies with the Habashis.

The main issue we were talking about was the light of the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him and His Family). With my limited knowledge (correct me if I’m wrong) I informed him that there is a valid difference of opinion within the Ahlu-Sunnah that the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon) is a physical and spiritual light (or created from light) and hence if one holds this position and another disagrees then both should be tolerated and respected. He asked for the evidence which the scholars would use to support the idea that He (Peace Be Upon Him and His Family) is a physical light so I informed him of the following hadith of Sayyidina Jabir (May Allah Be Pleased with him), ‘O Jabir, the first thing Allah created was the light of your Prophet from His light from.- part of the Question

Answer:

Alaykum as-Salam,
The objections you report from the Habashi show their ignorance of the Qur’an, Hadith, and the reliable positions of Ahl al-Sunna wal-Jama`a.

If the “hadith of Jabir” as he claims “if taken literally would state that Allah (The Most High) is a light, which would be attributing Allah with an attribute of the creation” the reply is that the Qur’an is stating that Allah is “Nurus samawati wal-ard” and also that “from Allah has come unto you a light”, both of which attribute the origin of the created light to Allah Most High, and this never means “attributing Allah with an attribute of creation!” Subhan Allah.
continue @ eshaykh.com


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Is Prophet Muhammad(pbuh) 
made out of Light ?

Sheikh Yusuf Estes

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Fatwa on Nur Muhammad
(presented in Melayu Languages)  

Nur Muhammad Menurut Ulama Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaah

Tarikh Keputusan: 22 Jan, 2002
Huraian Tajuk/Isu:

Setelah dibincang ahli mesyuarat membuat kesimpulan dan cadangan bahawa :

Keputusan:

i. Tidak semua fahaman dan pegangan kepada 'Nur Muhammad' itu sesat, kerana sebahagian ulama muktabar seperti Imam Ibnu Hajar Al-Haitami, Syaikh Ibrahim Al-Baijuri, Sayyidis-Syaikh Ja'far Al-Barzanji, Sulthanul Awliya' Syaikh Abdul Qadir Al-Jilani dan ramai lagi, menerima konsep ini dengan penafsiran yang sewajarnya tanpa melampaui batas aqidah dan syariah Islam. Dalam penafsiran mereka 'Nur Muhammad' adalah seawal-awal makhluk ciptaan Allah s.w.t bersifat dengan sifat baharu (bukannya qadim) dan sekali-kali tidak mempunyai unsur-unsur ketuhanan

ii. Kesalahfahaman dan penyelewengan banyak berlaku kerana sebahagian kelompok telah tersalah atau dengan sengaja memberikan tafsiran yang salah kepada hadith-hadith yang menyebut bahawa 'Nur Muhammad' ini diciptakan daripada 'nur allah' atau denga tafsiran yang seolah-olah 'Nur Muhammad' itu adalah satu juzuk daripada zat Allah s.w.t, yang mana tafsiran ini adalah nyata bercanggah dengan aqidah Islam dan tidak ada seorang pun ulama mu'tabar yang berpegang dengan penafsiran sedemikian. Tafsiran sebeginilah yang sesat lagi menyesatkan dan semestinya dibendung

iii. Konsep 'Nur Muhammad' sebagaimana yang dipegang oleh sebahagian ulama mu'tabar, sewajarnya diletakkan dalam perkara khilafiyyah yang sepatutnya ditanggapi diterima dengan fikiran terbuka dan rasa tasmuh yang tinggi. Percaya atau tidak kepada hal yang demikian tidaklah merosakkan aqidah

iv. Oleh kerana tidak semua pegangan terhadap konsep 'Nur Muhammad' itu sesat, maka sewajarnya kita janganlah bermudah-mudah untuk menyesatkannya tanpa usul periksa terlebih dahulu. Menyesatkan konsep 'Nur Muhammad' secara keseluruhan akan mengakibatkan hukuman sesat kepada ramai ulama mu'tabar yang menjadi sandaran ummat

Status Penwartaan: Tidak Diwartakan
Nombor Rujukan: KLFNS/3/6/2002 
e-fatwa.gov.my

