Dec 14, 2012

Destiny Takdir


Sahih Muslim Book: 47, Hadith: 6896 
Arabic
حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو الطَّاهِرِ، أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَرْحٍ أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي عَمْرُو، بْنُ الْحَارِثِ عَنْ أَبِي الزُّبَيْرِ الْمَكِّيِّ، أَنَّ عَامِرَ بْنَ وَاثِلَةَ، حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّهُ، سَمِعَ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ مَسْعُودٍ، يَقُولُ الشَّقِيُّ مَنْ شَقِيَ فِي بَطْنِ أُمِّهِ وَالسَّعِيدُ مَنْ وُعِظَ بِغَيْرِهِ ‏.‏ فَأَتَى رَجُلاً مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُقَالُ لَهُ حُذَيْفَةُ بْنُ أَسِيدٍ الْغِفَارِيُّ فَحَدَّثَهُ بِذَلِكَ مِنْ قَوْلِ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ فَقَالَ وَكَيْفَ يَشْقَى رَجُلٌ بِغَيْرِ عَمَلٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ الرَّجُلُ أَتَعْجَبُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ فَإِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ إِذَا مَرَّ بِالنُّطْفَةِ ثِنْتَانِ وَأَرْبَعُونَ لَيْلَةً بَعَثَ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهَا مَلَكًا فَصَوَّرَهَا وَخَلَقَ سَمْعَهَا وَبَصَرَهَا وَجِلْدَهَا وَلَحْمَهَا وَعِظَامَهَا ثُمَّ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَا رَبِّ أَذَكَرٌ أَمْ أُنْثَى فَيَقْضِي رَبُّكَ مَا شَاءَ وَيَكْتُبُ الْمَلَكُ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ أَجَلُهُ ‏.‏ فَيَقُولُ رَبُّكَ مَا شَاءَ وَيَكْتُبُ الْمَلَكُ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ رِزْقُهُ ‏.‏ فَيَقْضِي رَبُّكَ مَا شَاءَ وَيَكْتُبُ الْمَلَكُ ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ الْمَلَكُ بِالصَّحِيفَةِ فِي يَدِهِ فَلاَ يَزِيدُ عَلَى مَا أُمِرَ وَلاَ يَنْقُصُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
Arabic
No Tashkeel

Transl.
'Abdullah b. Mas'ud reported: Evil one is he who is evil in the womb of his mother and the good one is he who takes a lesson from the (fate of) others. The narrator came to a person from amongst the Companions of Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) who was called Hudhaifa b. Usaid Ghifari and said: How can a person be an evil one without (committing an evil) deed? Thereupon the person said to him: You are surprised at this, whereas I have heard Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saving: When forty nights pass after the semen gets into the womb, Allah sends the angel and gives him shape. Then he creates his sense of hearing, sense of sight, his skin, his flesh, his bones, and then says: My Lord, would he be male or female? And your Lord decides as He desires and the angel then puts down that also and then says: My Lord, what about his age? And your Lord decides as He likes it and the angel puts it down. Then he says: My Lord, what about his livelihood? And then the Lord decides as He likes and the angel writes it down, and then the angel gets out with his scroll of destiny in his hand and nothing is added to it and nothing is subtracted from it.
Chain(0)
'Abdullah bin Wahb     ——»    'Amr bin al-Harith bin Ya'qub     ——»    Muhammad bin Muslim bin Tadras *     ——»    ibn Mas'ud

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ID
 Destiny and individual will
79020
Scholar
Dr.Salah Al-Sawy
Date
2009-05-28
Category
Question

I am a student in the second year in architectural engineering. My grades were higher than recommended for studying this specialty. I could have studied dentistry, but I desired to study engineering. I Prayed istikhara (prayer to seek Allah's guidance in making decisions) and one week later, I had a dream that encouraged me more. Hence I joined that specialty to discover that it requires more than just studying; it requires a talent in drawing and fast achievement. In spite of that I was able to make it to the second year, but I faced significant difficulty and I felt I am in the wrong place.

Now, I want to decide whether my insistence to join this department was predestined by Allah and with His Will or it was with my own will or it is an affliction. Please accept my utmost thanks and gratitude.

Fatwa



In the Name of Allah, The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful. Praise be to Allah; Prayers and Peace of Allah be upon the Messenger, his household and his companions.



Indeed the servant of Allah has a will that does not deviate from Allah's Will. Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says, "And you do not will except that Allah wills. …" [Surat al-Insan, 76:30].


Do not indulge yourself in an internal philosophical argument about destiny. The important thing is that if the servant aims at something and asks Allah's guidance in this regard and then Allah paves the way for him and he proceeds along it, he must not regret what happens to him after that. He should do his best and spend all his efforts; but he should not bother himself with the result. Hence, if he does not achieve success, he should be sure that whatever happens is the good. It would be an expiation of sins or elevation of his rank. He should resume thinking, pray istikhara and proceed along the way made easy for him. 



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The Sixth articles of Faith
Divine Destiny

( Qada' and Qadar )

Sheikh Salah Mohammed
HudaChannelTv

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Al-Qada’ wa’l-Qadar (Divine Will And Decree)

The meaning of al-qada’ wa’l-qadar in Arabic:
The word qada’ means perfection and completion, and the word qadar means evaluating and planning.

Definition of al-qada’ wa’l-qadar in Islamic terminology:
Qadar means Allah’s decree of all things from eternity, and His knowledge that they will come to pass at the times that are known to Him and in the specific manner that He has decreed and willed. They will happen the way they are meant to and the way they are created.

Is there a difference between al-qada’ and al-qadar?
Some of the scholars said that there was a difference between them, but perhaps the most correct view is that there is no difference in meaning between al-qada’ and al-qadar, and that each of them points to the meaning of the other. There is no clear evidence in the Qur’aan or Sunnah to indicate that there is a difference between them. The scholars are agreed that the one may be applied to the other, but it should be noted that the word qadar is most usually used in the texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah, which indicates that we must believe in this pillar. And Allah knows best.

The status of belief in al-qadar in Islam:
Belief in al-qadar is one of the six pillars of faith which were mentioned in the words of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wassallam, when Jibreel (alayhissalam) asked him about faith (eemaan). He said: “(It is) to believe in Allaah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day and to believe in the Divine will and decree (al-qadar) both good and bad.”

(Saheeh Muslim, 8)

Al-qadar is also mentioned in the Qur’aan, where Allah says:

"Verily, We have created all things with Qadar
(Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation as written in the Book of Decrees Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooz)”
(Glorious Qur'aan: Surah Al-Qamar, 54: v49)

“And the Command of Allaah is a decree determined [qadran maqdooran]”
(Glorious Qur'aan: Surah Al-Ahzaab, 33: v38)
 
The Details @ defenderofsunnah.com

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