Mar 9, 2013

A Guide for the Muslim Funeral


A Guide for the Muslim Funeral 

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A seminar/workshop presented 
by Ustaz Abdurrahmann Murad 
from Vancouver, BC.


Hope you find it beneficial.

Link to the powerpoint will be provided soon insha'Allaah.

http://www.daralmadinah.com

Abdurrahmann Murad was born and raised in Vancouver, Canada. He completed high school and a number of IT courses there and pursued his Islamic studies at Imam University, Riyadh, completing his Arabic and Sharīʿah studies (BA).

While in Riyadh he taught Qurʾan, Tajwīd, Islam, Fiqh & ʿAqīdah. Ustaadh Murad has also worked in daʿwah offices, with Islamic websites and Jumuah magazine as a translator and editor.

He counsels new Muslims and has devised programmes for understanding Islam. He has been a group leader for Ḥajj and has produced educational programs for that as well.

Ustaadh Abdurrahmann has translated and written numerous works many of which are in print. Among them a book on the laws of inheritance, on which subject he has also delivered courses, as well as dividing estates in Canada, USA & Saudi Arabia.

He is currently the director of Dar Al-Madinah Islamic society in Vancouver, and an instructor for al-Kauthar institute.



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A Guide for the Muslim Funeral
by ISNA

 Step A
Contact Your Muslim Community Center
1. Possible person to contact Chairman , Burial Committee ( Telephone numbers of the Islamic centers throughout the USA and Canada is in a different link. Also Burial and Funeral regulations of the 50 states in the USA and the provinces in Canada is in a different link. Your local contact at the Islamic Centers should be aware of the State Governments and Provincial Governments burial and funeral regulations
Step B
WASHING THE BODY
1. A male's body is to be washed by a male.
2. A female's body should be washed by a female.
3. A minor's body can be washed by either a man or a woman
4. A husband can wash his wife's body and vice versa.

PROCEDURE FOR WASHING THE BODY
1. Place the body on the washing table.
2. Keeping the private parts of the body covered, remove all other garments from the body.
3. Gently but firmly press the stomach and clean out by a towel or cloth any excertions that may have resulted by stomach pressing.
The body is now ready for washing. Body should be washed with your hands or a piece of clean cloth. Use clean and warm water to wash the body.
1. The body is to be washed three times, five times or seven times-always an odd number of times.
2. For each washing, first place the body on its left and wash the right side using warm water and soap. Then place it on its right side and wash the left side. Male's hair should be unbraided, washed and combed. Female's hair should be gathered into two braids, with loose hair at end of each braid.
3. For the final washing, scented water (non-alcoholic scent) can be used.
4. Now perform ablution (wudu) for the body. Do not forget to clean the teeth and nose also.
5. Generous application of non-alcoholic perfume can be made on various parts of the body. Perfumed cotton can be placed on the front and the rear private parts and the nostrils.
STEP C
WRAPPING THE BODY ( KAFAN)
1. For men, three pieces of clean, cotton preferably white cloth should be used. Each piece of cloth should be large enough to cover the entire body.
2. A similar procedure applies for women except that five pieces of cloth are used. Again each piece of cloth should be large enough to cover the body.
3. Apply non-alcoholic perfume to the kafan.
4. Use a piece of cloth and tie the top (head side) and bottom (foot side). The two tie knots should be different so as to recognize the head side.

Material Required
Name of the Cloth piece Approximate size
1. Kafan 4 feet x 12 feet
2. Head Wrap 4 feet x 4 feet
3. Body Wrap 4 feet x 6 feet
4. Chest Wrap 4 feet x 4 feet
5. Body Sheet 4 feet x 8 feet
Note:
1. Tear a one inch strip from the length of the Kafan sheet and use it as strings to tie the body.
2. For wrapping an adult male body, three pieces, i.e., Kafan, Body wrap and Body sheet are required.
3. For wrapping an adult female body, all five pieces are required.

