Nov 3, 2012

Kitab At Tawhid Sheikh Imam Muhammad Abdul Wahab


Kitaab At-Tawheed
Shaikh Imam Muhammad Abdul-Wahhaab



The Book of Tawheed
Translated by Sameh Strauch
Published by International Islamic Publishing House
Unlike most other materials on this web site: All Rights Reserved


Note: The original Arabic version has 66 chapters. However, you can listen to them from in English. See also: [The relationship between Mohammed bin Abdul-Wabhab and Ibn Taymiyah]

Click the below link for the translation in English

Foreword & On Tawheed Whoever fulfilled the requirements of Tawheed... Fear of Shirk The call to testify that none is worthy of worship... Explanation of the Meaning of Tawheed and... It is an act of shirk to wear rings... What has been said about use of... Whoever seeks blessings from a tree... What is said Concerning slaughter... Slaughtering in the Name of Allah... A vow to another besides Allah is shirk Seeking refuge in other than Allah is shirk It is shirk to seek aid from other than Allah Concerning Allah's Words: The Words of Allah Most High Intercession The Words of Allah, Most High What has been said concerning the reason... What has been said concerning... What has been said about Exaggeration... What has been said concerning the Prophet's... Those of this Ummah who worship idols Concerning Sorcery Clarification of a number of types of sorcery Concerning fortune-tellers and their like Concerning An-Nushrah Concerning At-Tatayyur Concerning At-Tanjeem Concerning Al-Nnwaa` Allah's Words: "And among the people are those... Allah's Words: "It is only Satan who suggests to you..." Allah's Words: "And depend upon Allah if you truly believe..." Allah's Words: "Did they then feel secure... Patience in the face of all that Allah has ordained What has been said about Ar-Riyaa` To perform a (good) deed for worldly reasons Whoever obeys a scholar or a ruler... Allah's Words: "Do you not see those who... Whoever denies the Names and Attributes of Allah Allah's Words: "They know the Favours of Allah..." Allah's Words: "And do not ascribe partners to Allah..." One who is not satisfied with an oath sworn... Saying: "As Allah wills and you will." Whoever curses time wrongs Allah To be called Judge of judges and the like Honouring the Names of Allah and changing one's name... Whoever made fun of Allah, the Qur'an or His Prophet ... Allah's Words: "And truly, if We give him a taste of mercy..." Allah's Words: "But when He gives to... Allah's Words: "The most beautiful names are for Allah..." One Should Not Say: Peace Be Upon Allah Saying: "Oh, Allah! Forgive me if You will." One should not say: "My slave," or: "My slave-girl." Whoever asks in the Name of Allah... Nothing but Paradise should be asked for... The prohibition of maligning the wind Allah's Words: "[They were] moved by wrong thoughts..." Those who deny Allah's Qadr Those who make pictures (of living things) About frequent swearing About Allah's Covenant and that of His Prophet About oaths binding upon Allah Allah may not be asked to intercede with His creatures The Prophet's safeguarding of Tawheed... Allah's Words: "They made not a just estimate of Allah..."

Biography of Imam Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhab
By: Shaykh Abdul-Aziz bin Abdullah ibn Baaz

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise is to Allah, Lord of the worlds. Peace and blessings of Allah be upon his slave and Messenger and the best of Creation, our leader and guide, Muhammad Bin Abdullah, and upon his family, Companions and followers.

Dear brothers and children! I would like to present this lecture with a view to enlightening your thoughts, clarifying some facts, showing goodwill towards Allah and people, and fulfilling part of my duty towards the personality about whom I am going to speak. And the topic of this lecture is: Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahhab - his life and mission.

When we talk about reformers, revivers and preachers, recalling their circumstances, good qualities and meritorious activities and describing their truthfulness and sincerity in their personal life as well as preaching, men of good spirits would eagerly listen to it with comfort and contentment. Whoever is attached to Islam and desirous of reformation and preaching cannot help hearing such talks.