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الرُّوحِ ۖ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي وَمَا أُوتِيتُم مِّنَ الْعِلْمِ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا
Sahih International
And they ask you, [O Muhammad], about the soul. Say, "The soul is of the affair of my Lord. And mankind have not been given of knowledge except a little."
Pickthall
They are asking thee concerning the Spirit. Say: The Spirit is by command of my Lord, and of knowledge ye have been vouchsafed but little.
Malay
Dan mereka bertanya kepadamu tentang roh. Katakan: "Roh itu dari perkara urusan Tuhanku; dan kamu tidak diberikan ilmu pengetahuan melainkan sedikit sahaja".
Quran 17:85

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Fatwa
Was the Prophet Created From Light ?

Most people think that things were created from the light of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and that his light was created from the light of Allaah. They narrate, “I am the light of Allaah and everything is from my light” and also, “The first thing that Allaah created was the light of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).” Is there any basis for this? They also narrate “I am ‘Arab without (the letter) ‘ayn, i.e., Rabb, and I am Ahmad without (the letter) meem, i.e., Ahad.” Is there any basis for this ?
Praise be to Allaah.

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has been described as being light from the light of Allaah. If what is meant by this is that he himself is from the light of Allaah, then this goes against the Qur’aan, which refers to his being human. If what is meant is that he is light in the sense that he brought the Revelation by which whoever Allah wills of His creation is guided, then this is correct. The committee has issued a fatwa concerning this matter, as follows:

“The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has light which is the light of the message and guidance from Allaah, through which Allaah guides whomsoever He will of His slaves. No doubt the light of the message and of guidance comes from Allaah. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

‘It is not given to any human being that Allaah should speak to him unless (it be)by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or (that) He sends a Messenger to reveal what He wills by His Leave. Verily, He is Most High, Most Wise.

And thus We have sent to you (O Muhammad) Roohan (an Inspiration, and a Mercy) of Our Command. You knew not what is the Book, nor what is Faith? But We have made it (this Qur’aan) a light wherewith We guide whosoever of Our slaves We will. And verily, you (O Muhammad) are indeed guiding (mankind) to the Straight Path (i.e., Allaah’s religion of Islamic monotheism), --

The path of Allaah, to Whom belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. Verily, all the matters at the end go to Allaah (for decision).”[al-Shura 42:51-53]

This light is not derived from the Seal of the Awliya’ as some heretics claim. The body of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was blood and flesh and bone, and so on. He was created from a father and a mother, and had no existence before he was born. The reports which say that the first thing created by Allaah was the light of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), or that Allaah grasped a handful of the light from His Face and that this handful was Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), then He looked at it and it formed drops, and from each of these drops He created a Prophet, or He created all of creation from the light of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) – all of these reports and the like are not saheeh (authentic), and nothing like this has been narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).”

From the fatwa quoted above, it is clear that this is a false belief.

As for the report which says “I am ‘Arab without (the letter) ‘ayn, i.e., Rabb, and I am Ahmad without (the letter) meem, i.e., Ahad” – the attributes of Lordship (ruboobiyah, from Rabb meaning Lord) and Absolute Unity (Ahad meaning One) are attributes that belong uniquely to Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted. It is not permissible for any one of His creation to be described as “the Lord (Rabb)” or as being One (Ahad) in absolute terms. These are attributes that belong exclusively to Allaah, and are not used to describe the Messengers or any other human beings. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions.

Al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wa’l-Ifta’ (Standing Committee for Academic Research and the Issuing of Fatwas).

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 1/310.

Question:

Is it said that Allaah created the heavens and earth for the purpose of creating the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? What is the meaning of the words, “Were it not for you, the universe [lit. heavenly bodies] would not have been created”? Is there any basis for this hadeeth (prophetic narration)? Is it saheeh (authentic) or not? Please give us the facts.

Answer:
The heavens and earth were not created for the sake of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). They were created for the reason mentioned by Allaah in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):

“It is Allaah Who has created seven heavens and of the earth the like thereof (i.e., seven). His Command descends between them (heavens and earth), that you may know that Allaah has power over all things, and that Allaah surrounds (comprehends) all things in (His) Knowledge.” [al-Talaaq 65:12]

As for the hadeeth mentioned, it is falsely attributed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and has no grounds for authenticity. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions.