Procedure for wrapping the body (male)
1. Spread the Body Sheet on a flat table, a firm bed or floor.
2. Then the Body wrap on the Body Sheet about one foot each from the top and the bottom edge of the Body Sheet.
3. Fold the Kafan sheet over in half, so that its size after folding is 4 feet x 6 feet.
4. At the crease in the middle, cut a hole big enough for the head of the body to pass through.
5. Unfold the Kafan sheet and lay it on the two sheets prepared earlier in steps 1&2 above; the cut hole will now be in the center of the Kafan sheet.
6. Lay the body on its back on one half (which is on the other two sheets) and pull the other half of the Kafan sheet over the whole body, making sure that the head comes out through the hole; except for the head, the rest of the body should be covered inside the Kafan sheet.
7. Comb the hair on top and back of head.
8. Roll the upper half of Kafan sheet from both the right and the left sides to gather in the center of the body.
9. Wrap the lower long sides of the Kafan sheet over the body from both the right aand the left sides (from shoulders to feet).
10. Then unroll the upper half of the Kafan sheet to spread it over the lower half wrapped previously on the body (as above) and wrap it along both sides of the whole body. To do this, the whole body will have to be tilted on its side to push the Kafan sheet under the body; first on the right side and then on the left side.
11. Wrap the left side of the Body Wrap over the body and cover it by wrapping the right side of the Body Wrap over the left side on the body.
12. Wrap the Body Sheet in a like manner, with the right side over the left side on the whole body.
13. Gather at the head and tie a string, then gather at the feet and tie a string. Use another string to tie in the middle of the body.

Procedures for wrapping the body (female)
1. Spread the Body sheet on a flat table, a firm bed or floor.
2. Lay the Chest wrap on the Body sheet about two feet each from the top and the bottom edge.
3. Then lay the Body wrap on the Chest wrap about one foot each from the top and the bottom edge of the Body sheet.
4. Fold the Kafan sheet over in half, so that its size after folding is 4 feet x 6 feet.
5. At the crease in the middle, cut a hole big enough for the head of the body to pass through.
6. Unfold the Kafan sheet and lay it on the three sheets prepared earlier in steps 1-3 above; the cut hole will now be in the center of the Kafan sheet.
7. Lay the body on its back on one half (which is on the other three sheets) and pull the other half of the Kafan sheet over the whole body, making sure that the head comes out through the hole; except for the head the rest of the body should now be covered inside the Kafan sheet.
8. Comb and brush the hair in two groups loose or braids; spread one group on the rught breast and the other group of hair on the left breast.
9. Roll the upper half of Kafan sheet from both the right and the left sides to gather in the center of the body.
10. Wrap the lower long sides of the Kafan sheet over the body from both the right and the left sides (from shoulders to feet).
11. Then unroll the upper half of the Kafan sheet to spread it over the lower half wrapped previously on the body (as above) and wrap it along both sides of the whole body. To do this ,the whole body will have to be tilted on its side to push the Kafan sheet under the body; first on the right side and then on the left side.
12. Fold the Head wrap in half; raise the head and upper part of the body to slip about one half of the Head wrap under the body.
13. Then fold the other half over and around the head so that the face is not covered and the lower edge of the Head wrap covers the hair on the breast.
14. Now wrap the left side of the Body wrap over the body and cover it by wrapping the right side of the Body wrap over the left side on the body.
15. Next in alike manner wrap the Chest wrap with the right side of the wrap over the left side of the wrap on the body.
16. Use the Kafan strings to tie around the body; one just below the shoulders, another in the middle on the navel, and third string a little above the knees on the thighs.
17. Cover the face with the Head wrap.
18. Lastly wrap the Body sheet all over the body with the right side over the left side on the body; gather at the head and tie a string and then gather at the feet and tie a string. If necessary tie a string in the middle of the body also.
STEP D
JANAZAH PRAYER
 Try and attend the prayer of a deceased even if you do not know him/her. Remember that the entire Janazah Prayer is said standing only. Like any other prayer, this prayer is a also offered facing Qibla.
1. Form at least three rows. The body of the deceased should be kept in front of the Imam.
2. The Imam stands approximately by the center of the body if the deceased is a male, and by the shoulder if the deceased is a female.
3. If the prayer to be offered is for more than one person, then the bodies should be placed one in front of the other male body closest to the Imam and female body further away.