I would like to talk about a great man, an outstanding reformer and a zealous preacher who appeared in the Arabian peninsula in the twelfth century A.H - Imam Sheikh Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahhab Bin Sulaiman Bin Ali Al-Tamimi Al-Hanbali Al-Najdi. He is wellknown to the people, particularly to the scholars, leaders, elders and high officials within and without the Peninsula. Many authors have written about him. And many others have mentioned him privately in their writings. Even the orientalists have dealt with him. Many others appraised and praised him in their writings about the reformers and history.

The unprejudiced described the Sheikh as a great reformer and reviver of Islam, and admitted that he had been on the Path and Light shone by his Lord. It is difficult to mention all the writers, but a few of them deserve reference. Among them was the great author, Abu Bakr Sheikh Husain Bin Gannam Al-Ahsae. He wrote well about the Sheikh and his mission and benefited many. In his book he has elaborately explained the life and campaigns of the Sheikh as well as his preaching and deduction from the Qur'an.

Another author was Sheikh Imam Uthman Bin Bishr who in his work, The Banner of Glory, wrote about the Sheikh's life, preaching, campaigns and jihad.

continue @ islamlife.com

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Apa itu Wahabi ? 
( What is Wahabi )
presented in Melayu language 

Datuk Dr Johari Mat. penerangan yang ringkas dan jelas
jangan kelirukan dengan isu-isu khilaf.

Isu Syiah dan Wahabi yang Diwar-warkan
( Issue on Syiah and Wahabi which was spread out )
Dr. Asri
presented in Melayu language

Antara Salaf dan Khalaf, Kedua-duanya Betul
 ( Salaf and Khalaf, Both of them are Correct )
Maulana Asri Yusof
 presented in Melayu language


The following writing is based 
on the above speech only

Punishment on accusation / Fitnah

The difference only in Furu' Akidah not usul Akidah. The Sheikh Imam Muhammad Abdul Wahab actually is a Mujaddid. He was not introduce something new. He only calling people of his time to return back to the original teaching of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w

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Islam Browser view

As a muslim we have to respect each other. If discussion on certain differences is needed, it should be attended in a good manners. Manners that taught by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w


وَحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ نُمَيْرٍ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ، نُمَيْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا فُضَيْلُ بْنُ غَزْوَانَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عَبْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنَ أَبِي نُعْمٍ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو الْقَاسِمِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ قَذَفَ مَمْلُوكَهُ بِالزِّنَا يُقَامُ عَلَيْهِ الْحَدُّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ كَمَا قَالَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira reported that Abu'l-Qasim (one of the names of Allah's Messenger [may peace be upon him]) said: He who accused his slave of adultery, punishment would be imposed upon him on the Day of Resurrection, except in case the accusation was as he had said.
Sahih Muslim Book: 28, Hadith: 4401


- Islam Browser -

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Did Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab rebel against the Ottoman Caliphate and what was the reason for its fall ?

Reference: qsep.com
Q : Did Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab rebel against the Ottoman Caliphate and what was the reason for its fall ?

Some people talk very bad about Muhammad ibn Abdulwahhab (rh). They accuse him, that he fought against the ottoman islamic empire and against the caliph , so he was an enemy of the muslims. This is their argument. Is this right? How could one fought against the amir of the muslims, even if the caliph prayed, gave his zakah and so on?

They say also that he made an contract with the english army and fought with them against the Muslims.

Can you give me a detailed answer to this historical event and show me the truth ?                                Whom should we believe ?.

Answer: Praise be to Allaah.

There is never a man who brings some goodness to this world but he has enemies among mankind and the jinn. Even the Prophets of Allaah were not safe from that.

The enmity of people was directed against the scholars in the past, especially the proponents of the true call (of Islam). They were met with intense hostility from the people.

An example of that is Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him); some of those who were jealous of him regarded it as permissible to shed his blood, others accused him of being misguided and of going beyond the pale of Islam and becoming an apostate.

Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab was simply another of these wronged scholars who were falsely accused by people, in an attempt to cause trouble (fitnah). People’s only motives for doing that were jealousy and hatred, along with the fact that bid’ah was so firmly entrenched in their hearts, or they were ignorant and were blindly imitating the people of whims and desires.

We will mention some of the false accusations that were made against the Shaykh, and will refute them.

Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez al-‘Abd al-‘Lateef said:

"Some opponents of the salafi da’wah claim that Imam Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab rebelled against the Ottoman Caliphate, thus splitting the jamaa’ah (main body of the Muslims) and refusing to hear and obey (the ruler). " [Da’aawa al-Munaawi’een li Da’wat al-Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahaab, p. 233]

He said:

‘Abd al-Qadeem Zalloom claims that the emergence of the Wahhaabis and their call was a cause of the fall of the Caliphate. It was said that the Wahhaabis formed a state within the Islamic state, under the leadership of Muhammad ibn Sa’ood and subsequently his son ‘Abd al-‘Azeez, which was supplied with weapons and money by the British, and they set out to gain control of other lands that were under the rule of Caliphate, motivated by the urge to spread their beliefs, i.e., they raised their swords against the Caliph and fought the Muslim army, the army of the Ameer al-Mu’mineen, with the encouragement and support of the British. [Kayfa hudimat al-Khilaafah, p. 10]

Before we respond to the false accusation that Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab rebelled against the Caliphate, we should mention the fact that the Shaykh believed that hearing and obeying the imams (leaders) of the Muslims was obligatory, whether they are righteous or immoral, so long as they did not enjoin disobedience towards Allaah, because obedience is only with regard to what is right and proper.

The Shaykh said in his letter to the people of al-Qaseem:

“I believe that it is obligatory to hear and obey the leaders of the Muslims, whether they are righteous or immoral, so long as they do not enjoin disobedience towards Allaah. Whoever has become Caliph and the people have given him their support and accepted him, even if he has gained the position of caliph by force, is to be obeyed and it is haraam to rebel against him.” [Majmoo’at Mu’allafaat al-Shaykh, 5/11]

And he also said:

One of the main principles of unity is to hear and obey whoever is appointed over us even if he is an Abyssinian slave…” [Majmoo’ah Mu’allafaat al-Shaykh, 1/394; quoted in Da’aawa al-Munaawi’een, 233-234.]

And Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez al-‘Abd al-Lateef said:

After stating these facts which explain that the Shaykh believed it was obligatory to hear and obey the leaders of the Muslims, whether they are righteous or immoral, so long as they do not enjoin disobedience towards Allaah, we may refer to an important issue in response to that false accusation. There is an important question which is: was Najd, where this call originated and first developed, under the sovereignty of the Ottoman state?

Dr Saalih al-‘Abood answered this by saying:

Najd never came under Ottoman rule, because the rule of the Ottoman state never reached that far, no Ottoman governor was appointed over that region and the Turkish soldiers never marched through its land during the period that preceded the emergence of the call of Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab (may Allaah have mercy on him).

This fact is indicated by the fact that the Ottoman state was divided into administrative provinces. This is known from a Turkish document entitled Qawaaneen Aal ‘Uthmaan Mudaameen Daftar al-Deewaan (Laws of the Ottomans concerning what is contained in the Legislation), which was written by Yameen ‘Ali Effendi who was in charge of the Constitution in 1018 AH/1609 CE.

This document indicates that from the beginning of the eleventh century AH the Ottoman state was divided into 23 provinces, of which 14 were Arabic provinces, and the land of Najd was not one of them, with the except of al-Ihsa’, if we count al-Ihsa’ as part of Najd. [‘Aqeedat al-Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab wa atharuha fi’l-‘Aalam al-Islami (unpublished), 1/27]

And Dr ‘Abd-Allaah al-‘Uthaymeen said:

Whatever the case, Najd never experienced direct Ottoman rule before the call of Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab emerged, just as it never experienced any strong influence that could have an impact on events inside Najd.

No one had any such influence, and the influence of Bani Jabr or Bani Khaalid in some parts, or the Ashraaf in other parts, was limited.