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 1/312.
islamqa.info


The Light of Muhammad

Question and answer details
Name of Questioner: Ananda
Reply date: 2011/11/25
Question: What is the real meaning of nur Muhammad (the light of the prophet) in our modern view?
consultant: Shahul Hameed


Answer 
Salaam Ananda,

Thank you for your question.

The expression “the light of Muhammad” can have only one meaning, which is the message of Islam that he conveyed to the world. With the Book of Allah in his hand, he set out to lead humanity to the light of truth. This is the figurative meaning of the expression, “light of Muhammad”; and apart from it, we are not authorized to attribute any supernatural meaning to it.

There is an unauthentic saying that has spread among certain sections of Muslims to the effect that Allah has said to Muhammad (peace be upon him) that; but for Muhammad, He would not have created the whole universe!!! It is also alleged as an explanation of this that Allah created “the light of Muhammad” first, and then only, He created the heavens and the earth!!

This saying contradicts the wisdom and goal of the creation of mankind. God has explicitly stated that, in the Qur’an in Surah 51, verse 56:

*{And I have not created the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me.}* Thus, fulfilling worshiping and acting as a vicegerent, who fulfills the heavenly will on this earth, is the real reason behind the creation of mankind. This would only be fulfilled, to the very end, by applying the divine law to all aspects of life and considering this fulfillment as a goal in itself.

The first and the foremost source of our knowledge, which tells us about the creation of the heavens and earth is the Holy Qur’an. Then, the second source is its explanation by the prophet (peace be upon him). The idea of Allah creating the universe, after creating Muhammad (peace be upon him), is contrary to all those verses in the Holy Qur’an that deal with original creation. Allah says in Surah 2, verse 30 says:

*{And when your Lord said to the angels, I am going to place in the earth a viceroy, they said: What! wilt Thou place in it such as shall make mischief in it and shed blood, and we celebrate Thy praise and extol Thy holiness? He said: Surely I know what you do not know.}* Here we read how Allah meant to create the first man, Adam (peace be upon him), who is the forefather of all humans, including Muhammad (peace be upon him). Nothing is mentioned in the Qur’an about the alleged “light of Muhammad”. And, we cannot expect the prophet to say something that does not agree with the Qur’an.

Besides, the alleged saying of the prophet in this regard can only be used for attributing a status to the prophet, which only serves to deify him! This goes clearly against Islam and its notion of transcendence of God and humanity of prophets - with no status in between. In Islam, divinity and humanity are two separate natures; they never dissolve or mingle into one another.

That is why Islam holds a firm position in the case of Jesus. It is a position against his deification, the trinity notion and the incarnation position Christians hold to. Also, remember; Allah commands that we do not make any special distinction among His prophets. Think of the supplication the prophet (peace be upon him) has taught us, which we repeat in every single prayer:

Allah-umma salli `ala Muhammad wa-`ala aali Muhammad, kama sallayta `ala Ibrahim wa-`ala aali Ibraheem. Innaka hameedun majeed. Wa-baarek `ala Muhammad wa-`ala aali Muhammad, kama baarakta `ala Ibrahim wa-`ala aali Ibrahim. Innaka hameedun majeed.

This prayer or supplication means:

O Allah, send grace and mercy on Muhammad (peace be upon him), and on the family and true followers of Muhammad (peace be upon him) just as you sent grace and mercy on Ibrahim (Abraham - peace be upon him) and on the family and true followers of Ibrahim. Surely, You are Praiseworthy and Great. O Allah, send blessings on Muhammad (peace be upon him) and on the family and true followers of Muhammad (peace be upon him) just as you sent blessings on Ibrahim and on the family and true followers of Ibrahim. Surely, You are Praiseworthy and Great.

This prayer indicates the status of both Ibrahim and Muhammad (peace be upon them both). So, it shows that the alleged super status of Muhammad is not but a claim.