 The following procedure is used to offer the Janazah prayer

The Imam The followers
Takbeer#1:Raise hands and says Allah u-Akbar loudly, Recite Thana And Surah Fatiha silently. Say:Allah u-Akbar silently
Recite Thana and Surah Fatiha silently
Takbeer#2: With hands folded says Allah u-Akbar loudly Invoke peace and Blessings on the Holy Prophet With hands folded say Allah u-Akbar
Invoke Peace and Blessings on the Holy
Prophet
Takbeer#3:Hands still folded says Allah u-Akbar loudly Recites Dua for the deceased Hands still folded
say Allah u-Akbar silently
Recite Dua for the deceased
Takbeer#4:Hands folded says Allah u-Akbar Loudly and immediately thereafter Loudly calls Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullah (twice), turning the head First to the right and then to the left. Hands folded
say Allah u-Akbar silently
and say Assalamu alaikum wa
Rahmatullah (once) turning the head
To the right and then again turning the
Head to the left.
This concludes the Janazah Prayer.
1. For Funeral Prayer, Thana is recited in the following:
Subhaanaka allaahumma wa bihamdika wa tabaaraka ismuka wa ta'aala jadduka wa jalla thannaa-uka wa laal ilaaha ghayruka
Translation: Glory be to you Oh Allah, and praise be to You, and blessed is your name, and exalted is Your Majesty, and there is none to be served besides.

2. Invoking Peace and Blessings on the Holy Prophet as given below:
Allaahumma salli alaa muhammadin wa alaa muhammadin kama sallayta alaa ibraaheema wa alaa aali ibraaheema innaka hameedun majeed. Allahumma baarik alaa muhammadin wa alaa aali muhammadin kamaa baarakta alaa ibraheema wa alaa aali ibraheema innaka hameedun majeeedun.
Translation: Oh Allah ! Shower Your mercy upon Muhammad (upon him be peace) and the followers of Muhammad (upon him be peace), as You showered Your mercy upon Ibrahim (Alayhis salaam) and the followers of Ibrahim (Alayhis salaam). Behold You are Praise worthy, Glorious. Oh Allah! Shower Your blessing upon Muhammad (upon him be peace), as you showered Your blessings upon Ibrahim (Alayhis salaam) and the followers of Ibrahim (Alayhis salaam). Behold You are Praise worthy, Glorious.

3. This is the Dua that is recited after the third Takabeer:
Allaahumma ighfir lihayyinaa, wa mayyitinaa, wa shaahidinaa, wa ghaa-ibinaa, wa sagheerinaa, wa kabeerinaa, wa dhakarinaa wa unthaanaa. Allaahumma man ahyaytahoo minnaa fa ahyihee alal islaam wa man tawaffaytahoo minnaa fatawaffahoo alal iemaan.
Translation: Oh Allah ! Forgive those of us that are alive and those of us that are dead; those of us that are present, and those of us who are absent: those of that are young, and those of us that are adults; our males and females. Oh Allah! Whomsoever of us You keep alive, let him live as a follower of Islam, and whomsoever You cause to die, let him die as a Believer.

If the deceased is a male child, the invocation is:
Allaahumma ij'alhu lanaa faratan, wa j'alhu lanaa ajran wa dhukharn wa j'alhu lanaa shaafi'an wa mushaffa'an.

If the deceased is a female child, the invocation is :
Allaahumma ij'alhu lanaa faratan, wa j'alhaa lanaa ajraan wa dhukhran wa j'alhaa lanaa shaafi'atan wa mushaffa'atan.

