Nov 10, 2012

Imam Syafi'i امام شافعي Imam Shafi'i - The 4 Mazhabs مذهب Mazhab yang 4

الإمام الشافعي رحمه الله


Imam Syafi'i - امام شافعي 
( some spell as Imam Shafi'i and Syafi'ie in roman alphabet )
is the founder of one of the four Sunni 
Mazhab مذهب (schools of jurisprudence )


The Life of Imam As Syafi'i
Sheikh Muhammad Musa al-Sharif
presented in Arabic with a big English Subtitles


As Shafi'i's Risala

Treatise on the Foundations of Islamic Jurisprudence

Written in the second Islamic century by al-Imam al-Shafi’i (d. 204AH/820AD), the founder of one of the four Sunni schools of law. This important work gives the fundamental principles of Islamic jurisprudence and its influence continues to the present day. During the early years of the spread of Islam, the exponents of Islamic legal doctrine were faced with the problems raised by ruling and administering a diverse and rapidly growing empire. In Medina and Kufa, as well as other cities of early Muslim rule, schools of law had to be developed, but it took the genius of Muhammad b. Idris al-Shafi’i, born in the year 150AH/767AD, to establish the principles by which the various legal doctrines could be synthesised into a coherent system. In the Risala, which laid down the basis for such a synthesis, al-Shafi’i established the overriding authority, next only to the Qur’an, of the Sunna or example of the Prophet Muhammad as transmitted in the traditions.

Professor Majid Khadduri has done an admirable service in making this valuable work available in English, His excellent translation uses not only the original manuscripts of Ibn Jama’a and al-Rabi, found at Dar al-Kutub, the National Library in Cairo, but also authoritative editions published earlier in this century, namely the Bulaq and Shakir editions. In his introduction, Professor Khadduri outlines the historical background of the Risala and gives a biography of al-Imam al-Shafi’i as well as annotated, detailed summaries of the composition, structure, substance and argument of the text. He also includes a list of transmitters of traditions, a glossary of the most important Islamic legal terms and a select bibliography. For this new edition, the index has been expanded and a small corrigenda added.

Table of Contents
1. The Historical Background of the Risala
2. The Composition and Structure of the Risala.
3. Substance and Argument of the Risala.
4. Significance of the Risala
5. The Text of the Risala.
6. Translation of Shafi’i’s Risala.
7. Transmitters of Traditions.


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Biography of Imam as-Syafi'i 
Dr. Hisham Hawasli

Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6 Part 7

 Imam Shafi`i
by Dr. G.F. Haddad

Muhammad ibn Idris ibn al-`Abbas, al-Imam al-Shafi`i, Abu `Abd Allah al-Shafi`i al-Hijazi al-Qurashi al-Hashimi al-Muttalibi (d. 204), the offspring of the House of the Prophet, the peerless one of the great mujtahid imams and jurisprudent par excellence, the scrupulously pious ascetic and Friend of Allah, he laid down the foundations of fiqh in his Risala, which he said he revised and re-read four hundred times, then said: "Only Allah’s Book is perfect and free from error."

He is the cousin of the Prophet - Allah’s blessings and peace upon him - descending from al-Muttalib who is the brother of Hashim, `Abd al-Muttalib’s father. Someone praised the Banu Hashim in front of the Prophet, whereby he interlaced the fingers of his two hands and said: "We and they are but one and the same thing." Al-Nawawi listed three peculiar merits of al-Shafi`i: his sharing the Prophet’s lineage at the level of their common ancestor `Abd Manaf; his birth in the Holy Land of Palestine and upbringing in Mecca; and his education at the hands of superlative scholars together with his own superlative intelligence and knowledge of the Arabic language. To this Ibn Hajar added two more: the hadith of the Prophet, "O Allah! Guide Quraysh, for the science of the scholar that comes from them will encompass the earth. O Allah! You have let the first of them taste bitterness, so let the latter of them taste reward." Another hadith of the Prophet says: "Truly, Allah shall send forth for this Community, at the onset of every hundred years, someone who will renew their Religion for them." The scholars agreed, among them Abu Qilaba (d. 276) and Imam Ahmad, that the first 
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Together we sadaqah صدقة the recitation reward ثواب 
of this Al Fatihah to the ruh of Imam as Syafi'i

Bersama-sama kita sedekah pahala bacaan Al Fatihah ini 
kepada ruh Imam as Syafi'i

Al Fatihah


Thanks for coming

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