No matter how much we love the prophet, we should never put him in a position that was not granted to him by Allah, because definitely Allahu akbar - God remains The Greatest - with no match and nothing to be compared to Him. Only Allah is The True Light of heavens and earth.

Surah 24, verse 35 says:

*{Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth; a likeness of His light is as a niche in which is a lamp, the lamp is in a glass, [and] the glass is as it were a brightly shining star, lit from a blessed olive-tree, neither eastern nor western, the oil whereof almost gives light though fire touch it not -- light upon light -- Allah guides to His light whom He pleases, and Allah sets forth parables for men, and Allah is Cognizant of all things.}* I hope this clarifies the matter. Thank you again for your question and please do keep in touch.

Salam.
onislam.net

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Noor o Bashar 
 
Sheikh Yahya-Al-Ninowy


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 First creation of Allah 

Sheikh Abdul Haadi Noori

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First Creation of Allah 
(English) 
Youth Class Gateshead UK

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Falseness of the hadeeth,
“Were it not for you, I would not have created the universe”

Question:

I have got a question regarding a hadiith. How sound is the hadiith, that states, that it were not for Muhammad (saw) Allaah (swt) would not have created this world???
To be honest I am a bit suspicious about this hadiith, could you shatter some light in the matter?.

Praise be to Allaah.

Many false and fabricated ahaadeeth have been narrated that say similar things. For example:

“Were it not for you, I would not have created the universe.”

This was quoted by al-Shawkaani in al-Fawaa’id al-Majmoo’ah fi’l-Ahaadeeth al-Mawdoo’ah (p. 326). He said:

Al-San’aani said: (it is) mawdoo’ (fabricated).

Al-Albaani said in al-Silsilah al-Da’eefah (282): (it is) mawdoo’.

Another example is the hadeeth narrated by al-Haakim according to which Ibn ‘Abbaas said:

“Allaah revealed to ‘Eesa (Jesus, peace be upon him): ‘O ‘Eesa, believe in Muhammad, and tell whoever you meet of your ummah to believe in him. For were it not for Muhammad, I would not have created Adam, and were it not for Muhammad, I would not have created Paradise and Hell. I created the Throne over the water and it would not settle until I wrote on it, Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah Muhammad Rasool Allaah (There is no god but Allaah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah).”

Al-Haakim said: its isnaad is saheeh! But al-Dhahabi commented on that and said: I believe it is fabricated and falsely attributed to Sa’eed.

Meaning, Sa’eed ibn Abu ‘Aroobah (one of the narrators of this hadeeth). This hadeeth was narrated from him by ‘Amr ibn Aws al-Ansaari, who is the one who is accused of fabricating it. Al-Dhahabi mentioned him in al-Meezaan where he said: “He produced a munkar report,” then he quoted this hadeeth, and said, “I believe that it is mawdoo’ (fabricated).” Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar agreed with him, as it says in al-Lisaan.

Al-Albaani said in al-Silsilah al-Da’eefah (280): There is no basis for it.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked:

Is the hadeeth which some people quote – “Were it not for you, Allaah would not have created the Throne or the Kursiy or the earth or the heavens or the sun or the moon or anything else” saheeh or nor?

He replied:

Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is the leader of the sons of Adam, and the best and noblest of creation, hence some people say that Allaah created the universe because of him, or that were it not for him, Allaah would not have created the Throne or the Kursiy or the earth or the heavens or the sun or the moon.

But this hadeeth that is narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is neither saheeh (sound) nor da’eef (weak), and it was not narrated by any scholar in a hadeeth from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Neither was it known from the Sahaabah. Rather it is the words of one who is unknown.

Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 11/86-96.

The Standing Committee was asked:

Can it be said that Allaah created the heavens and the earth for the purpose of creating the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? What is the meaning of the hadeeth, “Were it not for you the universe would not have been created,” and does this hadeeth have any basis?