Translation: Oh Allah, make him/her (this child) a source for our salvation; and make him/her a source of reward and treasure for us; and make him/her an intercessor for us, and one whose intercession is accepted.
STEP E
FUNERAL
1. When not carrying it, one should walk in front or beside the bier.
2. No idle talk is permitted. One should either be silent or better still praying or doing Zikr; recite Surah Fatiha and Surah Ikhlas.
3. No music or outburst of emotion is allowed.
4. When you enter the cemetery, you should recite:
Assalam alaikum yaa ahlil kuboor ( Peace be upon you O people of the graves )
STEP F
BURIAL
A grave should consist of two parts. Lower part is smaller than the upper part. Both parts of the grave, should however, be spacious and uniformly excavated and dug to a depth of at least five feet.
1. The body of the deceased should be slowly and gently put on the ground of the lower part of the grave. The face of the deceased should be toward the qibla.
2. The deceased's head should be raised a little from the ground by using a hard object like stone or a brick or hard soil, but under no conditions any foreign object including a pillow should be put in the grave.
3. Now make a roof on the lower part of the grave by using a large stone or laying bricks side by side or a very hard wood slab.
4. Everyone accompanying the Janazah should pour three handful of soil on the roof of the grave. The remaining part of the grave should then be filled up with soil. Again all present should contribute at least three handful of soil to finally complete the grave.
The grave can be raised above the ground so that it is not more than a foot above it.


THE PROCEDURES DESCRIBED ABOVE IS THE RIGHT ONE. HOWEVER, DUE TO THE BURIAL AND FUNERAL REGULATIONS OF 50 DIFFERENT STATES IN THE USA AND OF 10 PROVINCES IN CANADA, WE THE MUSLIM COMMUNITIES ARE NOT ABLE TO DO A FEW OF THEM.
Please note that a grave of 5 feet depth is dug with no two distinct parts. Body is kept in a casket : ( where the law is required to have a casket ). A concrete slab is placed on top of the grave. Where the body is to buried in casket, nothing is done to raise the head of the deceased.
TO HIM DO WE BELONG, AND UNTO HIM IS OUR RETURN.
Although burial is permitted at all-times, burial at sun-rise, high noon and sunset should be avoided.
1. When the body is lowered into the grave, one should recite
Bismillah-i wa'ala millat-i rasulilah
In the Name of Allah, ( we bury ) according to the way of the Prophet of Allah.

2. When throwing the FIRST handful in the grave recite
Minhaa khalaqnaahum
Trans: From the (earth) did We create you.

During the SECOND handful:
Wa minhaa nu'eedukum
Trans: and into it shall We return you.

And the time of the THIRD handful:
Wa minhaa nukhrijukum taaratan ukhraa
Trans: and from it shall We bring you out once ag
ain.