None of them were able to bring about political stability, so wars between the various regions of Najd continued and there were ongoing violent conflicts between its various tribes. [Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab Hayaatuhu wa Fikruhu, p. 11; quoted in Da’aawa al-Munaawi’een, 234-235.]

We will complete this discussion by quoting what Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Baaz said in response to this false accusation. He said (may Allaah have mercy on him):

Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab did not rebel against the Ottoman Caliphate as far as I know, because there was no area in Najd that was under Turkish rule. Rather Najd consisted of small emirates and scattered villages, and each town or village, no matter how small, was ruled by an independent emir. These were emirates between which there were fighting, wars and disputes.

So Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab did not rebel against the Ottoman state, rather he rebelled against the corrupt situation in his own land, and he strove in jihad for the sake of Allaah and persisted until the light of this call spread to other lands… [Conversation recorded on tape; quoted in Da’aawa al-Munaawi’een, p. 237]

Dr. ‘Ajeel al-Nashmi said: … The Caliphate did not react in any way and did not show any discontent or resentment during the life of the Shaykh, even though there were four Ottoman sultans during his lifetime… [Majallat al-Mujtama’, issue # 510.]

If the above is a reflection of the Shaykh’s attitude towards the Caliphate, how did the Caliphate view the call of Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab?

Dr. al-Nashmi said, answering this question:

The view that the Caliphate had of the movement of Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab was very distorted and confused, because the Caliphate only listened to those who were hostile towards the movement of Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab, whether that was via reports sent by their governors in the Hijaaz, Baghdad and elsewhere, or via some individuals who reached Istanbul bearing news. [Al-Mujtama’, issue #504; quoted in Da’aawa al-Munaawi’een, p. 238-239.]

With regard to Zalloum’s claims that the Shaykh’s call was one of the reasons for the fall of the Caliphate and that the English helped the Wahhaabis to topple it, Mahmoud Mahdi al-Istanbuli says concerning this ridiculous claim:

"This writer should be expected to produce proof and evidence for his opinion. Long ago the poet said:

If claims are not supported by proof, they are used only by the fools as evidence.

We should also note that history tells us that the English were opposed to this call from the outset, fearing that it might wake the Muslim world up." [Al-Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab fi Mar’aat al-Sharq wa’l-Gharb, p. 240]

And he says:

The ironic fact is that this professor accuses the movement of Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab of being one of the factors that led to the destruction of the Ottoman Caliphate, even though this movement began in 1811 CE and the Caliphate was abolished in 1922 CE. [Op. cit., p. 64]

What indicates that the English were opposed to the Wahhabi movement is the fact that they sent Captain Foster Sadler to congratulate Ibrahim Pasha on his success against the Wahhabis – during the war of Ibrahim Pasha in Dar’iyyah – and also to find out to what extent he was prepared to cooperate with the British authorities to reduce what they called Wahhabi piracy in the Arabian Gulf.

Indeed, this letter clearly expressed a desire to establish an agreement between the British government and Ibrahim Pasha with the aim of destroying the Wahhabis completely.

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Manzoor al-Nu’maani said:

The English made the most of the hostility that existed in India towards Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab and they accused everyone who opposed them and stood in their way, or whom they regarded as dangerous, of being Wahhabis… Similarly the English called the scholars of Deoband – in India – Wahhaabis, because of their blunt opposition to the English and their putting pressure on them. [Di’aaya Mukaththafah Didd al- Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhaab, p. 105-106]

From these various quotations we can see the falseness of these flawed arguments when compared to the clear academic proofs in the essays and books of the Shaykh; that falseness is also obvious when compared to the historical facts are recorded by fair-minded writers. [Da’aawa al-Munaawi’een, 239, 240.]

Finally, we advise everyone who has slandered the Shaykh to restrain his tongue and to fear Allah with regard to him. Perhaps Allah will accept their repentance and guide them to the straight path.

And Allaah knows best.

Islam Q&A
my source:qsep.com


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