They replied:

The heavens and the earth were not created for the sake of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), rather they were created for the purpose which Allaah mentions (interpretation of the meaning):

“It is Allaah Who has created seven heavens and of the earth the like thereof (i.e. seven). His Command descends between them (heavens and earth), that you may know that Allaah has power over all things, and that Allaah surrounds all things in (His) Knowledge”

[al-Talaaq 65:12]

As for the hadeeth mentioned, it is falsely attributed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and has no sound basis.

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 1/312

Shaykh Ibn Baaz was asked about this hadeeth and said:

The answer is that this was transmitted from the words of some of the common people who have no understanding. Some people say that the world was created for the sake of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and were it not for Muhammad the world would not have been created and mankind would not have been created. This is false and has no basis, and these are corrupt words. Allaah created the world so that He would be known and worshipped. He created the world and He created mankind so that His names and attributes, His power and knowledge, would be known and so that He alone would be worshipped with no partner or associate, and so that He would be obeyed – not for the sake of Muhammad or for the sake of Nooh or Moosa or ‘Eesa or any other Prophet. Rather Allaah created the universe so that He alone would be worshipped, with no partner or associate.

Fataawa Noor ‘ala al-Darb, 46.

And Allaah knows best.
abdurrahman.org
 

The Origin of Mankind
Written by AICP Staff. Posted in English

The truth pertaining to the origin of all human beings is a matter dear to the hearts of many. People from different walks of life, including various ethnic origins and differing educational backgrounds have attempted explanations, however, no story or explanation can take the place of the truth. In the Qur’an Allah informed us of the truth regarding the origin of the humans, and His Prophet, Muhammad, explained this matter to his companions, who explained it to their followers, who explained it to their followers, and so on, until the truth reached the people today. Allah created all the other kinds of creations before He created the humankind. Allah created the water, the air, the heavens, the earth, the trees, the mountains, the valleys, the animals and even the small insects--before he created man. Allah created all these kinds of creations in six days. Each day was like one thousand (1,000) years. At the last part of the sixth day, after the ^Asr time, Adam was created. It was Jumu^ah--Friday. Adam was not derived from apes or animals similar to apes. The apes existed, as did all the other animal kind, before Adam was created. The truth is: the origin of all the humankind is clay, i.e., soil mixed with water, as Allah said in Surat al-Mu’minun, Ayah 12:

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الإِنسَانَ مِنْ سُلالَةٍ مِنْ طِينٍ

The origin of this clay was the soil of this earth. Allah ordered one of the angels to gather a handful of all the different types of the earth’s soils: the black soil, the white soil, the red soil, and all the colors in between these colors; including the soft soil and the firm soil. This angel took a handful from all these different kinds of soil and brought them to Paradise. This soil was mixed with the water of Paradise and from this mixture, the shape of Adam was formed. This is why you find among the offspring of Adam--which includes all people--the white, the black, the red, the yellow, those who are easy, those who are difficult, and those who are in between. For a period of time this shape remained as clay. Then Allah turned this clay into something dry and hard, like pottery. In Surat al-Hijr, Ayah 26, Allah, tabaraka wa ta^ala, said:

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الإِنْسَانَ مِنْ صَلْصَالٍ مِنْ حَمَإٍ مَسْنُونٍ