Question and answers on Burial and Funeral

Q: How soon the deceased be burried.
A: After the Janazah Salah has been performed the deceased should be buried as soon as possible.
Q: Who should enter the grave to lower the body if the deceased is a female.
A: It is desirable that MAHRAMS or close relatives should enter the grave to lower the body into it. The husband of the deceased female should not enter the grave to bury his wife. MAHRAMS are grandfather, father, father's milk-partner, brother, paternal uncle, son, nephew, real maternal uncle, etc. If no such person is available then either any relative or any pious person may lower her into the grave.
Q: How the grave should be covered and shaped.
A: It is MUSTAHAB to begin closing the trench from the leg side for men and from the head side for women.
Q: How the shape of the grave should be.
A: It is Makrooh to add more soil to the grave than that which was dug out from it. The shape of the grave when filled should be like the hump of a camel. All types of buildings and enclosures on and around the grave are not permissible. Buildings on grave have been emphatically denounced in the Hadith of Rasulullah (upon him be peace).
Q: Should water be sprinkled over the grave.
A: It is Mustahab to sprinkle water over the grave once it is filled with earth. The grave of our beloved Prophet's (upon him be peace) son Hazrat Ibrahim was watered, by our beloved Prophet (upon him be peace). Mishkat
Q: What to recite from the Qur'an and what Dua to make at the grave side.
A: After the grave has been filled and shaped it is MUSTAHAB to recite Quran and make Dua. It has been related by Hazrat Usman that after Prophet(upon him be peace) buried the dead, he paused and said; Beseech forgiveness from Allah for your brother and make Du'aa for his steadfastness because he is going to be questioned now by the MUNKAR and NAKEER. After the burial the first Ruku of Surah Bakarah should be recited at the head side of the grave and the last Ruku of Surah Bakarah should be recited at the leg side of the grave.
Q: Is it permissible to leave Quran, Ahadnama (book of oath), Ganjul Arsh or any other Dua inside the grave.
A: It is not permissible to leave any of the above inside the grave as it contains name of Allah and Prophet(upon him be peace) and owing to the dirt of the deceased body there will be disrespect. (Shami 847/1)
Q: Is it permissible to plant tree over the grave.
A: It is Mustahab to plant a green branch of a tree on the grave. (Shami 846/1)
Q: Is cremation haraam in Islam.
A: The procedure of honorably dispensing the corpse by burying is explained in the Qur'an and Ahaadith. Even in the burial procedure, the corpse must be handled with utmost care. The beloved Prophet (upon him be peace) said, ‘ Breaking the bone of a corpse is like breaking the bone of a living person.' Obviously, in the cremating procedure, the entire body is damaged. In view of the above, cremating a body is Haraam.
Q: Is it permissible for a man to bathe his wife's dead body.
A: It is not permissible for a husband to bathe his wife after her death. If there are any females, they should do so.
Q: What are the teaching /hadith about putting flowers on a grave.
A: The practise should be shunned. One should do pious deeds that will be of benefit to the deceased, for example reciting the Qur'an, giving charity, etc. on behalf of the deceased. Placing flowers on the grave does not benefit the deceased in any way. It is waste of money. Rather, that money be given to the poor and needy as charity on behalf of the deceased. InshaAllah, the deceased will benefit from that immensely.
Q: When a Muslim dies, why must we cover there faces.
A: Among other reasons, one is to conceal any ill appearances on the face of the deceased.

Q: Can a non Muslim attend a Muslim's funeral.
A: There is no problem in Shariah for non Muslims attending the funeral of their Muslim associates.

more reading materials @ Isna
Death and the Islamic perspectives

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Islamic Funeral Rites

Care for the dying, funeral prayers, burial, and mourning

By , About.com Guide

Death is a very painful and emotional time, yet one that may be filled with hope and mercy. Muslims believe that death is a departure from the life of this world, but not the end of a person's existence. Rather, eternal life is to come, and we pray for God's mercy to be with the departed, in hopes that they may find peace and happiness in the life to come.

Care for the Dying

When a Muslim is near death, those around him or her are called upon to give comfort, and reminders of God's mercy and forgiveness. They may recite verses from the Qur'an, give physical comfort, and encourage the dying one to recite words of remembrance and prayer. It is recommended, if at all possible, for a Muslim's last words to be the declaration of faith: "I bear witness that there is no god but Allah."

continue @ islam.about.com


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Authentic Step by Step Illustrated Janazah Guide
Compiled By Mohamed Ebrahim Siala

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

First all praise is due to Allah; we praise Allah and seek Allah’s help and forgiveness. Without Allah’s guidance and help nothing can be achieved.

Behind every endeavor there are some individuals who make it possible. This compilation is no exception. My sincere thanks and appreciation goes to all brothers and sisters of the Salman Al - Farisi Islamic Center.

To mention some of those who helped : Br. Sheik Aqeel Al - Maqtary, Br. Sheik Magdy Wardah, Br. Awad Elgarguri, Sr. Huda (Christine Dodge), Br. Mansour Al - Mutairi, Br. Ghassan Al - Soraihi, Br. Umar Gunderson, Br. Abdennour Moussaoui, Br Abdulsalam saif, Br Ali Al-Shomrani and many others.

They gave their time, and knowledge, time after time, to review, correct, draw, and add, they were always willing to offer their assistance.

I ask Allah to accept our efforts, overlook our shortcomings and cover us all with His Mercy in this world and in the hereafter.

continue @ islam.about.com

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