which means: [Allah created Adam (the human being) from a clay that was poured and then dried taking the shape of Adam.] Before Allah turned this clay to flesh, blood, and bones, and before Allah put Adam’s soul into his body, the devil (Iblis) came and examined this creation. Upon inspection, Iblis found this creation had internal cavities, and thus he knew that this creation would need to take things inside its body. Iblis knew this creation would not have the ability to go for long periods of time doing different matters without being in need of some things, like food, drink, rest, and the like. Iblis knew this creation was not like the angels, because angels do not have internal body cavities and need neither food nor drink nor rest. Allah gave them the strength to perform all what Allah ordered them to perform--without the need for eating, drinking, or resting to do so. The angels can bear things which the humans cannot bear. All this, Iblis knew. So Iblis, who was created from a pure flame of fire (which does not produce any smoke); Iblis, a jinn, and the ancestor of all the jinn, who was a believer at this period of time and living in Paradise with the angels worshipping Allah--talked to that shape of Adam. He said to Adam, "Allah created you for a matter which I cannot perceive." After the soul of Adam joined his body, Allah bestowed on Adam the knowledge of the names of everything. Allah gave Adam that knowledge without a teacher, i.e., without Adam having to learn from someone to acquire that knowledge. Then Allah ordered the angels to prostrate to Adam out of respect for this special new creation (not out of worship). Iblis was living with the angels, so he, also, was ordered to prostrate to Adam. The angels prostrated to Adam because all the angels are obedient; they do not disobey Allah. Iblis, however, was arrogant. He objected to Allah. Iblis said, "I was created from fire, and he was only created from soil, so why should I prostrate to him? I will not." By his statement Iblis meant that Allah was not just in ordering him to prostrate to Adam. Thus, by objecting to Allah and His order, Iblis blasphemed. This was the first blasphemy Iblis committed. When Adam’s soul joined with his body, he sneezed, then said, ‘al-hamdulillah." Thus, the first words Adam uttered were in praising and thanking Allah. Adam stayed in Paradise for a period of time. During that period Allah created Hawwa’ (Eve), Adam’s wife. She was tall, suitable for the height of Adam who was sixty cubits tall and seven cubits broad.

Hawwa’ (Eve) was created from one of Adam’sribs. Ibnu ^Abbas said that Allah created Hawwa’ (Eve) from the shortest rib on Adam’s left side. Adam and Hawwa’ (Eve) lived together in Paradise for a period of time. Allah permitted them to eat from all the fruits of Paradise, except the fruits of one particular tree. Allah enabled them to go from one place to another in the apparent locations of Paradise to eat from the fruits and to benefit from these locations. Adam and Hawwa’ (Eve) were not given permission to eat from that tree but Iblis whispered to them to eat from it. Then Hawwa’ (Eve) started encouraging Adam to eat from that tree. Eventually they both ate from it. Doing so was sinful, however it was a small sin and they both quickly repented. What they said is mentioned in Surat al-A^raf, Ayah 23:

قَالا رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنفُسَنَا وَإِنْ لَمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنْ الْخَاسِرِينَ

which means: [O Allah, we did injustice to ourselves. So if You do not forgive us and You do not have mercy on us, we would be losers.] They repented and Allah accepted their repentance. After this incident, Adam, Hawwa’ (Eve), and Iblis were ordered to leave Paradise. Adam descended from Paradise into India, in a land called Sarandib (Syri Lanka, now-a-days). Hawwa’ (Eve) descended in a location different from Adam. Iblis, descended into an area in present-day Iraq, now a town named al-Ubullah (next to al-Basrah. Later, Adam and Hawwa’ (Eve) were reunited. After Adam descended from Paradise, where he had lived for 130 years, he received the revelation of prophethood from Allah. Adam, the first man, became the first prophet and the first Messenger to whom Allah revealed. Prophet Adam and his wife had many children. Hawwa’ (Eve) gave birth to many sets of twins. Each womb held a son and a daughter. Their children married and had children, who married and had children, and so on until the humans were spread in the different areas. Adam is the ancestor of all the human beings--without any exception. The lineage of all humans goes back to Adam and Hawwa’ (Eve), even Gog and Magog (Ya’juj and Ma’juj). Prophet Adam taught his children and their children about Islam. Adam lived for many years. He didn’t die until he saw 40,000 of his descendents--and all of them were Muslim. Prophet Adam and Hawwa’ (Eve) loved and worshipped Allah. They used to pray, fast, and go to Hajj (pilgrimage).). Prophet Adam taught his offspring about the attributes which befit Allah and the difference between the Creator and the creations. He taught good behavior, truthfulness, trustworthiness, and sincerity. Allah bestowed many knowledges on Prophet Adam. Allah created in Adam the knowledge of the languages--without having to study them. He spoke eloquently and without having to use signs. Allah created in Adam the knowledge of the matters of earning a living--including how to plant wheat, how to make clothes, and how to make money from gold and silver. Allah created in Adam the knowledge of how to make instruments for planting, like the shovel and sickle, and the knowledge of how to plant seeds, vegetables, and fruits as well as how to harvest. Prophet Adam knew how to build and construct homes and houses and he used to make ceilings and doors for them. Prophet Adam was the first to build the Ka^bah. During his time, the Aqsa Mosque was built in Palestine.

Important warnings:

Beware of those who claim matters contrary to the truth of Islam. Adam was not the first creation, and all human beings originate from him. Moreover, Prophet Muhammad descended from Prophet Adam. Prophet Muhammad was not the first creation, as some people claim. Also, beware of those who claim the first creation is the light of our Prophet. This is also invalid. There is no sahih hadith from the Prophet claiming such. There is, however, a fabricated hadith that the Prophet addressed Jabir by saying: "The first creation is the light of your Prophet, O Jabir." The hafidh, Ahmad al-Ghumariyy, mentioned this hadith was fabricated in his book entitled, Al-Mughir ^Ala-l-Jami^ is-Saghir and the hafidh, as-Suyutiyy, said this hadith is not confirmed. He mentioned it in two (2) of his books: Al-Fatawa and The Explanation of at-Tirmidhiyy. What was confirmed from the Prophet was that the first creation was the original water, which exists now underneath the ^Arsh. Beware of theories which say human beings descended from apes or that Adam was a primitive caveman. Adam was the first man and the first human to receive the Revelation of prophethood. He was the first messenger of Allah and he is the ancestor of every member of the humankind. He taught the first people how to live and how to worship Allah correctly. He was an honored and blessed creation of Allah. He was created from soil. In Surat al-Hajj Ayah 5, Allah said:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ فِى رَيْبٍ مِنْ الْبَعْثِ فَإِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ تُرَابٍ

which means: [O you people, if you doubt about the matter of the Resurrection, then think about the matter that Adam was created from soil.] That is, should one have difficulty conceptualizing that a person can be resurrected--considering this matter is unlikely, a weak possibility, or one that does not occur--then remember that Allah created Adam from soil. Know that the One Who created Adam from soil has the Power to resurrect you after you turn back into soil.

This is the truth about Prophet Adam.
aicp.org

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Hadis about the First Creation


حَدَّثَنَا جَعْفَرُ بْنُ مُسَافِرٍ الْهُذَلِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ حَسَّانَ، حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ رَبَاحٍ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْلَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي حَفْصَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ عُبَادَةُ بْنُ الصَّامِتِ لاِبْنِهِ يَا بُنَىَّ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَجِدَ طَعْمَ حَقِيقَةِ الإِيمَانِ حَتَّى تَعْلَمَ أَنَّ مَا أَصَابَكَ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِيُخْطِئَكَ وَمَا أَخْطَأَكَ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِيُصِيبَكَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏"‏ إِنَّ أَوَّلَ مَا خَلَقَ اللَّهُ الْقَلَمَ فَقَالَ لَهُ اكْتُبْ ‏.‏ قَالَ رَبِّ وَمَاذَا أَكْتُبُ قَالَ اكْتُبْ مَقَادِيرَ كُلِّ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى تَقُومَ السَّاعَةُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ يَا بُنَىَّ إِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏"‏ مَنْ مَاتَ عَلَى غَيْرِ هَذَا فَلَيْسَ مِنِّي ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Ubadah b. al Samit said to his son : Sonny! You will not get the taste of the reality of faith until you know that what has come to you could not miss you, and that what has missed you could not come to you. I heard the Apostle of Allah (May peace be upon him) say : The first thing Allah created was * pen. He said to it : Write. It asked : What should I write, my lord? He said : Write what was decreed about everything till the Last hour comes. Sonny! I heard the Apostle of Allah (May peace be upon him) say : He who dies on something other than this does not does not belong to me.
Chain
Ja'far bin Msafr bin Rashid — Yahya bin Hsan * — Ibrahim bin Abi Ablh * — 'Ubada bin As-Samit

Sunan Abi Da'ud Book: 42, Hadith: 4700

* Kalam

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 What is the real meaning of nur Muhammad (the light of the prophet) in our modern view ?

The Light of Muhammad By Prof. Shahul Hameed


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